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Anno 4. Egidius dominus Dawbeney.*
Anno 1. Gilbertus Talbot, miles, constitutus 26 die Septembris.
Anno 5. Gilbertus Talbot et Ricardus Wingfield, milites, constituti 6 die Augusti. Anno [Sir Richard Wingfield.
Sir John Peche.
Sir Robert Wingfield.+ ] Anno 12. Johannes Bourchier dominus Berners, constitutus 28 die Novembris.
Anno 24. Arthurus Plantagenet, vicecomes Insulæ, constitutus 24 Martii. [Anno 32. Henry Arundel lord Maltravers. Anno . George Lord Cobham.g]
* Giles lord Daubeney was fined in the Starchamber 2001. for his pardon for receipts of money at Calais. Archæologia, vol. xxv. p. 392.
+ These three deputies are named, with John Lord Berners, in the patent constituting lord Lisle.
I The patent for the appointment of lord Lisle is printed in Rymer, vol. xiv. p. 452. It describes the office conferred as “ deputatiam nostram sive officium deputatiæ nostræ villæ nostræ Calisiæ et marchiarum ibidem." He was to receive in support of his office an annual rent of 1001, sterling, payable from the royal lordships or manors of Marc and Oye ; also an annual sum of 1041. sterling for “ spyall money," to be received from the same manors ; he was allowed a retinue of thirty-one “souldiours," namely, one horseman called “a spere,” two horsemen called “archers," and twenty-eight others called “souldeours ;” also, because no other lieutenant of the town and marches was appointed, a further retinue of ten “souldeours.” By the two next clauses the election and removal of the said souldeours was granted to him ; and by the following the power of granting safe conducts to aliens, and certain other privileges necessary to the due administration of his government.
§ Lord Cobham was deputy of Calais for a period extending from 1544 to 1550, (ag appears from his papers,) but I have not found the date of his appointment.
Anno 4. Willelmus dominus Willoughby, miles, constitutus 13 Augt. Anno 6. Willelmus dominus Howard, constitutus 31 Octobris.
MARIA REGINA. Anno 1. Thomas dominus Wentworth,* constitutus 13 die Decembris.
In 1511, (May 1,) the officers of the town of Calais were as follow it.'
In 1523, sir Maurice Berkeley was lieutenant of the castle (see p. 32); in 1533 sir John Wallop (see p. 138). In 1489 sir Humphrey Talbot was marshal (see note in p. 2); sir Edward Guilford at the time of the Field of Cloth of Gold, and still in 1523 (Holinshed, p. 1526); sir Richard Grenville in 1533 (see p. 138); and subsequently, sir John Wallop.
As one of the treasurers of Calais, a few words may be said respecting
* Lord Wentworth was the deputy at the time of the loss of Calais in 1558. Sir John Hayward (Hist. of Edward VI. p. 162,) states that lord Grey of Wilton was made deputy of Calais, and that statement is adopted by Dugdale (Baronage, i. 715). But lord Grey was only captain of Guisnes when Calais was taken, and his subsequent defence of the former fortress is described by his son, in a paper which was used by Holinshed, and which is about to be printed by the Camden Society, from the original in the possession of Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. + Rymer, xiii. 298.
In MS. Cotton. Vesp. F. XIII. p. 78, is a royal warrant, dated Greenwich, March 12, 1511, to sir Hugh Conway, treasurer of Calais, to pay 2001. to Thomas Deacon, to be expended in the repairs of Rysebank.
§ He held this office of “ under marshall” in 1503 (see p. 6).
sir Richard Nanfant, who held that office under king Henry VII. and whose name occurs in the present volume, p. 50. He is best known to history as the early patron of Wolsey, but under another christian name, the cardinal's biographer having incorrectly called him sir John. “He fell,” says Cavendish, “ in acquaintance with one sir John Nanphant, a very grave and ancient knight, who had a great room in Calais under king Henry the Seventh. This knight he served, and behaved him so discreatly and justly, that he obtained the especial favour of his said master ; insomuch that for his wit, gravity, and just behaviour, he committed all the charge of , his office unto his chaplain. And, as I understand, the office was the treasurership of Calais. * Who was, in consideration of his great age, discharged of his chargeable room, and returned again into England, intending to live more at quiet. And through his instant labour and especial favour his chaplain was promoted to the king's service, and made his chaplain.” (Cavendish's Life of Wolsey.)
Of subsequent treasurers of Calais, we find the names of sir John Turbrevyle (mentioned in the letter of bishop Fox printed in Ellis's Original Letters, Second series, ii. 7); of sir Hugh Conway (already named,) in 1511 ; of William lord Sandes, in July, 1523 (Holinshed, p. 1526); of sir Richard Weston (see p. 209 of this volume); and sir Thomas Cornwaleys was the last treasurer, as appears by the document printed in the preface, p. xix.
Richard Whetehill esquire and Adrian his son were comptrollers of Calais in the time of Edward IV. The former had an annuity of 401. from the custom of wools at Calais ; and both together had a grant, by letters patent under the great seal, “ of two wynde milles, with the appurtenauncez, upon the castell-hill, within the said towne of Calis, and soile called Mille-hill, besides the said milles toward the south ;” also of two warrens of conies, one in the lordship of Marke, and the other in the lordship of Oye ; both which grants were exempted in the act of resumption, 7 and 8 Edw. IV. (Rot. Parl. v. 602, 1); as was the office of comptroller itself to Adrian Whetehill esquire, in the later act of 3 Hen. VIII. (Ibid. vi. 406). Sir Richard Whetehill, living in Calais during the period of the present volume (see p. 118), was probably son of Adrian ; and the act of parliament, 27 Hen. VIII. cap. 10, shews in its last clause that Robert Whethyll esquire was the son and heir of sir Richard Whethyll. (Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii.)
* In Nash's History of Worcestershire, vol. i. p. 85, where a pedigree of the family of Nanfant or Nanfan will be found, sir Rich. Nanfan is styled “captain of Calais ” (i. 85), and in the next page “ treasurer of Calais, and deputy lieutenant of the castle,” in 18 Hen. VII. 1503 ; but this is only Dr. Nash's want of precision ; and Cavendish was probably right in the office, though not in the christian name.
Sir John Wiltshire was comptroller of Calais in 1505-6, and in 1508 (see p. 6 of this volume). In 1533, sir Edward Ringley held this office (see p. 138), and he still retained it in 1540. (Rymer, xiv. 707).
In MS. Cotton. Calig. D. VI. p. 91, is a patent, dated 21 May ?) 4 Hen. VIII. appointing John Cokeson water-bailiff of Calais, officium aqueballivi ville et portus nostri Caleis, et collectoris ancoragii, lastagii, hede-silver, et aliarum monetarum custumarium tam in portu ville nostre predicte quam in portu nostro juxta eandem vocato le newe haven.
In Rymer, vol. xiv. p. 707, is printed a patent, remarkable not only in reference to Calais, but as referring to the history of ancient sports. It grants “unto our welbiloved servants Gilbert Clerc, one of oure governours* in our retynue of our seid town of Calais, and Nicholas Damporte, one of the retynue in our eschequier there, th' office and rowme of keper, as well of the playes of hande-oute and at keyles, without the Lantern-gate of our seid towne, during the tyme accustomed, as also of dice, tables, and cardes, in the Market-place of the same our said towne of Calais, which office and rowme Robert Donyngton, deceased, lately had.” The office was granted to Clerke and Damporte and their assigns for their lives, and to the longer liver. This grant was dated 28 Nov. 1540.
With these unimportant collections I must now take leave of this subject, but before so doing I have the pleasure to welcome a recent manifestation of the historical spirit which has appeared within the walls of our ancient town itself.
Whilst this volume has been passing through the press an historical commission has been formed at Calais, by an arreté of M. Legros-Devot, the mayor, dated the 230 October, 1845. This commission is “charged with the research, classification, preservation, analysis, and publication, either entire or by extracts, of the manuscripts, charters, and diplomas,
* Possibly this word may be a misprint for “ souldeours," CAMD. soc.
ancient calendars, charts, and plans, and all other documents calculated to establish or elucidate the history of Calais.” It is also directed to watch that, day by day, the events and transactions worthy of being recorded shall be enregistered, a duty which is to be performed by the chief secretary of the mairie. The documents collected are to belong to the town, and will be carefully classed and deposited at the public library, where they will form a distinct section in the catalogue of the establishment.
At a sitting of the commission, held on the 19th December, M. LegrosDevot made a report on the state of the archives, in which it was stated that the town possessed few materials relative to the times which preceded the taking of Calais by the English ; and those which belong to the period of the foreign occupations of the town are not more numerous. The communal archives date only from the early years of the seventeenth century, and are even then deficient in many respects.
It is evident that for the chief materials of its early history Calais must be indebted to the archives of this country; first, to the Rotuli Franciæ, then to the Patent Rolls, the Rolls of Parliament, the Proceedings of the Privy Council, and, lastly, to the voluminous papers of the Lords Deputy, particularly those of Lord Lisle and Lord Cobham, preserved in the State Paper Office and the British Museum.