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behaviour is thus warranted and confirmed by the opinion of all that know him.

My worthy friend Sir Roger is one of those who is not only at peace within himself, but beloved and esteemed by all about 5 him. He receives a suitable tribute for his universal benevo

lence to mankind, in the returns of affection and good-will, which are paid him by every one that lives within his neighbourhood. I lately met with two or three odd instances of that general respect which is shewn to the good old Knight. He would needs carry Will Wimble and my self with him to the country-assizes : as we were upon the road, Will Wimble joined a couple of plain men who rid before us, and conversed with them for some time; during which my friend Sir ROGER

acquainted me with their characters. 15

The first of them, says he, that has a spaniel by his side, is a Yeoman of about an hundred pounds a year, an honest man: he is just within the game act, and qualified to kill an hare or a pheasant: He knocks down a dinner with his gun twice or thrice a week; and by that means lives much cheaper than those who have not so good an estate as himself. He would be a good neighbour if he did not destroy so many partridges : in short, he is a very sensible man; shoots flying; and has been several times Fore-man of the Petty-jury.

The other that rides along with him is Tom Touchy, a fellow 25 famous for taking the law of every body. There is not one in the

town where he lives that he has not sued at a Quarter-sessions. The rogue had once the impudence to go to law with the Widow. His head is full of costs, damages and ejectments :

he plagued a couple of honest Gentlemen so long for a tres30 pass in breaking one of his hedges, till he was forced to sell the

ground it enclosed to defray the charges of the prosecution : his father left him fourscore pounds a year; but he has cast and been cast so often, that he is not now worth thirty. I suppose he is going upon the old business of the willow-tree





As Sir ROGER was giving me this account of Tom Touchy, Will Wimble and his two companions stopped short till we came up to them. After having paid their respects to Sir ROGER, Will told him that Mr. Touchy and he must appeal to him upon a dispute that arose between them. Will it seems had been giving his fellow-travellers an account of his angling one day in such a hole; when Tom Touchy, instead of hearing out his story, told him, that Mr. such an one, if he pleased, might take the law of him for fishing in that part of the river. My friend Sir ROGER heard them both, upon a round trot; and after having paused some time told them, with an air of a man who would not give his judgment rashly, that much might be said on both sides. They were neither of them dissatisfied with the Knight's determination, because neither of them found himself in the wrong by it: upon which we made the best of our way to the Assizes.

The Court was sat before Sir ROGER came, but notwithstanding all the Justices had taken their places upon the Bench, they made room for the old Knight at the head of them; who for his reputation in the country took occasion to whisper in the Judge's ear, that he was glad his Lordship had met with so much good weather in his circuit. I was listening to the proceedings of the Court with much attention, and infinitely pleased with that great appearance and solemnity which so properly accompanies such a publick administration of our laws; when, after about an hour's sitting, I observed to my great surprize, in the midst of a tryal, that my friend Sir ROGER was getting up to speak. I was in some pain for him, till I found he had acquitted himself of two or three sentences, with a look of much business and great intrepidity.

Upon his first rising the Court was hushed, and a general whisper ran among the country-people that Sir Roger was up. The speech he made was so little to the purpose, that I shall




not trouble my Readers with an account of it; and I believe was not so much designed by the Knight himself to inform the Court, as to give him a figure in my eye, and keep up

his credit in the country. 5 I was highly delighted, when the Court rose, to see the

Gentlemen of the country gathering about my old friend, and striving who should compliment him most; at the same time that the ordinary people gazed upon him at a distance, not a

little admiring his courage, that was not afraid to speak to the 10 Judge.

In our return home we met with a very odd accident; which I cannot forbear relating, because it shews how desirous all who know Sir ROGER are of giving him marks of their esteem.

When we were arrived upon the verge of his estate, we stopped 15 at a little Inn to rest our selves and our horses. The man of

the house had it seems been formerly a servant in the Knight's family; and to do honour to his old master, had some time since, unknown to Sir ROGER, put him up in a sign-post before the door; so that the Knight's head had hung out upon the road about a week before he himself knew any thing of the matter. As soon as Sir Roger was acquainted with it, finding that his servant's indiscretion proceeded wholly from affection and good will, he only told him that he had made him too

high a compliment; and when the fellow seemed to think that 25 could hardly be, added with a more decisive look, that it was

too great an honour for any man under a Duke; but told him at the same time that it might be altered with a very few touches, and that he himself would be at the charge of it. Accordingly they got a painter by the Knight's directions to add a pair of whiskers to the face, and by a little aggravation of the features to change it into the Saracen's head. I should not have known this story, had not the Inn-keeper upon Sir Roger's alighting told him in my hearing, That his Honour's head was brought back last night with the alterations that he had ordered to be



made in it. Upon this my friend with his usual chearfulness related the particulars above-mentioned, and ordered the head to be brought into the room. I could not forbear discovering greater expressions of mirth than ordinary upon the appearance of this monstrous face, under which, notwithstanding it 5 was made to frown and stare in a most extraordinary manner, I could still discover a distant resemblance of my old friend. Sir Roger, upon seeing me laugh, desired me to tell him truly if I thought it possible for people to know him in that disguise. I at first kept my usual silence; but upon the Knight's con- 10 juring me to tell him whether it was not still more like himself than a Saracen, I composed my countenance in the best manner I could, and replied, That much might be said on both sides.

These several adventures, with the Knight's behaviour in 15. them, gave me as pleasant a day as ever I met with in any of my travels.

No 123. Saturday, July 21. [1711.]

Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam,
Rectique cultus pectora roborant :
Utcunque defecere mores,

Dedecorant bene nata culpa. Hor.

As I was yesterday taking the air with my friend Sir Roger, we were met by a fresh-coloured ruddy young man, who rid by us full speed, with a couple of servants behind him. Upon my 20 enquiry who he was, Sir Roger told me that he was a young Gentleman of a considerable estate, who had been educated by a tender mother that lived not many miles from the place where

She is a very good Lady, says my friend, but took so much care of her son's health, that she has made him good 25 for nothing. She quickly found that reading was bad for his

we were.

eyes, and that writing made his head ake. He was let loose among the woods as soon as he was able to ride on horse-back, or to carry a gun upon his shoulder. To be brief, I found, by

my friend's account of him, that he had got a great stock of 5 health, but nothing else; and that if it were a man's business

only to live, there would not be a more accomplished young fellow in the whole county.

The truth of it is, since my residing in these parts, I have

seen and heard innumerable instances of young heirs and elder 10 brothers, who either from their own reflecting upon the estates

they are born to, and therefore thinking all other accomplishments unnecessary, or from hearing these notions frequently inculcated to them by the flattery of their servants and domes

ticks, or from the same foolish thoughts prevailing in those who 15 have the care of their education, are of no manner of use but

to keep up their families, and transmit their lands and houses in a line to posterity.

This makes me often think on a story I have heard of two friends, which I shall give my Reader at large, under feigned names. The moral of it may, I hope, be useful, though there are some circumstances which make it rather appear like a Novel, than a true story.

Eudoxus and Leontine began the world with small estates.

They were both of them men of good sense and great virtue. 25 They prosecuted their studies together in their earlier years,

and entered into such a friendship as lasted to the end of their lives. Eudoxus, at his first setting out in the world, threw himself into a Court, where by his natural endowments and his acquired abilities he made his way from one post to another, till at length he had raised a very considerable fortune. Leontine on the contrary sought all opportunities of improving his mind by study, conversation and travel. He was not only acquainted with all the sciences, but with the most eminent professors of them throughout Europe. He knew perfectly



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