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of the General Assembly: Provided however, that the cause or causes for which such removal may be required, shall be ttated at length in such address, and on the journal of each House. They shall at ttated times receive for their services, an adequate compensarion to be fixed by law.
Sect. 4. The Judges fhall, by virtue of their office, be coolervators of the peace throughout the State. The file of all procefs fhall be The Commonwealth of Kentucky. All prosecutions shall be carried on in the name, and by the authority of the Commonwealth of Kent tucky, and conclude Against the peace and dignity of the sa me. * Sect. 5. There shall be establihed in each county, now or which may be hereafter erected, within this
Commonwealth, a County Courr. *** Sect. 6. A competent number of Justices of the
Peace shall appointed in each coun:y; they shall be commiffioned during good behaviour, but may be remo
ved on conviction of misbehaviour in office, or of any *** infamous crime, or on the address of two thirds of each
House of Assembly : Provided however, that the caule or caules for which such removal may be required, thall be stated at length in such address and on the jours nal of each Houle.'
SECT. 7. The number of the juftices of the peace, to which the several counties in this Commonwealtli now eltablished, or which may hereafter be established, bijght to be entitled, shall from time to time be regu. lated by law.
Secr. 8. When a furveyor, coroner, or a justice of the peace, shall be needed in any county, the County Court for the l'ame,' a majority of all its justices con. curring therein, shall recommend to the Governor two proper persons to fill the office, one of whom he hall appoint thereto: Provided however, that if the county court shall for twelve months omit to make such reconna mendation, after being requested by the Governor to recommend proper perfons, he fall then nominarc, and byjand with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint a fit perfon to fill such office.
SECT... When a new county Mall be crected, a competent number of justices of the peace, a Sheriti and Coroner therefor, thall be recommended 10 i he Governor by a majority of all the Members of the Houle of Reprelentatives from the senatorial district or Hittricts in which the county is situated ; and if either of the per fons thus recommended shall be rejected by the Governor or the Senate, another perlon thali inmediate. ly be recommended as a foresaid.
SECT. 10. Each Court shall appoint its own clerk, who shall hold his office during good behaviour ; but nu perton shall be appointed clerk, only pro tempore, who shall not produce to the court appointing him a certifi. cate froin a majority of the judges of the Court of Ap, peais tbat he liad been examined by their clerk in their prciepce, and under their direction, and that they judge him to be well qualified to execute the office of clerk to any court of ille faine dignity, with that for which he offers himself. They shall be removable for breach of good behaviour by the Court of Appeals only, who Thall be judges of the fact as well as of the law. TwoThirds of the Members present must concur in the sentence.
Sect. u. All commissions shall be in the nagie, and by the authority of the State of Kentucky, and fealed with the State feal, and signed by the Governor.
SECT. 12. The State treasurer and printer or printers for the Commonwealth, thail be appointed andually by the joint vote of both Houses of Allembly: Provided, chat duriug the recels of the same, the Governor fall have power to fill vacancies which may liappen in either of the laid wifices.
Concerning Impeachments. SECT. 1. The House of Reprelevatives shall have the fole power of impeaching,
. Sect. a. All impeachments shall be tried by the Se nate; when fitting for that purpole, the Senators thall be upon oath or affirmation : No person hall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the Meinbers present.
· Sect. 3. The Governor and all civil officers fhail be liable to iinpeachment for any misdemeanor in office ; but judginent in such cales shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honour, truit, or profit under this Coinmonwealth;' but the party convicted shall peverthelels be liable and subject to indictment, trial, and punishment according to law,
General Provisions Sect. 1. Members of the General Assembly, and all officers, executive and judicial, before they enter upon the execution of their respective otfices, thall take the following oath, or affirmation : " I do folemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be jthat I will be faithful and true to the Cominonwealth of Kentucky, fo long as I continue a citizen thereof, and that I will faithfully execute to the best of my abilities, the office of according to law.”
SECT. 2 Treason against the Commonwealth shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No perfou Shall be convicieu of treason, uniels on the teftimony of two witnesses to the fame overt act, or his own con. fession in open Court.
Sect. 3. Every person shall be disqualified from ferv. ing as a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Senator or Reprelentarive, for the term for which he shall have been clected, who shall be convicted of having given or offered any bribe or treat, to procure his election.
SECT. 4. Laws shall be made to exclude from office, and from fuffrage, those who shall thereafter be couvicted of bribery, perjury, forgery, or other higlı crimes or ini (deineanors. The privilege of free fuffrage hall be fupported by laws regulating elections, and prohibiting, under adequate penalties, all undue infine ence thereon from power, bribery, turnult, or other improper practices,
Secr. 5. No inoney shall be drawn from the treasury, but in pursuance of appropriations made by law, nor Shall any appropriations of money for the fupport of an
army be made for a longer time than one year; and a regular harement and account of the receipts and expendirures of all public money, hall be published anpually,
Sect. 6. The General Assembly shall direct by law in what manner, and in what courts, suits may be brought agaialt the Commonwealth.
SECT. 7. The manner of administering an uath or affirmatiun shall be such as is inoit consistent with the conicience of the deponent, and shall be eileemed by the General Allembly the most folemn appeal to God.
SECT. 8. All laws, which on the first day of June ope thousand leven hundred aud ninety-two, were in force in the Starc of Virginia, and which are of a general nature, and not local to thar State, and not repugnant, to this Constitution, nor to the laws which have been enacted by the Legislature of this Commonwealth, shall be in force within this Sinte, until they hall be altered or repealed by the General Assembly.
SECT.0. The compact with the State of Virginia, Tubject to such alterations as inay be made therein, agreeably to the mode prescribed by the said compact, shall be considered as part of this Conllitution.
Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of the General Assembly to pass such laws as thall be necessary and proper to decide differences by Arbitrators, to be appointed by the parties who may chuse that suininary mode of adjust. mene,
Sect. II. All civil officers for the Commonwealth at large, shall reside within the State, and all district, county, or town ofticers, within their respective dila fries, counties or towns (trustees of towns excepted) and thall keep their respective offices at such places therein, as may be required by law; and all militia ofe ficers thall reside in the bounds of the division, brigade, regiment, baccalion, or company to which they may severally belong.
SECT.12. TheAttorney General and other attornies for this Commonwealth, who receive a fixed annual salary from the public trealury, Judges and Clerks of Courts, Justices of the Peace, surveyors of lands, and all com.
missioned militia officers, thall hold their respective of fices during good behaviour, and the continuance of their respective courts, under the exceptions contained in ibis Conftitution.
Sect 13. Absence on the business of the State, or the United States, shall not forfeit a relidence once obrained so as to deprive any one of the right of luffrage, or of being elecled or appointed to any office under this Commonwealth, under the exceptions contained in thisConftitution,:
Sect. 14. It shall be the duty of the General Affem. bly, to regulate by law, in what cases, and what de. duction from the salaries of public officers shall be made for neglect of duty in their official capacity.
SECT. 15. Returns of all elections for Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and Members of the General Af. sembly, shall be made to the Secretary for the time being.
SECT. 16. Io all elections by the people, and also by the Senate and House of Representatives, jointly or feparately, the votes shall be perfonally and publicly given, viva voce,
SECT, 17. No Member of Congress, nor person holda ing or exercising any office of trust or profit under the United States, or either of them, or under any foreign power shall be eligible as a Member of the General Assembly of this Cominonwealth, or hold or exercile any office of trust or profit under the same..
Secr. 18. The General Assembly snall direct by law how perloos, who now are or inay hereafter becoine (ecurities for public officers, may be relieved or discharge ed on account of luch fecurity ship,
Concerning Slives. Sect. 1. The General Assembly shall have no power to pass laws for the emancipation of Haves without the consent of their owners, or without paying their own. ers previous to such einancipation a full equivalent in money for clie Naves to emancipared. They shall have no power to prevent emigranrs to this Siare from bringing with them such persons as are deemned Naves by the laws of any one of the United States, fo long