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and iniquitous judgments of men, that he " a furious Jacobite, while one hope for Alternate masters now their flave command, betook himself early in life to retirement," the Stuart line remained; and his poli- | And urge the efforts of his feeble hand; propter iniqua hominum judicia, as he left “ tics, always leaning towards despotism, who, when his age attempts its tak in vain, co be inscribed upon his tomb-stone. If were inimical to liberty, and the natural With ruthless taunts of lazy poor complain. any thing could cure a man's anxiety, and “ rights of mankind. He was punctual in
Oft may you see him when he tends the render him different, about what is said “ his devotions; but his religious faith had His winter charge, beneath the hillock weep:
heep, or thought of him, now or hereafter, it“ much more of bigot-fierceness, than Oft hear him murmur to the winds that blow; would be these blind, absurd, iniquitous of that gentleness which the gospel in-O'er his white locks, and bury them in fnow; judgments of men ; who break riotously“ culcates," & C.
When rouz'd by rage and muttering in the forth into praise or censure, without regard If this representation be in any degree morn, to truth or justice, but just as passion and just, and I have never heard of its being He mends the broken hedge with icy thorn. prejudice impel.
either disowned or contradicted, what are at once from life and life's long labour free? Dr. Johnson “ seems, together with the we to think of panegyrists, who ascribe to Like leaves in fpring, the young are blown ableft head, poffefled of the very best him such true greatness and such true good
away, “ heart at present existing;” says one wri. nefs, as were never before encompassed by Without the forrows of a flow decay: « Never on earth did one mortal one mortal body?
I, like yon wither'd leaf, remain behind, "body encompass such true greatness and
Nipt by the frost and hivering in the wind; “fuch true goodness,” says another ; who
There it abides till younger buds come on, observes also, that his Lives of the Poets
The B O A S T. As I, now all my fellow swains are gone; « would alone have been sufficient to im
Addrefred to Miss
Then, from the rising generation thratt, mortalize his name.” How able his
It falls, like me, unnotic'd to the duft.
These fruitful fields, these numerous Rocks bead, or (as a third expresses it) what jus LE Therocs boaft their battles won,
I fee, pendous ftrength of understanding he might 'Tis mine to boast, 'tis mine alone,
Are others' gain, but killing cares to me; have, cannot be precisely defined; but A nobler conquest gain'd.
To me the children of my youth are lords, it is certain, that this pupendous under I've won fair's gentle heart,
Slow in their gifts, but hafty in their words Randing was not ftrong enough to force I've gain'd che nymph I love :
Wants of their own demand their care, and
who its way through the ineanest prejudices, What greater honour can impart, with which it was once entangled. And
What bliss superior prove?
Feels his own want, and fuccoars others too? for the very best heart, and such true Hard seem'd the contest, but at last
A lonely, wretched man, in pain I go, The yielding maid was kind;
None need my help and none relieve my woes goodness as one mortal body did never before
Then let my bones beneath the turf be laid, encompass, .--this is the language of jour- A mutual pasion, the confess’d, nalists and periodical writers : let us hear
Had long poffefs'd her mind.
And men forget the wretch they would not
aid. the testimony of those, who have always Dear lovely girl, you ne'er will find
Thus groan the old, till by disease oppreft, known him personally, and intimately;
A flame more pure than mine,
They talte a final woe, and then they reft. Bishop Newton, speaking of the above An heart more grateful, more resign'd
Their's is yon house that holds the parish
To love's sweet will and thine. Lives of the Poets, says, “ that malevolence
poor, predominates in every part; and that,
Whose walls of mud scarce bear the broken though some passages are judicious and
There, where the putrid vapours, flagging, well written, yet they make not fuffici
play, ent compensation for so much spleen and The VILLAGE, a Poem:
And the dull wheel hums doleful through the « ill humour.” An account of Dr. John
By the Rev. G. CRABBE.
day; son, said to be written by the ingenious Miss Seward, fets forth, that he was a man of Y vele fouls who dream of rural case, There children dwell who know no parent's
care, very great parts, and of many good quali
sonnet pleafe ;
Parents, who know no children's love, dwell ties, which it is far from our intent to deny Go! if the peaceful cot your praises share, or detract from ; but that his character was Go look within, and ask if peace be there : Heart-broken matrons on their joyless bed,
Forsaken wives and mothers never wed ! a very mixed, and (she might have added) or their's, that offspring round their feeble Dejeted widows with an heeded tears, a very imperfect, one. His writings are
And crippled age with more than childhood. represented as excellent and fine, where not or her's, that matron pale, whose trembling " disgraced, as in his criticisins, with the hand
The lame, the blind, and, far the happief « faults of his disposition. He had strong Tarns on the wretched hearth th’ expiring The moping ideot and the madman gay. " affections," it is said, “ where literary brand.
envy did not interfere ; but that envy Nor yet can time itself obtain for these Here too the fick their final doom receive, was of such deadly potency, as to load Life's latest comforts, due respect and ease; Here brought amid the scenes of grief, to his conversation, as it has loaded his bio- For yonder see that hoary fwain, whose age grieve; graphic works, with the rancour of party Who, propt on that rude staff, looks up to see Can with no cares except its own engage ; Where the loud groans from some sad cham
ber flow, violence, with national averfion, bitter The bare arms broken from the withering tree; Mixe with the clamours of the croud below: " farcasm, and unchristian-like invective. On which, a boy, he climb'd the loftielt Here forrowing, they cach kindred sorrow scan, “ He turned from the compositions of rifing bough,
And the cold charities of man to man. « genius with a visible horror, which then his first joy, but his fad emblem now. Whose laws indeed for ruin'd age provide,
proved too plainly, that envy was the He once was chief in all the rustic trade, And strong compulsion plucks the scrap from “bosom-serpent of this literary despot. His steady hand the straiteft furrow made'; pride; “ His pride was infinite; yet, amidst all Full many a prize he won, and fill is proud But still that scrap is bought with many a figh, " the overbearing arrogance it produced, To find the triumphs of his youth allowa; And pride embitters what it can't deny. “ his heart melted at the fight, or at the He hears and smiles, then thinks again and some jarring nerve that bafes your repose
Say ye, opprest by fome fantastic woes, representation, of diseafe and poverty;
Who press the downy couch, while saves ad. « and, in the hours of afluence, his purse For now he journeys to his grave in pain ; vance, was ever open to relieve them. He was The rich disdain him; nay, the poor disdain; With timid eye, to read the diftant glance ;
AN EXTRACT FROM
Who with fad prayers the weary doctor teaze To raise the hope he feels not, or with zeal vant to ask how he was: he brought me To name the nameless ever-new disease ; To combat fears that ev'n the pious feel? for answer that Gocul was in a dyWho with mock patience dire complaints en Now once again the gloomy scene explore,ing state, as he had been all the preceding dure,
Less gloomy now; the bitter hour is o'er, Which real pain, and that alone can cure ;
night; and whilst I was at breakfast one The man of many sorrows fighs no more. How would ye bear in real pain to lie,
of his dependants came to tell me he was
Up yonder hill, behold how fadly flow Despis’d, neglected, left alone to die? The bier moves winding from the vale below; dead, I went to see him foon after, and How would ye bear to draw your lateti breath, There lie the happy dead, from trouble free,' found himn covered with a theet. I' then Where all that's wretched paves the way for And the glad parish pays the frugal fee ; enquired if either of his wives (for he had death?
No more, oh! Death, ihy vidim
ilarts to hear two) would burn with him ; but nobody Such is that room which one rude beam di. Church warden Itern, or kingly overseer; there could inforın me. I defired one of vides,
No more the farmer gets his humble bow, his dependants to let me know if either of And naked rafters form the floping sides ; Thou art his lord, the best of tyrants thou ! thein refolved to burn, that I might be preWhere the vile bands chat bind the thatch are Now to the church behold the mourners | rent: this was about eight o'clock last seen,
come, And lath and mud is all that lie between ; Sedately torpid and devoutly dumb;
Wednesday morning. At ten o'clock the Save one dull pare, that, coarsely patch'd, The village children now their game suspend, corps was carried to Collyghaut, a litgives way
To see the bier that bears their antient friend; tle village about a mile higher up the creek, To the rude tempeft, yet excludes the day: For he was one in all their idle sport, and about 2 miles from Calcutta. Be Here, on a matted Rock, with duft o'erspread, And like a monarch ruld their little court; tween twelve and one o'clock the same The drooping wretch reclines his languid The pliant bow he form’d, the flying ball, day, Mr. Shakespeare, who had an esteem head;
The bat, the wicket, were his labours all ; For him no hand the cordial cup applies,
for Gocul, whose nephew Joynerain GoHim now they follow to his grave, and fand faul is Mr. Shakespeare's Banian, called on Nor wipes the tear that stagnates in his eyes; Silent and sad, and gazing, hand in hand; No friends with soft discourse his pain be- While bending low, their eager eyes explore Tarrynell was resolved to burn. We ac
me to let me know that Gocul's first wife guile, Nor promise hope till fickness wears a smile. The bell tolls late, the moping owl Aies cordingly went together, and reached ColBut soon a loud and halty summons calls, round,
lyghaut in time, where Gocul lay on a pile Shakes the thin roof, and echoes round the Fear marks the fight and magnifies the sound; of Sandal wood and dry straw, about four walls ;
The busy priest, detain'd by weightier care, feet from the ground, on the banks of the Anon, a figure enters, quaintly neat,
Defers his duty till the day of prayer; creek, almost naked. His wife, we were told, All pride and business, bustle and conceit; And waiting long, the crowd retire distreit, With looks unalter'd by thele scenes of woe, To think a poor man's bones louid lie un. where we were informed her children (two
was praying on the edge of the creek, With speed that entering, speaks his hafte bleit.
boys and one girl) one of the boys leven He bids the gazing throng around him Ay,
years, the other five, and the girl 'thirteen And carrie's face and physic in his eye;
months old, were present with her and KisA potent quack, long vers'd in human ills,
Extrait from an authentic Letter relative to tenchurn, Gocul's eldest brother : that at Who first insults the victim whoin he kills;
an HINDOO WOMAN's burning berself first sight of her children, the strong ties Whose murd'rous hand a drowsy bench protect, alive with her deceased Husband, dated of human nature struggling with her resoAnd whose moft tender mercy is neglect. Calcutta, July 25, 1779.
lution, drew a tear from her ; but the soon Paid by the parish for attendance here, He wears contempt upon his sapient ineer ;
LOCUL Chundes Gofaul, a Bramin of recovered herself, and told her children In haste he seeks the bed where misery lies,
fuperior cast, whose character as a their father was dead, and she was going Impatience mark'd in his averted eyes; merchant and a man of integrity was very to die with him; that they must look up to And, some habitual queries hurried o'er, respectable amongst Europeans, and ex- their uncle, pointing to Kistenchurn, who, Without reply, he rushes on the door ; ceedingly so with every native of this with his lon Joynerain beforementioned, His drooping pacient, long inur'd to pain, country who had any knowledge of him; would be both father and mother to them And long unheeded, knows remonftrance for he maintained a great many poor daily and that they must therefore obey them in He ceases now the feeble help to crave
at his house, and in the neighbourhood the same manner as they would Gocul and Of man, and mutely haftens to the grave.
where he lived; and he extended his gene- herself if living. Then turning to KistenBut ere his death some pious doubts arise, rosity to many Europeans, by lending them churn, she enjoined him, and recommend Some fimple fears which “ bold bad” men money, when in distress.' He was Gover. ed him to enjoin Joynerain (who was then despise;
nor Verellt's Banian; and from that at Dacca) to be fathers and protectors to Fain would he ask the parish priest to prove circumstance, I believe, you can con- her children, and committed them to their His title certain to the joys above;
firm all I have advanced in Gocul's fa- care. For this he sends the murmuring nurse, who vour.
This done, she left her children, and adcalts
Gocul had been confined to his room vanced towards the funeral pile, which The holy tranger to these dismal walls; And doth not he, the pious man, appear,
about a fortnight by a fever and Aux: Ifre was surrounded by a vast concourse of peoHe, "paling rich with forty pounds a year?” quently visited him in that time, but did not ple, chiefly. Bramins, about eight or ten Ah! no, a Mepherd of a different stock, apprehend his dissolution was to near, till feet from it, so that there was a free pafAnd far unlike him, feeds this little flock; last Tuesday morning, the 20th inft. when fage round the pile. Mr. Shakespeare and A jovial youth, who thinks his Sunday's talk on sending to enquire after his health, my I were in the front of the circle, and As much as God or man can fairly alk; servant informed me he was removed from had a perfect view of the following scene. The rest he gives to loves and labours light, his own house to the banks of a creek that
As soon as she appeared in the circle, I To fields the morning and to feafts the night ; runs from Collyghaut (a place held facred thought the was somewhat confused; but None better skill'd, the noisy pack to guide, To urge their chace, to cheer them or to
by the Hindoos, and where the water is whether from the fight of her husband laying chide ;
taken up that is used in administering oaths dead on the pile, or the great crowd of peoSure in his shot, his game he seldom mift,
to Hindoos in and about Calcutta) into the pleaflembled, or at seeing Europeans among And seldom fails to win his game at whift; river Ganges, as you know is customary them, for there were two besides Mr. Then, while such honours bloom around his with them, in order to die in or near that Shakespeare and myself
, I cannot tell: head,
river, or some creek that runs into it. however, the recovered herself almost inShall he fit sadly by the fick man's bed Early the next morning I sent my fer-stantaneously. She then walked unattend.
ed gently round the pile in silence, strew-composed, not in the least Aurried, exing #owers as she went round; and when cept at first for an instant of time, as before named Rajeserry, would also have facrificed
name me kertha Gerald have beceri
sites the had nearly compleated the third time, observed; but went through it deliberately, herself, at the same time, if she was not at Gocul's feet the got upon the pile with with astonishing fortitude and resolution. with child : and that if she has preserved a out affiftance, ftrewed flowers over it, and This barbarous custom, so shocking to lock of his hair, it is consistent with the then laid herself down on the left lide of Europeans, if I mistake not, was practised Hindoo laws or customs for her to go her husband, raising his head and putting by our ancestors in Britain in the times of through the fame ceremony by burning her right arm under his neck; and turn the Druids; but whether our country- herself with that lock of hair, on another ing her body to his, threw her left arm women in those days, who did not sacrifice pile, whenever she thinks proper. Gocul over him; and one of the Bramins raised themselves, were treated with the fame had four children by this last-mentioned his right leg, and put it over her legs with contempt after the death of their husbands, wife, one girl ten years, one girl lix years, out a single syllable being uttered. They as the Hindoo women are, I know not; one boy seven years, and another boy tive being thus closely embraced, a blue shawl for by the religion of the Hindoos they years of age. was laid over them, and they were not seen never can marry again, or have commerce I am, dear Sir, your most afterwards by’any body. Some dry straw with another man, without prejudice to
obedient humble servant, was laid over the thawl, and then some their caits, which to them is as dear as life
JOSEPH CATOR. light billets of Sandal wood were put on itselt; but generally are reduced to perform the straw; but altogether not sufficient to the most menial offices in the family of prevent her raising herself up, throwing all which they were before the mistress. off , and entirely extricating herself from This reflection, together with the great
The SOCIAL, FIRE. ing the heat of the fire or imoak the had undergoing.fo painful and horrid a religi- WHENibes
HEN beating rains and pinching been inclined to save her life : the dry straw ous ceremony, may be very strong induce- At night attack the lab’ring hinds, which composed a part of the pile was then ments to their continuing this practice. lighted. During all which time, that is,
And force them to retirem The Moorish government in these pro- How sweet they pass their time away, from the moinent Gocul's wife made her vinces have frequently prevented fuch fa- In sober talk or rustic play, appearance in the circle, to lighting the crifices, which I have heard is very easily
Beside the Social Fire. pile, there was a profound 'silence. But on done; for that any person not a Hindoo, the pile being lighted, the Bramins called or even an Hindoo of an inferior cast to the Then many a plaintive tale is told out aloud, fome dancing and brandishing victim, barely touching the woman during Of those who ling’ring in the cold, cudgels or sticks, which I took to be pray- the ceremony, will have that effect. Job
With cries and groans expire. ing and a part of the ceremony; perhaps Channock, whoobtained the first Phirmaund The mournful story Itrikes the ear, to prevent her cries being heard by the from the king at Delhi for the English Com They heave the figh, they drop the tear,
And bless their Social Fire. multitude, so as to give them a bad im- pany, I am told, and I dare say you have pression of it, or deter other women from heard it too, faved a woman from burning by The legendary tale comes next, following what the Hindoos term a laud- touching her whilft The was going through with many an artful phrafe perplext able example. But I was so near the pile, the ceremony, and was afterwards married That well the tongue might tire; that notwithstanding the noise made by the to her. Mr. Verelst was the means of The windows shake, the drawers crack, Bramins, and those who danced round it, laving the life of Gocul's mother, who in- Each thinks the ghost behind his back, I should have heard any cries or lamenta- tended to burn herself with her husband, And hitches to the fire. tions the might have made : I am convinc- and she is now living, but Gocul's wife Or now perhaps some homely fwain, ed the made none, and that the smoak maft was so resolute, she declared last Wednes- Who fann'd the lover's Aame in vain, have suffocated her in a very short space of day morning, that if she was not allowed time. I staid about ten minutes after the to burn with her husband, she would find Relates each stratagem he play'd
And glow'd with warm defire, pile was lighted, for such a sight was too means to put an end to her life in the course To win the coy disdainful maid, dreadful to remain long at; besides, no of that or the next day. As a proof of her
And eyes the Social Fire. thing more was to be seen except the composure, and being in her perfect senses, fames, which Mr. Shakespeare and I had immediately on receiving news of Gocul's To these succeed the jocund song, a perfect view of at a distance, as we re death the resolved to facrifice herself, and From lungs less musical than strong, turned from the funeral pile. took an inventory of all the jewels and
And all to mirth aspire; Gocul's wife was a tall, well-made, effects which she was in poffeffion of.
The humble roof returns the sound, good-looking woman, fairer than the ge I have now given you a full and circum- The social Can moves briskly round, nerality of Hindoo women are, about ftantial relation of the whole matter respec
And brighter burns the fire. twenty-two years of age at moft: The ting Gocul Gofaul's wife facrificing her-Oh! grant, kind Heav'n, a state like this, was decently dressed in a white cloth round self on the funeral pile of her husband. Where simple ignorance is bliss, her waist, and an Oorney of white cloth Such parts of it as were told me, of what 'Tis all that I require; with a red filk border thrown loosely over was done out of my sight, I have no rea- Then, then-to share the joys of life, her head and shoulders; but her face, arms, son to doubt; and what I have written, as I'd seek a kind indulgent wife, and feet were bare. I have heard and in- seen by myself, you may depend on as li And bless my Social Fire. deed supposed that women in that situation terally true, which Mr. Shakespeare will intoxicate themselves with bang or toddy ; confirm in every part. But I omitted to but from the relation given me of what observe, that though the Bramins fhed ROND EAU paffed between Gocul's wife, her children tears when praying by Gocul the night preand brother-in-law, as well as what Mr. vious to his death, there did not appear the B Ystwo black
eyes my heart was won, Shakespeare and I saw at the funeral pile, I least concern in any of them during the To Cælia with my suit I came, am persuaded she was as free from intoxi- ceremony at the funeral pile, not even in But she, regardless of her prize, cation during the whole ceremony as it is Kistenchurn, the elder brother of Gocul, Thought proper to reward my flame polkule; for the appeared to be perfectly or any of his dependants.
By two black eyes !
Extraĉt of a Letter from a Gentleman | reconciled to the use of oxen; and the foed, and a man attends the fmith. How. in Suffolk, on the comparative Uti-) following seafons determine me to prefer ever, I think this dita vantage amply re
compensed by more material advantages; lity of Oxen and Horses in Huf Firit; They are kept at much less ex- and can with great truth affirm, that the
pence. Mine never eat corn or meal of longer I have worked oxen, the better bandry.
any sort. During the winter, they are I have been fatisfied with them.
kept in good order for work upon Itraw, A ,
BOUT five years ago, I took some with turnips, carrots, or cabbages; for ing found the expence of horses very great, one peck of bran a day to each ox, whilst I determined, somewhat more than two in conftant work. When
ftraw is fi- MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING. years ago, to make trial of oxen, and nished, and the spring advances, they eat molf certain, there was not an ox worked mon in the feed time, they have bran be busy, Auttering
things, who are always in bought one pair. At that time, I am al- hay; and if they work harder than com.MULTUM agentes nihil agendo, hath
usually been said of thofe officious, in this county; on which account my lide. When the vetches are fit to mow a hurry, yet doing nothing: but it may workmen added much to the trouble of and give them in the stable, they have no- juftly be laid of man in general
. Upon breaking them, by their obstinate preju- thing else. After the day's work in the what poor uninteresting objects is he perdices against the use of them, At last I was fortunate enough to feleat to eat, and Itand in the stable till they are petually employed, and with what impor
tance and most serious concern! “ Is that a labourer, who, though totally unused to cool, and then turned into the pasture.
“the point,” faid the philosopher, looking them, was willing to take proper pains to I am of opinion, that the annual diffebreak them. By his good treatment and rence of expence in keeping a horse and is that the point, which so many nations
contemptuously down upon the earth, temper, they soon became tractable, and an ox, each in condition for the same con
are partitioning with fire and sword?" as handy both at ploughing and carting as ftant work, is at least four pounds. any horses.
When Alcibiades was pluming himself
Secondly; The value of a horse declines Being well satisfied with their perfor- every year after he is seven years old; and Socrates drily asked to see them upon á
upon his numerous farms and possessions, mance, I resolved to dispose of all my draft is scarcely any thing if he is blind, in- map of the earth, which was hanging behorses, and substitute oxen in their stead. curably lame, or very old : But if an oxfore them: not unlike a Grand Seignior, I have now compleated my plan, and have is in any of those situations, he may be who, enquiring where England was, which not a single cart-horse; but the work of fatted, and fold for .much more than the made so much disurbance, was desired to my farm (which consists of upwards of first purchase ; and will always fat sooner remove his thumb, which hid it upon the one hundred acres of arable land, and fixty after work than before. of pasture and wood) is performed with Thirdly; They are not so liable to illness ducted by mankind in general, is all va
map. In short, life, as instituted and conease by six oxen; together with my statute-as horses. I have never had one indisposed. nity, folly, and madness; our speculations duty on the highways, timber and corn, carting hurrowing, rolling, and every part longing to gentlemen) are frequently rode nothing
but a Comedy of Érrors, our actions of rural business. They are foed' con- by lervants without their maiter's knowftantly: their harness is exactly the same ledge, and often injured by it. Oxen are as that of horses, (excepting the necessary in no danger of this kind. alterations for difference of size and shape) Fifthly; A general use of oxen would they are drove with bridles, and bits in make beef, and consequently all other meat, A MUSICAL ANECDOTE. their mouths, and answer to the same words more plentiful; which I think would be a of the ploughman or carter as horses, and national benefit. as readily. A single man holds the plough,
i hat he may not be thought, that a pair Man Flieherbes het hele erau de permanent and drives a pair of oxen with reins; they of oxen will plough an acre of land in a able for the irritability of his nerves, than will regularly plough an acre of land every day only upon a very light foil; I must for his skill as a musician, was lately at day, and in less than eight hours time; I add, that the greater part of my arable Windsor, to assist at a concert given by believe they will do it in feven, but i land is too heavy to grow turnips to ad- their Majesties to a select party of the Nowould not affert more than I know they vantage. When my lighter lands are in bility. He was desired to play one of perform.
fine tilth, I make use of a double plough: his concertos, which he did with great apI have a sinall plantation, in which a single man holds it, and drives one pair probation; but just as he was about to the trees are planted in rows ten feet of oxen, and will plough two acres a day. conclude one of his most elaborate cadenalunder; the intervals are ploughed by a I am well aware, that the method of ces, the youngest Prince, Adolphus, who single ox with a light plough, and he is working oxen with a yoke spares a confi- had found means to conceal himself below drove by the man who holds it. I men derable expence in the article of harness; the music-desk, with great dexterity, whipt tion this as an instance of their great but they move so much more freely with the aboe out of his hands, and left the aftodocility.
collars, and can be used with so much nithed musician in the attitude of playing, My oxen go in a cart single, or one, more advantage singly by the latter me- without an instrument. The figure of two, three, or more, in proportion to the thod, that I think it fár preferable. Fischer was so extremely ludicrous, and load. Four oxen will draw eighty bushels After experience has inclined me to give his expression of furprise lo striking, that of barley, or oats, in a waggon, with ease; the preference to oxen, I will not omit in the whole company burst into a loud laugh, and if they are good in their kind, will my account the only material inconve- and the Royal Pair could not refrain from travel as fast as horses with the same load. nience I have found in working them; joining heartily in the chorus. It was
I frequently send out eighty bushels of which is, they are troublesome in thoeing, some time before they were grave enough oats with only three oxen; and one ox at least I have found them so in this coun- to order the Prince to be disgraced for the with forty bushels in a light cart, which I try; and, I believe, chiefly because my evening, and poor Fischer was so much think of all others the belt method of car- smith never thoed any before, I have disconcerted, that after recovering his hautsiage. My workmen are now perfe&tly them confined in a pound whilst they are boy, he retreated with great precipitation.
LAW AND EQUITY. It is not meant, therefore, as is faid has written a panegyric upon folly : Mon
before, that the magistrate should ever dif- taigne has said fine things upon ignorance, 'USTICE, “the mistress and queen of pense with law, or act against it; but only, which he somewhere calls o the softest
all the virtues," the basis of all social that he should, as far as he can, temper“ pillow a man can lay his head upon :” virtue as well as happiness, the very corner- it with lenity and forbearance, when the and Cardan, in his Encomium Neronis
, has, ftone on which society is built - this very letter is found to run counter to the spirit. I suppose, defended every .vice and every justice, if exercised too rigorously, would For instance; our ancient Saxon laws no- folly. It is astonishing to me, that no one often be found, amidst the combinations minally punished theft with death, when has yet done justice to impudence; which and entanglements of human affairs, even the thing stolen exceeded the value of has so many advantages, and for which fo to border upon injustice; insomuch that twelve pence: yet the criminal was per- much may be said. Did it never strike the civilians have established it into a mitted to redeem his life with money. you, what simple, naked, uncompounded maxim, that “ extreme justice is extreme But, by 9 Hen. I. in 1109, this power of re- impudence will do what strange and asto“ injustice," --summum jus fumma injuria. demption was taken away: the law conti- nifhing effects it will produce ? Aye, and
It should seem, therefore, that the ma nues in force to this very day; and death without birth, without property, without gistrate, to whom the execution of justice is the punishment of a man who steals principle, without even artifice and address, is committed, must not only do jusly, but above twelve-pennyworth of goods, al- without indeed any single quality, but the (in the language of the Prophet) also love though the value of twelve pence now is near es frontis triplex," the front of threefold mercy. I do not mean, that he should forty times less than when the law was “ brass."-Object not folly, vice, or vil. ever act otherwise than the laws direct, or made. Here the spirit is absolutely out- lainy however black: these are puny things: at any time dispense with the right execu- raged by the letter : and therefore 'might from a visage truly bronzed and seared, tion of them; but only, that he be go- not a Justice, when a delinquent of this from features muscularly fixed and hardenverned therein, as often as he can, by the sort is brought, endeavour to soften the ed, illues forth a broad overpowering glare, Spirit rather than the letter of them. For rigour of this law; or rather to evade it, by which all these are as totally hid, as the in the law, as well as in the gospel, the by depreciating the value of the thing spots of the fun by the luftre of his beams. letter frequently killeth; as when any fta- stolen, by suffering the matter to be com- Were this not so, how is it, that imputute, from a new and different situation of promised between the parties, and, where dence (ball make impressions to advantage; things and persons, gradually brought on the character of the offender will admit of shall procure admision to the highest perby course of time and change of manners, it, instead of pursuing the severities of sonages, and no questions asked; thall sufenforceth proceedings different from, or, justice, by tempering the whole procedure fice (in short) to make a man's fortune, it may be, contrary to, the true original in- with mercy? --This, and such like modes where no modeft merit could even render tent and meaning of it. The office, there- of acting, may be fáid indeed to be strain- itself visible ? I ask no more to insure sucfore, of a magiftrate, a Justice of Peace ing points; but, unless such points be cess, than that there be but enough of it: for instance, should be in part a kind of a strained occasionally, magistrates must of without success a man is ruined and undone, petty chancery: a court of equity, as well ten act
, not only against the spirit of the there being no mean. Should one ravage as a court of justice: where a man, al- laws, but against the dictates of reason, half the globe, and destroy a million of though pursued by law, may yet be re- and the feelings of their own hearts. his fellow-creatures, yet, if at length he dresled by reason, fo often as the case will Sir Henry Spelman took occasion, from arrive at empire, as Cæsar did, he thall be admit of it; and that will be as often as this law, to complain, that “while every admired while living as an hero, and adorthe spirit of any law or statute thall be thing else was risen in its value, and ed perhaps as a god when dead: though, found to clash with its letter.
“ become dearer, the life of man had con were the very fame person, like Cataline, Mean while, it must be carefully noted,“ tinually grown cheaper.”
to fail in the attempt, he would be hanged that the magistrate has no power to decide Fortescue has a remarkable passage con as a little scoundrel robber, and his name according to equity, when it is opposed cerning this law. “The civil law,” says devoted to infamy or oblivion. * to written and positive law, or stands in he," where a theft is manifest, adjudged contradiction to it: no, not even the Judge," the cri.ninal to restore fourfold; for a
Pray, what do you think the elder Pliny much less the Justice. It is a maxim, theft not fo manifeft, twofold: but the suggests, when he affirms it to be " the ubi lex non distinguit, nec nos diftinguere laws of England, in either case, punifh any man, who profeffes himself a phy,
prerogative of the Art of Healing, that debemus; and again, judicandum ex legibus, the party with death, provided the thing “sician, is instantly received as such ?” non de legibus : and an ancient pranounced • stolen exceeds the value of twelve pence. it very dangerous for a Judge to seem more But, is not this comparison between Civil profeffors in his days, like the itinerant
He certainly suggests that such fort of humane than the law. The danger con- and English law astonishingly made by a lists in its opening a latitude of interpre- man, who was writing an apology for the than ordinary portion of that bold, self
and advertising doctors of ours, had a more tation, and dety and chicanery, which, by gradually nothing to settle a proportion between important, and confident look and manweakening, would in time destroy the au- crimes and punishments ? and shallone man, may justly be called 'impudence.
ner, which, with a very little heightening,
And thority and tenor of law: for, " though who steals an utensil worth thirteen pence, what but this could enable a little paltry
all general laws are attended with in- be deemed an equal offender against society, physician, of no name or character, to gain “ conveniencies, when applied to parti- and fuffer the same punishment, with ano- fo mighty an ascendency over such a spirit,
cular cases; yet these inconveniencies ther, who plunders a house, and murders as that of Lewis XI. of France.? Read: are justly supposed to be fewer, than all the family. what would result from full discretio
* Father Mascaron observed from the nary powers in every magistrate.” Hume. --So that the dispensation of equity | A PANEGYRIC UPON IMPUDENCE. pulpit, “ that the hero was a robber, who
He that has but impudence,
is did at the head of an army, what a highseems reserved, and with good reason, not
To all things has a fair pretence.
wayman did alone.” to the Judge who is tied down by his
a pirate," said one of to legislator: according to that well-known Reguers and men of wit have Alexander the grcan, a because I have only a
frequently : , be muxim, ejus eft interpretari cujus eft condere. maintaining paradoxes. Thus, Erasmus“ a conqueror.”