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Seventh National Bank of New York President Roosevelt takes the oath of fails......................June 27, 1901 office at Buffalo........... Sept. 14, 1901

Jacob S. Rogers bequeaths his whole Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Monuestate, amounting to $5,000,000, to the ment unveiled in New York. . May 30, 1902 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York People ratify legislative bill to spend City.......................July 5, 1901 $101,000,000 on canals. ..... Nov. 3, 1903

President McKinley visits the Pan Steamer General Slocum burned in Hell American exposition........ Sept. 4, 1901 Gate; nearly 1,000 lives lost He makes an address on the grounds

June 15, 1904 Sept. 5, 1901 New York subway opened.. Oct. 27, 1904 The President is shot twice by an anar- New subways planned to cost $250,000,chist, Leon Czolgosz; dies... Sept. 14, 1901 000 announced.. ... March 30, 1905

NORTH CAROLINA North Carolina, one of the Atlantic Grant of March 20, 1663, enlarged and States of the United States, is bounded extended south to lat. 29o.. June 30, 1665 north by Virginia, east by the Atlantic (This enlarged grant comprised all North Ocean, with a coast-line of over 400 miles, and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, south by Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkan. South Carolina and Georgia, west by South sas, part of Florida and Missouri, nearly Carolina and Tennessee. It lies between all of Texas, and a large portion of northlat. 33° 50' and 36° 33' N., and between ern Mexico.] long. 75° 27' and 84° 20' W. Area, 52, Governor Drummond dying, succeeded 250 square miles, in ninety-six counties. by Samuel Stephens......

...............1667 Population, 1890, 1,617,947; 1900, 1,893,- Form of government for Carolina, known 810. Capital, Raleigh. For first explora- as fundamental constitutions, framed by tion of coast, see VIRGINIA, 1584-90. John Locke, and amended by the Earl of

John Porey, secretary of the colony of Shaftesbury, partly put into operation, Virginia, explores the country to the Cho- the first set bearing date....July 21, 1669 wan River.........................1622W illiam Edmundson, a Quaker, sent out

Charles I. grants a patent for all the from Maryland by George Fox, preaches territory between lat. 36° and 31° N. at the narrows of Perquimans River, where to Sir Robert Heath............1629-30 Hertford was afterwards built...... 1672

Roger Green, with colonists from Vir- Governor Stephens dies and George Cart. ginia, settles on the Roanoke and the Cho- wright, speaker of the Assembly of Albewan rivers...................July, 1653 marle, succeeds in 1673, but resigns and

Chief of the Yeopim Indians grants to is succeeded by Governor Eastchurch, rep. George Durant land in Perquimans county resented by a secretary, one Miller, whom

1662 he appoints president of the council and Charles II. grants to the Earl of Claren- acting governor..............July, 1673 don and seven others territory extending People, tried by the extortion and westward from the Atlantic Ocean be. tyranny of Miller, revolt under John Cul. tween lat. 31° and 36°, which they call peper, imprison the president and six Carolina................ March 20, 1663 members of the council, call a legislature

Berkeley, governor of Virginia, visits and assume control...... December, 1677 Carolina, organizes a government for the Culpeper goes to England to explain to northern part, calling it Albemarle county, the lords proprietors, and John Harvey, and appoints William Drummond governor president of the council, takes charge of

166: the government, John Jenkins, being apSeveral hundred persons, under Sir John pointed governor by the proprietors, sucYeamans, land at the junction of Cape ceeding him.................June, 1680 Fear River and Old Town Creek, and lay Governor Jenkins dies and is succeeded out a village called Charlestown, near the by Henry Wilkinson ...... December, 1681 present site of Wilmington. . May 29, 1665 Seth Sothel, who had purchased the

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rights of Lord Clarendon, arrives as gove eighth interest retained by Lord Gran. ernor of Albemarle................1683 ville.........

Fundamental constitutions, framed in Carolina, on becoming the property of 1669, are abrogated by the lords pro- the crown, is divided into two provinces, prietors..................... April, 1693 and George Burrington is appointed gov.

Law passed by the General Assembly dis- ernor of North Carolina . . April 30, 1730 franchising all dissenters from any office Commissioners run the boundary-line of trust, honor, or profit...........1704 between North and South Carolina... 1738

First church in North Carolina built in One-eighth interest in the proprietary Chowan county....................170.5 charter retained by John, Lord Carteret,

Lords proprietors grant to Christopher, heir of Lord Granville, is laid off for him, Baron de Graafsenreidt, 10,000 acres of being bounded on the north by the Virland on the Neuse and Cape Fear rivers ginia line, south by lat. 35° 34', and exin 1709. About 15,000 Swiss and a large tending from the Atlantic to the Pacific number of Palatines follow the Baron and

1743 settle at the confluence of the Trent and War having been declared by England Neuse, calling the town Newbern

against France, Fort Johnston on the

December, 1710 south bank of Cape Fear is built....1745 One hundred and twelve persons, princi. Large accession to the settlement near pally settlers on the Roanoke and Chowan, Cross Creek is made by Scotch Highlandare massacred by the Tuscaroras and other ers exiled to America..............1747 allied Indian tribes........ Sept. 22, 1711 James Davis, at Newbern, issues the

Militia of North and South Carolina first newspaper in the State, the North and friendly Indians attack the Tusca- Carolina Gazette......... ..........1719 roras on the banks of the Neuse, in the Moravians purchase from Lord Gran. present county of Craven, and more than ville 100,000 acres between the Dan and 300 savages are killed and 100 made Yadkin, which they name Wachovia. . 1750 prisoners........ .........Jan. 28, 1712 First edition of the laws of North Caro

Troops under Col. James Moore, of lina by Samuel Swann, published by James South Carolina, capture Fort Nahucke, a Davis at Newbern..................1752 stronghold of the Tuscaroras in Greene Act passed to erect a school-house at county, with 800 prisoners... March, 1713 Newbern.

.......................1764 Bills of credit for £800 issued by the A sloop-of-war, the Diligence, arrives in colony to pay Indian war debt. First the Cape Fear River with stamped paper issue of paper money in North Carolina for use in the colony, Sept 28, 1765.

1713 Colonels Ashe and Waddell, with an Edenton, on the Chowan River, founded armed force, so terrify the captain that

1715 no attempt is made to land the paper, Tuscarora Indians enter into a treaty, and seizing James Houston, stamp disand a tract of land on the Roanoke, in tributer, they compel him to take an oath the present county of Bertie, is ceded to not to distribute the stamped paper.. 1765 them by Governor Eden....June 5, 1718 British ship-of-war Viper, Jacob Lobb

Pirate Edward Teach, commonly called captain, lying at anchor off Brunswick, Black Beard, long a terror to North Caro- seizes two merchant vessels, the Dobbs lina, is attacked by Lieutenant Maynard and Patience, from Philadelphia, showing near Ocracoke, with two small coasters; clearance papers without stamps. Five he is killed, and Maynard carries off hundred and eighty men under Col. his head hung to the bowsprit

Hugh Waddell, having secured the

Nov. 21, 1718 clearance papers from the collector of Boundary-line between North and South the port, proceed from Wilmington to Carolina established................ 1727 Brunswick, and compel the release of the

Last Assembly under proprietary gov- two vessels................ Feb. 21, 1766 ernment at Edenton; issues £40,000 more George A. Selwyn obtains from the in paper money............ Nov. 27, 1728 crown large grants of land in Mecklen

Lords proprietors surrender the gov- burg county, but the people prevent their ernment to King George II, except one. survey.........

.........1766

Rev. Daniel Caldwell opens a classical William Hooper, delegates to the Conti. school in Guilford county..........1767 nental Congress at Philadelphia People of Orange county, oppressed by

Sept. 5, 1774 the unjust acts of Edmund Fanning, clerk Committee of safety orders the return of the court of Orange, form an associa- of a cargo of tea which had been shipped tion, headed by Herman Husbands and to William Hill; committee appointed William Hunter, for regulating public

Nov. 23, 1774 grievances and abuse of power......1768 Governor Martin by proclamation de

James Hunter and Rednap Howell nounces the Provincial Congress as sent by the regulators to the governor “tending to introduce disorder and anwith a statement of grievances

archy".................. March 1, 1775

May 21, 1768 Governor Martin dissolves the AssemGovernor and council decide that the bly after a session of four days, ending the grievances of the regulators do not war- royal rule in the State. ... April 8, 1775 rant their course, which tends to highDelegates from Mecklenburg county meet treason .....................June, 1768 at Charlotte to take into consideration

Regulators assembling, July 11, the gov- the existing state of afľairs; sign and forernor raises troops and marches from ward to the Continental Congress at PhilaSalisbury to Hillsboro, swearing the delphia a declaration of independence people to allegiance to the King and re

May 20, 1775 quiring the regulators to disperse. At Col. John Harvey dies at his home at the September term of the Hillsboro Harvey's Neck, Perquimans county Superior Court Husbands is indicted for a

June, 1775 riot, but acquitted. Hunter and others Articles of agreement to “resist force are imprisoned. Fanning, indicted, pleads by force" in the support of the country, guilty, and is fined sixpence

and to " go forth and be ready to sacrifice

September, 1769 our lives and fortunes to secure her free. Regulators present a petition for re- dom and safety," adopted by the Cumberdress to the governor, May 15, which is re- land Association at Wilmington jected, and in the battle of Alamance the

June 19, 1775 regulators are dispersed by the troops Fort Johnston burned by militia under

May 16, 1771 Colonel Ashe ..............July 18, 1775 Regulators taken prisoners in the battle Governor Martin issues a proclamation of Alamance are executed, Herman Hus. from the British ship-of-war Cruiser, debands escaping............June 19, 1771 nouncing the Mecklenburg declaration of

Settlements at Cross Creek increased by independence ............... Aug. 8, 1775 the addition of 300 families of Scotch O ne hundred and eighty • four dele. Highlanders, among them Flora Me gates meet at Hillsboro, Aug. 21, 1775; Donald (famous for aiding Charles Ed. choose Samuel Johnston president; deward, the young pretender, to escape after clare that the people of North Carolina his defeat at Culloden) and her husband, would pay their due proportion of exwho settle near the present site of Fayette. penses in forming a Continental army ville .........

...........1773 and establish a State government Col. John Harvey, former speaker of

Aug. 24, 1775 the Assembly, calls a convention to form First meeting of the provincial council a provincial congress, which meets at at the court-house in Johnston county Newbern; Harvey is chosen speaker

Oct. 18, 1775 Aug. 25, 1774 Donald McDonald, a Scottish HighThe provincial congress decides that lander, commissioned by Governor Martin, after Sept. 1, 1774, all use of East India raises a force of about 1,500 loyalists, who, tea should be prohibited; that after Nov. under Col. Donald McLeod, attack the Con1, 1774, importation of African slaves tinental troops, 1,000 strong, under Cols. should cease; and that after Jan. 1, 1775, James Moore, Caswell, and Lillington, but no East India or British goods should be are routed, and General McDonald taken imported......... ......... August, 1774 prisoner................... Feb. 27, 1776 Richard Caswell, Joseph Hewes, and Provincial Congress assembles at Hali. fax, April 4, 1776; resolves “that the Tories under Col. Hector McNeill, numdelegates from this colony in Congress be bering 600 men, in the early morning empowered to concur with the delegates march into Hillsboro and capture Goyfrom the other colonies in declaring in- ernor Burke and his suite and plunder dependence and forming foreign alliances, the town................. Sept. 13, 1781 reserving to this colony the sole and ex- David Fanning, a freebooter, appointed clusive right of forming a constitution and lieutenant-colonel of the royal militia in laws for this colony”...... April 12, 1776 June, 1781, captures forty-four persons

Nine hundred British, under Lord Corn- at Chatham Court-house while a courtwallis, land on General Howe's plantation martial is in progress, July 16; besieges in Brunswick, ravage and plunder it, May the garrisoned house of Col. Philip Alston, 12, and after burning some mills in the of Chatham, Aug. 8; captures forty-four vicinity embark, having Governor Martin Whigs under Colonel Wade, and disperses on board, and sail for Charleston

his troops at McFalls Mills, Sept. 1, and

May 29, 1776 fights the Whigs at Lundley's Mill, ChatDeclaration of Independence of the ham county............... Sept. 14, 1781 United States read before the court-house Maj. James H. Craig, who had occupied in Halifax by Cornelius Harnett

Wilmington with British troops since

Aug. 1, 1776 June 29, whence he directed raids into Joseph Hewes, William Hooper, and the surrounding country, receiving news John Penn, for North Carolina, sign the of the surrender of Cornwallis at YorkDeclaration of Independence

town, evacuates the place... Nov. 18, 1781

Aug. 2, 1776 Legislature grants Maj.-Gen. Nathanael A congress chosen by election assembles Greene 25,000 acres of State land, afterat Halifax, Nov. 12, 1776, frames a con- wards located on Duck River, and 640 stitution for North Carolina not sub- acres to each private, with larger grants mitted to the people, elects Richard Cas- to officers in the Continental army, North well governor by ordinance, and completes Carolina troops....................1782 its labors.................. Dec. 18, 1776 Thomas Hart Benton, statesman, son of

Articles of confederation ratified by Jesse Benton, private secretary of Gov. North Carolina............ April 5, 1778 ernor Tryon, born near Hillsboro, Orange

John Penn, Cornelius Harnett, and John county.................. March 14, 1782 Williams sign the articles of confederation General Assembly at Hillsboro, among on the part of North Carolina

acts for relief of the general govern

July 21, 1778 ment, cedes her western lands and auFour hundred North Carolina Whigs thorizes her delegates to execute a deed under Col. Francis Locke attack a camp provided Congress would accept the offer of Tories under Lieut.-Col. John Moore, within two years............ April, 1784 and rout them at Ramsour's Mill, near Convention at Jonesboro appoints John Lincolnton................ June 20, 1780 Sevier president, and resolves that a per

Battle of Charlotte...... Sept. 26, 1780 son be despatched to Congress to press the

General Greene successfully conducts his acceptance of the offer of North Caroretreat across North Carolina from Cow- lina...................... Aug. 23, 1784 pens to the river Dan, a distance of 230 General Assembly meets at Newbern miles, pursued by British under Lord and repeals the act of April 23, regarding Cornwallis............... February, 1781 the cession of western lands. . Oct. 22, 1784

Cornwallis issues at Hillsboro a proc- Convention of five delegates from each lamation inviting all loyal citizens to county meets at Jonesboro, chooses John join him.................. Feb. 20, 1781 Sevier president, and forms a constitu

Battle at Guilford Court-house; the tion for the State of Frankland British under Cornwallis defeat the Amer

Dec. 14, 1784 icans under General Greene

Constitution for the new State of Frank

March 15, 1781 land accepted by a convention of the peoGeneral Assembly meets at the courtple, which meets at Greenville and chooses house of Wake, where now stands the city John Sevier to be governor of the State of Raleigh ........ ...........June, 1781

November, 1785 Governor Caswell, of North Carolina, by sent to the United States mint was $11,proclamation denounces the revolt of 000 during the year...............1814 Frankland as usurpation, and warns all State geological and mineralogical sur. to return to their allegiance to North vey conducted by Prof. Denison Olmstead, Carolina................. April 14, 1786 of the University of North Carolina. . 1817

State of Frankland continues to exist Reception to Lafayette at Murfreesunder difficulties for about two years, boro...................... Feb. 26, 1825 courts being held by both governments, Fund for public schools established by military officers appointed, and taxes law........

.............1825 levied which people pay to neither, until State board of internal improvements the legislature of Frankland at Green- established............ .............1825 ville authorizes the election of two repre- First toll-gate on the Buncombe turnsentatives to the legislature of North pike from the Saluda Gap via Asheville Carolina, members of Assembly are to the Tennessee line, erected elected by the people, and the new State

October, 1827 is reabsorbed............ September, 1787 John Branch, of North Carolina, Secre

William Blount, Richard Dobbs, Spaight, tary of the Navy.......... March 9, 1829 and Hugh Williamson sign the Constitu- State-house, containing the statue of tion of the United States as representa- Washington by Canova, destroyed by fire tives from North Carolina . . Sept. 17, 1787

June 21, 1831 State convention fixes the seat of gove Railroad from Cape Fear to Weldon, ernment atWake Court-house, now 162 miles in length, to connect with a Raleigh.................... ........1788 short road begun in 1832, is commenced North Carolina ratifies the Constitution

1833 of the United States by a vote of 193 to Convention meets at Raleigh, June 4, 75........................Nov. 21, 1789 1835, frames amendments to the consti.

Dismal Swamp Canal, uniting the tution of 1776 (ratified by the people by waters of Pasquotank and Elizabeth 26,771 to 21,606) and adjourns rivers, incorporated................1790

July 11, 1835 As authorized by act of the General As. Edward B. Dudley, first governor electsembly of 1789, Samuel Johnston and ed by the people, inaugurated Benjamin Hawkins, Senators from North

Jan. 1, 1837 Carolina, execute a deed to the United United States branch mint at Charlotte States in the words of the cession act begins operations........ December, 1837 of 1784, Feb. 25, 1790; Congress accepts it Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, incor

April 2, 1790 porated in 1835, is completed..July 4, 1839 General Assembly meets at the new city Raleigh and Wilmington Railroad, inof Raleigh................. Dec. 20, 1794 corporated in 1833, completed and opened University of North Carolina at Chapel

March, 1840 Hill, chartered in 1789, opened

George E. Badger, of North Carolina,

Feb. 13, 1795. Secretary of the Navy...... March 5, 1841 Col. James Glasgow, Secretary of State Gold discovered on the lands of Andrew tried and convicted for abetting issue of Troutman in Rowan county, afterwards fraudulent land grants, and locating them known as Gold Hill................ 1842 in fraud of the Continental soldiers.. 1798 William A. Graham, of North Carolina,

Joseph Gates establishes the Raleigh Secretary of the Navy......July 22, 1850 Register.....

..............1799 Trinity College chartered and opened at Great revival of religion begun in Ken. Trinity College ................... 1852 tucky in 1801; spreads through Tennes- James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the see and North Carolina............. 1802 Navy.................... March 7, 1853

Bank of Cape Fear, with branches incor Forts Caswell and Johnston, occupied by porated, the mother bank at Wilmington State troops unauthorized, Jan. 8, 1861,

1804 are ordered restored to the proper auGold discovered on Meadow Creek, in thorities by Governor Ellis Carbarrus county, during the year 1801

Jan. 12, 1861 or 1802. The first considerable amount Resolutions passed in the House, unani

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