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AN ILLUSTRATED RECORD
IN EIGHT VOLUMES
VOLUME IV - PART I
FROM THE AGE OF JOHNSON TO THE
AGE OF TENNYSON
Set up and electrotyped, Published January, 1904. Reprinted
Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.
PREFACE TO THE FOURTH VOLUME
The principles of selection which were followed in the earlier volumes of this work have been adhered to in this also, except in the last chapter, where it was found necessary in some degree to modify them. The age through which we have just passed is still too close to us to enable us to decide with any confidence which, among the many names which were prominent in the second rank of its literature, will continue to interest posterity. Instead, therefore, of crowding the page with eminent names, certain leading figures have been taken as unquestionably in themselves attractive, and as probably representative of the time. This portion of the work, it is obvious, must be peculiarly liable, in future editions, to extension and alteration. At present, its limit is the death of Queen Victoria, and it deals with no living person, except with one famous and venerable philosopher, whose work, we must regretfully suppose, is finished.
So far as the illustration of this volume is concerned, we descend through grades of picturesque decline to the period, not merely of the frock-coat and of the top-hat, but of that most inæsthetic instrument, the photographer's lens. We may claim, perhaps, to make up in copiousness for a lack of beauty which is no fault of ours. Among those whose kindness and generosity have enabled us to enrich this volume, my particular thanks are due to Mr. William Archer, to Mr. Arthur Christopher Benson, to Mr. Ernest H. Coleridge, to Mr. Coningsby. D’Israeli, to Mr. Warwick Draper, to Mrs. John Richard Green, to Miss Gaskell, to Mr. John Murray, to Mrs. Richmond Ritchie, to Mr. Clement Shorter, to Mr. M. H. Spielmann, to Mrs. Baird Smith, to Messrs. Smith, Elder and Co., and to Mr. Butler Wood of Bradford. As before, I have to thank my friend Mr. A. H. Bullen for his kindness in reading the proofs and Mrs. Sydney Pawling for her valuable help in obtaining matter for illustration.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE AGE OF WORDSWORTH-1780-1815
Cowper–Table Talk-John Gilpin—The Task—Crabbe—The Parish Register—The Borough
-Tales of the Hall—Blake—Songs of Innocence--His Visions-Burns-Early Life-Poems
- Napier-Sydney Smith-Cobbett-Combe-Bentham-Isaac D'Israeli-Mackintosh
THE AGE OF BYRON, 1815-1840
Innocence and Purity of the Age of Wordsworth-Revolutionary Tendency of the later
Generation-Poetry of Crime and Chaos-Byron-His Fascinating and Mysterious