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Inventory, how made, etc.
dred and six of the public acts of eighteen hundred and eighty-one, being sections four hundred and fourteen, four hundred and fifteen and four hundred and sixteen of Howell's Annotated Statutes, be and the same are hereby amended so as to read as follows:
SEC. 3. That the board of each State institution shall cause a full and accurate inventory, in duplicate, to be taken at the close of its fiscal year next preceding the regular biennial session of the Legislature, by the officer in charge, which shall specify the number of acres of land and the value thereof, the number, kind and value of buildings, the various kinds of personal property and value thereof, which inventory shall be signed by the officers making the same, and certified as being correct by the board for which it is made, one copy of which shall be made in a proper record book to be kept for that purpose in the institution, the other
shall be filed in the office of the Auditor General on or Of appralsement, before the first day of November following. Any board of
any State institution may, in its discretion, cause such property to be appraised on oath by two disinterested and competent appraisers to be appointed for that purpose by the board, and a summary of each inventory made shall be published in the report of the institution of that year and a sufficient number of copies furnished the Secretary of State in the following December for each member of the Legislature: Provided further, That each State institution shall file with the Auditor General in the month of July, eighteen hundred ninety-one, a complete inventory as herein described.
SEC. 4. Every educational, charitable, penal and reformapenditures, how tory institution, boards or commission disbursing public
money shall, in proper books for that purpose, keep a regular account of all moneys received and disbursed, and the receipts from and expenditures for and on account of each department of business, or for the construction of buildings or improvement of the premises; and in those institutions where farming and gardening operations are carried on the accounts shall be so kept as to show, as near as practicable, the cost of carrying on the farm or garden and the quantity and value of the productions of the same, with the cost of live stock raised or fattened for the use of the institution, and the quantity and value thereof; and where manufacturing operations are carried on the cost and result of each separate branch of manufacture, and the quality and value of all manufactured articles sold or used in the institution, so as to clearly exhibit the receipts and expenditures in each department of business carried in the institution,
and the cost of educating and maintaining each student or Monthly account, inmate therein. The accounts of receipts and disbursements
in all State institutions shall be rendered monthly to the Auditor General on blanks to be furnished by him, and shall conform as wear as may be practicable to a uniform system.
Record of receipts and ex
To accomplish this result the Auditor General, by himself, Auditor General his deputy or general accountant, may visit any institution books, etc. at any time, examine the books, papers and accounts of any institution, prescribe such methods of book-keeping as he shall deem proper for said institutions and make such a classification of receipts and expenditures as shall be the same, for similar institutions: Provided further, That in making such Proviso. & classification of accounts he shall notify the board of each institution affected thereby that a meeting will be held in Lansing, Michigan, on some day in June, eighteen hundred ninety-one, to be designated by him, at which meeting each institution may send one delegate, which, together with the Auditor General and general accountant, shall determine by a majority vote of those present the classification to be used, which classification shall be adopted by all institutions designated by the Auditor General, on and after June thirtieth, eighteen hundred ninety-one.
SEC. 5. Every officer, board, commission or agent disburs- Annual settleing public funds shall make an annual settlement with the ment, etc. State within thirty days after the close of each fiscal year, and at such other times as the Governor shall direct. Such with whom settlement shall be made with the Auditor General, upon a
made, etc. sworn statement, setting forth the amount on hand at the commencement of each fiscal year; also the amount received or disbursed during the period covered thereby, and the amount on hand at the close of each year. Upon the pre- Auditor General sentation of such statement, the Auditor General shall make to examine and
. an examination thereof, and if found correct, so signify by indorsement across the face of the statement. A copy of such Copy to be pubreport shall be published as a part of the annual report of such disbursing officer and of the Auditor General, and said statement, so indorsed, together with all papers presented by such officer, shall be returned to him for safe keeping and remain on file in his office.
This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
I No. 147. ]
AN ACT to provide for the election of a county commis
sioner of schools, for the appointment of school examiners, [and] to define the duties and fix the compensation for the same, and to repeal all existing acts or parte of acts conflicting with the provisions of this act. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, Election of coun That at the meetings of the several boards of supervisors of
of schools. the different counties of the State, to be held on the fourth Monday in June, eighteen hundred ninety-one, the said several boards of supervisors shall elect a county commissioner of schools for their respective counties, whose term of office
Term of office.
Oath of office.
shall commence on the fourth Tuesday of August next folTerm of office. lowing, who shall hold his or her office until the first day
of July, eighteen hundred ninety-three, or until his or her Appointment of successor shall be elected and qualified. Said boards of super
visors shall also on said fourth Monday of June, appoint two persons as school examiners, who, together with said commissioner of schools, shall constitute a board of school examiners. One of said school examiners shall be appointed for a period of one year and the other for a period of two years, from and after the second Monday of October next
after their appointment, or until their successors have been Annual appoint- appointed and have qualified; and thereafter such boards of ment of examin- supervisors shall, at each annual session, appoint one examiner
who shall hold his office for a period of two years, or until his successor shall have been appointed and qualified. . Within ten days after such commissioner or examiners shall have received legal notice of his or her election, he or she shall take and subscribe to the constitutional oath of office and the same shall be filed with the county clerk. The said county commissioner, so appointed, shall execute a bond with two sufficient sureties, to be approved by and filed with the county clerk, in the penal sum of one thousand dollars, conditioned that he or she will faithfully discharge the duties of his or her office according to law, and to faithfully account for and pay over to the proper persons all money which may
come into his or her hands by reason of his or her holding County clerk to such office; and thereupon the county clerk shall report the report address, name and postoffice address of such county commissioner to
the State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
SEC. 2. There shall be elected at the election held on the of commissioner. first Monday in April, eighteen hundred ninety-three, and
every second year thereafter, in each county, one county comTerm of office. missioner of schools, whose term of office shall commence on
the first day of July next following his or her election, and
who shall continue in office two years or until his or her To file oath and successor shall be elected and qualified. The county com
missioner of schools elected under the provisions of this section shall file with the county clerk for the county for which he or she is elected his or her oath of office and bond, the same
as provided in section one of this act, and the county clerk shall make the same report to the Superintendent of Public Instruction in all respects as provided in section one of this act.
SEC. 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of county commissioner of schools who shall not be a graduate in the literary department of some reputable college, university or State normal school, or hold a State teacher's certificate, or who shall not have held a first grade certificate, within two years next preceding the time of his or her election, or shall
ħave held the office of county commissioner under this act: Proviso as to cer. Provided, That in counties having less than fifty schools sub
ject to the supervision of the county commissioner, a person
Eligibility to office of, etc.
holding at the time of his or her election a second grade certificate shall be eligible.
Sec. 4. The board of school examiners shall, for the Board to hold purpose of examining all persons who may offer themselves to share as teachers for the public schools, hold two regular public examinations in each year at the county seat, which examinations shall begin on the first Thursday of March and August in each year; and for a like purpose the board of Special examinaschool examiners shall hold not to exceed four special public examinations at such times and places as in the judgment of the board of school examiners the interests of the schools and teachers of the county may require: Provided, Proviso. The first and second grade certificates shall be granted only at the regular public examinations provided for in this section. It shall be the duty of the county commissioner to schedule of ormake out a schedule of the times and places of holding special examinations and to cause it to be published in one or more newspapers of the county at least ten days before each special examination, and he or she shall send a copy thereof to the chairman of each township board of school inspectors in the county at least ten days previous to the time of holding any special examination.
Sec. 5. The board of school examiners shall meet on the Mooting of board Saturday following such public examination held by the to grant certifcounty commissioner and shall grant certificates to teachers in such form as the Superintendent of Public Instruction shall prescribe, licensing as teachers all persons who shall have attained the age of sixteen years, who have attended said public examinations and who shall be found qualified in respect to good moral character, learning and ability to instruct and govern a school, but no certificate shall be granted to any person who shall not pass a satisfactory examination in orthography, reading, writing, grammar, geography, arithmetic, theory and art of teaching, United States history, civil government and physiology and hygiene with reference to the effects of alcoholic drinks, stimulants and narcotics upon the human system. All certificates shall be signed by the signing of cercounty commissioner and by at least one other member of the board of examiners. No person shall be considered who deemed a qualified teacher within the meaning of this act, nor shall qualified teacher. any school 'officer employ or contract with any person to teach in any of the public schools, under the provisions of this act, who has not a certificate in force, granted by the board of school examiners or other lawful authority. All examination questions shall be prepared and furnished of examination by the Superintendent of Public Instruction to the county commissioner under seal, to be opened in the presence of the applicants for certificates on the day of examination.
SEC. 6. There shall be three grades of certificates granted Grades of certifby the board of school examiners, in its discretion, and subject to such rules and regulations as the Superintendent of Public Instruction may prescribe, which grades of cer
Proviso as to special certifi. cate.
tificates shall be as follows: The certificate of the first grade shall be granted only to those who have taught at least one year with ability and success, and it shall be valid throughout the State for four years: Provided, That no first grade certificate shall be valid in any county other than that in which it was granted, unless a copy of said certificate, certified by the county commissioner who issued the same shall be filed with the county commissioner in the county in which the holder of said certificate desires to teach. The certificate of [the] second grade shall be granted only to those who shall have taught at least seven months with ability and success, and it shall be valid throughout the county for which it shall be granted for three years. The certificate of the third grade shall license the holder thereof to teach in the county for which it shall be granted for one year: Provided, That the county commissioner shall have power upon personal examination satisfactory to himself or herself to grant certificates which shall license the holder thereof to teach in a specified district for which it shall be granted, but such certificate shall not continue in force beyond the time of the next public examination and it shall
not in any way exempt the teacher from a full examination: Further proviso. Provided further, That in case the holder of a special cer
tificate does not appear for examination before the board at the next public examination succeeding the date of such special examination, a second special certificate shall not be granted to such person, except when it appears to the commissioner on good evidence that the absence was occasioned
by sickness or other unavoidable cause. Suspension of
SEC. 7. The board of school examiners may suspend or certificate, etc.
revoke any teacher's certificate issued by them for any reason which would have justified said board in withholding the same when given for neglect of duty, for incompetency to instruct or govern a school, or for immorality, and the said board may, within their jurisdiction, suspend for immorality or incompetency to instruct and govern a school the effect of any teacher's certificates that may have been granted by other lawful authority: Provided, That no certificate shall be suspended or revoked without a personal hearing, unless the holder thereof shall, after a reasonable notice, neglect
or refuse to appear before the said board for that purpose. Duty of com- SEC. 8. It shall be the duty of the county commissioner:
First, Immediately after his or her qualification as commissioner, to send notice thereof to the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the chairman of each township board of school inspectors of the county;
Second, To keep a record of all examinations held by the board of school examiners and to sign all certificates and other papers and reports issued by the board;
Third, To receive the institute fees provided by law and to pay the same to the county treasurer quarterly, beginning September thirty, in each year;
Record of examinations, etc.