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17. The style of the laws of this state shall be, “ Be it enacted by the people of the state of Illinois, represented in the general assembly
18. The general assembly of this state shall not allow the following officers of government greater or smaller annual salaries than as follows, until the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four: the governor one thousand dollars; and the secretary of state six hundred dollars.
19. No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he shall have been elected, be appointed to any civil office under this state, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased, during such time.
20. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law.
21. An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money shall be attached to and published with the laws at the rising of each session of the general assembly,
22. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching, but a majority of all the members present must concur in an impeachment. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate; and when sitting for the purpose, the senators shall be upon oath or affirmation to do justice according to law and evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of all the senators present.
23. The governor and all other civil officers under this state, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honour, profit, or trust, under this state. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.
24. The first session of the general assembly shall commence on the first Monday of October next, and forever after, the general assembly shall meet on the first Monday in December next ensuing the election of the members thereof, and at no other period, unless as provided by this constitution.
25. 'No judge of any court of law or equity, secretary of state, attorney general, attorney for the state, register, clerk of any court of record, sheriff, or collector, member of either house of congress, or person holding any lucrative office under the United States or this state (provided that appointments in the militia, postmasters, or justices of the peace shall not be considered lucrative offices,) 'shall have a seat in the general assembly; nor shall any person holding an office of honour or profit under the government of the United States, hold any office of honour or profit under the authority of this state.
26. Every person who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit, shall, before entering upon the duties
thereof, take an oath to support the constitution of the United States, and of this state, and also an oath of office.
27. In all elections, all white male inhabitants, abore the age of twenty-one years, having resided in the state six months next preceding the election, shall enjoy the right of an elector; but no person shall be entitled to vote except in the county or district in which he shall actually reside at the time of the election.
28. All votes shall be given, viva voce, until altered by the general assembly.
29. Electors shall, in all cases except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and in going to and returning from the
30. The general assembly shall have full power to exclude from the privilege of electing, or being elected, any person convicted of bribery, perjury, or any other infamous crime.
31. In the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty, and every fifth year thereafter, an enumeration of all the white in. habitants of the state shall be made, in such manner as shall be directed by law.
32. All bills for raising a revenue shall originate in the house of representatives, subject, however, to amendment or rejec. tion, as in other cases,
$1. The executive power of this state shall be vested in a governor.
2. The first election of governor shall commence on the third Thursday of September next, and continue for that and the two succeeding days; and the next election shall be held on the first Monday of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two. And forever after, elections for governor shall be held once in four years, on the first Monday of August. The governor shall be chosen by the electors of the members of the general assembly, at the same places and in the same manner that they shall respectively vote for members thereof. The returns for every election of governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government, by the returning officers, directed to the speaker of the house of representatives, who shall open and publish them in presence of a majority of the members of each house of the general assembly. The person having the highest number of votes shall be governor ; but if two or more be equal and highest in votes, then one of them shall be chosen governor by joint ballot of both houses of the general assembly. Contested elections shall be determined by both houses of the general assembly, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.
3. The first governor shall hold his office until the first Monday of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, and until another governor shall be elected and qualified to office; and forever after, the governor shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until another governor shall be elected and qualified; but he shall not be eligible for more than four years in any term of eight years. He shall be at least thirty years of age, and have been a citizen of the United States thirty years; two years of which, next preceding h iselection, he shall have resided within the limits of this state.
4. He shall, from time to time, give the general assembly information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient.
5. He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, except in cases of impeachment.
6. The governor shall at stated times receive a salary for his services, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the term for which he shall have been elected.
7. He may require information, in writing, from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
8. When any officer, the right of whose appointment is, by this constitution, vested in the general assembly, or in the governor and senate, shall, during the recess, die, or his office by any means become vacant, the governor shall have power to fill such vacancy, by granting a commission, which shall expire at the end of the next session of the general assembly.
9. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly by proclamation, and shall state to them when assembled, the purpose for which they shall have been convened.
10. He shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of this sate, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States.
11. There shall be elected in each and every county in the said state, by those who are qualified to vote for members of the general assembly, and at the same times and places where the elections for such members shall be held, one sheriff and one coroner, whose election shall be subject to such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by law. The said sheriffs and coroners respectively, when elected, shall continue in office two years, be subject to removal and disqualification and such other rules and regulations as may be from time to time prescribed by law.
12. In case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the governor shall have power to adjourn the general assembly to such a time as he thinks proper, provided it be not to a period beyond the next constitutional meeting of the same.
13. A lieutenant governor shall be chosen at every election for governor, in the same manner, continue in office for the same time, and possess the same qualifications. In voting for governor and lieutenant governor, the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as governor, and whom as lieutenant governor.
14. He shall, by virtue of his office, be speaker of the senate, have a right, when in committee of the whole, to debate and vote on all subjects, and whenever the senate are equally divided, to give the casting vote.
15. Whenever the government shall be administered by the lieutenant governor, or he shall be unable to attend as speaker of the senate, the senators shall elect one of their own members as speaker for that occasion. And if, during the vacancy of the office of governor, the lieutenant governor shall be impeached, removed from office, refuse to qualify, or resign, or die, or be absent from the state, the speaker of the senate shall, in like manner, administer the government.
16. The lieutenant governor, while he acts as speaker of the senate, shall receive for his services the saine compensation which shall, for the same period, be allowed to the speaker of the house of representatives, and no more; and during the time he administers the government as governor, he shall receive the same compensation which the governor would have received had he been employed in the duties of his office.
17. If the lieutenant governor shall be called upon to ad. minister the government, and shall, while in such administration, resign, die, or be absent from the state, during the recess of the general assembly, it shall be the duty of the secretary for the time being to convene the senate for the purpose of choosing a speaker.
18. In case of an impeachment of the governor, his removal from office, death, refusal to qualify, resignation, or absence from the state, the lieutenant governor shall exercise all the power and authority appertaining to the office of governor, until the time pointed out by this constitution for the election of governor shall arrive, unless the general assembly shall provide by law for the election of a governor to fill such vacancy.
19. The governor, for the time being, and the judges of the supreme court, or a major part of them, together with the governor, shall be and are hereby constituted a council to revise all bills about to be passed into laws by the general assembly; and for that purpose shall assemble themselves from time to time, when the general assembly shall be convened; for which, nevertheless, they shall not receive any salary or consideration, under any pretence whatever; and all bills which have passed the senate and house of representatives, shall, before they become laws, be presented to the said council for their revisal and consideration; and if, upon such revisal and consideration, it should appear improper to the said council, or a majority of them, that the bill should become a law of this state, they shall return the same, together with their objections thereto, in writing, to the senate or house of representatives, (in whichsoever the same shall have originated) who shall enter the objections set down by the council, at large, in their minutes, and proceed to reconsider the said bill. But if, after such reconsideration, the said senate or house of representatives shall, notwithstanding the said objections, agree to pass the same, by a majority of the whole number of members elected, it shall, together with the said objections, be sent to the other branch of the general assembly, where it shall also be reconsidered; and if approved by a majority of all the members elected, it shall become a law. If any bill shall not be returned within ten days after it shall have been presented, the same shall be a law; unless the general assembly shall, by their adjournment, render a return of the said bill, in ten days, impracticable, in which case the said bill shall be returned on the first day of the meeting of the general assembly after the expiration of the said ten days, or be a law.
20. The governor shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint a secretary of state, who shall keep a fair register of the official acts of the governor, and, when required, shall lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers, relative thereto, before either branch of the general assembly, and shall perform such other duties as shall be assigned him by law.
21. The state treasurer, and public printer or printers for the state, shall be appointed biennially, by the joint vote of both branches of the general assembly: Provided, that during the recess of the same, the governor shall have power to fill such vacancies as may happen in either of said offices.
22. The governor shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint, all officers, whose offices are established by this constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for: Provided, however, that inspectors, collectors, and their deputies, surveyors of the highways, constables, gaolers, and such inferior officers whose jurisdiction may be confined within the limits of the county, shall be appointed in such manner as the general assembly shall prescribe.
§ 1. The judicial power of this state shall be vested in one supreme court, and such inferior courts as the general assembly shall from time to time ordain and establish.
2. The supreme court shall be holden at the seat of government, and shall have an appellate jurisdiction only, except in