« AnteriorContinuar »
And say in thunder-Achilles, go to him.
Nest. O, this is well; he rubs the vein of him. [Aside. Dio. And how his silence drinks up this applause !
[Aside. Ajax. If I go to him, with my arm'd fist I'll pash him Over the face.
Agam. O, no, you shall not go.
pride : 5 Let me go to him.
Ulyss. Not for the worth that hangs upon our quarrel.
How he describes Himself!
[ Aside. Ajax. Can he not be sociable? Ulyss.
The raven Chides blackness.
I'll pash him
“ — when the batt'ring ram
“ Me with his horns to pieces.” Again, in Churchyard's Challenge, 1596, p. 91: “ - the pot which goeth often to the water comes home with a knock, or at length is pashed all to pieces.” Reed. s p heeze his pride :] To pheeze is to comb or curry.
Johnson. Mr. Steevens has explained the word Feaze, as Dr. Johnson does, to mean the untwisting or unravelling a knotted skain of silk or thread. I recollect no authority for this use of it. To feize is to drive away; and the expression-I'll feize his pride, may signify, I'll humble or lower his pride. See Vol. VI, p. 11, n. 1.
Whalley. To comb or curry, undoubtedly, is the meaning of the word here, Kersey, in his Dictionary, 1708, says that it is a sea-term, and that it signifies, to separate a cable by untwisting the ends; and Dr. Johnson gives a similar account of its original meaning. (See the reference at the end of the fore going note. But whatever may bave been the origin of the expression, it undoubtedly signified, in our author's time, to beat, knock, strike, or whip. Cole, in his Latin Dictionary, 1679, renders it, flagellare, virgis cædere, as he does to feage, of which the modern school-boy term, to fag, is a corruption. Malone.
6 Not for the worth - ] Not for the value of all for which we are fighting. Johnson.
I will let his humours blood.?
[Aside. Ajax. An all men Were o' my mind, —
Ulyss. Wit would be out of fashion. [Aside.
Ajax. He should not bear it so,
He'd have ten shares. Aside. Ajax. I'll knead him, I will make him supple: .. Nest. He's not yet thorough warm: force him with
praises: 9 Pour in, pour in; his ambition is dry.
Aside. Ulyss. My lord, you feed too much on this dislike.
[T. AGAM. Nest. O noble general, do not do so. Dio. You must prepare to fight without Achilles.
Ulyss. Why, 'tis this naming of him does him harm. Here is a man-But 'tis before his face; I will be silent. Nest.
Wherefore should you so?
7 1 will let his humours blood.7 In the year 1600 a collection of Epigrams and Satires was published with this quaint title: The Letting of Humours Blood in the Head-vaine. Malone. 8 He'll be physician, ] Old copies--the physician. Steedens. 9 I'll knead him, &c.] Old copy: Ajax. I'll knead him, I'll make him supple, he's not yet
Nest. — force him with praises : &c. The latter part of Ajax's speech is certainly got out of place, and ought to be assigned to Nestor, as I have ventured to transpose it. Ajax is feeding on his vanity, and boasting what he will do to Achilles; he'll pash him o'er the face, he'll make him eat swords, he 'll knead him, he 'll supple him, &c. Nestor and Ulysses slily labour to keep him up in this vein; and to this end Nestor craftily hints that Ajax is not warm yet, but must be crammed with more flattery. Theobald.
Nestor was of the same opinion with Dr. Johnson, who, speaking of a metaphysical Scotch writer, said, that he thought there was “as much charity in helping a man down hill as up hill, if his tendency be downwards." See Boswell's Tour to the Hebrides, third edit. p. 245. Malone.
force him -] i.e. stuff him. Farcir, Fr. So again, in this play: ' - malice forced with wit.” Steevens.
He is not emulous, as Achilles is.
Uly88. Know the whole world, he is as valiant.
Ajaz. A whoreson dog, that shall palterthus with us! I would, he were a Trojan! Nest.
What a vice
If he were proud?
Ay, or surly borne? .
i He is not emulous,] Emulous is here used, in an ill sense, for en dious. See p. 77, n. 9. Malone
Emulous, in this instance, and perhaps in some others, may well enough be supposed to signify-jealous of higher authority.
Steevens. 2 that shall palter -] That shall juggle with us, or fiy from his engagements. So, in Julius Cesar:
"— what other band
“ And will not palter ?” Malone. 3— she that gave thee suck:) This is from St. Luke, xi, 27 : “Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked.” Steevens.
4 - beyond all erudition:] Thus the folio. The quartos, erroneously:
- beyond all thy erudition. Steevens. 5 Bull-beuring Milo his addition yield-1 i.e. yield his titles, his celebrity for strength. Addition, in legal language, is the title given to each party, showing his degree, occupation, &c. as esquire, gentleman, yeoman, merchant, &c.
Our author here, as usual, pays no regard to chronology. Milo of Croton lived long after the Trojan war. Malone 6 — like a bourn,] A bourn is a boundary, and sometimes a
Thy spacious and dilated parts: Here's Nestor,
Ajax. Shall I call you father?
Be rul'd by him, lord Ajax.
Agam. Go we to council. Let Achilles sleep: Light boats sail swift, though greater hulks draw deep.
sivulet dividing one place from another. So, in King Lear, Act III, sc. vi:
“ Come o'er the bourn, Bessy, to me." See note on this passage. Steevens. * A rivulet is called a burn in Scotland at the present day.
Am. Id. 7 Ajax. Shall I call you father? · Nest. Ay, my good son. In the folio and in the modern edi. tions Ajax desires to give the title of father to Ulysses; in the quarto, more naturally, to Nestor. Johnson.
Shakspeare had a custom prevalent about his own time in his thoughts. Ben Jonson had many who called themselves his sons.
Mr. Vaillant adds, that Cotton dedicated his Treatise on Fishing to his father Walton; and that Ashmole, in his Diary, observes « April 3. Mr. William Backhouse, of Swallowfield, in com. Berks, caused me to call him father thenceforward.” Steevens.
8 Fresh kings are come to Troy: &c.] We might complete this imperfect verse by reading:
Fresh king's are come to succour Troy: &c. So, Spenser: “ To succour the weak state of sad amicted Troy."
Steevens. I draw deep.] So, in the Prologue to this play:
" the deep-drawing barks.” Steevens.
ACT III.....SCENE I.
Enter PANDARUS and a Servant. Pan. Friend! you! pray you, a word: Do not you fol. low the young lord Paris?
Serv. Ay, sir, when he goes before me.
Pan. You do depend upon a noble gentleman; I must needs praise him.
Serv. The lord be praised!
Pan. Grace! not so, friend; honour and lordship are my titles:- What musick is this?
Serv. I do but partly know, sir; it is musick in parts.
Pan. Friend, we understand not one another; I am too courtly, and thou art too cunning: At whose request do these men play?
Serv. That's to 't, indeed, sir: Marry, sir, at the request of Paris my lord, who is there in person; with
1 I hope, I shall know your honour better.] The servant means to quibble. He hopes that Pandarus will become a better man than he is at present. In his next speech he chooses to understand Pandarus as if be had said he wished to grow better, and hence the servant affirms that he is in the state of grace. The second of these speeches has been pointed, in the late editions, as if he had asked, of what rank Pandarus was. Malone.