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А

HISTORY OF THE WORLD

FROM THE

EARLIEST RECORDS TO THE PRESENT TIME.

BY

PHILIP SMITH, B.A.,

OSE OF THE PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTORS TO THE DICTIONARIES OF GREEK AND ROMAN

ANTIQUITIES, BIOGRAPHY, AND GEOGRAPHY.

VOL. II.

ANCIENT HISTORY.

FROM THE ACCESSION OF PHILIP OF MACEDON TO THE ROMAN

CONQUEST OF CARTHAGE AND ASIA.

Ellustrated by Maps and Plans.

LONDON :

WALTON AND MABERLY,
UPPER GOWER STREET, & IVY LANE, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1864.

[The Right of Translation is reserved.]

221. . 34

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CONTENTS.

PAGE

and character of Philip–His relations to Athens-Capture of Amphipolis

and Pydna - The Social War-The Sacred War—The Amphictyons-Philip

in Thessaly–Stopped at Thermopylæ by the Athenians-Sparta and Megalo-

polis-Demosthenes — The First Philippic-Peace

party at Athens--Phocion

--The Olynthian war-Æschines—Peace between Athens and Philip-End of

the Sacred War-Demosthenes and Isocrates on the Peace—Progress of

Philip-New war with Athens-Philip in Scythia—The Locrian War-

Philip general of the Amphictyons-Capture of Elatea - Alliance of Thebes

and Athens-Battle of Chæronea-Death of Isocrates-Demosthenes “on

the Crown”—Philip general of the Greeks for the Persian War-Death of

Philip

1-31

CHAPTER XVI.

THE CONQUESTS OF ALEXANDER.-B.C. 336 TO B.C. 323.

Accession of Alexander–His character and education--His early public life-

Quarrel with his father, and outward reconciliation State of Greece at his

accession-Second congress of Corinth-Alexander and Diogenes-Cam-

paigns in Illyria and Thrace-Revolt of Thebes and Athens-Destruction

of Thebes-Submission of Athens---State of the Persian empire : rebellions

and dissolution-Greek mercenaries-Bagoas, Mentor, and Memnon-Re-

conquest of Cyprus, Phænicia, and Egypt-Accession of Darius Codomannus

-Events preceding the invasion State of feeling in Greece—Policy of De-

mosthenes—True view of Alexander's conquest-Constitution of the Mace-

donian army-Antipaterleft as regent of Macedonia--Small force of Alexander

-His departure from Pella, and rendezvous at Sestos–Alexander at Troy-

Battle of the Granicus-Conquest of Asia Minor-Siege of Halicarnassus-

Death of Memnon—The Gordian knot-Battle of Issus-Capture of Tyre

and Gaza--Conquest of Egypt-Visit to the oracle of Ammon-Foundation

of Alexandria-Alexander passes the Euphrates—Battle of Arbela-Alex-

ander at Persepolis-Death of Darius March into Hyrcania, Drangiana,

and Bactria-Death of Philotas-Alexander crosses the Paropamisus and

Oxus-Reaches the Jaxartes---Conquers Sogdiana-Murder of Clitus-

Marries Roxana, Death of Calisthenes-Invasion of India—Defeat of Porus

--Alexander is compelled to turn back from the Hyphasis–Voyage down

the Hydaspes and Indus–Voyage of Nearchus to the Persian Gulf-March

through the Desert of Gedrosia-- Return to Susa-Alexander marries the

daughter of Darius-Other intermarriages with Persians-Mutiny of the

army-Death of Hephæstion- Alexander at Babylon- His vast schemes-

His death

32-81

VOL. II.

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