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Copyright, 1905, by Harper & BROTHERS.
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LIST OF PLATES
PRESIDENT ZACHARY TAYLOR . . . . . . . . Frontispiece THE STORMING of Fort TICONDEROGA . . . . Facing page 78 The Battle Of TRENTON . . . . . . . . . " " 116 FRESIDENT John Tyler . . . . . . . . . . “ 144
ASHINGTON ReceivING THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF
HIS ELECTION TO THE FIRST PRESIDENCY OF
THE UNITED STATES . . . . . . . . . e Pan-American EXPOSITION, BUFFALC, 1901.
himself. He was favored by Queen Anne escaped in a boat, and the Romney soon in his efforts to have the prayer of the freed herself without injury. The other petition granted, but failed to obtain the war.vessels fled out of the harbor in appointment of a suffragan, and he re. alarm. Talbot received a severe wound in solved to ask for consecration for himself the defence of Fort Mifflin, and gave maby nonjuring bishops. This was done by terial aid to General Sullivan on Rhode two bishops, and in 1722 he returned to Island in 1778. A few weeks later he captAmerica and assumed episcopal authority. ured a British floating battery anchored The governor of Pennsylvania (Keith) in one of the channels commanding Newcomplained of him to the Lords of the port, and for this exploit was commisPrivy Seal, and he was summoned to Eng. sioned captain. In his prize (the Pigot). land, but did not go. He died in Bur: he cruised off the New England coast, lington, N. J., Nov. 29, 1727.
capturing several prizes. In 1780 he was Talbot, SILAS, naval officer; born in captured and confined in the prison-ship Dighton, Mass., in 1751; was captain in a Jersey, removed to England, and ex. Rhode Island regiment at the siege of changed in 1781. After the war he pur. Boston; accompanied the American army chased the confiscated estate of Sir Will. to New York; and, for skilful operations iam Johnson, near the Mohawk River: with fire-rafts against the British ship- served in the New York Assembly, and ping there, received from Congress the was a member of Congress in 1793–94. He commission of major. In the summer of was employed in 1794 to superintend the
construction of the frigate Constitution, which, in 1799, was his flag-ship in a cruise to the West Indies. He resigned Sept. 21, 1901. He died in New York City, June 30, 1813.
Talcott, ANDREW, civil engineer; born in Glastonbury, Conn., April 20, 1797; graduated at the United States Military Academy, and commissioned second lieu. tenant in the engineer corps in 1818; served for a year on construction duty; then accompanied Gen. Henry Atkinson as engineer on the expedition to establish military posts on the upper Missouri and Yellowstone rivers. On his re. turn he was engaged on the construction of the defences of Hampton Roads, Va., till 1835. He resigned his commission in 1836. He devised the Talcott method for determining territorial latitudes by observations of stars near the zenith. He died in Richmond, Va., April 22, 1883.
Talcott, GEORGE, military officer; born 1776 he accepted the command of a fire. in Glastonbury, Conn., Dec. 6, 1786; join. brig on the Hudson. By orders of Wash• ed the army in 1813; promoted first lieuington, after gaining Harlem Heights tenant in March, 1814; served through (Sept. 15), Talbot attempted the destruc- the Mexican War, being promoted colonel tion of the British vessels of war lying and chief of ordnance in March, 1848. On off the present 124th Street, New York Nov. 6, 1850, he sent a letter without the City. At 2 A.M. on the 16th, when it was knowledge of the Secretary of War to dark and cloudy, Talbot left his hiding. Colonel Huger, commandant of the ar. place under the Palisades, 3 or 4 miles senal at Fort Monroe, respecting the pur. above Fort Lee, ran down the river with a chase of ammunition, on the receipt of fair wind, and, grappling the Romney, set which Colonel Huger made a contract to his brig on fire. The crew of the brig buy a large quantity of shot and shell.
When this fact became known to the War were the Spanish arms, an evidence of the Department Talcott was court-martialled, complicity of the Spaniards with the found guilty, and forced to retire on July Indians. 8, 1851. Many prominent men declared Tallasahatchee, BATTLE AT. The mas. the sentence unjust and illegal, and at- sacre at Fort Mims (see Mims, FORT, tempts were made to reinstate him, but MASSACRE AT) stirred the indignation of without success. Hon. John C. Spencer the whole people of the Southwest. A wrote a Review of the trial to prove the cry for help went northward. Jackson error of the judgment. Talcott died in was then prostrate at a Nashville inn, Albany, N. Y., April 25, 1862.
from the effects of a bullet received from Talcott, JOHN, military officer; born the hands of Thomas H. Benton, in a in Braintree, England, about 1630; came duel. He appealed to the Tennesseeans to to the United States with his father, and take the field, promising to be with them settled in Boston, and later in Hartford, as soon as possible. Five thousand men Conn.; was made ensign of colonial troops speedily responded. Jackson despatched in 1650; became captain in 1660; elected (Sept. 26, 1813) Gen. John Coffee, with a deputy of the colony of Connecticut; 500 dragoons and as many mounted vol. treasurer of the colony in 1660–76; and unteers as could join him immediately, was one of the patentees named in the towards the Creek country. Jackson, with charter granted to Connecticut in 1662 his arm in a sling, joined him soon afterby Charles I. He served in the Indian wards, and drilled his troops thoroughly War of 1676 as major, and in June of that for the emergency. When he arrived at year, at the head of the “ standing army" the Coosa he was informed that the hos. of Connecticut, accompanied by 200 Mohi. tile Creeks were assembled at Tallasahat. can and Pequod Indians, fought a success- chee, a town in an open woodland. Jack. ful battle at the Housatonic. He was son sent the stalwart Coffee, with 1,000 promoted lieutenant-colonel during the horsemen, to attack them. He was accomwar. Many of his official papers are pre- panied by friendly Creeks and Cherokees. served among the State records in Hart. On the morning of Oct. 3, by a maneuvre, ford. He died in Hartford, Conn., July the Indians were decoyed out of the town, 23, 1688.
when they fell upon the Tennesseeans Talladega, BATTLE AT. On the evening furiously. They were immediately smitten of Nov. 8, 1813, Gen. Andrew Jackson and by a volley of bullets and a charge of the his troops were resting within 6 miles of cavalry. The Creeks fought valiantly. Talladega, one of the chief gathering. Inch by inch they were pushed back by the places of the hostile Creek Indians in narrowing circle of their assailants, who Talladega county, Ala., a little east of the attacked them at all points. Not one Coosa River. Jackson's forces were com- would ask quarter, but fought as long as posed of 1,200 infantry and 800 mounted he could wield a weapon. Every warrior men. He disposed them for action so as was killed. In falling back to their vil. to enclose the foe in a circle of armed lage, they became mingled with the women men. He moved at sunrise, Nov. 9. When and children, and some of these were slain. the attack began the Indians rushed out Fully 200 Indians perished, and eighty. with great fury, and their yells at first four women and children were made so alarmed the militia that some of them prisoners. The loss of the Americans was fell back, but were soon rallied and fought five killed and forty-one wounded, most of gallantly. The battle soon became general, them slightly. Having destroyed the town and raged for about fifteen minutes, when and buried the dead, Coffee marched back the Indians broke and fled in all direc- to Jackson's camp on the Coosa, followed tions. They were pursued for several by a train of sorrowful captives. Thug miles, and over 300 of the dusky war. was commenced the fearful chastisement riors were slain, besides a large number of the Indians for their work at Fort wounded. The Americans lost fifteen Mims. killed and eighty-five wounded. Among Tallmadge, BENJAMIN, military offithe few trophies of victory borne back to cer; born in Brookhaven, N. Y., Feb. the Coosa was a coarse banner, on which 25, 1754; entered the patriot army as lieutenant of a Connecticut regiment in Dutch Church in Belleville, N. J., in the June, 1776, and soon rose to the rank of same year; was pastor of the Central colonel. In 1779–80 he was engaged in Presbyterian Church (popularly known as expeditions against bodies of British and the Tabernacle) of Brooklyn, in 1869–94, Tories on Long Island, and was in some during which time this well-known place of the principal battles of the war. In of worship was destroyed by fire three
times. Feeling himself unable to stand the strain of building another church edifice, he removed to Washington, D. C. His sermons were published every week for twenty-nine years. In 1900 it was estimated that their publication in 3,600 papers carried them to no less than 30,000,000 people weekly throughout the world. He was editor of the Christian Herald for many years. He died in Washington, D. C., April 12, 1902.
Talon, PIERRE, explorer; born in Can. ada after 1650; was with the La Salle expedition to Illinois in 1687. After the murder of La Salle he lived for a time with the Cenis Indians. Later he became an interpreter to Franciscan missionaries who had arrived at the village. Subse
quently he went, with a sister and two the fall of 1780 he had the custody of brothers, to Mexico. He wrote an acMajor André until after that officer's count of La Salle's death in a work enexecution. He was long in Washington's titled Narrative of Pierre and Jean Ta. military family, and was his confidential lon, by the Order of Count Ponchartrain, correspondent. He became a successful to their Arrival at Vera Cruz, Sept. 14, merchant, and, from 1801 to 1817, was 1698. He died after 1700. a member of Congress. He died in Litch- Tammany, St., a great and good chief field, Conn., March 7, 1835.
of the Delaware Indians, called Tamenand Tallmadge, JAMES, lawyer; born in by the early settlers of Pennsylvania. He Stamford, N. Y., Jan. 28, 1778; graduated is supposed to have been one of those at Brown University in 1798; studied law who made the famous treaty with WILLand practised for several years; but later IAM PENN (9. v.). He was revered by turned his attention to agriculture. He the Delawares almost like a deity, and was for some time private secretary to old and young went to him for counsel. Gen. George Clinton; had command of a He never had his equal among them. regiment in New York during the War of In the Revolutionary War the admirers 1812–15; was member of Congress in 1817- of the good chief conferred upon him the 19, and introduced an amendment to the title of saint, and he was established as bill restricting slavery to the region west the patron saint of America. His name of the Mississippi; was a member of the was inserted in some calendars, and his State legislature in 1825–26; visited Rus- festival was celebrated on May 1 of each sia and introduced American machinery year. After the Revolution an associ. there in 1835; and was one of the founders ation was formed in Philadelphia, called of the University of the City of New York. the Tammany Society. On May 1 they He died in New York, Sept. 29, 1853. paraded the streets, with bucktails in
Talmadge, THOMAS DE Witt, clergy. their hats, and proceeded to a pleasant man; born irr Bound Brook, N. J., Jan. 7, retreat out of town, which they called 1932; studied at the University of the the "wigwam,” where, after a long talk, City of New York, and graduated at the or Indian "palaver," had been delivered, New Brunswick Theological Seminary in and the calumet of peace and friendship 1856; was ordained pastor of the Reformed had been duly smoked, they spent the