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gate keepers,

Elections shall

saloons, etc.

meet, etc.


attempt to coerce an elector in any way to vote or to refrain Eligibility of from voting for any particular person or party. No person

shall be eligible to fill the office of gate keeper of election on any election day when his name shall be on any ticket at said election. Gate keepers of [elections) election shall be at the polling place at the opening of the polls, and

shall remain there until the closing of the polls, and shall Compensation. receive as compensation two dollars per day for each day's

work while actually engaged.

SEC. 40. No election shall be held, nor shall any election not be held in

be appointed to be held in any saloon or bar room, or in any

room or place contiguous with or adjoining thereto. Should When Inspectors any place be designated or appointed for holding an election ing place.

in violation hereof, or become subject to such objection after having been so designated, the inspectors of election shall have power, and it shall be their duty, on or before the day of such election, and before the opening of the polls on such day, to

procure a suitable place as near thereto as may be, not subject Inspectors to to like objection. Said inspectors shall meet at the place first

designated at the time for opening the poll, and after any vacancies in their number shall have been filled, adjourn to

the place chosen by them, and at the time of said adjournment, Notice of change, give public notice to the electors present by proclamation of

such change, and post in a conspicuous manner notice of the place where such election shall be held, and all expense attending such change shall be certified by said inspectors to the proper authorities and shall be allowed and paid

accordingly. Liquors, bring- SEC. 41. Any person or persons introducing in any way, ing in, etc., a

upon election day, into the building where an election is being held, any spirituous or malt liquors, and any inspector or clerk of election drinking any such liquors in such place, or being intoxicated therein upon election day, shall be deemed guilty

of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof before any Penalty for. court of competent jurisdiction, shall be punished by a fine not

exceeding one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding sixty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment,

in the discretion of the court. Time voter may SEC. 42. The board of election may make such regulations remain in booth.

as they deem proper, limiting the time in which an elector may remain in the room or booth while preparing and voting his ballot; such limitation, however, shall not be less than one

nor more than five minutes. Certain things

SEC. 43. It shall not be lawful for any candidate for any made unlawful. elective office, with intent to promote his election, or for any

other person, with intent to promote the election of any such candidate, either:

First, To provide or furnish entertainment at his expense to any meeting of electors, previous to, or during the election at which he [shall] may be a candidate; or,

Second, To pay for, procure, or engage to pay for any such entertainment; or,

misdemeanor, etc.

Third, To furnish any money or other property to any person, for the purpose of being expended in procuring the attendance of voters at the polls; or,

Fourth, To engage to pay apy money, or deliver any property, or otherwise compensate any person for procuring the attendance of voters at the polls; or,

Fifth, To contribute money for any other purpose intended to promote an election of any particular person or ticket, except for defraying the expenses of printing, and the circulation of hand bills and other papers previous to any such election, or for conveying sick, or infirm electors to the polls.

SEC. 44. It shall be the duty of every candidate for any Candidate and office named in this act, and of the chairman of every State, make statement district, and county committee of each political organization, of expenses, etc. within twenty days after each election held pursuant to the provisions of this act, to make and file an affidavit stating the amount of money expended by such candidate or committee in and about the canvass of such candidate or political organization in connection with such election, and further showing that no expenditures have been made by such candidate or political organization or by any person in his or its behalf to the knowledge or belief of the person making such affidavit, for any purpose prohibited by this act. Such Statement to be affidavit, when made by the chairman of the State committee filed, etc. or a candidate for any State office, shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of State, when made by the chairman of any district committee or a candidate for the office of presidential elector, member of Congress, State senator, or representative, in the office of the clerk of the county to which election returns for said district are made, and when made by the chairman of any county committee or candidate for a county office, in the office of the clerk of such county. Willful false swearing in this or in any other False swearing matter herein required to be under the oath of any person shall be deemed perjury and punishable accordingly.

Sec. 45. Any person who shall knowingly violate any of violation of act the provisions of this act, or shall willfully neglect or refuse to perform any duty enjoined upon him hereby, or shall disclose to any other person the name of any candidate voted for by any elector, the contents of whose ballot shall have been seen by such person, or shall in any manner obstruct or attempt to obstruct any elector in his exercise of his duties as such elector under this act, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and on conviction thereof shall be pun- Penalty therefor. ished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the State Prison not exceeding two years, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

SEC. 46. All acts or parts of acts contravening the pro- Repealing visions of this act are hereby repealed.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved July 3, 1891.

to be perjury.

to be felony.


Who may incorporate.

[ No. 191. ] AN ACT to provide for the incorporation of equal suffrage

associations within the State of Michigan. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That any ten or more persons, residents of this State, and being members of the Michigan Equal Suffrage Association, or of any auxiliary or subordinate equal suffrage association, desiring to form themselves into a corporation, may become incorporated under and in pursuance of the provisions of

this act. Articles of asso- SEC. 2. Such persons may make and execute articles of ciation.

association under their hands, and acknowledge the same

before some officer authorized by law to take the acknowl. Contents. edgment of deeds, and shall set forth therein:

First, The names of the persons associating in the first instance, and their respective places of residence;

Second, The corporate name by which such association shall be known in the law, and the place, if any, where its principal business office is to be kept; and

Third, The object and purpose of such association, which shall be to secure the political enfranchisement of women, and their equality with men in all respects before the law, and the period for which it is incorporated, not exceeding

thirty years. Copy to be filed, SEC. 3. A copy of such articles of association shall be

filed and recorded in the office of the Secretary of State, and thereupon the persons who shall have signed and

acknowledged the said articles of association, their assoTo be body cor- ciates and successors shall be a body politic and corporate porate, etc.

by the name expressed in said articles of association, and by that name they and their successors shall have succession, and shall be persons in the law capable of purchasing, taking, receiving, holding and enjoying, to themselves and their successors, real and personal property and estate, and

of suing and being sued, and may have a common seal, Proviso. which they may change and alter at their pleasure: Provided,

That the value of such real and personal estate shall not exceed the value of fifty thousand dollars, and they and their successors shall have authority and power to give, grant, sell, demise, or lease and dispose of said real estate, or any part thereof at their will and pleasure, and the proceeds, rents and profits derived therefrom shall be devoted exclusively to the objects and purposes for which such association was formed, as expressed in its articles of association. Every such corporation shall have full power and authority, to make and establish rules, regulations and bylaws, for regulating and governing all the affairs and business of said corporation, according to the laws of this State, and to designate, elect or appoint from its members, such officers and agents as it shall deem necessary, and under such name and style as it may deem proper.


eral law.

SEC. 4. A copy of the record of such articles of associa- Copy of record tion, duly, certified according to law under the seal of the to be evidence. State, shall be received as prima facie evidence in all courts of this State of the existence and due incorporation of such association.

SEC, 5. All corporations formed under this act, shall be subject to gensubject to the provisions of chapter one hundred and ninetyone of Howell's Annotated Statutes, of the State of Michi. gan so far as the same may be applicable to corporations formed under this act, and the Legislature may at any time alter or amend this act.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved July 3, 1891.

[ No. 192. ] AN ACT making an appropriation for the general expenses

of the State government, salaries of State officers, expenses of State departments and expenses of the Legislature for the years eighteen hundred and ninety-one and eighteen hundred and ninety-two, and to provide a tax for the payment of the same.

SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, Appropriation That there shall be levied upon the aggregate of taxable real and purposes of. and personal estate of the State in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-one, the sum of five hundred fifty-two thousand and three hundred and eighty-three dollars, and for the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two, the sum of seven hundred eighteen thousand five hundred and fifty dollars, to [be] raised by tax, and the same is hereby appropriated for the payment of salaries of the State officers and other expenses of the State government for the aforesaid years which are not otherwise provided for.

SEC. 2. The Auditor General shall apportion each year tax for,
the amounts herein directed to be raised among the several
counties of this State, as provided by law for the apportion-
·ment of State taxes.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved July 3, 1891.

[ No. 193. ] AN ACT to authorize and validate proceedings for the fore

closure of mortgages and the enforcement of liens and incumbrances against the real estate of private corporations whose term of existence has expired by limitation. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, when holder of That whenever the term of existence of any private corpo- may ile bili, etc. ration organized under the laws of this State shall hereafter


Service of subpoena, etc.

expire, or shall have heretofore expired, by limitation, under the terms of its articles of incorporation, leaving any mortgage, lien or incumbrance upon its real estate, upon which there shall remain any sum owing and unpaid, it shall be lawful for the holder or owner thereof to file his bill in the circuit court in chancery, in the county where said real estate, or some portion thereof, is situate, for the foreclosure of such mortgage, or the enforcement of such lien or incumbrance, and proceed therein to a final decree and sale, the same, and with the same force and effect, as though the term of the corporate existence of said corporation had not expired: Provided, The complainant shall make the corporation and all the stockholders thereof, as far as known, defendants to said bill.

SEC. 2. After the filing of a bill of complaint in such case, a subpæna may issue and be served upon such corporation, by serving a copy of such subpæna upon the last president, vice president, secretary or treasurer of said corporation, if found within this State, and if no such officer shall be found in this State, on satisfactory proof by affidavit that (none of said officers can be found in this State, or that]

none of them reside therein, the circuit judge of the court Proceedings. in which said suit or proceeding shall have been or shall

hereafter be commenced, shall have full power and authority to make an order for the appearance of such defendant corporation at a day therein to be specified, in like manner as is provided by law for the bringing in of non-resident [defendants] defendant in courts of chancery and all the provisions [of] by law governing the practice of courts of chancery relative to the publication of such notice and the subsequent proceedings thereunder shall apply to and govern proceedings had under the provisions of this act and absent or non-resident stockholders made defendants in such suit or proceed

ings may be brought in in like manner. Of other proceed- SEC. 3. All other proceedings in such matter shall be ings, etc.

according to the usual rules and practice of courts of
chancery in this State, and the final decree and sale, if any,
shall have the same force and effect as in ordinary fore-
closure proceedings in chancery.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved July 3, 1891.

[ No. 194. ] AN ACT to prescribe the manner of conducting municipal

and township elections and to prevent fraud and deception thereat.

To be governed

SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, by general law, That all elections hereafter held in the various cities, vil

lages and [townships] township in this State, shall be in


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