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Whig party disappears from State and Washington Irving, born in New York national politics after..............1852 City in 1783, dies at Tarrytown, N. Y. Horatio Seymour, governor

Nov. 28, 1859 Jan. 1, 1853 Population of the State, 3,880,735..1860 Second Arctic expedition in search of Erie Canal enlargement completed; enSir John Franklin sails from New York tire cost, $52,491,915.74.............1862 under Dr. Kane. Funds mostly furnishedHoratio Seymour, Democrat, elected by Henry Grinnell, of New York, and governor................ November, 1862 George Peabody. Grinnell land discovered Manhattan College, at Manhattanville,

May 30, 1853 New York City, incorporated by the re. New York clearing-house established gents ..................... April 2, 1863

1853 Peace meeting held in New York City, District libraries of the State have called by leading Democrats to devise 1,604,210 volumes...................1853 means for ending the Civil War [This number was reduced more than

· June 3, 1863 one-half through carelessness and loss up Clement C. Moore, born in New York, to 1890.]

1779, dies at Newport, R. I..July 10, 1863 New York Central Railroad formed [Author of the ballad, 'Twas the night by the consolidation of the local railroads before Christmas.)

1853 Draft riots in New York City Continuous line of railway opened, New

July 13-16, 1863 York to Chicago.......... ........1853 [About 1,000 killed. Claims for dam

First train over a uniform gauge from ages amounting to $1,500,000 presented.] Buffalo to Erie and Chicago

Normal school at Oswego established Feb. 1, 1854

1863 Office of the State superintendent of Reuben E. Fenton, Republican, elected public instruction created by a law of governor ................ November, 1864

March 30, 1854 . 'mber of troops furnished by the State Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, widow of in t. ? Civil War in all branches of the Alexander Hamilton, dies at Washington, service reduced to a three years' standard D. C., aged ninety-seven years

was 392,270, about 12 per cent. of the Nov. 9, 1854 population .......

..........1865 Railway suspension bridge at Niagara Eliphalet Nott, born in 1773, dies at Falls completed....................1855 Schenectady...............Jan. 29, 1866

Last survivor of Washington's Life- [Made president of Union College in guard, Sergeant Uzel Knapp, dies, aged 1804. Over 3,700 students graduated dur. ninety-seven, at New Windsor, Orange ing his presidency.] county.....................Jan. 11, 1856 Fenian raid into Canada; about 1,200

St. Lawrence University, Canton, St. men cross Niagara River near Buffalo, Lawrence county, incorporated

camping near old Fort Erie. . May 31, 1866

April 3, 1856 Slight conflict takes place near Ridge. Dudley observatory built at Albany way......... ...........June 2, 1366

1856 [Force withdraws the next evening. ] Failure of the Ohio Life and Trust Com- Reuben E. Fenton re-elected governor pany in New York; a commercial panic

November, 1866 spreads throughout the United States Vassar Female College at Poughkeepsie in

Aug. 24, 1856 corporated, Jan. 11, 1861; name changed by First telegraphic despatch received in legislature to Vassar College. . Feb. 1, 1807 New York from London by the Atlantic Normal school at Brockport established telegraph ......... .......... Aug. 5, 1858

1867 Edwin D. Morgan, Republican, elected Public schools made entirely free governor ....

Oct. 1, 1867 M. Blondin (Emile Gravelet) crosses the State board of charities organized. . 1867 Niagara River, just below the Falls, for Memorial or Decoration Day made a the first time on a tight-rope

legal holiday; date of first celebration June 30, 1859

May 30, 1863

.........1858

Commission of fisheries created by an over the river proper 1,96712 feet. Began act passed ........................1868 1870, opened...............Oct. 31, 1873

Cornell University at Ithaca opened to Tweed sentenced to twelve years in the students ..................!

............. October, 1868 penitentiary.............. Nov. 22, 1873 John T. Hoffman, Democrat, elected gove [He is discharged, but is rearrested, and ernor .................. November, 1868 escapes Dec. 4, 1875. He goes to Spain,

Henry Jarvis Raymond, journalist, is there arrested at Vigo, and brought born in Lima, Livingston co., N. Y., Jan. back, Nov, 24, 1876. He dies in prison, 24, 1920, dies at New York City

April 12, 1878.]

June 18, 1869 Millard Fillmore, former President of Financial panic in New York City cul. the United States, born 1800, dies at minates in Black Friday; the price of Buffalo........

ne price of Buffalo..................March 7, 1874 gold reaches 16212........ Sept. 24, 1869 Compulsory education law passed [During the excitement it is estimated

April 15, 1874 that contracts were made for the sale of Term of the governor changed from two $500,000,000 of gold. The crisis ruined rears to three....................1874 thousands, and disarranged the business of Samuel J. Tilden elected governor the country.?

November, 1874 Cardiff giant discovered on the farm of New York State soldiers' home incorWilliam C. Newell, near Cardiff, Onon- porated at Bath............May 15, 1876 daga county..............Oct. 16, 1869 Hallett's Point reef, Hell Gate, success

Population of the State, 4,382.759.1870 fully blown up; work directed by Gen.

Lenox Public Library, New York City, John Newton, U. S. A., from the beginincorporated..............June 20, 1870 ning, 1869................. Sept. 24, 1876 John T. Hoffman re-elected governor Lucius Robinson elected governor over

November, 1870 Edwin D. Morgan........ November, 1876 Corner-stone of the new capitol at Cornelius Vanderbilt dies at New York Albany laid..............June 24, 1871

Jan. 4, 1877 Syracuse University (Methodist-Episco- Rock salt first discovered in the State ral) founded at Syracuse..........1871 by Charles B. Everest, 4 miles from War

Captain Hall sails from New York in the saw......................June 20, 1878 United States ship Polaris, on an Arctic William Cullen Bryant, born 1794, dies exploring expedition........June 29, 1871 at New York City..................1878 William M. Tweed arrested in New York Cyrus W. Field erects a monument in

................ Oct. 27, 1871 memory of Maj. John André on the site [His bail bond was fixed at $2,000,000.] of his grave at Tappan............1879

Legislature establishes a commission of Alonzo B. Cornell, Republican, elected State parks................May 23, 1872 governor ..........................1879

Topographical survey of the Adiron New capitol at Albany opened dack wilderness begun by the State un.

Feb. 12, 1879 der the supervision of Verplanck Colvin State board of health authorized by law

1872

May 18, 1880 Susan B. Anthony and some other wom- Commission for the protection of game en vote at Rochester........Nov. 5, 1872 and fish established by law..June 26, 1880 Gen. John A. Dix elected governor

New York and Connecticut joint boun

November, 1872 dary commission award to New York a Horace Greeley dies...... Nov. 29, 1872 small strip 4.68 square miles in area,

Commercial panic beginning in the Stock called the “ oblong tract”..........1880 Exchange of New York spreads through- Population of the State, 5,082,871 out the country........... Sept. 19, 1873

1880 International Railway Bridge crossing New York agricultural experiment staNiagara River at Black Rock (Buffalo) to tion instituted by law......June 26, 1880 Canada, built under authority of Congress Egyptian obelisk erected in Central Park and the British Parliament and the State

Jan. 22, 1881 and province governments at a cost of [Brought from Alexandria, Egypt, to orer $1,500,000. Total length 3,6511, feet, New York by the steamer Dessoug, com:

City.........

mander Henry H. Gorringe, U. S. N., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, born 1822, dies which gailed from Alexandria, June at Mount McGregor, near Saratoga 12, reaching New York, July 20, 1880.

July 23, 1885 Total height, 90 feet; height of shaft, 69David B. Hill, Democrat, elected govfeet; weight of shaft in pounds, 443,000. ernor................... November, 1885 Total expense of removal and erection, Commission created to report the most $103,732, paid by William H. Vanderbilt. humane and practical method of exeThis obelisk is supposed to have been made cuting the death sentence....May 13, 1886 1591–1565 B.C. at Heliopolis; removed to [It consisted of Elbridge T. Gerry, Dr. Alexandria 22 B.C.]

Alfred P. Southwick, and Matthew Hale. Alfred B. Street, poet, born at Pough. Their report of Jan, 1888, recommended keepsie, 1811, dies at Albany ........1881 the use of electricity.)

United States Senators Conkling and State board of arbitration created by Platt resign...............May 16, 1881 law....................... May 18, 1886

Warner Miller and Elbridge G. Lapham Office of factory inspector established elected...................July 17, 1881 for the State..............May 18, 1886

Thurlow Weed, politician and journalist, John Kelly, Democratic politician, dies dies at New York City, aged eighty-five at New York..............June 1, 1886

Nov. 22, 1882 Total cost of new capitol at Albany, Grover Cleveland, Democrat, elected $17,914,875.02 to..........Sept. 30, 1887 governor................ November, 1882 John T. Hoffman, born 1828, dies in

Edwin D. Morgan, born 1811; dies at Germany........ .......... June 10, 1888 New York City............ Feb. 14, 1883 [Elected governor by the Democrats,

Commission of statistics of labor es. 1868 and 1870.] tablished by law............May 4, 1883 David B. Hill re-elected governor East River suspension bridge, connecting

November, 1888 New York and Brooklyn, opened

Centennial of the first inauguration of

May 24, 1883 George Washington celebrated in New Civil service commission created by law York.............. April 29-May 1, 1889

May 29, 1883 Population of the State, 5,997,853.. 1890 Centennial of the disbanding of the George William Curtis elected chanarmy of the Revolution celebrated at New. cellor of the board of regents of the State burg......................Oct. 18, 1883 of New York..............Jan. 30, 1890

New railroad (cantilever) bridge across Schenectady commemorates the 200th the Niagara below the falls opened

anniversary of the massacre by French and Dec. 20, 1883 Indians.......

1883 Indians.................... Feb. 9, 1890 New York State dairy commission es. John Jacob Astor, born 1822, dies at tablished by law........ April 24, 1884 New York................ Feb. 22, 1890

Governor Cleveland nominated for Presi. Governor Hill signs the Adirondack dent of the United States at the Demo- State park bill.......... March 11, 1890 cratic National Convention in Chicago Charles T. Saxton introduced in 1888

July 8, 1884 the first bill embodying the Australian Grover Cleveland resigns as governor ballot system presented to any legislature Jan. 6, 1885, having been elected Presi. in the United States, passes the Assembly dent of the United States, David B. Hill by 72 to 51, March 13, but is vetoed by acting governor....................1885 Governor Hill............ March 31, 1890

Richard Grant White, born 1822, dies Governor Hill approves the corrupt at New York City.......... April 8, 1885 practices act for preventing bribery and

Common schools cost the State $13,- intimidation at elections.... April 4, 1890 466,367.97 ........................1885 Compromise election bill, allowing a

Legislature authorizes the governor, “ paster ballot” and a series of tickets, inwith the advice and consent of the Senate, stead of a “ blanket ballot,” is approved to appoint three forest commissioners by the governor............ May 2, 1890

May 15, 1885 Maj.-Gen. John C. Frémont, born 1813, Niagara Falls reservation made a State dies at New York..........July 13, 1890 .......July 16, 1885 First execution in the world of eleo

park ..

tricity, William Kemmler (murderer) at makes the run from New York to Buffalo Auburn prison............ Aug. 6, 1890 in 8 hours 42 minutes......Oct. 26, 1891

Strike of 3,000 trainmen owing to dis- Roswell P. Flower elected governor charge of certain Knights of Labor on the

November, 1891 New York Central Railroad. .Aug. 8, 1890Field, Lindley, Wiechers & Co., stock.

Boundary-line with Pennsylvania agreed brokers, of New York City, make an asupon by commissioners, March 26, 1886, signment, liabilities, $2,000,000; E. M approved by Congress...... Aug. 19, 1890 Field said to be insane...... Nov. 27, 189)

Single - tax convention meets in New A lunatic enters the office of Russell York City, Sept. 2, and adopts a platform Sage, in New York; being refused his de

Sept. 3, 1890 mand for $1,250,000, he drops a hand-bag Strike on the New York Central Rail. containing explosives, killing himself, a road declared off.......... Sept. 17, 1890 by-stander, bruising Sage and others, and

Governor Hill is elected United States wrecking the building........ Dec. 4, 1891 Senator from New York, receiving eighty. Greater New York bill fails in As. one votes on joint ballot, to seventy-nine sembly.................. March 15, 1892 for Evarts................Jan. 21, 1891 Legislature appropriates $300,000 for

Secretary of the Treasury, William Win- the Columbian Exposition.. March 22, 1892 dom, born 1827, dies suddenly at a ban Cyrus W. Field, born 1819, dies at Ardsquet at Delmonico's, New York

ley, N. Y...................July 12, 1892

Jan. 29, 1891 Switchmen's strike at Buffalo, on the Board of regents of the University Erie Railroad, begins; strikers burning adopt a plan for university extension un- freight trains and destroying about $1,der a university extension council of five 000,000 worth of property... Aug. 14, 1892 representatives of colleges to be appoint. Sixty-fifth and 74th regiments of naed annually................ Feb. 11, 1891 tional guard are ordered out at Buffalo

Gen. William T. Sherman, born 1820, by General Doyle.......... Aug. 15, 1892 dies at New York.......... Feb. 14, 1891 National guard from New York, Brook.

Ex-Gov. Lucius Robinson dies at El. lyn, and elsewhere, about 8,000 men, order. mira, aged eighty-one...... March 23, 1891 ed to Buffalo by Governor Flower Ground broken for Grant monument in

Aug. 17, 1892 New York. ............... April 27, 1891 Ex-Gov. Myron H. Clark dies at Canan.

Charles Pratt, philanthropist, born 1830, daigua, aged eighty-six.... Aug. 23, 1892 dies at New York............ May 4, 1891 Switchmen's strike at Buffalo declared

School-children of the State choose the off by Grand-master Sweeney rose as State flower by a vote of: Rose, 294,816; golden-rod, 206,402; majority, George William Curtis, born 1824, dies 88.414... ............ May 8, 1891 at West Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. Benson John Lossing, historian, born

Aug. 31, 1892 1813, dies at Chestnut Ridge, Dutchess Ex-United States Senator Francis Ker

......... June 3, 1891 nan, born 1816, dies at Utica Chauncey Vibbard, called “the father

Sept. 7, 1892 of the American railway," dies at Macon, Opening in New York City of the con. Ga........................June 5, 1891 tinental congress of the Salvation Army

Statue of Henry Ward Beecher unveiled of the United States........ Nov. 21, 1892 at Brooklyn..............June 24, 1891. Edward Murphy, Jr., of Troy, elected

Four murderers, Slocum, Smiler, Wood, United States Senator....January, 1893 and Jugiro, executed by electricity at Sing Act authorizing the purchase of Fire Sing.......................July 7, 1891 Island for quarantine purposes signed George Jones, of New York Times, born

March 11, 1893 1811, dies at New York City. . Aug. 12, 1891 Gen. Henry Slocum, born 1827, dies at

A train on the New York Central runs Brooklyn ................ April 14, 1893 from New York to East Buffalo, 436 miles Naval review and parade at New York in 426 minutes' running time

City.................. April 27-28, 1893

Sept. 14, 1891 [Ten nations participate.) First regular Empire State Express New York Central Railroad's engine

Aug. 24, 1892

co

999 makes a record of 1121/2 miles per methods of the police department of New hour......................May 11, 1893 York City, holds its last session The Princess Eulalie received with

Dec. 29, 1894 honors in New York as representative of (This committee was appointed under a the Spanish government.... May 18, 1893 resolution offered by Clarence Lexow in

“Viking ship” arrives at New York the Senate of New York, Jan. 24, 1894, and City..................... June 17, 1893 passed unanimously, charges against the

State monument dedicated on the battle- police of the city of New York having been field of Gettysburg..........July 2, 1893 made publicly by the Rev. Dr. Charles H.

Hamilton Fish, born, 1808, dies at Gar. Parkhurst of that city. The committee rison's, N. Y............... Sept. 7, 1893 was appointed Jan. 31, with Senator

Vigilant-Valkyrie yacht races for the Lexow chairman. Investigation comAmerica's cup............Oct. 7-13, 1893 menced on March 9, at the court-room of Statue of Nathan Hale unveiled

the county court-house in New York, with

Nov. 25, 1893 William A. Sutherland as counsel for the The court of appeals decided that for committee until April 13, when John W. eign corporations could buy and sell real Goff appeared as counsel. At the end of estate in New York........Jan. 16, 1894 June the committee adjourned until Sept.

[This decision affected $25,000,000 worth 10, and continued with one or two short of property. ]

intermissions until Dec. 29. The evidence John Y. McKane, of Gravesend, L. I., confirmed the charges. The committee subfound guilty of election frauds and intim- mitted its report to the legislature at Alidation, and sentenced at Brooklyn to six bany, Jan. 18, 1895. The examination and years in Sing Sing prison.. Feb. 19, 1894 testimony of the 700 witnesses made 10,

Greater New York bill, after repeated 576 printed pages.) defeats, passes the Assembly, Feb. 8, Sen- Bridge across the Hudson River beate, Feb. 27, and is signed by the gov- tween New York and New Jersey auernor...................... Feb. 28, 1894 thorized ..........................1895

David Dudley Field, born 1805, dies Trolley railroad strike in Brooklyn with at Gramercy Park, New York City much violence.............Jan. 14, 1895

April 13. 1894 Lexow committee submits its report to Constitutional convention meets at Al- the Senate................Jan. 18, 1895 bany.......................May 8, 1894 Harlem ship-canal, New York City,

Brooklyn Tabernacle (Dr. Talmage's) opened with appropriate ceremonies and adjoining buildings burned

June 17, 1895 May 13, 1894 The Defender-Valkyrie yacht races for Governor Flower vetoes school-teacher's the America's cup off Sandy Hook pension bill...............May 14, 1894

Sept. 7-13, 1895 President Cleveland signs the New York Lincoln's birthday first observed as and New Jersey Bridge bill

a legal holiday in New York June 8, 1894

Feb. 12, 1896 Senate committee begins investigation of Earl Dunraven expelled from the New the New York police department

York Yacht Club.......... Feb. 27, 1896

June 14, 1894. Governor Morton signs Raines liquor Torpedo - boat Ericsson, first United law..................... March 23, 1896 States war-vessel built in inland waters, Statue of Gen. U. S. Grant unveiled in arrives at Brooklyn navy-yard from Iowa front of the Union League Club, Brooklyn Aug. 30, 1894

April 25, 1896 Levi P. Morton elected governor

Governor Morton signs Greater New

Nov. 6, 1894 York bill................May 11, 1896 Court of appeals confirms conviction of Chauncey M. Depew, at the New York John Y. McKane.......... Nov. 27, 1894 electrical exposition, transmits a mes.

Folice Captain Creeden, of New York sage around the world in four minutes, City, confessed to having paid $15,000 for employing power from Niagara Falls his captaincy.............. Dec. 14, 1894

May 16, 1896 Lexow committee, investigating the New York banks agree to furnish $20,

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