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The sessions were opened with prayer by Rev. John B. Gould, Allston, Mass. ; President Homer B. Sprague in the chair.

W. T. Harris, LL. D., of Concord, Mass., spoke on “Moral Instruction in Public Schools.” (See Lectures.)

He was followed by Hon. J. W. Dickinson, Secretary of Massachusetts Board of Education, who presented the subject of “ High Schools” in their relation to a complete school system. (See Lectures.)

The morning session closed with an illustrated lecture by Charles F. King, Sub-Master of the Lewis School, Boston, on “ Teaching Geography by the Topical Method.” (See Lectures.)

The President announced the following committees, which were confirmed by the convention :

On Necrology - Charles Northend, Connecticut; Ariel Parish, Colorado; Justus Dartt, Vermont; J. W. Webster, Massachusetts; W. H. Maxwell, New York; L. L. Dame, Massachusetts.

On Numinations — G. A. Walton and A. P. Stone, Massachusetts; H. W. Willard, Vermont; A. Hadley, New Hampshire; F. F. Barrows, Connecticut; G. H. Martin, Massachusetts.

On Resolutions. — M. Grant Daniell, Massachusetts ; T. J. Morgan, Rhode Island; D. N. Camp, Connecticut; W. H. Buckham, Vermont; J. W. Patterson, New Hampshire ; J. O. Norris, Masschusetts.

AFTERNOON AND EVENING SESSIONS. George H. Martin, Bridgewater, Mass., of the State Board of Education, read a paper on “ Special Preparation for Citizenship.” (See Lectures.)

This paper was suplemented by a brief talk by Gen. H. B. Carrington, LL.D., of Boston, after which Prof. A. B. Palmer, M. D., of Michigan, at the request of the President, read a paper on “Sanitary Science." We publish a brief abstract among the lectures.

The evening session, owing to the inclemency of the weather, was held in an adjoining chapel, and a large audience gathered to listen to the illustrated lecture of Princ. Frank A. Hill, of Chelsea, Mass., on “New England Primer Days."


After prayer by Charles Northend, of Connecticut, the regular exercises were resumed.

R. C. Metcalf, Supervisor of the Boston Schools, presented a paper on “Language in Primary Schools;”. William J. Rolfe, Cambridge, Mass., Shakespearian Editor, on “ One Way of Studying Poetry in School ;" and A. S. Hill, Professor of Rhetoric at Harvard College, on “ English in Schools.” (See Lectures.)

AFTERNOON SESSION. The afternoon session was opened with a paper by Ray Greene Huling, Principal of Fitchburg, Mass., High School, entitled “The Educational Reading of Teachers.”

The remainder of the session was devoted to an animated discussion on the necessity of teaching technical grammar, participated in by Messrs. Metcalf, Rolfe, and Philbrick of Massachusetts, Littlefield of Rhode Island, Maxwell and Dickinson of New York, and Conant of Vermont. Messrs. Metcalf and Rolfe further elab. orated their views as given in their morning papers.

As stated in the preface, we have published all dis

cussions after the respective papers referred to, and not in the order in which they were taken up, consequently this discussion will be found directly following the morning lectures.

EVENING SESSION. The evening session was devoted to a lecture by Hon. D. H. Chamberlain, LL. 1)., of New York. His subject was entitled “Not a College Fetish,” being a reply to Charles Francis Adams, Jr., on the question of " Greek in the Colleges.” (See Lectures.)


The Institute re-assembled at the usual hour, the President in the chair. A business meeting having been announced for the opening hour, Mr. M. Grant Daniell of Boston, the Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, presented the following report, which was adopted :

1. Resolved, That, whereas the great advance made in the adoption of improved methods of instruction and school-management is largely due to the intelligent supervision by competent educational experts, we desire to call the attention of school authorities, particularly of sparsely settled districts, to the importance of adopting plans which will give to the schools the benefit of such supervision.

2. Resolved, That we reaffirm the sentiments heretofore expressed many times by this Institute, in support of the National Bureau of Education, and in appreciation of the great value and importance to the cause of education and of the work it is doing.

3. Resolved, That the thanks of the Institute are due and they are hereby tendered to all those managers of railroad and steamboat lines who have consented to grant reduction of fares to members of the Institute; to those Hotel proprietors of Cottage City who have generously reduced their rates of board to our members; to the ladies and gentlemen who have all of them without compensation favored the Institute with lectures, papers, readings, or music; to Prof. Dwight, Hon. R. L. Pease, and Messrs. L. L. Dame, C. P. Rugg, T. D. Adams, G. A. Littlefield and C. E. Merrill for their valuable services in conducting excursions; to the proprietors of the Iron Tabernacle, the Methodist Chapel, and the Union Chapel, Oak Bluffs, for the free use of their respective buildings and to all others who have contributed in any way to the success of the convention.

4. Resolved, That we hereby express our obligations to the officers of the Institute to whose untiring efforts for many weeks past we are indebted for the success of the current meeting; and we desire to put on record especially our high appreciation of the inestimable value of the services of our President, Col. Homer B. Sprague, and our sincere regret at his determination not to accept a reëlection.

The Committee on Necrology, Charles Northend, Chairman, followed with its report. Only two members had died during the year, viz.: Josiah A. Stearns, Boston, teacher forty years, aged 71; born in Bedford, Mass., died September, 1883. Isaac F. Cady, Barrington, R. I., aged 66 years; taught at Wethersfield, Ct., Providence and Warren, R. I., Savannah, Ga., died at Barrington, R. I., April, 1884. (See appendix to this volume.)

The general exercises were then proceeded with.

Hon. J. W. Patterson, Superintendent of New Hampshire Schools, spoke on “Industrial Education ;” Mr. E. O. Norris for Miss Lucretia Crocker, Supervisor of Boston Schools, on “Natural History in Elementary Schools— Why it should have a Place there ; When and How it should be taught;” and Hon. John D. Philbrick. ex-Superintendent Boston Public Schools, on “ Reform of the Tenure of Office of Teachers.” (See Lectures.)

AFTERNOON SESSION. This session was devoted to the discussion of the paper on “Reading for Teachers and Industrial Education."

Messrs. Philbrick, Seaver, McDonald, and Adams of Massachusetts, Camp of Connecticut, Church of Rhode Island, Fletcher of Maine, Kelsey of Ohio, Fordson of North Carolina, and Dr. Palmer of Cottage City, all urged the importance of professional reading.

Industrial training was presented by Supt. Seaver, who very ably explained the Boston experiment, and the necessity for such experiment; also by Drs. Philbrick, Palmer, and Twombly; Supts. Adams and Fletcher, and Prof. H. H. Straight of Illinois, Hon. J. W. Patterson of New Hampshire, Princ. McDonald of Massachusetts and Supt. Kelsey of Ohio.


Election of Officers. At the opening of the evening session, President Sprague refusing reëlection, the following list of officers were reported by the Committee on Nominations, and unanimously elected by the Association :

President. — J. W. Patterson, New Hampshire.

Vice-Presidents. — Henry Barnard, Hartford, Conn.; Henry K. Oliver, Salem, Mass. ; Ariel Parish, Colorado; John D. Philbrick, Boston, Mass.; Hiram Orcutt, Boston, Mass ; Chas. Northend, New Britain, Conn.; Merrick Lyon, Providence, R. I.; Thomas W. Bicknell, Boston, Mass.; C. C. Rounds, Plymouth, N. H.; A. P. Stone, Springfield, Mass.; John Eaton, Washington, D. C.; B. G. Northrop, Clinton, Conn.; T. B. Stockwell, Providence, R. I.; D. N. Camp, New Britain, Conn.; J. W. Dickinson, Boston, Mass.; D. W. Jones, Roxbury, Mass.; D. B. Hagar, Salem, Mass.; A. G. Boyden, Bridgewater, Mass.; E. A. Hubbard, Hatfield,

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