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at any time or times hereafter, rob or spoil, by sea or land, or do any hurt, or unlawful hostility, to any of the subjects of us, our heirs and successors, or to any of the subjects of any Prince or State being then in league with us, our heirs and successors ; upon.complaint of such injury done to any such Prince of State, or their subjects, we; our heirs and successors, will make open proclamation, within any parts of our realm of England, fit for that purpose, that the person or per ons committing any such robbery or spoil, shall, within the time limited by such proclamation, mais full restitution or satisfaction of all such injuries done or committed, so as the said prince, or others so complaining, may be fully satisfied and contented; and if the said person or persons, who shall commit any such robbery or spoil, shall' not make satisfaction accordingly, within such time so to be limitted, that then we, our heirs and successors, will put such person or persons out of our allegiance and protection ; and that then it shall and may be lawful and free for all princes or others, to prosecute with hostility such offenders, and every ef them, their and every of their procurers, aiders, abertors and counsellors in that behalf.

Provided also, and our express will and pleasure is, and we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain and appoint, that these presents shall not in any manner hinder any of our loving subjects whatsoever, from using and exercising the trade of tishing upon the coast of New-England in America ; but that they, and every or any of them, shall have full and free power and liberty to continue and use the trade of fishing upon the said coast, in any of the seas thereurto adjoining, or any arms of the sea, or salt-water, rivers and creeks, where they have been accustomed to fish; and to build and set upon the waste land belong. ing to the said colony and plantations, such wharfs, stages, and working houses las shall be necessary for the salting, drying, and keeping of their fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast.

And further, for the encouragement of the inhabitants of our said colony of Providence plantation, to set upon


the business of taking whales, it shall be lawful for them, or any of them, having stuck a whale, dubertus or other great fish, it or them to pursue unto that coast, and into any bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, and it or them upon the said coast, or in the said bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, to kill and order for the best advantage, without molestation, they making no wilful wa te, or spoil; any thing in these presents contained, or any other matter or thing to the contrary notwithstanding. --- And further also, we are graciously pleased, and do hereby declare, that if any of the inhabitants of our said colony do set upon the planting of vineyards, (the soil and climate both seeming naturally to concur to the production of vines) or be industrious in the discovery of fishing banks, in or about the said colony, we will, from time to time, give and allow all due and fitting encouragement therein, as to others in cases of like nature.

And further, of our more ample grace, certain know. ledge, and mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto the said Governor and Company of the English colony of Rhode Island and Providence plantation, in the Narraganset bay, in New-England, in America, and to every inhabitant there, and lo every person and persons trading thither, and to every such person or persons, as are or shall be free of the said colony, full power and authority, from time to time, and all times hereafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry away, out of any of our realms and dominions, for and towards the plantation and defence of the said colony, such and so many of our loving subjects, and strangers, as sliall or will willingly accompany them in and to their said colony and plantation, except such person, or persons, as are or shall be therein restrained by us, our heirs and successors, or any law or statute of this realm ; and al:0 to ship and transport all and all manner of goods, chattles, merchandise, and other things whatsoever, that are or shall be useful or necessary for the said plantations, and defence there


of, and usually transported, and not prohibited by any law or statute of this our realm : yielding and paying unto us, our heirs, and successors, such duties, customs and subsides, as are or ought to be paid or payable for the same.

And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do, for Us, our heirs and successors, ordaill, declare and grant, unto the said Governor and Company, and their successors, that all and every the subjects of us, our heirs and successors, which are already planted and settled within our said colony of Providence plantation, or which shall hereafter go to inhabit within the said colony, and all and every of their children which have been born there, or shall hereafter be born there, or on the sea going thither, or returning from thence, shall have and enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects, within any the dominions of us, our heirs and successors, to all intents, constructions, and purposes, whatsoever, as if they and every of them were born within the realm of England.

And further know ye, that we, of our more abundant grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have given, granted, and confirmed, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, grant, and confirm unto the said Governor and Company, and their successors, all that part of our dominions in New-England, in America, containing the Nahantick and Nanhygansett, alias Narraganset Bay, and countries and parts adjacent, bounded on the West, or westerly, to the middle or channel of a river there, commonly called and known by the name of Pawcatuck, alias Pawcawtuck river, and so long the said river, as the greater or middle stream thereof reacheth or lies up into the North country ; Northward unto the head thereof, and from thence by a straight line drawn due North, until it meet with the South line of the Massachusetts Colony ; and on the North or Northerly, by the aforesaid South or Southerly line of the Massachusetts Colony or Plantation, and extending towards the East or Eastwardly, three English miles, to the East and Northeast of the most Eastern and North-Eastern parts of the aforesaid Nar


raganset Bay, as the said bay lieth or extendeth itself from the ocean on the South or Southwardly, unto the mouth of the river which runneth towards the town of Provicience, and from thence along the Eastwardly side or bank of the said river (higher called by the name of Seacunk river,) up to the falls called Patucket Falls, being the most Westwardly line of Plymouth Colony ; and so froin the said falls, in a straight line due North, until it meet with the aforesaid line of the Massachusetts Colony, and bounded on the south by the ocean, and in particular the lands belonging to the town of Providence, Patuxit, Warwicke, Misquammacock, alias Pawcatuck, and the rest upon the main land, in the tract aforesaid, together with Rhode Island, Block-Island, and all the rest of the islands and banks in the Narraganset Bay, and bordering upon the coast of the tract aforesaid (Fisher's Island only excepted), together with all firm lands, soils, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fishings, mines royal, and all cther mines, minerals, precious stones, . quarries, woods, woodgrounds, rocks, slates, and all and singular other cominodities, jurisdictions, royalties, privileges, franchises, pre-eminences, and hereditaments whatsoever, within the said tract, bounds, lands, and islands aforesaid to them or any of them belonging, or in anywise appertaining to have and to hold the same, unto the said Governor and Company, and their successors forever upon trust, for the use and benefit of themselves and associates, freemen of the said colony, their heirs and assigns ;-to be holden of us, our heirs and successors, as of the manor of East-Greenwich, in our county of Kent, in free and common soccage, and not in capite, nor by Knight's service ;-yielding and paying therefor to us, our heirs, and successors, only the fifth part of all the ore of gold and silver, which, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, shall be there gotten, had or obtained, in lieu and satisfaction of all services, duties, fines, forfeitures, made or to be made, claims or demands whatsoever, to be to us, our heirs or successors, therefore or thereabout rendered, made or paid ; any grant or clause, in a late grant to the Govern


or and Company of Connecticut colony, in America, to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstanding; the aforesaid Pawcatuck river having been yielded, after inuch debate, for the fixed and certain bounds between these our said colonies, by the agents thereof, who have also agreed, that the said Pawcatuck river shall also be called alias Narrowgancett or Narrowgansett River, and to prevent future disputes that might otherwise arise thereby, forever hereafter shall be construed, deemed and taken to be the Narrowgancett River, in our late grant to Connecticut Colony, mentioned as the easterly bounds of that Colony.

And further, our will and pleasure is, that in all matters of public controversies, which may fall out between our Colony of Providence plantations, to make their appeal therein to us, our heirs and successors, for redress in such cases, within this our realm of England ; and that it shall be lawful to and for the inhabitants of the said Colony of Providence plantations, without let or molestation, to pass and repass with freedom into and through the rest of the English Colonies, upon their lawful and civil occasions, and to converse, and hold commerce, and trade with such of the inhabitants of our English Colonies, as shall be willing to admit them thereunto, they behaving themselves peaceably among them; any act, clause, or sentence, in any of the sak! Colonies provided, or that shall be provided, to the con. strary in anywise notwithstanding.

And lastly, we do for us, our heirs, and successors, ordain and grant, unto the said Governor and Company, and their successors, by these presents, that these our letters patent shall be firm, good, eflectual, and availble, in all things in the law, to all intents, construc. tions, and purposes whatsoever, according to our true intent and meaning herein before declared, and shall be construed, reputed and adjudged, in all cases, most favourably on the behalf, and for the best benefit and behoof of the said Governor and Company, and their successors, although express mention, &c.-In witness, &.C.-Witness, &c.

Per Ipsum Regem. E 2


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