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Published by TOWAR, J. & D. M. HOGAN, Phila

delphia, and HOGAN & CO. Pittsburg.

ELEMENTS OF MYTHOLOGY, or Classical Fables of the

Greeks and Romans. To which are added, Some Notices of Syrian, Hindoo, and Scandinavian Superstitions, together with those of the American Nations ; the whole comparing Polytheism with true Religion. For the use of Schools. By the author of “ American Popular Lessons." "Thou shalt have no other gods before me.”

Philadelphia, Nov. 10th, 1830. We have examined the " ELEMENTS OF MYTHOLOGY,” by the author of “ American Popular Lessons,” with considerable care and attention, and we cheerfully bear testimony to its superior merit as a class book for Schools.

The Author is evidently a thorough proficient in the ancient Mythology, and has presented the beautiful Classical Fables of the Greeks and Romans, in that easy, colloquial style, which is not less delightful to the young, than it is necessary to their improvement even in the most attractive studies.

We consider the work by far the best and most suitable for Schools and families which we have seen, and without hesitation recommend it to public patronage.



Philadelphia, Oct. 22d, 1830. The “MITROLOGY" prepared by the Author of “ American Popular Lessons,” has been presented to me for examination, and I have perused it with considerable attention. I think it by far the best book on the subject, for the use of common Schools, which I have seen. The fascinating stories of the Ancient Mythology are divested of that indelicacy, which abounds in most works on the subject, and presented to the youthful mind in that decent and engaging form, and with that moral and religious spirit which becomes a Christian writer, and an enlightened age. I shall use it in my classes, and recommend it to my friends.

JOHN FROST. From the Philadelphia Chronicle." “ ELEMENTS OF MYTHOLOGY,” neatly printed and illustrated by appropriate Engravings. It is designed for the use of Schools, and is calculated to afford valuable aid to young persons about to commence classical studies. In addition to the sketches of the gods and demigods of ancient Greece, it includes brief histories of the Trojan war, with notices of the Persian, Mexican, and other superstitions. The concluding chapters describe the principal features of the Mosaic dispensation, and the religious observances of the Jews.


The following is from a highly respectable Journal in Pennsylvania.

“The ELEMENTS or Mythology lately published at Philadelphia by the Messrs. Towar and Hogans, we consider as a real acquisition to our School literature. It is accompanied with what we believe is not usual in Pantheons ; notices of the various grades of superstitions and religious observances, in the different nations of the world, and, what adds to its moral influence, these are made in reference to and comparison with the pure worship of the true God. And while the student sur. veys the varied history and features of the religions of the human race, as framed from tradition and his own imaginings by erring man, his eye is still kept on the steady light of Christian purity. The embody. ing these in one volume for the student, and the pruning the stories and fables of the Heathen gods, of all that impurity that has been attached to them, has rendered the subject unexceptionable for introduction into our schools, and particularly those for Young Ladies, where books of this kind have frequently been rejected only for the cause just mentioned. The reputation of the lady who has devoted her time to this useful work, is of itself a sufficient pledge of the proper execution of it.”

Extract from the Preface of the Authoress. “Not to make a compend of this character too minute to be interest. ing and too meagre to entertain, is the most I have attempted in these Elements of Mythology, except that I have constantly endeavoured to suggest a comparison between true and false religions, and to make children feel and be grateful that “ the glorious gospel of the blessed God,” is a dispensation of infinite wisdom and infinite mercy—that it is a marvellous light and a fountain of knowledge, as well as a guide to all virtue that it dispels all phantoms from our life, and all darkness from our death, that it makes our worship a pure and simple service, our faith a clear conviction, and our devotion an undivided homage.

“I trust it is not a forced application to make a book of mythology, one of a religious tendency. It is my own view of the subject, and I cannot but believe that the holiness and happiness of the Christian world, will be rendered more evident by comparison with the times of that ignorance which God suffered long to exist-now happily succeeded and effaced by the certainty of revealed truth. By bringing fictions into contact with the facts of religion, I hope I shall in no case impair the sentiment of reverence, and that Christian piety will lose nothing by the assumption, that natural religion was an elementary principle of human feelings and opinions, amidst the self-deceptions and gross abuses which grew up, like stilling weeds, with it, in the divers faiths and ordinances of paganism.”


Compendious Selection of the most useful Words in the English Language, alphabetically arranged; divided, accented, and explained, according to the most approved modern Authorities. Also, a List of more

than eight hundred Words, similar or nearly similar in Sound, but of different Spelling and Import. By Daniel Jaudon, Thomas Watson, and Stephen Addington.

Jaudon's EXPOSITOR, supersedes the necessity of, and is preferable to the use of the larger dictionary, as the pupil is not oppressed with the endless toil of studying all the useless pages of one entire dictionary, which must necessarily consume much precious time to no valuable purpose. The compilers believe it to be as good a selection of English Words as can easily be made ; and they hope, the orthography, division, accentuation, and explanations, will be found correct, and sanctioned by the best modern authorities. Dr. Johnson has been invariably followed in the spelling, and Walker in the pronunciation.

The high standing as teachers of the distinguished compilers, and the sale of seventy-five thousand copies of the Expositor, is a certain evidence of the approbation of the public,

EVENING ENTERTAINMENTS; or Delineations of the

Manners and Customs of various Nations, interspersed with Geographical Notices, Historical and Biographical Anecdotes, and Descriptions in Natural History. By J. B. Depping. « The proper study of mankind, is Man."

Tuis excellent book for school reading, or for the private use of children, is well calculated to enlarge their minds, and give them a just notion of the variety of character, habits and customs of different parts of the world, and is written in a highly engaging style. The London Monthly Review says:

“ We are told by Mr. Depping that he proposes to unfold all the advantages with which the teaching of Geography is capable of furnishing parents and instructers of youth ; and in pursuance of this plan he has written a series of conversations, in which an intelligent father is supposed to describe to his children every thing remarkable which he has learned or observed in the course of his travels. The dialogues consequently impart so much general knowledge and amusing information, that we think the author has not only established his proposition, but has produced a very entertaining and valuable book for children."



the Honourable Henry Home of Kames, Edited by John Frost.

Advertisement of the American Editor. In preparing the present abridgment of Lord Kames's Elements of Criticism for publication, free use has been made of Jamieson's

abridgment, published in London, 1823. It has been found necessary, however, to deviate from his plan in several particulars.

The size of the book has been considerably reduced, by omitting portions of which the practical utility was not sufficiently apparent to justify their being retained in a work intended for general use.

All quotations of which the delicacy was in the slightest degree questionable, have been omitted, as also quotations in the ancient and foreign languages.

Certain of the terms used by Lord Kames in explaining the passions and emotions, have been altered with reference to the advanced state of intellectual philosophy.

Questions have been attached to the whole work, with a view to direct the attention of the student to the leading principles and their illustrations. Some instructers, of course, will dispense with these in examining their pupils, and question them, in their own way, on the text: but it is presumed that the value of the work will not be dimi. nished, even for these instructers, by the addition of the questions.

The mode, in which the examples are to be recited, and their fit. ness pointed out, by the pupil, must of course be left to the judgment of the instructer.

The editor indulges the hope, that the present attempt to bring a standard work of Criticism within reach of the inmates of our common schools and academies, may meet with the approbation of those of his fellow-citizens who feel interested in the important subject of general education.


From the National Gazette. John Frost, Esq. an eminent teacher of youth of this city, has pub. lished, in a neat duodecimo, an Abridgment of Lord Kames's Elements of Criticism. The editor is certainly entitled to the approbation of all his fellow citizens, for having thus “ brought a standard work of criticism within the reach of the pupils of our common schools and academies."

From the United States Gazette. Lord Kames's Criticism is a work too well known to need commen. dation; and Mr. Frost has added to the many obligations under which the public rest to him, by putting into a practical school form this standard work ; making a few alterations to suit the improvement of the times, and following each chapter with numerous questions, calcu. lated to practise the learner in his lessons. The work is one of real merit, and will, we hope, find its way into the higher Schools. It is fully deserving the attention of teachers.

From the Daily Chronicle. An abridgment of Kames's Elements of Criticism, the most delight. furthetorical work in any of the modern languages.

From Roberts Vaux, Esq, of Philadelphia. The Elements of Criticism by Lord Kames, with all its merit and reputation, as a standard book, has been hitherto with great propriety

excluded from general use in our schools, owing to the indelicate and sometimes gross quotations found on its pages.

It has however afforded me great satisfaction to examine an abridgment of this work, edited with much judgment, by John Frost, A. M. of this city, freed from the impurities alluded to, and in some other respects improved, and adapted to the purposes of a class book. The valuable service thus rendered to the cause of education, entitles the gentleman who has performed it to the thanks, and the product of his labours to the patronage of all who desire to promote the moral and intellectual cultivation of our youth. Philadelphia, 12 mo. 31st, 1830.


From Mr. John M. Brewer, of Philadelphia. THE “ Abridgment of Kames's Elements of Criticism” is admirably adapted for the purposes of instruction. The original work, although unrivalled for clearness and simplicity in explaining the grounds of rhetorical science, was unfitted by its size, and some other circumstances for general use; and the editor of the “ Abridgment,” has rendered an important service to the cause of education, by condensing the larger work, and adapting it to the use of schools. Philadelphia, January, 31st, 1831.

JOHN M. BREWER. From Mr. Sears C. Walker, of Philadelphia. At the request of the publishers, I have examined the “ Abridgment of Kames's Elements of Criticism,” edited by Mr. Frost, and consider it a valuable classic for the use of schools. No rhetorical work which I have seen, is better suited to give the pupil a clear and concise view of the principles on which the science of rhetoric is founded. I shall adopt the “ Abridgment," as a text book in my school, and shall recommend it to my friends.

S. C. WALKER. From Mr. James Furbish, Principal of the Female High School, Port

land, Maine, to the editor. I have examined your Abridgment of Kames's Elements of Criticism, and think it much better adapted to the purposes of a school text book, than the original work, although the latter is undoubtedly a standard treatise of rhetorical science. So anxious am I, that books of this description, should find their way into every seminary of learning, that I give you liberty to make any use you please of the litile influence attached to my name, as a teacher of youth, in recommending the work to public favour.

Truly yours, JAMES FURBISH.

From Mr. Frederick Emerson, to the Editor. MR. John Frost,

Boston, Feb. 11, 1831. Sir-I have, with unusual satisfaction, examined 6 An Abridgment of Elements of Criticism, by the Honourable Henry Home of Kames,' edited by yourself. Too long has Kames's Criticism been confined to the college library, or reserved for the entertainment of the ripe scholar, The abridgment you have furnished is free from the objections which existed in the original work against its general use, and I now hope we shall soon see it in every good school. In the present improved state of

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