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Department of Foreign Affairs organ: An act passed by 32 to 29-House-au. ized........ .........July 27, 1789 thorizing the acquisition of the District

Act organizing the War (and Navy) of Columbia for the seat of government Department............... Aug. 7, 1789

July 10, 1790 Gen. Arthur St. Clair appointed governor First national census begun; populaof the Northwest Territory... Aug. 7, 1789 tion enumerated as of....... Aug. 1, 1790 Treasury Department organized

Treaty with the Creek Indians
Sept. 2, 1789

Aug. 7, 1790 This name is changed to State Depart. Tariff bill amended by increasing duties ment..................... Sept. 15, 1789

Aug. 10, 1790 Post-office Department temporarily es. Second session adjourns. . Aug. 12, 1790 tablished................ Sept. 22, 1789 General Harmar's and Colonel Hardin's Office of Attorney-General organized expedition against the Indians defeated

Sept. 24, 1789 in northwestern Ohio....Oct. 17-20, 1790 Supreme Court of the United States es- Third session, Philadelphia, opens tablished, with John Jay, of New York,

Dec. 6, 1790 as chief-justice.......... September, 1789 Vermont, the fourteenth State, ad

Twelve Amendments to the Constitution mitted...................Jan. 18, 1791 submitted to the States for ratification Act incorporating Bank of the United

Sept. 25, 1789 States...................... Feb. 8, 1791 [Ten of these ratified, taking effect (Bank to be at Philadelphia; might Dec. 15, 1791.)

establish branches; chartered for twenty Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, the min- years; capital, $10,000,000.) ister to France, appointed Secretary of An act taxing imported spirits, with State......... ........... Sept. 26, 1789 new duty on domestic spirits....... 1791

First session adjourns... Sept. 29, 1789 First Congress adjourns..March 3, 1791

President visits Northern and Eastern [An able Congrese. In two years it States...............:

..........Oct. 15, 1789 provided a competent revenue, funded the North Carolina ratifies the Constitu- public debt, and gave the young nation tion......................NOV.

.............Nov. 21, 1789 a respectable standing in the world.] Second session meets, New York

Great Britain appoints her first minis

Jan. 4, 1790 er, George Hammond, to the United First annual message from the Presi. States....... ........... Aug. 7, 1791 dent.......................da

..........Jan. 4, 1790 Second Congress, first session, opens Secretary Hamilton reports on the pub at Philadelphia ............Oct. 24, 1791 lic debt....................Jan. 14, 1790 Speaker of the House, Jonathan Trum

(He proposed that the government- bull, of Connecticut. First, Fund and pay the foreign debt of Gen. Arthur St. Clair's expedition the Confederation ($12,000,000); second, against the Indians of Ohio surprised and Fund and pay the domestic debt ($40,- routed.................... Nov. 4, 1791 000,000); third, Assume and pay the un- Congress grants a bounty for fishingpaid war debt ($21,500,000) of the States. vessels.................... Feb. 16, 1792 The last proposition was strongly op- Post-office department reorganized posed, but was finally carried : Senate, 14

Feb. 20, 1792 to 12; House, 34 to 28.]

United States mint established North Carolina cedes her western ter

April 2, 1792 ritory to the United States.. Feb. 25, 1790 Tariff amended..........May 2, 1792 An act ordering a census passed

Laws organizing the militia..May 8, 1792

March 1, 1790 First session adjourns.... . May 8, 1792 Franklin dies at Philadelphia, aged Capt. Robert Gray, in the Columbia, eighty-four............... April 17, 1790 discovers the mouth (lat. 46° 10' N.) of

Act of Congress for the government of the river Columbia .........May 11, 1792 the Southwest Territory...May 26, 1790 Kentucky admitted (the fifteenth State) Rhode Island ratifies the Constitution

June 1, 1792 May 29, 1790 Second session opens at Philadelphia [The last of the thirteen colonies.]

Nov. 5, 1792 Second Presidential election Nov. 6, 1792 nation, under penalty of forfeiture of the President's salary fixed at $25,000 vessel and fine of $2,000.. March 22, 1794

Feb. 8, 1793 In retaliation against England, an em Electoral count.......... Feb. 13, 1793 bargo is laid on all shipping, continued

[George Washington, of Virginia, re- for sixty days.......... March 26, 1794 ceived 132 electoral votes (all); John Senate ceases to sit with closed doors Adams, of Massachusetts, 77 votes; and

March 27, 1794 George Clinton, opposition, 50.]

President nominates John Jay as envoy Second Congress adjourns

extraordinary to England. . April 16, 1794

March 2, 1793 Gouverneur Morris recalled as minister SECOND ADMINISTRATION-FEDERAL

to France, and James Monroe appointed

May 27, 1794 March 4, 1793, o March 3, 1797. An act relating to neutrality passed SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, Philadelphia, Pa.

June 5, 1794 George Washington, Virginia, Presi. Post-office Department permanently esdent.

tablished ..........................1794 John Adams, Massachusetts, Vice- Tariff act of 1792 further amended by President.

increasing the ad valorem rates of duty “ Citizen " Genet of France, as minister

June 7, 1794 to the United States, arrives at Charles. First session adjourns..June 9, 1794 ton, S. C.; warmly received

Whiskey insurrection in western Penn

April 9, 1793 sylvania............July-November, 1794 Eli Whitney invents the cotton - gin; Gen. Anthony Wayne defeats the Indmarked effect on slavery...........1793 ians near Maumee Rapids, in Ohio President issues his celebrated procla

Aug. 20, 1794 mation of neutrality (severely criticised French minister Fanchet's despatch supby the opposition)........ April 22, 1793 posed to compromise Edmund Randolph,

French government directs the seizure Secretary of State, intercepted by the of vessels carrying supplies to an enemy's British, and shown to the United States port.......................May 9, 1793 government; Randolph resigns....... 1794

Great Britain orders her ships-of-war Second session opens at Philadelphia, to stop all vessels laden with French sup. Pa.......... .......... Nov. 3, 1794 plies and turn them into British ports Draft of treaty with England agreed to

June 8, 1793 by John Jay, special envoy.. Nov. 19, 1794 Minister Genet's recall asked for by Stringent naturalization law passed, rethe government............ August, 1793 quiring renunciation of titles of nobility Corner-stone of the United States Cap

Jan. 29, 1795 itol laid by Washington... Sept. 18, 1793 Act passed for gradual redemption of Followers of Jefferson begin to assume public debt....

......... 1795 the name of Republicans, in opposition Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, to the Federalists, under leadership of resigns...................January, 1795 Alexander Hamilton................1793Third Congress adjourns.. March 3, 1795

Third Congress, first session, opens at President calls the Senate together to Philadelphia, Pa............ Dec. 2, 1793 consider the Jay treaty with England Thomas Jefferson retires from State De.

June 8, 1795 partment................ December, 1793 General Wayne's treaty with the Ohio

An amendment (the eleventh) to the Indians at Greenville; they cede 25,000 Constitution approved by Congress, secur- square miles................ Aug. 3, 1795 ing States against suits in the United Washington signs the Jay treaty States courts............. March 5, 1794

Aug. 14, 1795 [Declared in force, Jan. 8, 1798.] Treaty with Algiers to ransom prisoners Act authorizing the construction of six taken by corsairs, and to pay annual tribships-of-war, the foundation of the Unit. ute of $23,000 to the Dey.... Sept. 5, 1795 ed States navy............ March 11, 1794 Treaty with Spain, opening the Mis

An act is passed forbidding any Ameri. sissippi and establishing boundaries can vessel to supply slaves to another

Oct. 20, 1795 Fourth Congress, first session, opens at consider the threatening relations with Philadelphia, Pa............ Dec. 7, 1795 France..................March 25, 1797 Proclamation of the Jay treaty

Fifth Congress, first session (extra),

March 1, 1796 assembles at Philadelphia, Pa. House demands the papers relating to

May 15, 1797 the Jay treaty..........March 24, 1796 Speaker of the House, Jonathan Dayton,

(President declined, the House being no of New Jersey, Federalist. part of the treaty-making power.]

Congress subjects to a fine of $10,000 Jefferson writes the famous “Mazzei and ten years' imprisonment any citizen letter," about............ April 21, 1796 concerned in privateering against a friend.

[The publication of this letter, about a ly nation................. June 14, 1797 year later, severs all friendly relations be Congress authorizes the President to tween Washington and Jefferson.]

raise 80,000 militia for three months—the Fisher Ames's speech before the House quota from Tennessee, the smallest, 806, on the Jay treaty with England

and Massachusetts, the largest, 11,836 April 28, 1796

June 24, 1797 House agrees to sustain Jay's treaty President empowered to employ the

April 30, 1796 frigates Constitution, Constellation, and Tennessee admitted (the sixteenth United States (see 1794)....July 1, 1797 State).....................June 1, 1796 Duties on stamped vellum parchment

First session adjourns....June 1, 1796 and paper, receipts, bonds, bills, insurance
New treaty with the Creek Indians policies, certificates, etc., by act of
June 29, 1796

July 6, 1797 Washington's “ Farewell Address” is. A duty on salt levied ......July 8, 1797 sued, refusing to accept office again

Senate expels William Blount, of Ten

Sept. 19, 1796 nessee......................July 9, 1797 Charles C. Pinckney succeeds James First session adjourns....July 10, 1797 Monroe as minister to France

President appoints John Marshall, of

September, 1796 Virginia, and Elbridge Gerry, of MassaThird Presidential election. Nov, 8, 1796 chusetts, with C. C. Pinckney, as commis.

Second session opens at Philadelphia, sioners to treat with France; they meet Pa........................Dec. 6, 1796 at Paris....................Oct. 4, 1797

Congress assembles in the House for the Commissioners asked to bribe members purpose of counting the electoral vote of French Directory, but indignantly re.

Feb. 8, 1797 fuse. Talleyrand, the French Minister of [At this time was illustrated one of Foreign Affairs, implicated. Mr. Marthe great faults in the Constitution rela. shall and Mr. Pinckney ordered out of tive to the election of President and Vice. France. C. C. Pinckney declared that the President prior to the Twelfth Amend. United States had “millions for defence, ment-Adams, a strong Federalist, Presi: but not one cent for tributc.”] dent, and Jefferson, in direct opposition Second session assembles at Philadel. to that party, Vice-President.)

phia, Pa.................. Nov. 13, 1797 Charles C. Pinckney, United States min. · First personal encounter in Congress ister, not received by the French govern- between Matthew Lyon, of Vermont, and ment, leaves France. ..... February, 1797 Roger Griswold, of Connecticut; the Fourth Congress adjourns

House fails to censure or punish
March 3, 1797

Feb. 12-15, 1798

Mississippi Territory organized THIRD ADMINISTRATION-FEDERAL.

April 3, 1798 March 4, 1797, to March 3, 1801. Congress makes provision for the gove SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, Philadelphia, un. ernment of the Territory of Mississippi til :800, then transferred to Washington.

April 7, 1798 John Adams, Massachusetts, President. Navy Department organized Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, Vice-Presi.

April 30, 1798 dent.

Secretary of the Navy appointed Special session of Congress called to

May 3, 1798 Harper's Ferry selected as site for a Act to regulate the collection of duties government armory and manufactory and tonnage, and to establish ports of

May 4, 1798 entry.....................March 2, 1799 Congress authorizes a provisional army, Estimates for the year amount to over and empowers the President, in case of an $13,000,000 ........................1799 actual declaration of war or invasion, to Fifth Congress adjourns.. March 3, 1799 enlist, for three years, 10,000 men

Upon assurance from France that a

May 28, 1798 representative from the United States will Congress authorizes the President to in- be received with the “respect due a powerstruct commanders of ships-of-war to seize ful nation,” President nominates William French armed vessels attacking American Van Murray as minister to France, and merchantmen or hovering about the coast associates with him Chief Justice Ellsfor that purpose. .......... May 28, 1798 worth, of Connecticut, and Governor Song “ Hail, Columbia !" first sung D avie, of North Carolina; all are received

May, 1798 by Napoleon, first consul.. March 30, 1799 Imprisonment for debt abolished

Sixth Congress, first session, assembles

June 6, 1798 at Philadelphia, Pa..........Dec. 2, 1799 Commercial intercourse with France Speaker of the House, Theodore Sedg. suspended.................June 12, 1798 wick, Massachusetts.

Washington accepts appointment as. George Washington dies.. Dec. 14, 1799 commander-in-chief, with rank of lieu. Eulogy before Congress by Henry Lee, of tenant-general.............June 17, 1798 Virginia, calling him “ First in war, first Uniform rule of naturalization adopted in peace, and first in the hearts of his

June 18, 1798 countrymen ”.............. Dec. 26, 1799 President announces the failure of the United States frigate Constellation, commission sent to France to make peace Com. Thomas Truxtun, defeats the French

June 21, 1798 frigate La Vengeance........ Feb. 1, 1800 Alien act passed (alien and sedition General bankruptcy act.... April 4, 1800 laws).....................June 25, 1798 Territory of Indiana organized All French treaties declared void

May 7, 1800 July 6, 1798 Stricter law against the slave-trade [The tenor of judicial opinion has been

May 10, 1800 that France and the United States were Congress establishes four land offices for not at war, although naval engagements the sale of public lands in the Northtook place.]

west Territory (Ohio)......May 10, 1800 Marine corps first organized by act of Connecticut resigns jurisdiction over

July 11, 1798 the Western Reserve.......May 13, 1800 Sedition laws passed (alien and sedi. First session (last meeting in Phila. tion laws).................July 14, 1798 delphia) adjourns..........May 14, 1800

Second session adjourns..July 16, 1798 President Adams removes Timothy

By treaty the Cherokees allow a free Pickering, Secretary of State, and James passage through their lands in Tennessee McHenry, Secretary of War. ...May, 1800 to all travellers on the road to Kentucky United States government removes from passing through Cumberland Gap

Philadelphia to the new capital, Wash

Oct. 2, 1798 ington.......................July, 1800 Trial of Matthew Lyon, of Vermont, Frigate George Washington, Capt. Will. before Judge Patterson, under the sedition iam Bainbridge, carries to Algiers the law............

.............Oct. 7, 1798 Dey's tribute-money, and is required to Third session assembles at Philadelphia, carry the Dey's ambassador to ConPa ........ ..............Dec. 3, 1798 stantinople............. September, 1800

United States frigate Constellation, Envoys to France negotiate a convention Com. Thomas Truxtun, captures the for eight years, preventing open war French ship-of-war L'Insurgente off the

Sept. 30, 1800 island of St. Kitts.......... Feb. 9, 1799 (Ratified by France, July 31, 1801, and General Post-office established by act of by the United States, Dec. 19, 1801. Un

March 2, 1799 der this treaty the claims for indemnity,

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