Conceptual Revolutions

Capa
Princeton University Press, 1993 - 285 páginas
In this path-breaking work, Paul Thagard draws on history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a theory of conceptual change capable of accounting for all major scientific revolutions. The history of science contains dramatic episodes of revolutionary change in which whole systems of concepts have been replaced by new systems. For example, Copernicus's theory of the solar system supplanted Ptolemy's, and Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection replaced earlier creationist views. Thagard provides a new and comprehensive perspective on the transformation of scientific conceptual systems. In addition to examining the Copernican and the Darwinian revolutions, Thagard turns his attention to the emergence of Newton's mechanics, Lavoisier's oxygen theory, Einstein's theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the geological theory of plate tectonics. He discusses the psychological mechanisms by which new concepts and links between them are formed, and advances a computational theory of explanatory coherence to show how new theories can be judged to be superior to previous ones. To assess whether the field of psychology has undergone revolutions similar to those in physics, chemistry, biology, and geology, he describes the nature and growth of behaviorism and cognitivism. Finally, he compares the transformations in scientific revolutions with the kinds of conceptual change that developmental psychologists have observed in children. Conceptual Revolutions is essential reading for historians and philosophers of science, and has important implications as well for research in cognitive science. It is clearly written and shouldbe accessible to anyone interested in problems of scientific change.
 

O que estão dizendo - Escrever uma resenha

Não encontramos nenhuma resenha nos lugares comuns.

Conteúdo

IV
3
V
5
VI
6
VII
9
VIII
11
X
13
XI
19
XII
21
LXIX
139
LXX
140
LXXI
148
LXXII
149
LXXIII
151
LXXIV
152
LXXV
154
LXXVI
156

XIII
24
XIV
28
XV
30
XVI
33
XVII
34
XVIII
39
XIX
40
XX
42
XXI
43
XXII
44
XXIII
46
XXIV
47
XXV
50
XXVI
51
XXVII
52
XXVIII
54
XXIX
55
XXX
58
XXXI
61
XXXII
62
XXXIII
63
XXXIV
64
XXXV
65
XXXVI
66
XXXVII
70
XXXVIII
71
XXXIX
74
XL
75
XLI
76
XLIII
77
XLIV
78
XLV
79
XLVI
80
XLVII
82
XLVIII
89
XLIX
97
L
98
LII
100
LIII
103
LIV
104
LV
106
LVI
108
LVII
109
LVIII
111
LIX
113
LX
118
LXII
127
LXIII
130
LXIV
131
LXV
135
LXVII
136
LXVIII
137
LXXVII
157
LXXVIII
158
LXXIX
160
LXXX
161
LXXXI
164
LXXXII
166
LXXXIII
171
LXXXV
176
LXXXVI
179
LXXXVII
182
LXXXVIII
183
LXXXIX
191
XC
192
XCI
193
XCII
195
XCIII
196
XCIV
197
XCV
199
XCVI
200
XCVII
203
XCVIII
206
XCIX
209
C
211
CI
215
CII
219
CIII
221
CIV
222
CV
223
CVI
225
CVII
227
CVIII
230
CIX
231
CX
233
CXI
236
CXII
239
CXIII
240
CXIV
244
CXV
245
CXVI
246
CXVII
247
CXVIII
248
CXIX
250
CXX
251
CXXI
252
CXXII
256
CXXIII
259
CXXIV
260
CXXV
261
CXXVII
262
CXXVIII
265
CXXIX
279
Direitos autorais

Outras edições - Visualizar todos

Termos e frases comuns

Sobre o autor (1993)

Paul Thagard is Professor of Philosophy and Adjunct Professor of Psychology and Computer Science at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.

Informações bibliográficas