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Where'er I go, by fate, by Fortune led, insects, but upon its own species. For | avoid thinking that the insect seemed to War's loudeit chunders raging round my


this state nature fecis perfectly well to have cxult in his new abode. It frequently traBorne by rough whirlwinds to an hoitile shore, formed it. Its head and breait are covered verled it round, examined the strength of My sad heart whispers—to return no more: with a strong, natural coat of mail, which every part of it, retired into its hole, and Still Thall thy lov'd idea fill my soul,

is impenetrable to the attempts of every often came out of it. The first enemy, Inspire with action, and engrofs the whole;

other infoćt, and its belly is inveloped in a however, it had to encounter, was another, And if fore-doom'd to press a foreign plain,

foft, pliant skin, which eludes the sting and a much larger spider, which having nó 'Midst gasping crowds, the earlieti victim by strong claws, not unlike those of a hausted all its stock in former labours of

even of a wasp. Its legs are terminated web of its own, and having probably exflain,

lobfter, and their vast length, like spears, this kind, came to invade the property of More than his own, thy pangs will wound

serve to keep every affailant at a distance, its neighbour. Soon then a terrible enhis mind, Who leaves his Mary and his peace behind.

Not worse furnished for observation than counter ensued, in which the invader seemed

for an attack or defence, it has several eyes, to have the victory, and the laborious spider I am, Sir,

large, transparent, and covered with a was obliged to take refuge in its hole. Yours, &c.

horny substance, which, however, does not Upon this I perceived the victor using every VIATOR

impede its vision. Besides this, it is fur- art to draw the enemy from its strong hold. niched with a forceps above the mouth, He feemed to go off, but quickly returned, which serves to kill or secure the prey al- and when he found all arts vain, began to ready caught in its claws or its net. demolish the new web without mercy,

Such are the implements of war with This brought on another battle, and, conTo the Editor of the COUNTY MAGAZINE, which the body is immediately furnished; trary to my expectations, the laborious spie SIR,

but its net to entangle the enemy feems der became conqueror, and fairly killed his

what it chiefly trusts to, and what it takes | antagonist. A Mere Nare then Proverbs fof Willem de moiet pains toerenderuar i complet de bosapoo

Now then, in peaceable poffcffion of there are many very difficult to be fible. `Nature has furnished the body of what was justly its own, it waited three understood. This may be often owing to this little creature with a glutinous liquid, days with the utmost patience, repairing the obscurity attendant upon detached sen- which it spins into a thread coarser or finer, the breaches of its web, and taking no tences, where recourse to the context cannot as it chootes to contract or dilate its sphinco sustenance that I could perceive. At last, be of ule, and not unfrequently, perhaps, ter. In order to fix its thread when it be- however, a large blue fly fell into the fnare

, to some insufficiency in the transation. Agins to weave, it emits a finall drop of its and Itruggled hard to get loose. T'he fpiverse in the 27th chapter comes, in parti- liquid against the wall, which, hardening der gave it leave to entangle itself as much cular, under this description; it is the by degrees, serves to hold the thread very | as possible, but it seemed to be too strong 14th, “ He that blefleth his friend with a firmly. Then, receding from the first for the cobweb. I must own I was greatly loud voice, rising early in the morning, it point, as it recedes the thread lengthens ; surprized when I saw the spider immedishall be counted a curse to him.” Some and when the spider has come to the place ately fally out, and in less than a minute of your correspondents may perhaps com- where the other end of the thread should weave a new net round its captive, by municate an explanation.

be fixed, gathering up with its claws the which the motion of its wings was stopped, D. S.

thread which would otherwise be too slack, and when it was fairly hampered in this it is stretched tightly, and fixed in the manner, it was seized and dragged into the same manner to the wall as before.

hole. In this manner it spins and fixes several In this manner it lived, in a precarious threads parallel to each other, which, lo state, and nature seemed to have fitted it

to speak, serve as the warp to the intended for such a life, for upon a single fly-it subSAGACITY OF THE SPIDER. web. To form the woof, it spins in the listed for more than a week. I once put a

fame manner its thread, transversely fixing walp into the net, but when the spider NIMALS, in general, are fagacious one end to the first thread that was spun, came out, in order to seize it as usual, upon

in proportion as they cultivate fo- and which is always the strongest of all perceiving what kind of an enemy it had ciety. The elephant and the beaver shew the whole web, and the other to the wall. to deal with, it instantly broke all the the greatest signs of this when united; but All these thrcads, being newly spun, are bands that held it fast, and contributed all when man intrudes into their communities, glutinous, and therefore stick to each other that lay in his power to disengage so forthey lose all their spirit of industry, and wherever they happen to touch ; and in midable an antagonist. When the walp teftify but

a very small share of that saga- those parts of the web molt exposed to be was at liberty, 1 expected the spider would city, for which, when in a social state, torn, our natural artist strengthens them, have set about repairing the breaches that they are so remarkable.

by doubling the threads sometimes fix-fold were made in his net, but those, it seems, Among infects, the labours of the bee Thus far naturalists have gone in the were irreparable; the cobweb, therefore, and ant have employed the attention and description of this animal; what follows was now entirely forsaken, and a new one admiration of the naturalist; but their is the result of my own observations upon begun, which was completed in the usual whole fagacity is loft upon separation, and that species of the infect called an houfe-time. a single bee or ant fcerns deftitute of every spider. I perceived about four years ago, I had now a mind to try how many cobdegree of industry, is the most stupid infect a large spider in one corner of my room webs a single spider could furnilh; I thereimaginable, languithes for a time in foli-making its web; and though the maid fre-fore deitroyed this, and the intect set about tude, and soon dies.

quently levelled her fatal boom against the another. When I'deftroyed the other also, Of all the folitary inseats I have ever re- labours of the little animal, I had the good its whole stock seemed quite exhaufted, marked, the fpider is the most sagacious, fortune then to prevent its destruction, and and it could fpin no more. The arts it and its actions to me, who have atten- I may lay it more than paid me by the made use of to support itself, now deprived tively considered them, seem almost to ex- entertainment it afforded.

of its great means of subsistence, were inceed belief. This infict is formed by na- In three days the web was with incre- deed furprifing. I have seen it roll up its ture for a state of war, not only upon other dible diligence completed, nor could I legs like a ball

, and lie motionless for hours



together, but cautiously watching all the
R E C T I T U D E.

more cunning, waited only this opportime: when a fly happened to approach

tunity, got up without noise, went and fufficiently near, it would dart out all at


*HE consciousness of rectitude is to eat the bread, and then composed himself once, and often seize his prey.

to reft.

delighting to the mind, that if exOf this life, however, it soon began to perience did not convince us of the con- and calling to his companions, “ Friends,

Soon after one of the citizens awaked, grow weary, and resolved to invade the trary, we must suppose the perpetration of said he, listen to my dream! I thought poffeffion of some other spider, since it evil to be impoffible.

myself transported into hell by two angels: It could not make a web of its owu). The anxiety and fears which continu- for a long time they kept fuspended over formed an attack upon a neighbouring ally torment the guilty mind, prove, that the abyss of everlasting fire; there I was fortification with great vigour, and at as virtue is its own reward, so is vice its a witness to the torments of the damn’d.” first was as vigorously repulsed. Not own punishment. daunted, however, with one defeat, in

“And I, said the other, dreamed that the

Ask the honest man from whence pro- gates of heaven were opened for me; I this manner it continued to lay fiege to ceeds his tranquillity, and he will answer, was carried before the throne of God, another's web for three days, and, at “ I am free from the rankling reflections where I was a spectator of his glory ; Jength, having killed the defendant, ac- that arise from the perpetration of bad and then the dreamer began to recount tually took poffeffion. When smaller actions."

the wonders of paradise, as the other had

Pursue the libertine through the guilty of the infernal abodes. The flies happen to fall into the snare, the fpi

der does not fally out at once, but very incidents of his life, and you will find that patiently waits till it is sure of them ; for pain is the constant attendant on his plea- he heard perfectly well, pretended to be

The countryman, meanwhile, though upon his immediately approaching, the lures. terror of his appearance might give the Visit him in the gayest scene of diffipa- his flumber, when he affecting great sur

still asleep. They went to rouse him from captive strength fufficient to get doofe : tion, and you will perceive that he is not prise, cried out, “ What is the matter?” the manner then is to wait patiently, till

, happy. by ineffectual and impotent struggles, the Sensual pleasures are like the rose—they What? do you not recollect us? Come,

Why, it is only your fellow-travellers. captive has wasted all his strength, and please the fenfe, but a thorn lies beneath; arise, and inform us of your dream.” then he becomes a certain and easy con and the thorn remains after the flower

“My dream-Oh!' I have had a very quest. has lost its sense and shed its leaves.

droll one, and one that I am sure will The insect I am now describing lived

afford you great diversion. When I saw three years ; every year it changed its

you both carried away, the one to heaven, skin, and got a new set of legs. I have

the other to hell, I thought I had lost you sometimes plucked off a leg, which grew


for ever ; I then got up, and as 'I never again in two or three days. At first it

expected to see you again, I went and de

TRADESMEN and the CLOWN. dreaded my approach in its web, but at

molished the loaf.” last it became fo familiar, as to take a fly

A Tale of the 14th CENTURY. out of my hand; and upon my touching any part of the web,

"WO traders leave the hole, prepared

S Ο Ν Ν Ε Τ. or attack.

was pursuing the same journey, having To complete this description, it may joined them on the road, they agreed to

THOUGH rugged be the steep, and dan

THOU be observed, that the male 1pider is much travel together, and make a joint stock of gerous eke,

[lime: less than the female, and that the latter their provisions. But when arrived within Where Fame's proud temple glittereth subare oviparous. When they come to lay, a day's journey of the Holy Land, it was Many there are that dare the mountain bleak, they spread a part of their web under the almoft wholly expended. They had no- And tow'rds the dreary pinnacle will climb. eggs, and then roll them up carefully, as we roll up things in a cloth, and thus cient to make a single cake. The per- What scenes of misery they undergo !

thing left but a little flour, barely fuffi- Ah! whilst they labour for the fickle meed, hatch them in their hole. If disturbed fidious traders entered into a plot together But far to me--the felf-approving deed, in their holes, they never attempt to escape to cheat their companion of his share, and Than all that Fame or Fortune can bestow. without carrying their young brood in from his stupid-air imagined they could their forceps away with them, and thus dupe him without difficulty. '“ We must Let others prize the noisy court's parade, frequently' are facrificed to their parental come to some agreement, taid one of the Those tasteless joys my heart could never love.' affection.

citizens-what will not alluage the hunger And guide, O Solitude, thou heavenly maid ! As foon as ever the young ones leave of three, may fatisfy a single person, and My penfive steps where thou delight'ft to their artificial covering, they begin to spin, I vote that it be allotted to one of us rove. and almost fenfibly seem to grow bigger. only; but that each may have a fair There from the world i'll hide myself alone, If they have the good fortune, when even chance, I propose that we all three lie Then lay my wearied limbs unpitied and unbut a day old, to catch a fly, they fail down and fall asleep, and that the bread

known! to with good appetites; but they live may be the lot of him who, on awaking,

ALFRED. sometimes three or four days without any ihall have had the most curious dream." sort of sustenance, and yet still continue The other citizen approved vastly of to grow larger, so as every day to double this suggestion; the countryman also figtheir former fize.

nified his approbation, and pretended to As they grow old, however, they do give completely into the snare. They J E A LO U SY. not still continue to increase; their legs then made the bread, put it on the fire to

Gather'd the violet so blue; only continue to grow longer. When a bake, and lay down

Its colour spoke peace to my breast : fpider becomes entirely stiff with age, and were so much fatigued with their journey, unable to seize its prey, it dies, at length, that, without intending it, they soon felí An emblem of love that is true,

The clown,

into a profound Dumber. of hunger.

My love for my fair-one exprest.

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For my Phillida's hand frews the poppies of See the pringing coxcombs come, one, two,


The primrose invited my view;

And, ere the sun-beams yield to her their sway, amuse persons of great leisure, but are of no
I lik'd not its colour so pale,
Th’archangel comes, and summons her away:

real use to the community. It shall therefore Expreflive of jealousy tooStraight to the funeral pile she's borne along, the design and end of such collections.

be the business of this discourse, to examine I left it to fade in the vale.

The wise attend her with the weeping throng; The knowledge of one's self is the firft fep Such caution 'twere needless to take, A lesson to the gay behold the lies,

towards wisdom : this was the favourite preFor Phillida yester was seen, A mangled corpse, an early sacrifice!

cept of the wise Solon, and was written in With gifts of a swain at the wake, And, whilst her charms make ev'ry bosom

letters of gold on the entrance of the temple

of Diana. And at night shar'd his dance on the green.


A man surely cannot be said to have atSince jealousy's poison has harrow'd my breaft, Depressid Pomona tolls the parting knell:

tained this fell-knowledge, unless he has at Adieu, ye soft blossoms of comfort and rest!

The sacred sepulchre's disclos’d to view, least made himself acquainted with his origin,

The hollow vault resounds our last adieu; and the duties that are incumbent upon him.
There the rich relics we securely trust,

Men and all animals increase and multiply
Till time shall bring them to their native duft:

in such a manner, that however few at first,

their numbers are continually and gradually Her purer part ascends to realms above,

increasing. If we trace them backwards, from CONSOLATION. To share the joys of innocence and love. a greater to a lesser number, we at length ar.

Wide o’er the world let Nature's trump rive at one original pair. Now mankind, as HE flower of love have ye seen,


well as all other creatures, being formed with Ye shepherds who honour the May ?

such exquisite and wonderful skill, that hu. Her ever-growing, her much envied fame; Delightfully sweet is its mien,

man wildom is utterly insufficient to imitate And Graham's marquis shall translate her the most simple fibre, vein, or nerve, much When warm'd by Aurora's first ray.

less a finger, or other contriving or executive So Phillida's smiles to my breast

organ; it is perfectly evident, that all these

September 29, 1785. Contentment and pleasures impart.

things must originally have been made by an

omnipotent and omniscient being; for «s he The sun was sunk down in the West,

who formed the ear, shall he not hear?' and When I bow'd to the pride of my heart.

he who made the eye, shall he not see? As ling'ring we travers'd the vale,

Moreover, if we consider the generation of

animals, we find that each produces an offThe suit of her shepherd she heard :THE MINISTER'S LEVEE.

spring after its own kind, as well as plants, More sweet than the rose-breathing gale

tænias, and corallines; that all are propa. Were her lips when she utter'd the word.

(Tune Richmond Bells.) gated by their branches, by buds, or by feed;

and that from each proceeds a germ of the A pleasing delirium steals over my breast, TEE

same nature with its parent; so that all living three, four, five, fix,

things, plants, animals, and even mankind reft. Among them none

themselves, form one “ chain of universal MALLING. Says his soul's his own,

being," from the beginning to the end of the

world : in this sense truly may it be said, that They all sneak sorrily, sorrily.

there is nothing new under the sun. CONSUMMATION. See the busy whispering crowd,

If we next turn our thoughts to the place

we inhabit, we find ourselves situated on a WO roses twin Gifters that

Where not a man dares speak aloud, vaft globe of land and water, which must ne

grew, Of turtles a pair from their neft,

Till he first has been taught his cue, cessarily owe its origin to the same Almighty Begirt with a ribbon of blue,

By some top cringer of the crew :

Being; for it is altogether made up of won

ders, and displays such a degree of contriThe sweet nuptial union express'd. Dingle dangle, dingle dangle, wait they there,vance and perfection, as mortals can neither Dear emblems of innocent bliss,

Their patron's looks to scan:

describe nor comprehend. This globe may Did you merit my Phillida's smile?

And the de'el a fop

therefore be considered as a museum, fur

nished with the works of the Supreme CreYour presents I seald with a kiss,

Leaves this State-shop

ator, disposed in three grand classes. And bade a farewell to my toil.

Till he sees the Mighty MAN!

If, in the first place, we consider the fofil Next morning our gay village band

kingdom, we shall see the manner in which

water deposits clay; how it is cryftallized To church my dear Phillida bore :

into fand near the shore *; how it wears down With pleasure I gave her my hand;

Abells into chalk, dead plants into vegetable

REFLECTIONS My heart had been hers long before.

mould, and metals into ochre; from all which

subilances, according to the laws of nature, And now, gentle Hymen, your blessings be.

fones are formed: thus from sand originates ftow

STUDY OF NATURE: whetfione, from mould flate, from chalk flint, The turtles shall bill, and the roses Mall blow.

from mells and earth marble, and from clay Malling. Being a Tranpation of the Preface to the ale; In the cavities of these, concrete beau

Museum Regis Adolphi Friderici ofrious fides opposed to each other, forin a num-

ber of regular figures, which the most inge

nious mathematician could scarcely have inÆNIGMA ELEGIAC. "HOSE who visit museums of natural pro

vented, and among which the glittering gems

and brilliant adamant find a place. ARESS'D by all, who taste and judgment a careless eye, and immediately take the li

Here the ponderous and thining metals are boast, berty of giving a decided opinion upon them.

conftantly forming; the ductile gold t, which Sweet Anserina liv'd and rul'd the roast : The indefatigable collectors of these things

eludes the violence of fire, and which can be But short her date !—Such pure, such perfect sometimes have the fate of being reckoned

moniters; many people wonder at their great worth

* This opinion of the crystallization of land from but useless labours; and those who judge most Stoop'd but one summer to the gladden'd earth; tenderly, exclaim, that such things serve to

water is disputed by the mineralogists of the present day.

+ Lentum aurum, 3






extended in length and breadth to an almost Such nuinberless swarms of armed infects | around us; and of touching, that we may ex. Incredible degree : here is found the wonder-Ay about the earth, that their species are more amine their surfaces; and all for the purpose ful magnet, of which no mortal has hitherto numerous than all that the ground produces. of our comprehending, in some measure, ite been able to learn the secret law of its mutual These, in their infancy, are disguised in the wisdom of his works. The same inftruments attraction with iron, or of its constant incli- form of caterpillars, in which late each has of sensation are beltowed on many other ani. pation towards the poles.

its proper plant alligned it, which it is ap- mals, who fee, hear, smell, tatle, and feel; The various ftrata of stones often concealed pointed to inhabit and to feed upon, that the but they want the faculty which is granted us, in the highest summits of the Alps, are most inordinate increase of any one may be pre- 1 of combining these sensations, and froni thenco ancient monuments, which place before our vented. Hence those vegetables, whose lux-drawing universal conclufions. eyes the many changes of the old globe, and uriant branches other animals cannot touch,

(To be continued.) proclaim them to us, whilst all other things either on account of prickles or height, or of åre filent on the subject.

a certain fætor or acrimony peculiarly obThe innumerable petrifactions of foreign noxious to their senses, are obliged to afford aniinals, and of animals never seen by any entertainment to a number of iniects: lo chat mortal in our days, which often lie hid among while many plants are destined to feed a very To the Printer of the COUNTY MAGAZINE, ftones under the most lofty mountains, are the few species of these animals, the nettle affords only remaining, fragments of the ancient subsistence to several different kinds; and

SIR, world, and reach far beyond the memory of trees, being out of the reach of quadrupeds. You will oblige many of your Readers any history whatever.

frequently support innumerable legions. The So large a quantity of these and other stones dumb fijhes which glitter at the bottom of the

and Correspondents by giving the folcovers the globe, that no man has hitherto waters, and which surpass birds in number,

lowing a place in your Magazine, and been able to break through them, and pene- find an ample repaft prepared for them in the also your humble servant, trate to the originally created earth. numberless worms which have their dwelling

W. W. In the second place, the vegetable king. there: and at the summons of Venus they in dom offers itself to our contemplation. Of their turns annually approach the fore in all its productions, the first covering of the duly divided troops.

Thou shalt not leal.DECALOGUE, earth was furnished by the wintry mofles; of The winged inhabitants of the air, which such variety in their forms, that they icarcely excel all other animals in the beauty of the be called the Magua Charta of the

THE decalogue may not improperly yield to herbs in number; and although ex- forms, find in the loftieft trees a rich provitremely minute, yet of so admirable a struc. fion of insects for their fuftenance. Here they Levitical law; for certainly that must be ture, that they undoubtedly excel the stately modulate their harmonious throats to the ten

superlatively great, whose author and palms of India. These mosses are dried op der melody of love, preparatory to their proin summer, but in winter they revive, and in ducing new tribes for the ornament of future | scribe is no less than God: what venethe early spring guard the roots of other

plants feasons. Moft birds migrate every year from ration therefore ought to be paid to every from cold, as they afterwards do from the the northern shores to countries nearer the part of it, is surely manifest to every one; injuries of summer suns,

sun; and, having reached their appointed and a man who can, with impunity, break For the gratification of our eyes, the earth distance, return for the purpose of diffemi- | or transgress any part of it, must be an is every where covered with verdure: there nating plants and fishes *.*

audacious rebellious finner: for if, on the is no fóil so rich or so barren, none so dry or Quadrupeds, which wander and sport in delivery thereof, thunders and lightnings, fo boggy, mountainous or marshy, exposed or the fields, convert all other things to their fire and smoke, and the convulsive motion thady, that some peculiar species of grass does use: by their joint endeavours they purge the

of Sinai, made the numerous host of Ilnot freely grow there, and fill up the inter- earth from putrifying carcafles; by their voftices between other plants. racious appetites they fix bounds to the num

rael tremble, it is beyond the power of The widely diffeminated herbs, dilinguish - ter of living creatures ; they join in the con

human abilities to frame a description of ed by the various forms of their leaves, iow: tracts of love; and, when urged by hunger, the horror and dread that impenitent ofers, and fruits, decorate the earth in the most unite in pursuit of their prey. Thus, whilft fenders must inevitably experience, when agreeable manner; not one of them but has all things are purified, all things are renewed, fummoned to appear before the great Lawits end and office afligned it by the supreme and an equilibrium is maintained ; so that of giver for disobedience; and mankind, by governor of the world numerous as they are all the species originally formed by the Deity, frequent violations of this eighth com they most of them differ from one another in not one is destroyed.

mandment, seem to be grown into a flate taste and smell, form and colour, powers and While we turn our minds to the contemproperties; but especially in their flowers, plation of the beauties which surround us, we

of forgetfulness and complete obduracy. which attract our notice by their elegant va- are also permitted to employ them for our

All civilized nations have ever held riety; and in them we discover the amours benefit: for to what use would the fun display theft in abhorrence, and in a variety of of plants, by which, although unattended its beams for what end would the spacious methods inficted punishments. When the with sensation, they develope their internal world be furnished by the great and bountiful keeping and posselling of fiocks and herds structure *, and overspread the globe. Author of nature, were there no rational be- were the principal employment of our foreTrees, whole roots being railed high above ings capable of admiring and turning it to

fathers, an extraordinary restoration for the earth, confitute what we call a ftem, their profit! The Creator has given us eyes, stealing part thereof was enjoined. Thus weave their branches into an agreeable shade, 1 by the affistance of which we discern the

it is said in the Levitical law-five oxen to defend the ground from excessive heat and works of creation. He has, moreover, encold, and to shelter men from the injories of dowed us with the power of tasting, by which for an ox, and four theep for a sheep: the weather. we perceive the parts entering into the com

afterwards fatisfaction was made by pecuThe third division contains the animal position of bodies ; of smelling, that we may niary mul&ts; but time convincing that kingdom, where the various kinds of worms catch their subtile exhalations ; of hearing, many thieves were thus unable to atone filently occupy the bottqm of the sea; tome that we may receive the found of bodies for their transgressions, corporal punishof which, united in a manner by social com

* Pulpy fruits are in general the food of a variety

ments took place, such as imprisonment, padl, build corals, others lead a solitary life,

of birds as well as of quadrupeds; but the seeds Hagellation, transportation, &c. concealed in their horny shells, which are

which are contained in there fruits are of such a na. The Almighty having commanded manconkructed with such beauty and variety in ture, that they almost always pass through the ani.

kind to labour fix days, has displayed bis theis figures, that no human wisdom can trace mal unhurt, and rather nore fit for vegetation than them out, or comprehend their numbers. before ; thus they are transported to places far from justice and goodness in behalf of honeft

their native foil. The spawn of fithes often shares i industry in this cighth commandment: * This refers to a theory of the author's, the roli. the same fate. See Linnæus's Oratio de Telluris and he to whom all hearts are open, well dity of which may be doubred. Those who wish to incremento, Amon. Acad. vol. ii. published in

knew that covetpusness was a principal see more of it, may consult the Amoenitates Acade. English by the Rev. Mr. Brand, among his Select micz, Vol. vi. Differtation i.

Differtations from the Amoenitates Academicae, cause of theft and injustice; he theietore No, X.-Vol. I.


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subjoined the tenth; a repetition, as it expence cultivated and fown; but that is were, of his divine will in performance a pitiful plea, and a great abfurdity and con- To the Editor of the County Magazine, of the above. The crime then of unjustly tradiction, that poverty (the divine will)

SIR, withing for, much more of stealing the should authorise theft, when God himself property of another, appears, I think, ob-hath faid, “ Thou shalt not steal.” Theft I presume the following Extracts from a vious to the dullest capacity; and regard then, in the most indigent object, must un- Pamphlet lately publilhed, entitled, “ A for religion only, in a Christian country, doubtedly hazard the eternal falvation of mort Inquiry into the Fees claimed and 1hould be sufficient to awe and deter every his precious foul.--Some, in mercy, profe

taken by the Clerk of Alize on the Home one from covering and taking the property cute not, and others cannot, or will not,

Circuit, and other Oficers,” will be found of another. bear the expence attending it; but let such

deserving the notice of Grand Juries, History informs us, that the four first remember, that with all their kind inten- and very useful to those who have or may commandments were contained in the first tions and frugality, they may very justly

have business at Allizes on the Western table, and relate to our duty towards be called encouragers or promoters of

Circuit, and to the Public in general; I God; and the fix others in the second felony,-let villains loose to prey upon the

therefore earnestly recommend them to table contain our duty towards man: and public, and are, in some measure, answer- your attention and insertion. though given peculiarly to the Jews, by able for all the thefts, robberies, murders,

Yours, &c. their being published and proclaimed by &c. those unprofecuted culprits may afterthe thrill awakening sound of a celestial wards commit; every means therefore to

AN ENEMY TO EXTORTION, trumpet, it plainly indicates, that all the prevent, check, or punish fuch offences, inhabitants of this little orb were includ- should in due time be used.- -That made

INDICTMENTS, ed in their observance. Among the If- use of in this and in the neighbouring vilraelites, however, in number 600,000, lages, has the appearance of answering such N every indictment on a particular belides children, were just set purposes their i. e. . a journey that would take them up full tlemen, farmers, tradesmen, and reputable of one count only) the clerk of affize reforty years, we may suppose they had no i housholders here have formed themselves ceives for drawing the same, three shillings apparel to carry but that they daily wore; into a fociety, with pledges of honour to and six-pence. so that it would have been cruelly dishonest each other, impartially to prosecute, at their On every common indictment (the said for either to have taken from another any joint expence, perpetrators of every species indictment consisting of one count only) the part of it. Of what materials their cloth of felony that may be committed upon the clerk of affize receives for drawing the ing was made we are not informed; but property of either of them, and to ipare no fame, two foillings and six-pence. fo durable was it, that in the whole forty expence to apprehend such thieves that may And for every additional count, in every years their raiment waxed not old, neither Ay or conceal themselves from justice. Like indictment, there is taken by the clerk of did their shoes wear out.

societies, if generally entered into, would aflize the further fum of three and fix-pence, In ancient times, the equitable way of undoubtedly produce (among others) the or two and fix-pence, agreeably to the above compromising thefts was, for the thief to following beneficial and falutary circum- distinction. pay four times the value of what he had stances :- Many that now escape justice, N. B. The clerk of aslize fays, that his ftolen; a fourth'whereof was given to the and shelter themselves under the inability claim is only three and four-pence, and two king, a quarter to the church, for pious to prosecute of thofe they, pilfer, would be and four-pence in the respective cases above uses, a fourth to the informer, and the brought to condign punishment, and be no stated, but that it has not been usual to reremainder to the person injured. But ex- longer villains at large :-many prevented turn the half-pence. perience proves, that such kind of pu- from falling into such a wicked course of On every indictment the Judge's servant, hishments are inadequate to the offences ; | life, through dread of a rigorous persecu- usually his coachman, takes one fbilling, un

for offences of a glaring nature they tion :-many unfortunate youths, milled der the pretence of attending to thew the certainly are ;--for they not only thew by wicked associates, escape an ignomini- prosecutor and his witnesses the way to the a depraved disposition, but such culprits ous end:-many families preserved from Office of the clerk of aflize. are canker-worms to fociety, indolently the indelible stain that the indiscrete crimi

On the swearing of the witnesses, whose live on what they ravage and plunder of nal conduct of a diffolute relative often

names are indorsed on the indictment, the the fruits of the industrious, render fatigue brings on them to latest posterity ;---those officer of the court, who administers the and labour heartless, and, it sometimes fly nocturnal plunderers would probably in oath, takes six-pence for every witness happens, that a whole family become im. time be diminished; the harmless part of sworn. poverished and reduced by daring acts of society travel with less molestation, or re- On the bringing up of every indictment villainy.

main fearless and in quietude at home; and, to the Grand Jury, the bailiff who attends It is an established principle, that little above all, the property of the industrious la- the Grand Jury, and who is constantly the fins, unpunished, are the seeds of future borious mechanics, tradesinen, and farmers, livery servant of the clerk of asize, takes the crimes : it hence follows, that omitting which, with expensive diligence, they have further sum of one filling. to correct petty thefts, or larceny, with gathered together, for the support of them- N. B. The sums thus received by the feverity, is an encouragement to offen- felves and families, would be far more fe- bailiff'are, as he has confeffed, brought to ders, and a principal cause of those greater cure under the laws and conftitution they account by him, and set off by the clerk of offences public papers are too full of; for daily contribute to support, by virtue of the aflize in the payment of his wages. « vice naturally begets vice; and the least spirited exertions of such laudable societies. digression from virtue is frequently fucBrixton, Isle of Wight,

OBSERVATIONS. ceeded by such a train of evils, as leads on

Sept. 26, 1786.

BY the statute of the roth and uth of imperceptibly to certain ruin.” Poverty and necessity are often made the plausible

King William, cap. 23, the clerk of affoze, pretences for stealing fuel, apparel, and pro

clerk of the peace, and every other person

A PARADOX. Vifions; and particularly hedge breaking,

whatsoever, is expressly prohibited from deand stealing turnips and pease, the produce THERE are two numbers whose fum is manding, taking, or receiving any fee or reof lands dearly rented, and at great toil and 100, and their difference 700.

ward from any person whatsoever, that

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