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judgment, and such points of law, as may be submitted to them.

IV. The Governor shall always reside, during the sitting of the Legislature, at the place where their session may be held ; and at other times, wherever, in his opinion the public good may require.

V. The Legislature shall, as soon as may be conve. nient, pass laws for the abolition of the rights of primogeniture, and for giving an equitable distribution of the real estate of intestates.

ARTICLE XI. No Convention of the People shall be called, unless by the concurrence of two-thirds of both branches of the whole Representation.

No part of this. Constitution shall be altered, unless a bill to alter the same, shall have been read three times in the House of Representatives, and three times in the Senate, and agreed to by two-thirds of both branches of the whole Representation ; neither shall any alteration take place, until the bill, so agreed to, be published three months, previous to a new election for members to the House of Representatives; and if the alteration, proposed by the Legislature, shall be agreed to, in their first session, by two-thirds of the whole Representation, in both branches of the Legislature, after the same shall have been read three times, on three several days, in each House, then and not otherwise, the same shall become a part of the Constitution." Done in Convention, at Columbia, in the State of

South-Carolina, the 3d day of June, in the year of our Lord 1790, and in the 14th year of the Independence of the United States of America. ..!! By the unanimous order of the Convention,


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GEORGIA. The CONSTITUTION of the State of Georgia, as re

vised, amended and compiled, by the Convention of the · State, at Louisville, on the 30th day of May, 1798.

ARTICLE I. Sect. I. THE legislative, executive and judiciary

. departments of Government; shall be distinct, and each department shall be confided to a separate body of magistracy; and no person, or collection of persons, being of one of those departments, shall exercise any power properly attached to either of the others, except in the instances herein expresly permitted.

Secr. 2. The legislative power shall be vested in two separate and distinct branches, to wit, a Senate and House of Representatives, to be styled “The General Assembly.”

Sect. 3. The Senate shall be elected annually, on the first Monday in November, until such day of election be altered by law ; and shall be composed of one Member from each county, to be chosen by the electors thereof.

Sect. 4. No person shall be a Senator, who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years; and have been nine years a citizen of the United States, and three years an inhabitant of this State, and shall have usually resided within the county for which he shall be returned, at least one year immediately preceding his election, (except persons who may have been absent on public business of this State, or the United States) and is and shall have been possessed in his own right, of a settled freehold estate, of the value of five hundred dol, lars, or of taxable property to the amount of one thousand doilars, within the county, for one year preceding his election ; and whose estate shall, on a reasonable estimation, be fully competent to the discharge of his just debts, over and above that sum.


SECT. 5. The Senate shall elect, by ballot, a President out of their own body.

SECT. 6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachinents :- When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation ; and no person shall be convicted, without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present : Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust or profit, within this State ; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.

Sect. 7. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members from all the counties which now are, or hereafter may be, included within this State, according to their respective numbers of free white persons, and including three-fifths of all the people of colour: The actual enumeration shall be made within two years, and within every subsequent term of seven years thereafter, at such time, and in such manner, as this Convention may direct : Each county containing three thousand persons, agreeably to the foregoing plan of enumeration, shall be entitled to two members, seven thousand to three members, and twelve thousand to four members ; but each county shall have at least one, and not more than four members : the Representatives shall be chosen annually, on the first Monday in November, until such day of election be altered by law. Until the aforesaid enumeration shall be made, the several counties shall be entitled to the following number of Representatives, respectively : Camden two ; Glynn two; Liberty three; M'Intosh two; Bryan one ; Chatham four; Effingham two; Scriven two; Montgomery two; Burke three ; Bullock one ; Jefferson three ; Lincoln two; Elbert three; Jackson two; Richmond three; Wilkes four; Columbia three : Warren three ; Washington three ; Hancock four; Greene three ; Oglethorpe three; and Franklin two.

Secr. 8. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-one years, and have been seven years a citizen of the United


States; three years an inhabitant of this State, and have usually resided in the county in which he shall be chosen, one year immediately preceding his election (unless he shall have been absent on public business of this State or the United States) and shall be possessed, in his own right, of a settled freehold estate of the value of two hundred and fifty dollars, or of taxable praperty to the amount of five hundred dollars, within the county, for one year preceding his election; and whose estate shall, on a reasonable estimation, be competent to the discharge of his just debts, over and above that sum.

Sect. 9. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers.

Sect. 10. They shall have solely the power to impeach all persons who have been, or may be in office.

Sect. ll. No person holding any military commission or other appointment, having any emolument or compensation annexed thereto, under this State or the United States, or either of them (except Justices of the Inferior Court, Justices of the Peace, and officers of the militia) nor any person who has had charge of public monies belonging to the State, unaccounted for and unpaid, or who has not paid all legal taxes or contributions to the Government required of him, shall have a seat in either branch of the General Assembly; nor shall any Senator or Representative be elected to any office or appointment by the Legislature, having any emolu. ments or compensation annexed thereto, dur ng the time for which he shall have been elected, with the above exceptions, unless he shall decline accepting his seat, by notice to the Executive, within twenty days after he shall have been elected; nor shall any Member, after having taken bis seat, be eligible to any of the aforesaid offices or appointments during the time for which he shall have been elected.

SECT. 12 The meeting of the General Assembly shall be annual, on the second Tuesday in January, until such day of meeting be altered by law; a majority of cach branch shall be authorized to proceed to business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to


day, and compel the attendance of their Members in such manner as each House may prescribe.

Sect. 13. Each House shall be the judges of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own Members, with powers to expel or punish by censuring, fining and imprisoning, or either, for disorderly behaviour, and may expel any person convicted of any felonious or infamous offence; each House may punish by imprisonment, during session, any person, not a Member, who shall be guilty of disrespect by any disorderly or contemptuous behaviour in its presence, or who, during session, shall threaten harm to the body or estate of any Member, for any thing said or done in either House, or who shall assault any of them therefor; or who shall assault or arrestany witness in going to or returning there from, or who shall rescue anyperson arrested by order of either House.

Secr. 14.. No Senator or Representative shall be liable to be arrested during his attendance on the General Assembly, or for ten days previous to its sitting, or for ten days after the rising thereof, except for treason, felony, or breach of the peace ; nor shall any member be liable to answer for any thing spoken in debate in either House, in any court or place elsewhere; but shall nevertheless be bound to answer for perjury, bribery or corruption.

Secr. 15. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them immediately after their adjournment; and the yeas and nays of the members

on any question, shall, at the desire of any two mem· bers, be entered on the journals.

SECT. 16. All bills for raising revenue or appropriating monies, shall originate in the House of Representatives ; but the Senate shall propose or concur with amendments, as in other bills.

Sect. 17. Every bill shall be read three times and on three separate days, in each branch of the General Assembly, before it shall pass, unless in cases of actual invasion or insurrection ; nor shall any law or ordinance pass, containing any matter different from what is expressed in the title thereof; and all acts shall be signed

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