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known as the “ French Spoliation Claims,” establishment of 1796—one regiment of have been the subject of frequent reports artillery and two of infantry—and organ. and discussions in Congress, with no result izes a military academy at West Point until referred to the court of claims by

March 16, 1802 the act of Jan. 20, 1885.]

Excise tax repealed . . . . March 16, 1802 Spanish government cedes Louisiana to Naturalization laws of 1798 repealed; France by the secret treaty of St. Ilde- those of 1795 restored. ..... April 14, 1802 fonso........... ...........Oct. 1, 1800 Georgia cedes her western territory to Fourth Presidential election

the United States........ April 24, 1802

Nov. 11, 1800Library of Congress catalogued, conSecond session (first meeting in Wash- taining 964 volumes and 9 maps ington, D. C.)............ Nov. 17, 1800

April, 1802 Capitol building burned at Washington First session adjourns.... . May 3, 1802

Jan. 19, 1801 Washington incorporated as a city John Marshall appointed chief-justice

May, 1802 Jan. 20, 1801 Ohio adopts a State constitution Electoral votes counted.... Feb. 11, 1801

Nov. 29, 1802 Congress assumes jurisdiction over the Second session convenes.... Dec. 6, 1802 District of Columbia ........ Feb. 27, 1801 Ohio admitted as a State (the seven.

Navy reduced to thirteen vessels; the teenth)......... .......... Feb. 19, 1803 rest to be disarmed and sold

Seventh Congress adjourns
March 3, 1801

March 3, 1803 [Among those reserved were the frigates Treaty with France: the United States United States, Constitution, President, purchases Louisiana for $15,000,000 Chesapeake, Philadelphia, Constellation,

April 30, 1803 Congress.)

Eighth Congress, first session, conSixth Congress adjourns. . March 3, 1801 venes.....................Oct. 17, 1803 FOURTH ADMINISTRATION-DEMOCRATIC.

Speaker of the House, Nathaniel Macon,

North Carolina REPUBLICAN, March 4, 1801, to March 3,

Senate ratifies the treaty with France 1805.

by vote of 24 to 7..........Oct. 20, 1803 SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, at Washington. President authorized by Congress to Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, President. take possession of Louisiana..Oct 30, 1803 Aaron Burr, New York, Vice-President. Frigate Philadelphia, forty-four guns,

Three frigates and one sloop-of-war sent Captain Bainbridge, pursuing Tripolitan to the Barbary coast to protect our com- ship-of-war, strikes a rock in the harbor merce, commanded by Com. Richard Dale of Tripoli and is captured....Oct. 31, 1803

May 20, 1801 Independence of Haiti proclaimed Tripoli declares war against the United

Nov. 29, 1803 States........

......... June 10, 1801 Twelfth Amendment to the ConstituSeventh Congress, first session, con- tion, relative to electing the President venes........... .........Dec. 7, 1801 and Vice-President, passed by the Senate,

Speaker of the House, Nathaniel Macon, 22 to 10..................Dec. 2, 1803 North Carolina.

Same passed by the House-83 to 42 [President Jefferson sends a written

Dec. 12, 1803 message to Congress and announces that New Orleans delivered to the United no answer is expected. No President has States.................... Dec. 20, 1803 since addressed Congress orally.)

Lieut. Stephen Decatur, with the ketch Congress appoints John Beckley, of Vir. Intrepid, destroys the Philadelphia in the ginia, librarian, with a room of the Capitol harbor of Tripoli under the guns of the for the library.............Jan. 26, 1802 castle, without losing a man, night of Congress recognizes the war with Tripoli

Feb. 16, 1804 Feb. 6, 1802 Impeachment of Samuel Chase, Asso. Repeal of the new circuit act

ciate Justice of the Supreme Court; tria)

March 8, 1802 begun................... February, 1804 Congress reduces the army to the peace

[Acquitted March, 1805.]

Louisiana Purchase divided into the off Sandy Hook, and kills the helmsterritory of New Orleans and the District man....... ........... April 25, 1806 of Louisiana............March 26, 1804 Great Britain issues an “ Order in

First session adjourns.. March 27, 1804 Council” declaring the whole coast of

Capt. Meriwether Lewis, of the 1st In- Europe, from the Elbe to Brest, in France, fantry, and Lieut. William Clark, ap- under blockade............May 16, 1806 pointed to explore the Missouri River and Napoleon issues the Berlin Decree seek water communication with the Pacific

Nov. 21, 1806 coast, enter the Missouri River

Second session convenes. .Dec. 1, 1806

May 14, 1804 Treaty with Great Britain signed by Burr, Vice-President, mortally wounds commissioners, but the President did not Alexander Hamilton in a duel at Wee- even send it to the Senate. . Dec. 3, 1806 hawken, N. J., Hamilton having fired in Aaron Burr's supposed conspiracy cul. the air........ ..........July 11, 1804 minates .......................... 1806

Twelfth Amendment being accepted by Burr arrested by Lieutenant Gaines, two-thirds of the States-Massachusetts, near Fort Stoddart, Ala.. Feb. 19, 1807 Connecticut, and Delaware only dissent Act to prohibit import of slaves from ing—is declared ratified.... Sept. 25, 1804 Jan. 1, 1808, passes the House, Feb. 7,

Second session convenes....Nov. 4, 1804 1807, by 113 to 5; approved
Fifth Presidential election

March 2, 1807 Nov. 13, 1804 Duty on salt repealed.. March 3, 1807 Territory of Michigan formed from Ninth Congress adjourns..March 3, 1807 Indiana...................Jan. 11, 1805 Burr brought to Richmond, Va., early in Electoral vote counted.... Feb. 13, 1805

March, 1807 Twenty-five gunboats ordered for the His trial for treason begins there protection of ports and harbors

May 22, 1807 March 2, 1805 British frigate Leopard, fifty guns, [This measure was urged by President Captain Humphreys, fires into the United Jefferson, but proved to be useless.) States frigate Chesapeake, Commodore

Genesee and Buffalo Creek, N. Y., made Barron, off Chesa peake Bay, killing three ports of entry............March 3, 1805 and wounding eight, and takes four sea. Eighth Congress adjourns. March 3, 1805 men, claiming them as British subjects [With this Congress closes the political

June 22, 1807 life of Aaron Burr.)

[Barron was suspended by a court

martial for five years without pay and FIFTH ADMINISTRATION - DEMOCRATIC- emolume

emoluments, for making no resistance and REPUBLICAN, March 4, 1805, to March 3,

surrendering his ship.] 1809.

American ports closed to the Britishi,

and British ships ordered from American Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, President. waters.......................July, 1807

George Clinton, New York, Vice-Presi. First steamboat, the Clermont (Ful. dent.

ton's), starts from New York for Albany Treaty of peace with Tripoli

Sept. 14, 1807 June 3, 1805 Aaron Burr acquitted . . Sept. 15, 1807 Abiel Holmes's American Annals first Tenth Congress, first session, convenes published ......................... 1805

Oct. 26, 1807 Ninth Congress, first session, convenes Speaker of the House, Joseph B. Var.

Dec. 2, 1805 num, Massachusetts. Speaker of the House, Nathaniel Macon, A British “ Order in Council ” forbids North Carolina.

neutral nations to trade with France or Commission authorized to lay out a her allies except under tribute to Great national road from Cumberland, Md., to Britain ........ ........... Nov. 11, 1807 the Ohio River..........March 29, 1806 Napoleon's Milan decree forbids trade

First session adjourns. . April 21, 1806 with England or her colonies, and con.

Leander, a British naval vessel, fires fiscates any vessel paying tribute or subinto an American coaster, the Richard, mitting to English search.... Dec. 17, 1807 Congress authorizes the building of 188 to take measures for their liberation, if gunboats, at a cost of not over $852,000 satisfied that they are entitled to it, is

Dec. 18, 1807 offered in the House; it is lost (61 to Embargo act prohibits foreign com- 61) by the speaker's casting vote merce..................... Dec. 22, 1807

June 14, 1809 Second and more stringent embargo First session (extra) adjourns act (commonly called, reading the title

June 28, 1809 backward, the “ ( grab me act "').

Great Britain not revoking her “Or

Jan. 9. 1808 ders in Council ” of 1807, the President Embargo modified; the President au proclaims the Non-intercourse act still in thorized to permit vessels to transport force towards that country. . Aug. 9, 1809 American property home from foreign David M. Erskine, British minister to ports.......... .............. March 12, 1808 the United States, recalled, and Francis

Army raised to five regiments of in- J. Jackson appointed; arrives fantry, one of riflemen, one of light ar:

September, 1809 tillery and one of light dragoons, to be [British minister F. J. Jackson left enlisted for five years...... April 12, 1808 Washington, and from New York asked

First session adjourns... April 25. 1808 for his passport. His relations with this
Second session convenes.... Nov. 7, 1808 government being unsatisfactory, his re-
Sixth Presidential election. Nov. 8. 1808 call was asked for.]
Territory of Ilinois established

Second session convenes.. Nov. 27, 1809

Feb. 3. 1809 Committee appointed by the House to Electoral vote counted in the House inquire into the charge that Brig.-Gen.

Feb. 8. 1809 James Wilkinson had received a bribe Embargo act repealed. ... March 1, 1809 from the Spanish government; or was an

Non-intercourse act forbids commercial accomplice, or in any way concerned with intercourse with Great Britain, France, the agent of any foreign power, or with and their dependencies after May 20 Aaron Burr............... April 3, 1810

March 1. 1809 General post-office established at WashTenth Congress adjourns Marcb 3, 1809 ington under the Postmaster-General

April 30, 1810

British and French armed vessels exSixth ADMINISTRATION — DEMOCRATIC- cluded from American waters by act ad. REPUBLICAN, March 4, 1809, to March 3, proved ....................May 1, 1810 1813.

Second session adjourns....May 1, 1810 James Madison, Virginia, President.

Napoleon's Rambouillet decree, dated George Clinton, New York, Vice-Presi: March 23, issued.......................May. 1810 dent.

[Ordered the sale of 132 American ves. President proclaims that both England sels captured; worth, with their cargoes, and France have revoked their edicts as $8,000,000.) to neutrals, and terminates the Non-in- France proclaims the revocation of the tercourse act.............. April 19, 1809 Berlin and Milan decrees, to take effect

Eleventh Congress, first session (ex. after ..................... Nov. 1, 1810 tra), convenes.............May 22, 1809 Third session convenes....Dec. 3, 1810

Francisco Miranda, a native of South Recharter of the United States Bank America, aiming to overthrow the Span. passed by the House, 65 to 64; fails in ish power in Caracas, South America, en- the Senate, 17 to 17, by the casting vote gages a vessel, the Leander, and with about of the president of the Senate, George 250 men sails from New York, February, Clinton................... Feb. 20, 1811 1806. Although reinforced by some other Eleventh Congress adjourns vessels, and gaining some advantages, the

March 3, 1811 expedition results in failure. The Ameri. President, United States frigate, fortyeans of the expedition captured by the four guns, Com. John Rodgers commandSpaniards, while confined at Carthagena, ing, meets the British sloop-of-war Little petition their government for relief, June Belt in lat. 37°, about 40 miles off Cape 9. A resolution requesting the President Charles.. .........May 16, 1811

Tuelfth Congress, first session, con Army raised to twenty-five regiments of venes..................... Nov. 4, 1811 infantry, four regiments of artillery, two

Gen. William H. Harrison defeats the regiments of dragoons, and one of rifleIndians under the Prophet at Tippecanoe, men; total, 36,700 on paper..June 26, 1812 within the present State of Indiana

[For a chronological record of the chief

Nov. 7, 1811 battles and naval engagements between the Brig.-Gen. James Wilkinson is tried by United States and Great Britain, see War a general court-martial, convened at OF 1812.] Fredericktown, Md., Sept. 2, and ac. Duties on imports doubled.July 1, 1812 quitted...................Dec. 25, 1811. First session adjourns.....July 6, 1812

Theatre at Richmond burned; the gov. (This Congress had passed 138 acts in ernor and many eminent citizens perish a session of 245 days. In the House (Virginia).............. December, 1811 Josiah Quincy, of Massachusetts, and John

Case of John Henry and the Federal. Randolph, of Roanoke, were the leaders ists of New England; papers laid before in the opposition to the war; Henry Clay, the Senate by the President.. March 9, 1812 of Kentucky, and John C. Calhoun, of

President requested to lay before the South Carolina, in favor of it.] Senate any information, which may be Office of the Federal Republican at Bal. communicated without prejudice to the timore, Md., attacked by a mob, for depublic interest, bearing on the case of nouncing the declaration of war with Eng. John Henry............. March 10, 1812 land.......... June 12 and July 27, 1812

Embargo on all vessels in the United On promise of protection by the miliStates for ninety days..... April 4, 1812 tary, the defenders of the office surrender

Louisiana admitted as the eighteenth and are taken to jail. The mob reassemState, to date from April 30; approved ble and break open the jail; kill General

April 8, 1812 Lingan, an ollicer of the Revolution, and That part of west Florida west of Pearl mangle eleven others, leaving eight for River is annexed to Louisiana

dead......................July 28, 1812

April 14, 1812 [Arrests were made, but no one was George Clinton, Vice-President, dies at punished.]' Washington, aged seventy-three

Great meeting in opposition to the war

April 20, 1812 in New York City; John Jay, Rufus King, President Madison renominated Gouverneur Morris, and other prominent

May 18, 1812 citizens in attendance......Aug. 19, 1812 [Madison is renominated by the Demo- Second session convenes.... Nov. 2, 1812 cratic-Republican party under promise of Presidential election...... Nov. 10, 1812 a declaration of war with England. ] Congress appropriates $2,500,000 to

President sends a war message to Con- build four 74-gun ships and six 44-gun gress......................June 1, 1812 ships.......................Jan. 2, 1813

Report of the minority against the war Electoral vote counted in the Senate presented to the House....June 3, 1812 chamber................... Feb. 10, 1813 Motion to make the debate public lost Total strength of the army, limited by

June 3, 1812 Congress, 58,000; according to the reTerritory of Missouri established turns oi adjutant-general, including staff

June 4, 1812 and regimental officers, 18,945 Cartel ship from Great Britain, with

Feb. 16, 1813 the survivors (two) of the four seamen A proclamation and circular letter from taken by force from the Chesapeake by the governor of Bermuda is laid before the Leopard in 1807, arrives at Boston, Congress by the President, which recites and delivers the men to the United States a “ British Order in Council," providing

June 12, 1812 for colonial trade, with instructions to “ Orders in Council” abandoned hy colonial governors to show special privi. England. ................. June 17, 1812 leges to the Eastern (New England) States War declared against Great Britain

Feb. 24, 1813 (vote in the Senate, 19 to 13; in the Congress passes an act to encourage House, 79 to 49).......... June 18, 1812 vaccination................ Feb. 27, 1813

President vested with the power of re. Henry Clay resigns as Speaker of the taliation on British subjects, soldiers, or House. ...... ...........Jan. 19, 1814 Indians... .........March 3, 1813 [He was appointed one of the peace Twelfth Congress adjourns

commissioners, to meet at Ghent.] March 3, 1813 Langdon Cheves, of South Ca rolina,

elected Speaker ............Jan. 19, 1814 SEVENTH ADMINISTRATION - DEMO- Resolution tabled in Congress for a comCRATIC-REPUBLICAN, March 4, 1813, to mittee to investigate the Blue Lights March 3, 1817.

Jan. 24, 1814

President transmits to the House a reJames Madison, Virginia, President. port from the Secretary of War explain

Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts, Vice ing the failure of the army on the northPresident.

ern frontier ................ Feb. 2, 1814 Russia offers mediation between the Massachusetts forbids the confinement in United States and Great Britain

her jails of persons not committed by her

March, 1813 judicial authorities.......... Feb. 7, 1814 United States divided into nine military [The object was to free herself from condistricts.................March 19, 1813 fining British captives.]

William H. Crawford, Georgia, appoint- Loan of $25,000,000 and an issue of ed to succeed Joel Barlow (dies Dec. 26, treasury notes for $10,000,000 authorized 1812) as minister to France. . April, 1813 by Congress..............March 24, 1814

General Wilkinson takes possession of Brig.-Gen. Wm. Hull is found guilty on the Spanish fort at Mobile. . April 15, 1813 the second and third charges, and sen

Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania, and tenced to be shot (see Jan. 3, 1814) James A. Bayard, Maryland, appointed as

March 26, 1814 peace commissioners with John Quincy (This sentence was approved by the Adams at the Russian court to negotiate President, but the execution remitted.] a peace; they sail...........May 9, 1813 Repeal of the embargo... April 14, 1814

Thirteenth Congress, first session (ex. Congress authorizes the purchase of the tra), convenes..............May 24, 1813 British vessels captured on Lake Erie,

Legislature of Massachusetts remon- Sept. 10, 1813, for $255,000, to be distribstrates against the continuance of the war uted as prize-money among the captors;

July 15, 1813 Com. Oliver H. Perry to be paid $5,000 Congress authorizes the loan of $7,500- in addition.............. April 18, 1814 000.......

...... Aug. 2, 1813 Congress authorizes the collection and Congress lays a direct tax of $3,000,000; preservation of flags, standards, and colnumber of States, eighteen; New York ag. ors captured by the land or naval forces sessed the most, being $430,141.62; Lou- of the United States...... April 18, 1814 isiana the least, $28,295.11. . Aug. 2, 1813Second session adjourns.... April, 1814 First session (extra) adjourns

American commissioners to negotiate a

Aug. 2, 1813 peace with Great Britain: John Quincy Second session convenes.... Dec. 6, 1813 Adams and Jonathan Russell, Massa

Embargo established by Congress until chusetts; Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania; Jan. 1, 1815................Dec. 17, 1813 James A. Bayard, Delaware; and Henry

President Madison orders a general Clay, Kentucky. These commissioners court-martial at Albany, N. Y., upon Brig.- meet Admiral Lord Gambier, Henry GoulGen. Wm. Hull for the surrender of De- bourn, and William Adams, British comtroit........... ..........Jan. 3, 1814 missioners, at Ghent, Belgium An English vessel, the Bramble, under

Aug. 8, 1814 a flag of truce, arrives at Annapolis, Md., Creek Indians, by treaty, surrender a with offers of peace..........Jan. 6, 1814 great part of their territory to the Unit

Congress authorizes increasing the army ed States................... Aug. 9, 1814 to 63,000 regular troops, and five years' Banks in the District of Columbia sus. service.................... January ...........January, 1814 pend......... 10

........... Aug. 27, 1814 Daniel Webster's first speech in the John Armstrong, Secretary of War, re. House on the enlistment bill.Jan. 14, 1814 signs...................... Sept. 3, 1814 IX.- M

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