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connted for this inclination on his own principles of belief, from the vivid exhibition of ideas to the mind. Nor can I see or allow the application of what he has said on miracles to prophecies. There appears a falling in Hume's argument, for are we not all, with respect to asserted Miracles, in the same situation that he states the Indian King was in respecting the asserted existence of Eve? They are facts not contrary to our experience, but not conformable to it. There is no opposite proof, but merely presumption, which adequate proof may countervail. His incidental arguments are stronger than his main.

Aug. 1. Read the Connoisseur. It displays no great vigour of thought, or depth of judgment, or acuteness of discrimination, but there are frequently amusing corruscations of playful wit. It is happily observed in the 125th Number, that the Poets of the former age thought poetically, while those of the present only express themselves so.

Aug. 3. Walked with Fisin round the gaol. The gallows erecting for the execution, F. mentioned that a friend of his had often inquired of a person who had been turned off, and cut down on a reprieve, what were his sensations ? He said the preparations were dreadful beyond all expression. On being dropped, found himself midst fields and rivers of blood-gradually acquired a greenish tinge-imagined if he could reach a certain spot in the same, he should be casy-struggled forcibly to attainand felt no more !!

Aug. 27. Read the third volume of the Adventurer. It may be observed, that there is no instance of a frantic benevolence, forming its purpose on false principles, and pursuing it by ridiculous means; or of an extravagant cheerfulness, founded on the fancied felicity of others. If the lunatic is merry, he is never kind; bis sport is always mischief, and his malevolence is in proportion to his derangement.

Sept. 6. Read with great disgust Otway's Orphan. Its merit is the forcible, vivid, and impassioned description in particular passages ; for the fable itself is inartificially unfolded, unnaturally conducted, and revoltingly concluded. The characters themselves have little interest; and the moral sentiments are of the inost profligate and abandoned cast. How would Acasto like to have his supposed dying precepts to his son-a forced supposition, merely to give them weight-tried against his daughters ? There is to me a something in Otway, a shocking mixture of profligate voluptuousness and savage ferocity, most abhorrent to my feelings, and which converts my delight at his excellencies, into a sensation of vicious enjoyment.

Sept. 12. Sat for my likeness to Bennett, while engaged in a very pleasant conversation with Mr. Bradstreet. Mentioned a capital pun of Tom Warton's. The ladies at Oxford were giggling while Signor Tenducci was singing. Somebody observed that it was extremely ill-bred. “ Oh !” said Warton, “ ladies have no idea of breeding in company

with Signor Tenducci." Lee mentioned that he was chatting with Tom Warton on a plan then in agitation, of executing criminals in a sort of gown, to add to the solemnity, to which, it was said, there was an objection from gentlemen of the long robe. Lee proposed a watchman's great coat.

Yes," said T. Warton," but it must have hanging sleeves."

Dec. 21. Began the Walpoliana, interlarded with Lord Chedworth's notes. His Lordship states, “ that he had heard it conjectured by a person of great literary fame, who seemed satisfied of the truth of his conjec

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ture,* that the author of Junius was a Mr. Lloyd, brother of the late Dean of Worcester.” Lord Chedworth mentions having heard that Lord Oxford, on being asked respecting Atterbury's guilt, replied, “Why, I am afraid

my friend Frank has been dabbling.”—These notes evince his Lordship to have been a sincere ,believer in Christianity, and a sound Whig. In his critical remarks, I observe that cautious timidity which formed a prominent feature in his Lordship's character. To be judicious was his highest aim; and to have been so, forms his highest literary praise.Lord Chedworth, in a note in Walpoliana, thinks that Swift strongly marked his character by the inscription which he desired to be placed on his tomb, “ Ubi sæva indignatio ulterius cor lacerare nequit.”

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1806. Jan. 9. Finished the Life of Fox. There is a good account of his style of eloquence. Its characteristic I take to be a happy adaptation to the auditory he addresses. His arguments never soar above, or fall short of, or spread wide of his object. They hit it precisely, and are then urged with such a restless succession, as overpowers all resistance, and establish him beyond all rivalry the great master of popular debate.

Jan. 15. Dined at Mr. Layton's. Dr. Thompson mentioned a pun of Jekyll's. He said that he had an infallible argument to prove that Ireland must soon become enormously rich. - What is it?" “ Its capital is always doubling."

March 23. Read Goldsmith's Deserted Village. The sentiments and imagery are highly natural and beautiful, and in some parts exquisitely touching ; but he has stated, in his Dedication to Sir Joshua Reynolds, the fatal objection to the whole poem,—that it is founded on a false hypothesis !

May 24. Read Millar on the Origin of Ranks, in which he considers with great ability the influence of the progress of society on the condition of women. He has a very just critical stricture on Spenser's Faery Queen. The author, he observes, has covered his fable with a veil of allegory, which is too dark to have much beauty of its own, and which, notwithstanding the strength of imagery displayed, destroys the appearance of reality, necessary in works of imagination, to interest the affections. Certain it is, the discovery of this allegory has greatly impaired my enjoyment of the poem.

May 28. I read Timon of Athens, with Lord Chedworth and Seymour's notes. I pleased to find that Burke remarked to Johnson, what forcibly struck me, the shades of discrimination by which Shakspeare has distinguished the character of Timon from that of Apemantus. Seymour states that he heard Burke say to Hickey the sculptor, “You, Sir, live by the dead, and the dead live by you.”

June 2. Went to the Tower Church, and heard a sermon from Mr. Kilderbee, and the primary charge of Dr. Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich. The former showed his teeth. Nothing could be more temperate, enlightened, and judicious, than the address of the Bishop. The difference in

* This person was Dr. Parr. See Mr. Barker's interesting Letters on the Author of Junius. In a passage in another part of this Diary, Mr. Green says, “ Though H. Tooke affects to know the author, in his dispute with him, he told me himself that he never could discover who he was.''-ED.

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the tone of the two discourses, though on the same subject, was very striking.

July 2. Walked to Opie's, and viewed his pictures. Opie said he wrote Sir J. Reynolds' Life in Pilkington's Account of Painters. Alderson said he had met Sheridun at Wilson's,-rather too fond of making speeches, but possessing the happy art * of conciliating the good will of others, by making them pleased with themselves.

July 5. Attended the trial on Lord Chadworth's Will. Garrow opened with great spirit. Lords Dartmouth, Suffolk, Moira, and Eldon, Sir C. Banbury, Col. Stisted, Wilson, Muir, Alderson, and Miles, were all establishing his Lordship's sanity and superior intellectual powers, gratifying to his friends. Lord Eldon's testimony too much of a prepared speech ; called his Lordship shy and inapproachable. A paltry case on the part of the heirs-at-law, introduced in a very neat, eloquent, and gentlemanly speech of Dallas. The counsel did not reply, nor Lord Ellenborough sum up. Legatees excluded from giving evidence, by being made parties in the cause ; deeply interested in the whole trial, and much affected in different parts of it.-Saw Wilson at his house, showed me Dr. Parr's Letter to Fonblanque respecting Lord Chedworth, a most extraordinary mixture of high praise, and strange insinuation.

Sept. 24. Had much chat with R. Wilson. Said that Fox's last words were, “I die happy." Then looking at his wife, “ I pity you.” Retained his perfect judgment till within a quarter of an hour of his death. His mind then vacillated. Wilson mentioned that Sheridan said to him," That old fool, Parr, applied to me by saying, “I hope I shall have a distinguished place allotted to me in the funeral procession."

Oct. 19. Beattie, in a letter to Sir W. Forbes, considers “poetry as almost incompatible with philosophy; poetry exhibits the general qualities of a species ; philosophy the particular qualities of individuals. This is surely an erroneous view of the subject. Poetry would be thus more abstract than philosophy. Lord Holland considers the chief objects of poetry to be, to delineate strongly the character and passions of mankind, to paint the appearances of nature, and to describe their effects on the sensations ; the probability of the story, the connexion of the tale, the regularity of the design, are beauties rather ornamental than necessary, which have often been attained by those who had no poetical genius, and neglected by those who had.

Oct. 28.. Walked with Wilson to Pearson's. Showed me a letter from the Prince to him, of three sides, written in a bold free hand, but rather loose, and light and perplexed in style; perfectly easy, beginning “ Dear Wilson,” and ending “ Yours most sincerely.” The object to get Wilson ”

" to use his interest with the Duke of Northumberland to have his secretary Macmahon elected for some borough where there would be no opposition or difficulty, as his health, for which he expresses great solicitude, is very precarious.† The feelings expressed in this very gentlemanly letter do high honour to the Prince's heart. He precedes his lettermost private and important !" and would not for the world that his young friend (Macmahon) should know its contents.

Oct. 29. Finished Gentz's State of Europe. He displays very just and enlarged views of the position and relative interests of States ;

and A very true observation; but the art was unfortunately a little too visible, or rather it was not quite disinterested in its application.-Ed.

† He was elected for Aldborough, Suffolk.


enforces his reasonings in a very able and argumentative manner.

The completion of many of his prospective conjectures evince the justness of the principles on which they are founded-diplomatic politics : the consideration by which a statesman should be guided, consisting of two elements; 1st, An accurate knowledge of the peculiar relations of each State; 2dly, The talent of estimating the capacities, characters, and views of the great leaders in these States. The first constitutes the science, the second the art of Politics ; both must be combined.

Oct. 30. In the 29th Letter in Forbes's Life of Beattie, he says, speaking of his great work, “The Essay on Truth,"_" There is another thing in which my judgment differs considerably from that of Drs. Reid and Campbell; they have great metaphysical abilities, and they love the metaphysical sciences. I do not. I am convinced that this metaphysical spirit is the bane of true learning, true taste, and true science." There is much to the same purpose in various other letters, and it certainly furnishes the true character of his work : but surely all this is absurd. If we are misled by reasonings, without the intervention of the feelings, by reasoning alone can the errors be detected or removed ? and unless things are inconsistent with themselves, or the mind is so constructed as to believe contradictions, this may be affected. To assume for granted the very principles contested, and to interest by declamation the feelings in their maintenance, is perfectly childish ; and can please and satisfy only the

1 superficial. Such is his work, and such I think are his principal admirers. Mrs. Montagu is to me very nauseating.

Nov. 9. Called on Major Paston. Coke of Holkham has 56,000 acres in Norfolk, and about 25,0001. a-year. He declared to Major Paston, that he never had 5001. which he could call his own, to play with.

Nov. 13. Went to Norwich, and gave my vote for Coke and Windham at the Norfolk Election. Pleased with a trait of Windham at the booth yesterday. A country fellow hesitating to take the bribery oath, had been for some time attacked with great eagerness by both parties on the subject, with various arguments; he seemed quite perplexed. Windham stepped forward. My honest friend,” he said, can you or can you not with a safe conscience take the oath ? If not, I would rather lose the election, than you should kiss the book.”

Nov. 15. Read some of Addison's Translations from Ovid; hard and stiff, without the fire of Dryden, or the correct spirit and sweetness of Pope. Addison has unfortunately taught us to despise himself.


MR. URBAN,—The following letters were selected at hazard a few years since, from a large mass of correspondence and papers, bound in three folio volumes, which had belonged to the late Sir Hugh Bateman, Bart. and subsequently to his nephew Capt. Hugh Bateman, by whose permission they were copied.* These volumes contain the domestic correspondence of the family of Bateman of Hartington, co. Derb. from the year 1600 down to the year 1729, together with several letters from Lord Fairfax, Sir Charles Egerton, Speaker of the House of Commons, and others, as also various local and historical documents. This family settled at Hartington about the beginning of the sixteenth century, and at the period of the civil wars they joined the Parliamentary or Roundhead party, of whose proceedings many interesting facts are

* Two Letters of this collection were subsequently printed in Ellis's Original Let. ters, 2d series, vol. ii. pp. 358, 372.


adduced in the correspondence. One of the members of this family, Robert Bateman, became Chamberlain of the City of London, and one of its representatives in Parliament. He died in 1645, and is often referred to in the letters of his cousin, Hugh Bateman of Bakewell. By his second wife Robert Bateman left four sons, three of whom were Aldermen of London, and were all knighted May 29, 1660 (together with the rest of the Corporation), by Charles the Second, on the occasion of their Address to his Majesty on his Restoration; a remarkable proof that Charles did not permit any feelings of resentment against those who had been opposed to him, to interfere with his general offers of reconciliation. The pardon of Hugh Bateman, Barrister of Gray's Inn (son of Richard Bateman of Hartington, Esq. son of Hugh Bateman, brother of the Chamberlain) is preserved among the correspondence, and is here annexed, as a specimen of the form used on this and similar occasions :

IN PURSUANCE of the gratious declarac'on of his excellent Majesty and my Soveraigne Lord, Charles the Second, by the grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. Given vnder his Maties signe manuell and privie signet at his Court at Bredae, the of Aprill last, and vpon the first of May instant, ordered by the Com’ons to be printed and published, I, Hugh Bateman, of Gray's Inn in the County of Middlesex, Esq. doe with most humble and harty thankfullness lay hold upon his.Maiesties free and generall pardon by the said declarac'on graunted, and I doe hereby publiquely declare, that I doe lay hold upon that his Maties grace and favour, and that I am and will Continue his Maties Loyal and obedient Subiect, In Testimony whereof I have herevnto subscribed my name this Eight and Twentieth day of May, in the twelueth yeare of his Maties raigne, one Thousand Six hundred and Sixty.

Hugh BATEMAN. * This declaracion was publiquely made and subscribed, the day and yeare above said, by the above named Hugh Bateman, before me,

Har. GRIMSTON, Speaker of the house of Com'ons. The lineal descendant of this family, Hugh Bateman of Hartington, Esq. was created a Baronet in 1806, and by his death in 182 the title became extinct. See more respecting this family in Playfair's Family Antiquity, vol. vii. p. 819, Lysons's Derbyshire, p. lxvii. and three original letters from Sir H. Bate. man to Lysons, among the collections of the latter in the British Museum.

Yours, &c.



(Bateman MSS. No. 26.) From Sir Charles Egerton to Walter Lord Aston.

MY VERRE GOOD LORD, Heare is a red dere parke to be taken in, and the place now asined is contrare to direcktiones of the letteres sent downe to that purpose, as i heare; for thaye intend to take it in rownd aboute Eland Loge, and therewth inclose the springes, bothe from the Comaners and manne hunderedes of fallow dere ; wherin thaye doo not consider the inconvenience of the los of that water so inclosed, wch will be more preiudis to the fallowdere, being manne in number, then benifitt to the red dere, being few : besides, your Lordship knoweth, it will vtterly deface the faryest Lannd of Redewod, and strat the hunt land betwene Agareslye parke, and it; so that all the Chases there will rise in the dimelles : but if it plese you to apoynt that Parke in the furthest end of Brownes Hurne, it will stand in the remotest angell of the woodes, wheare the gayme being turnd write towardes Eland Laund, it cannot but make the fayrest and longist Chase ouer the verre midell and heartt of the forrest. Allso much timber may be saued therein, if you plese to ioyne the new parke to the ould payle of Agarslye; so that wth one payle you maye deuid them asundere : and although there be no springes there, yett there be pooles allredde cast, wch being skowred will suffise.

* He died in 1682, and was buried in All Saints Church, Derby, where is a monument to him. Lysons, p. 117. Playfair's Fam. Antiq. vii. 819.

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