Abbildungen der Seite


level of the ground, and is 16 feet 18 inches to the bottom of the capital. The capital high, to the bottom of the base of the consists of two courses of the same column, having one course of rough granite coloured granite as the base, and is four (from the island of Hern) between the feet two inches in height. Upon the first of these ten courses and the course outer lines of the abacus of the capital is of Yorkshire stone slabs on the top of fixed a plain but very substantial iron the concrete. The plinth of the pedestal railing; and in its centre is constructed measures 22 feet 6 inches on either side; the acroter, which at once forms a roof or and its die is 18 feet and three-quarters covering to the internal staircase, and a of an inch diameter. The base of the pedestal for the statue to stand upon. column, consisting of two members only. The superstructure is of the same red viz. the plinth and the torus, are formed granite as the shaft, and contains seven also of granite from Aberdeenshire, but courses in height between the top of the. of a bluer tone of colour than that of the abacus and the foot of the statue. T'he pedestal; and are, together, five feet four gross altitude of the whole structure, from inches in height. The shaft of the the surface of the ground to the top of column, which is of red granite, contains the acroter, is 123 feet six inches. 26 courses, and has six apertures on one The statue which surmounts the coside and seven on the other, for the ad- lumn, was executed in bronze by Mr. mission of light to the staircase within. Westmacott for 3,0001. It is 134 feet The bottom diameter of the shaft is 11 high, and weighs seven tons. The Duke feet 7* inches, and that of its top, im- appears fronting the Horse Guards in the mediately under the capital, is 10 feet 1] robes of the Order of the Garter, the inches; whilst its whole height is 84 feet folds of which assist in supporting the 10 inches, from the top of the basement statue.


run upon the chain. It was found in

Yorkshire. April 10. Hudson Gurney, esq. V.P.. A. J. Kempe, esq. F.S.A. communi

Reader Wainwright, esq. of Lincoln's cated a chronological review of the ArtiInn, barrister-at-law, was elected Fellow cles of War, in illustration of the Tract of the Society.

above mentioned. Mr. William Taylor exhibited a small The reading of Mr. Ottley's memoir Roman lamp, of earthenware, found a was continued. few months since among some rubbish April 23. This being St. George's day, thrown up near the bridge which passes the annual elections took place, when the over the Šurrey canal on the Kent Road.

officers were severally re-elected, and the It has this mark, STROBIII.

following Council: The Earl of AberA. J. Kempe, esq. F.S.A. exbibited deen, Pres.; the Duke of Sussex; Thos. an early and very rare copy of the Military Amyot, esq. Treas.; G. F. Belts, esq. ; Ordinances, printed by Richard Pynson John Bruce, esq.; the Bishop of Carlisle ; in 1513, from the library of Mr. Moly- Nich. Carlisle, esq. Sec. ; Coi. Sir Alea'. neaux, at Loseley house.

Dickson ; Sir H. Ellis, Sec.; John Gage, The reading was continued of Mr. Ott- esq. Director; H. Gurney, esq. V.P.; ley's memoir on the ancient MS. of Ci. H. Hallam, esq. V.P.; W. R. Hamilcero's Aratus in the British Museum.

ton, esq. V.P. ; Rev. Joseph Hunter; Sir April 17. Mr. Gurney in the chair. Fred. Madden; Sir F. Palgrave; Thos. Henry Beckley Richardson, esq. archi- Phillips, esq. ; Thos. Rickman, esq. ; Edw. tect, was elected Fellow.

Rudge, esq. ; Lt.-Gen. Sir T. H. Turner ; Edward Hawkins, esq. F. S. A. ex- and the Rt. Hon. C. W. W. Wynn, V.P. hibited a torques of very pure gold, and The names in Italics are new Members weigbing 74 oz. very similar to that en- in the room of C. R. Cockerell, esq. graved in Camden's Britannia.

C. P. Cooper, esq., Rev. J. B. Deane, The Countess of Tyrconnell exhibited D. Gilbert, esq., R. Lemon, esq., the a jewel, also of very pure gold and high Bishop of Landaff, J. H. Markland, esq., antiquity. It is a cross, each limb of Rt. Hon. Sir R. Peel, Sir T. Phillipps, which is rather more than an inch in and C. G. Young, esq. length, and set with five uncut rubies. From the Treasurer's accounts for the It is strung on a gold chain of closely last year, it appears that the total income wrought fillagree work, resembling in of the Society, including dividends, texture a silken cord, and terminating in was 1,7001. ; and that the sum expended snakes' heads (with jewelled eyes), and upon the publications of the Society had two minute rings. Two handsome gold been 1,3001. The number of Fellows in sliders, and a rudely formed bead, also the last printed list is 678.



April 14.


the Commutation of Tithes. The following

are the propositions moved by his Lordship: The House resolved into a

- That all Tithes in England and Wales Committee of Supply.--Mr. Spring Rice

do cease and determine from..... That moved several grants, amongst which was

in future, all land liable to Tithe shall pay 8,0001. towards the new buildings at the British Museum. The next grants were

an average rate in proportion to its value,

in the different counties. That all land 37,0001. on account of works at Windsor Castle, and 13,0001. on account of the deemed, by the payment of twenty-five

liable to Tithe may have such Tithe reNational Gallery. Several other grants years' purchase.” After a speech of some were'admitted without much opposition.

length from the Chancellor of the Exche

quer, Mr. Baring, Sir R. Peel, Sir R. Inglis, HOUSE OF LORDS.

and other Members, made a few remarks, April 15. After the presentation of expressly reserving their opinions on the several Petitions in favour of the Esta- plan itself, until they saw it detailed in the BLISHED CHURCH, for the relief of the Dis- printed Bill. senters, for an alteration in the sale of Beer, &c., the Lord Chancellor entered

HOUSE OF LORDS. into a brief explanation of his views upon April 16. The Lord Chancellor moved that important measure, the New BEER for certain returns upon subjects which, Act. His Lordship explained, in giving he said, had occupied their Lordships' ata history of the measure, that the provi- tention, as well as the attention of many sion which allowed the drinking of ale distinguished persons, Members of the upon the premises, and out of which the other House of Parliament. In a large and evils appeared to have chiefly arisen, was prosperous country like England, somenot contained in his original Bill, but was thing ought to be done towards educat. subsequently adopted, after an investiga- ing ScHOOLMASTERS, and not have it left tion of the subject by a Committee of the to a casual supply. He did not think any House of Commons, and upon their ex- person, however

desirous he might be of press recommendation. He thought that seeing economical principles acted upon, more time ought to be allowed, in order to would object to a sum of money being try whether the evils were or were not in- spent with that view. He was favourable curable. There was a wide distinction to to the establishment of normal schools, as be drawn between Beer-shops established in France, supported by such funds as the in towns and villages, and those established wisdom of Parliament should think fit to in remote parts of the country, where no adopt ; and he hoped that the present Sespublic-houses had existed before. It was sion of Parliament would not pass, within the latter situations, where there was out some provision of that nature being no police to look after them, that they made. Some institutions were not only produced such injurious effects as were not innocent if they did no good for if complained of. But, by improving the they were he would not condemn themsuperintendence of Beer-shops, and only but actually were productive of much mis. permitting them in towns and villages, it chief. Many of them, whatever persons appeared to him that a great portion of the might think to the contrary, were not only existing evils might be overcome.-Lord mischievous, but were such as thelaw ought Kenyon expressed his determination to never to have allowed, and of this class he bring forward a measure for its correction. would name an instance-the Foundling -Lord Ellenborough thought that Govern. Hospital, with its extensive buildings in ment should take up the subject.-Lord the neighbourhood of Guildford-street: Melbourne observed that there were great and when the leases expired it would difficulties attending it. The question lay have a vast increase of revenue.

It was between the present system and the old now a hospital for children, it was true; one, and he thought no one would wish to but no longer for foundling children, bereturn to the old one. After a few words, cause such an institution led to great and the conversation dropped.

obvious mischief; and the rule now was,

before a child could be received into the In the House Of COMMONS, the same institution, its parent must first undergo day, the Chancellor of the Exchequer entered

an examination. In the same manner, into a statement of his plan for effecting when another institution had ceased to be

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


beneficial, it was altered; he meant the Colonel Williams rose to bring forward Smallpox Hospital, which was built before a motion, “ That an humble address be vaccination was thought of.. That which presented to the King, requesting His was beneficial at one time might cease to Majesty to signify His pleusure to the be so at another; or a person with chari- Universities of Oxford and Cambridge table views might be mistaken in the end respectively, that those bodies no longer or effect of it, when he established an in. act under the edicts or letters of James I., stitution. It was sufficient for him to have 1616, by which he would have all that called attention to this matter; it was suf- take any degree in schools to subscribe to ficient for him to state, that if the trustees the three articles' of the thirty-sixth canon, had the remedy in their hands, and yet neg- with the exception of those proceeding to lected it, and if they did not take heed degrees in divinity; nor to require the deto their ways,” there was a method of pro- claration, namely, that I am bona fide a viding a remedy. The noble and learned member of the Church of England, nor Lord then concluded with moving for the any other subscription or declaration of returns in question, which were eventually like effect and import.”—The motion was agreed to.

seconded by Mr. Buckingham.- Mr. G.

W. Wood rose to move an amendment, HOUSE OF COMMONS.

that the words of the original motion, after April 17. Lord Althorp brought for- the word “tbat,” be omitted, for the purward a motion for leave to bring in a Bill pose of substituting these words, “ leave TO ALTER AND AMEND THE LAWS RELATING be given to bring in a Bill to grant to His TO THE POOR, After dwelling for some Majesty's subjects generally the right of time on the importance of the subject, the admission to the English Universities, difficulty of dealing with it, and the ill and of equal eligibility to degrees therein, success which attended many of the en- notwithstanding their diversities of relideavours of the Legislature to do so, he gious opinion-degrees in divinity alone referred to the appointment and the la- excepted.”-Mr. Estcourt opposed the bours of the Commission from which the

He said that the object of the valuable body of evidence had emanated, motion was to introduce Dissenters into on the statements of which he rested the the Universities. — Dr. Lushington sup: necessity of an immediate change. The ported the measure. He said it should working of the present system he described be the endeavour of the Universities, as as most ruinous-worse than an agrarian of the Legislature, to mix up in cordial law-for an agrarian law contemplated a union every class of His Majesty's subdivision of property, but this system pro- jects, and, by promoting good-will amongst mised the destruction of all property. In all men, promote the well-being of the alluding to the general measure of the whole of society.—Mr. Goulburn said he Government, his Lordship stated the fol- must enter bis protest against the motion lowing to be the principal heads :- To then before the House-a motion not only get rid entirely of the allowance system untenable on examination, but unsupported to agricultural labourers; to have Central by any thing like argument.-- Lord John Commissioners, who should make general Russell said that, by admitting the Protesrules and orders as to the mode of relief, tant Dissenters to those great establishand for the regulation of workhouses, and ments of literature and science (the Unithe mode of relief afforded therein; to take versities), and the greater bis respect for from Justices the power of ordering paro- their distinguished learning, the more chial relief to persons in their own houses anxious was he that Protestant Dissenters -that is, outdoor relief to the poor ; to should share in it.Sir R. Inglis mainalter, in certain cases, the constitution of tained that the present concession would parochial vestries; to give large discretion. tend necessarily to completely destroy the ary powers to the Central Commissioners; existing character and discipline of the every method of acquiring a settlement English Universities, while, even if the to be abolished except those only acquired proposed Bill passed to-morrow, there by birth or marriage; children to follow the would still be restrictions on Dissenters; settlement of their parents, until they at- there would still remain on their contain the age of sixteen years-after that sciences the obligation to take the oath of period, their settlement to be the place of supremacy, and, on their loyalty, the tax their birth; to take away the power of of taking the oath of allegiance. Feeling imprisoning the reputed father of an ille- deeply and strongly upon this subject, as gitimate child, and to make the mother intimately connected with the best inteliable for the support of her child, in the rests of the Church of England, he should manner and mode of a pauper widow. The give the strongest opposition to both promotion was agreed to, and Bill ordered to positions, now before the House. From be brought in.

the forms of the House, it would be neGENT. MAG. VOL. I.

3 Z


cessary for him, in the first instance, to better PROVISION OF THE Poor of Enggive an affirmative to one of them; but land and Wales, which was read a first when it afterwards came as a substantive time; to be read a second time April 29th. proposition, he should then most unequi- April, 21. The Chancellor of the Exvocally vote against it. Colonel Williams chequer, in a Committee on CHURCH afterwards withdrew his motion for an Rates, brought forward his proposal on Address, and the proposition of Mr. that subject. The first portion of the plan Wood therefore stood as the original mo. was, that these Church Rates should, after tion. On this the House divided, when a day to be named, be entirely abolished. there appeared- Ayes, 185; Noes, 44; He should propose, instead of the present Majority, 141 ; leave was accordingly Church Rates, that 250,0001. a-year should given to bring in the Bill.

be raised as a charge on the Land Tax, April 18. After a desultory discussion The sum thus raised was to be approprion the sentence of transportation against ated, not in the same manner as it was the Dorchester Unionists, several Bills now applied, but chiefly; if not entirely, to were introduced. A Bill to regulate and the sustaining and repairs of the fabric of abolish sinecure offices in the House of the churches. This fund, so made a Commons was read a first time-as also charge on the Land Tax, was to be in. a Bill to give freedom to domestic reli- vested in the hands of the Church Com. gious worship another to abolish capital missioners, not now a permanent body, punishment in cases of letter-stealing, re- but which it would be necessary should turning from transportation, and certain be made so if this plan were adopted, by cases of burglary-another to allow priso- them to be distributed to the purpose of ners in all cases the aid of counsel and supporting the edifices of the churches another to prevent the hanging in chains throughout the country.—Mr. Hume obof prisoners sentenced to capital punisha jected strongly to the plan, as calculated.

to afford no relief to the Dissenters, who The House having resolved into Com- paid the Land Tax, and therefore would mittee on a Message from the King, after still continue to pay Church Rates in a some discussion it was agreed that the different form. A long and animated disKNIGHTS of the Batu, being for the fu- cussion followed, in which Mr. Divett, ture to be exempted from paying fees, the Mr. Wilks, Mr. Stanley, Mr. D. W, Har. Officers of the Order, who were to be re- vey, Lord John Russell, &c., took parts. duced to five, should receive compensation The House then divided, when the mofor the loss of their emoluments.

tion was carried by a majority of 256 to Lord Althorp brought up his Bill for the 140.



The people were desired to withdraw, and France has been the theatre of popular on their refusing to do so, orders were commotion, attended by sanguinary results. given to the military to fire on them, which At Lyons, on the 7th April, a serious dis- orders were obeyed, but, it would seem, turbance broke out, when the military and not without some hesitation on the part of people were engaged for five days in a san- the soldiers. The consequence, however, guinary conflict, in which the rioters were was a general battle, wbich lasted all day. eventually defeated. It originated from Artillery was used, barricades raised, and. the trial of some of the members of the carried by the military, and a great number association who had been arrested during of lives were lost. The contest continued, the late riots, arising from the coalition of with varying success, to the 12th, when the silk weavers. A large military force it appears the insurgents, driven from their having been stationed near the court-house positions, took refuge in three or four where the trial of the Mutuellistes (a po- churches, among others in the cathedral, litical association, which had instigated which it was necessary to besiege. All the workmen to their unlawful proceed-' who were shut up in it perished. The reings), was to take place, a considerable bels had also possession of two posts-one body of workmen, part of them armed, at Fourvière, seated on a hill commandcame there also, under pretence of pro- ing the Saone, which the troops took by astecting their friends, in the same way as sault, killing or making prisoners all who the military were to protect the tribunal. were found in it; and the other was that of


St. George, which was attacked and taken. On the 14th, in the Chamber of DepuThe letters received from Lýons show that ties, a law was introduced to punish with the contest there was almost as bloody death persons using arms, and with fine and destructive as if the town had been and imprisonment persons possessing am. stormed by a besieging enemy. The people munition or arms; and with imprison poured a deadly fire on the troops from ment of from four to ten years persons the roofs and windows of the houses, and assisting in erecting barricades. when driven from them they took refuge There has been a change in the French in the churches, the doors of which were ministry, in consequence of their defeat in battered down with cannon-shot. Ac- the Chambers. The question upon which cording to the latest accounts all was they were defeated was the indemnity of quiet, but Lyons was nearly ruined. 25,000,000 of francs, guaranteed to Ame. 1,700 troops had been killed and wounded, rica, under a treary of the 4th of July, and of the workmen upwards of 5,000. 1831. This indemnity, so guaranteed,

The news had scarcely arrived in the the Chamber of Deputies has refused to French capital of the civil war in Lyons grant. The most important resignation being quelled, wben an insurrection of was that of the Duc de Broglie. M.

most formidable nature broke out Persil, Deputy, Procureur-General of the in Paris. On Sunday the 13th, disturb Royal Court, is appointed Keeper of the ances began on the quays and Place du Seals, and Minister of Justice and of WorChatelet. At half-past two and tbree, ship. M. Thiers, Deputy, Minister of the Rues St. Martin and St. Denis were Commerce and Public Works, is apin commotion. At half-past three and pointed Minister of the Interior. M. four troubles began in various quarters of Duchatel, Deputy, is nominated Mithe Marais, and at five to six the workmen nister of Commerce. Vice - Admiral in all the faubourgs gave proofs of their Count de Rigny, Deputy, and Minister of determination to revolt. At nine o'clock the Marine and Colonies, is appointed twenty thousand troops and twenty thou- Minister of Foreign Affairs. Vice-Admi sand National Guards were under arms. Baron Roussin, Ambassador at Constan. The drums beat to arms; the barricades tinople, is named Minister of the Marines were formed in every direction. The M, Martin du Nord, Deputy, and Advo66 Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers cate-General of the Court of Cassation, were turned into barracks, and the inhabi- is appointed Procureur-General of the tants of that neighbourhood were entreated Royal Court. The ministers who retain to place their windows at the ition their previous offices are, Marshal Soult, of the troops, in order to have lights, &c. President of the Council and Minister at them. At twenty minutes past nine of War; M. Humann, Minister of Fithe firing was tremendous in the Rue St. nance; and M. Guizot, Minister of Public Honoré and the Rue St. Denis. Fiacres Instruction. and omnibuses were overthrown, in order The Semaphore of Marseilles states that to form barricades. Driven from the bar- a coal-mine has recently been discovered ricades, the rioters afterwards retired into near that city, below the surface of the some houses in narrow streets, from the The Echo de la Frontière states that windows of which they kept firing a great another mine has been discovered at Saint part of the night against the soldiers and Mathieu, in the territory of Dourchos. National Guards who came within reach. More than 150 hectolitres of coal were In the morning of Monday the rioters, extracted from the first orifice of the mine. wbose whole number, it is said, did not The coal is of very excellent quality. exceed 300, were either dispersed or taken. Several lives were lost. Extensive mea. sures had been taken by the government Some alarming riots took place at to maintain order in the capital. The mat- Brussels on Saturday and Sunday the ter was brought before the Chamber by 5th and 6th of April, in which 15 or 16 M. Guizot, and a notice that government houses of the Orange party were gutted, was preparing strong measures to “ crush and the furniture thrown out of the winthe anarchists” was favourably received. dows. The riot was produced by the cirThe Chamber afterwards, in a body, went culation of lists and subscriptions for purup with an address to the King. Chalons, chasing the horses belonging to the Prince Macon, Dijon, Strasbourg, Befort, and of Orange's stud at Terveuren. It is well St. Etienne, in one or other of which dis- known that, from the suddenness of the Belturbances had or were reported to have gian revolution of 1830, and the accident taken place, are reported by the accounts of the Royal Family being then at the from Paris to be perfectly tranquil. The Hague, very considerable property beTribune newspaper has been forcibly sup- longing to that family was of necessity pressed in Paris, and many persons arrested. left in the Royal Palaces at Brussels,



« ZurückWeiter »