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Ketchum, U. S. A., at Washington, June Elliott at Frankfort, Ky.; acquitted on 28, 1871; acquitted

ground of insanity; trial......July, 1879 Dec. 4, 1871-Jan. 24, 1872 Whittaker, colored cadet at West Point, George C. Barnard (judge of Supreme by military court for injuring himself on Court, New York) impeached, May 13, pretence of being hurt by others, April 6; for corruption, and deposed

expelled ...........................1880

Aug. 18, 1872 Lieutenant Flipper, colored, by military Captain Jack and three other Modoc court, for embezzlement and false stateIndians tried, July 3, for the massacre of ments, November, 1881; dismissed from Gen. E. R. S. Canby, U. S. A., and Rev. the service. ........................1882 Dr. Thomas (commissioner), April 11; Charles J. Guiteau, for the assassination convicted and hanged at Fort Klamath, of President Garfield; convicted, Feb. 26; Or......

.........Oct. 3, 1873 hanged.................... June 30, 1882 Edward S. Stokes, for the murder of Star Route trials.................1882 James Fisk, Jr., in New York, Jan. 6. John Cockrill, managing editor of the 1872; first jury disagree, June 19, 1872; St. Louis Post-Despatch, for fatally shootsecond trial (guilty and sentenced to be ing Colonel Slayback; acquitted hanged Feb. 28, 1873), Dec. 18, 1872-Jan.

Oct. 13, 1882 6, 1873; third trial (guilty of man- Débris suit (California), decided against slaughter in third degree; sentence, four hydraulic miners, Judge Sawyer, of the years in prison at Sing Sing)

United States court, San Franc.. co, Cal.,

Oct. 13-29, 1873 granting a perpetual injunction W. M. Tweed, for frauds upon the city

Jan. 7, 1884 and county of New York; sentenced to William Berner, convicted at Cincinnati twelve years' imprisonment.. Nov. 19,1873 of manslaughter in killing William H.

A. Oakey Hall, ex-mayor of New York, Kirk..................... March 28, 1884 for complicity with the Tweed “ring” [Beruer was a confessed murderer; the frauds; jury disagree, March 1-21, 1872; verdict of manslaughter, when twenty unsecond trial, jury disagree, Nov. l; ac- tried murderers were in the city jail, led quitted...................Dec. 24, 1873 to a six days' riot, during which the court

David Swing, for heresy before the Chi- house and other buildings were set on fire, cago Presbytery, April 15 et seq., in forty-five persons were killed, and 138 intwenty-eight specifications by Prof. Fran- jured.] cis L. Patton; acquitted after a long trial Brig.-Gen. D. G. Swaim, judge-advocate

1874 general of the army, tried by court-martial [Professor Swing withdrew from the for attempt to defraud a banking firm in Presbyterian Church and formed an inde- Washington, and failing to report an army pendent congregation.]

officer who had duplicated his pay acTheodore Tilton v. Henry Ward Beecher, count; sentenced to suspension from duty for adultery, Brooklyn, N. Y.; jury dis- for twelve years on half-pay; trial opens agree; case ended..........July 2, 1875

Nov. 15, 1884 Jesse Pomeroy, the Boston boy mur. James D. Fish, president of the Maderer, for killing of Horace W. Millen, rine Bank, of New York, secretly conApril 22, 1874, supposed to be Pomeroy's nected with the firm of Grant & Ward, fourth victim......................1875 convicted of misappropriation of funds,

Gen. 0. E. Babcock, private secretary April 11, and sentenced to ten years at of President Grant, tried at St. Louis for hard labor in Sing Sing, N. Y. complicity in whiskey frauds; acquitted

June 27, 1885 Feb. 7, 1876 Ferdinand Ward, of the suspended firm W. W. Belknap, United States Secre- of Grant & Ward, New York City, indicttary of War, impeached; acquitted e d for financial frauds, June 4; convict

'Aug. 1, 1876 ed and sentenced to ten years at hard John D. Lee, for the Mountain Meadow labor in Sing Sing........Oct. 31, 1885 massacre, Sept. 15, 1857; convicted and

[Released, April 30, 1892.] executed............... March 23, 1877 Henry W. Jaehne, vice-president of the Col. Thomas Buford, for killing Judge New York common council, for receiving


a bribe to support Jacob Sharp's Broad. “ triangle," and condemned to death by way surface road on Aug. 30, 1884; sen- them for accusing them of embezzling tence, nine years and ten months in Sing funds allotted for dynamiting in England Sing.................

...............May 20, 1886 in February, May 4), found murdered at Alfred Packer, one of six miners, who Lake View, Chicago........ May 22, 1889 killed and ate his companions when stary. Coroner's jury declare the murder to ing in their camp on the site of Lake be the result of a conspiracy, of which City, Col., in 1874; convicted at New Alexander Sullivan, P. O'Sullivan, Daniel York of manslaughter, and sentenced to Coughlin, and Frank Woodruff (connected forty years' imprisonment. . August, 1886 with the Clan-na-Gael) were the prin

Trial of Jacob Sharp; found guilty of cipals. Alexander Sullivan and others arbribery and sentenced to four years' im- rested, June 12; Sullivan released on high prisonment and a fine of $5,000.

............ June 15, 1889 July 14, 1887 Martin Burke arrested at Winnipeg, [Sentence reversed by court of ap- Canada, indicted about June 20. The peals.)

grand jury at Chicago, after sixteen days' Anarchists at Chicago: Twenty-two in- investigation, indict Martin Burke, John dicted, May 27, 1886; seven convicted of F. Beggs, Daniel Coughlin, Patrick O'Sul. murder, Aug. 20; four (Spies, Parsons, livan, Frank Woodruff, Patrick Cooney, Fischer, and Engel) hanged; and one and John Kunz, with others unknown, of (Lingg) commits suicide. . Nov. 11, 1887 conspiracy and of the murder of Patrick

[Governor Altgeld pardoned all the an: Henry Cronin..............June 29, 1889 archists (Schwab, Neebe, and Fielden) in Coughlin, Burke, O'Sullivan, Kunz, and prison, June 26, 1893.]

Beggs, for murder of Cronin in Chicago, City of New Orleans against adminis. May 6; trial begins Aug. 30; the first tratrix of the estate of Myra Clark three are sentenced to imprisonment for Gaines, deceased, Jan. 9, 1885, in Su- life, Kunz for three years, and Beggs dis. preme Court of United States; judgment charged........ .......... Dec. 16, 1889 against the city for over $500,000

(Second trial of Daniel Coughlin began

May 13, 1889 Nov. 3, 1893; acquitted by jury, March 8, [About 1836 Myra Clark Gaines filed 1894.] a bill in equity to recover real estate in Commander B. H. McCalla, of United the possession of the city of New Or. States steamship Enterprise, by court. leans. Her father, Daniel Clark, who died martial for malfeasance and cruelty, April in New Orleans a reputed bachelor, Aug. 22, on finding of a court of inquiry held in 16, 1813, by will dated May 20, 1811, gave Brooklyn navy-yard, March 11, suspended the property to his mother, and by mem- from rank and duty for three years, senorandum for a will (which was never tence approved by Secretary Tracy found) made in 1813, gave it to his

May 15, 1890 daughter Myra. The latter will was re. Dr. T. Thacher Graves, for murder of ceived by the Supreme Court of Louisiana Mrs. Josephine Barnaby, of Providence, Feb. 18, 1856, and the legitimacy of Myra R. I., by poison, at Denver, Col......1891 questioned. Judge Billings, of the United (While awaiting his second trial he comStates circuit court at New Orleans, ren- mitted suicide in the county jail at Dendered a decision which recognized the pro- ver, Sept. 3, 1893.) bate of the will of 1813, in April, 1877; Rev. Charles A. Briggs, charged by the an appeal was taken, and in 1883 judg. presbytery of New York, Oct. 5, 1891, ment was again given in favor of Mrs. with teaching doctrines “which conflict Gaines for $1,925,667 and interest. The irreconcilably with, and are contrary to, final appeal, June, 1883, resulted as above, the cardinal doctrines taught in the Holy In 1861 the value of the property was Scriptures," in an address at the Union estimated at $35,000,000.]

Theological Seminary in New York, Jan. Dr. Patrick Henry Cronin, Irish dyna- 20, 1891; case dismissed, Nov. 4; prosecut. mite nationalist (expelled from the Clan- ing committee appeal to the general as. na-Gael, and denounced as a spy by Alex. sembly, Nov. 13; judgment reversed and ander Sullivan and the leaders, termed the case remanded to the presbytery of New

York for new trial, May 30, 1892; Pro- resigned in 1832 and became a civil en. fessor Briggs acquitted after a trial of gineer; was with various railroads as nineteen days..............Dec. 30, 1892 chief engineer till the outbreak of the Civil

John Y. McKane, Gravesend, L. I., for War, when he took command of the nonelection frauds; convicted and sentenced uniformed volunteers recruited to defend to Sing Sing for six years... Feb. 19, 1894 Baltimore from Northern soldiers. In

Miss Madeline V. Pollard, for breach of the same year he was made colonel of promise, against Representative W. C. P. engineers in Virginia and directed the Breckinridge, of Kentucky; damages, $50,- construction of the field works and forts 000; trial begun March 8, 1894, at Wash: at Norfolk; was promoted brigadier-gen. ington, D. C.; verdict of $15,000 for Miss eral on finishing that work, and then took Pollard, Saturday......... April 14, 1894 charge of the location and construction

Patrick Eugene Prendergast, for the of the batteries at Evansport on the murder of Carter Harrison, mayor of Chi. Potomac River. With these batteries he cago, Oct. 28, 1893; plea of defence, in- blockaded the river against United States sanity; jury find him sane and he is vessels during the winter of 1861-62. banged...................July 13, 1894 He also participated and won distinc

Eugene V. Debs, president American tion in various battles, including Gaines's Railroad Union, charged with conspiracy Mills, Slaughter's Mountain, Second Bull in directing great strike on the Western Run, Chancellorsville, etc.; was promoted railroads, and acquitted.............1894 major-general for gallantry and merito.

[He was sentenced to six months' im- rious services April 23, 1863. During the prisonment for contempt of court in vio- third day of the action at Gettysburg le lating its injunction in 1895.)

lost a leg, was captured, and held a pris. William R. Laidlaw, Jr., v. Russell oner at Johnson's Island for twenty-one Sage, for personal injuries at time of months before being exchanged. After bomb explosion in the latter's office, Dec. the war he settled in Baltimore, Md., where 4, 1891; suit brought soon afterwards; he died, Jan. 2, 1888. plaintiff awarded heavy damages by Trimble, ROBERT, jurist; born in Berkejury: defendant appealed; case still in the ley county, Va., in 1777; removed with courts.

his parents to Kentucky in 1780; studied Leon Czolgosz indicted in Buffalo for law and began practice in 1803; appointed murder of President McKinley, Sept. 16, second judge of the court of appeals in 1901; tried Sept. 23-24; found guilty on 1808; and chief-justice of Kentucky in second day; executed in Auburn (N. Y.) 1810; was United States judge for Kenprison....................Oct, 29, 1901 tucky in 1816-26, and was then appointed

Trimble, ALLEN, statesman; born in a justice of the United States Supreme Augusta county, Va., Nov. 24, 1783; re- Court. He died Aug. 25, 1828. moved to Lexington, Ky., in 1784; and Trimble, WILLIAM A., legislator; born later settled in Highland county, O., where in Woodford, Ky., April 4, 1786; gradhe was clerk of the courts and recorder uated at Transylvania College; admitted in 1809-16; was in command of a mount to the bar and began practice in Highed regiment under Gen. William Henry land, O., in 1811; was adjutant of his Harrison in 1812-13; served in both brother Alien's regiment in the campaign branches of the State legislature in 1816- against the Pottawattomie Indians in 26; was acting governor of Ohio in 1821- 1812; became major of Ohio volunteers in 22; governor in 1826–30; and president of 1812, and major of the 26th United States the first State board of agriculture in Infantry in 1813; brevetted lieutenant1846–48. He died in Hillsboro, O., Feb. colonel in 1814 for gallantry in the en

gagement at Fort Erie; was transferred Trimble, ISAAC RIDGEWAY, military to the 8th Infantry in 1815; and resigned officer; born in Culpeper county, Va., May March 1, 1819. He was United States 15, 1802; graduated at the United States Senator from 1819 till his death in WashMilitary Academy in 1822, and was as. ington, D. C., Dec. 13, 1821. signed the duty of surveying the military Tri-mountain, the name first given to road from Washington to the Ohio River; Boston, Mass.

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Trinity Church. The first Episcopal ranean. His flag-ship was the President, church organized in the province of New He sailed from Hampton Roads, reached York was called in its charter (1697) Gibraltar July 1, and soon after the Bey “ The Parish of Trinity Church.” The had declared war he appeared before wardens and vestrymen first chosen in- Tripoli, having captured a Tripolitan ciuded several members of the King's corsair on the way. The Bey was astoncouncil. The following are the names of ished, and the little American squadron the first officers of the church: Bishop cruising in the Mediterranean made the of London, rector; Thomas Wenham and Barbary States more circumspect. RecogRobert Lurting, wardens; Caleb Heath. nizing the existence of war with Tripoli, cote, William Merret, John Tudor, James the United States government ordered a Emott, William Morris, Thomas Clarke, squadron, under Commodore Richard V. Ebenezer Wilson, Samuel Burt, James Morris, to relieve Dale. The Chesapeake Evets, Nathaniel Marston, Michael How. was the commodore's flag-ship. The vesden, John Crooke, William Sharpas, Law- sels did not go in a body, but proceeded rence Read, David Jamison, William one after another, between February Hudleston, Gabriel Ludlow, Thomas Bur- (1801) and September. Early in May, roughs, John Merret, and William Jane- the Boston, after taking the United States way, vestrymen. In 1705 a tract of land minister (R. R. Livingston) to France, known as “ The Queen's Farm” extended blockaded the port of Tripoli. There she (on the west side of Broadway) from St. was joined by the frigate Constellation, Paul's Chapel (Vesey Street and Broad- while the Essex blockaded two Tripolitan way) along the river to Skinner Road, now corsairs at Gibraltar. The Constellation, Christopher Street. This farm was then left alone, had a severe contest not long totally unproductive. Money was col- afterwards with seventeen Tripolitan gunlected for the building of the church. It boats and some land batteries, which were was a small square edifice then on the severely handled. banks of the Hudson River. It was en Another naval expedition was sent to larged in 1737 to 148 feet in length, in- the Mediterranean in 1803, under the comcluding the tower and chancel, and to 72 mand of Com. Edward Preble, whose flag. feet in width. The steeple, which was not ship was the Constitution. The other ves. completed until 1772, was 175 feet in sels were the Philadelphia, Argus, Siren, height. The building was consumed in the Nautilus, Vixen, and Enterprise. The great fire of 1776. It was rebuilt in 1788, Philadelphia, Captain Bainbridge, sailed in taken down in 1839, and on May 21, 1816, July, and captured a Moorish corsair off the present edifice was consecrated. The Tangier, holding an American merchant corporation of Trinity Church still holds a vessel. Preble arrived in August, and, portion of the land of the Queen's Farm, going to Tangier, demanded an explanafrom which a large income is derived. tion of the Emperor of Morocco, who disThat corporation has contributed gener- claimed the act and made a suitable apolously towards the building and support. Ogy. Then he proceeded to bring Tripoli to ing of churches in various parts of the terms. Soon afterwards the Philadelphia country and carrying on Christian work fell into the hands of the Tripolitans. of various kinds.

Little further of much interest occurred Tripoli, War with. In the autumn of until early in 1804, when the boldness of 1800, the ruler of Tripoli, learning that the Americans in destroying the Philathe United States had paid larger gross delphia in the harbor of Tripoli greatly sums to his neighbors (see AlgieRS) than alarmed the Bey (see PHILADELPHIA, to himself, demanded an annual tribute, THE). For a while Preble blockaded his and threatened war in case it was refused. port; and in July, 1804, he entered the In May, 1801, he caused the flag-staff of harbor (whose protection lay in heavy the American consulate to be cut down, batteries mounting 115 guns) with his and proclaimed war June 10. In antici- squadron. The Tripolitans also had in pation of this event, the American goy- the harbor nineteen gunboats, a brig, two ernment had sent Commodore Richard schooners, and some galleys, with 25,000 Dale with a squadron to the Mediter- soldiers on the land. A sheltering reef

afforded further protection. These formi- gunboat Number Four) alongside the dable obstacles did not dismay Preble. On largest of those of the enemy, and boarded Aug. 3 he opened a heavy cannonade and and captured her after a fierce struggle. bombardment from his gunboats, which After the Americans had sunk or capt


ured six of the Tri. politan vessels, and inflicted a heavy loss of life on the enemy, they withdrew, but resumed

the attack four days later (Aug. 7). After the loss of a gunboat and ten men, the Americans again withdrew; but renewed the attack on the 24th, without any important

result. A fourth attack was A STREET SCENE IN TRIPOLL.

made on the 28th, and, after a

sharp conflict, the American alone could get near enough for effective squadron again withdrew, and lay at service. A severe conflict ensued. Finally, anchor off the harbor until Sept. 2, when Lieutenant Decatur laid kis vessel (the a fifth attack was made. A floating mine,

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