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of a committee of the Board, it was believed have any adequate notion of what an operathat the work among those tribes had reached tion it is for an Indian to learn English. The a point where it might properly be handed ideas of many persons on this subject are over to the Board of Home Missions. In formed from what they have seen in a band accordance with this conclusion a tender of of fifty or sixty chosen boys and girls in these missions was made to the Home Board some one of the great Indian schools at the and accepted, subject to the approval of the East, and very likely from ten or twelve of General Assembly. The Assembly at Omaha the brightest picked from this chosen fifty. having given its approval, the formal trans- And where do even these scholars come fer will be made July 1. No part of the from? Most of them from mission schools work among our American Indians has more on the far-off reservations, where they have deeply interested the Board of Foreign Mis- already had their first roughness taken off, sions than that in the Indian Territory. In- and been put fairly on the track of knowl. deed, it was here, in the days preceding the edge, not taught in English always, butcivil war, that the Board achieved its grand- which is half the battle-receiving the desires est results among the aborigines of this coun- and the habits without which they could try. It is not, therefore, without reluctance never have been taught anything. Years that it severs its official connection with such of work have been expended on many of a field and with brethren who have been them before they ever came east; years counted among its most efficient laborers. more are given to them here; and yet, in In taking this step, however, the Board finds the majority even of these cases, let John P. comfort in the thought that the work has Williamson or Albert Riggs step out and been committed to a sister Board whose ef- speak to the Sioux among them, for example, forts in behalf of the American Indians give in their native tongue of the things of God, assurance in advance of a wise and zealous and the way in which they will lift up their prosecution of the work.
heads, and the new intelligence and feeling
and delight which will instantly flash from MISSIONS TO THE CHINESE AND JAPANESE their eyes, will tell any spectator that these IN THIS COUNTRY.
words are falling on their hearts, and that in SAN FRANCISCO: Mission begun, 1852; mission comparison they have before heard nothing. ary laborers-Rev. Messrs. Augustus W. Loomis, But turn from any question about these D.D., and A. J. Kerr and their wives, and E. W. Sturge, M.D., and wife ; Miss Maggie Culbertson, picked youth to the real question :—How Miss E. R. Cable and Miss M. M. Baskin; three
are we to deal with the thousands and scores teachers in English ; three other native helpers. of thousands of Indians too dull or too old OAKLAND : Mission begun, 1877; two teachers;
ever to learn English? It is an absolute one native helper. LOS ANGELES: Rev. I. M. Condit and wife; one
waste of time for religious purposes to atnative helper; two teachers in English.
tempt to teach them that enormously-diffiPORTLAND, Oregon : Rev. W. S. Holt and wife ; cult tongue. If they can spell out a letter one Bible-woman.
or read a vote or get the little arithmetic NEW YORK: One native teacher,
needed to make a bargain, it is well, and we
may be thankful; but if their seeing heaven THE“ENGLISH” JACK O’LANTERN.
depends on their understanding one single “Teach the Indians English " is the cry chapter of the Bible in the English, multinowadays. The advice is good so far as it tudes will die without the sight. And how goes. We would have the children study absurd to make fifty or a hundred thouEnglish, but for the purpose of helping them sand savages all learn our tongue, instead or their fathers and mothers toward heaven, of selecting a few of our brightest Caucasan hour of their vernacular is worth a cycle ian minds, as we do in Africa, to master of any other tongue. So it is for effective work theirs, and then turn into it all needed in any efforts whatever to enlighten and ele- wealth of truth! vate them. The truth is that few among us “Oh, but we must Americanize them !" it is said. Well, a very good stroke, none graves on every hill-top of our reservations better, in Americanizing a raw Indian, of those who during the past fifty years is to teach him the Ten Commandments. have died in heathen ignorance, cry out What he needs is some American ideas against this insufferably slow and absurd thoroughly understood, not a few Amer procedure. They plead with every missioncan words less than half understood. This, ary on every Indian reservation to make at any rate, is the way to begin with haste and learn the Indian tongue, to learn him. What an indescribable advantage it it himself, and, if it has not been done, to has been to the Sioux that our first mission- reduce it to writing, and put into it without aries proceeded on this principle, learned delay the vital rudiments, at least, of Christheir language, reduced it to writing, put tian knowledge. The fact that these tribes the whole Bible into it, the Catechism, Pil- are in America instead of Africa does not grim's Progress, gave them Sioux spelling- alter the case one particle when we are books and readers, told them in their own dealing with the question how they can be tongue what the really American ideas were, most quickly and clearly taught the truth explained away their suspicions ten thou- which it is death for them not to know. sand times, set themselves, at least, right They are in Africa so far as the gospel is before their councils in days of robbery and concerned until in their own tongue they wrong, and now publish for them in their hear and read of Christ. The fact that they own language a little monthly paper, add- are comparatively few in number, instead ing every day to their stock of American of numbering millions, does not alter the news and ideas, to say nothing of Christian principles and methods of the case, although knowledge. What is the result? Two it has made our Christian young men too thousand of them gathered into the Chris- far forget them. tian church and twice that number civil- The whites around the Indians, and someized.
Americanize them ? A man who times the missionaries among them, comhas become a good Presbyterian, has plain of the continued proclivity of the Infenced a farm and makes a living from it, dians for their dances and feasts. Even carries the baby to church instead of mak- many of those on whom some Christian iming his wife carry it, and takes even a pressions seem to have been made, it is monthly newspaper and pays for it, is a found, hanker at times after these scenes of pretty good American already. An excel- half-savage and heathenish sport. But what lent start he has made—so excellent that it in the world could we expect of these poor will take some time for a large part of the creatures? No one who has not been on an American people to catch up with him. And Indian reservation can easily conceive how he will not stop there. What he has learned monotonous and intolerably dull and unin Dakota is the very thing to whet his eventful life there is even for an Indian. appetite for the larger knowledge he can He is deprived of all the old excitement of yet learn in English. He will be sure to the hunt, the chase, the foray. Here, in the learn it if it is in him, and at all events he midst of miles where scarcely a rabbit hops will see that his children do.
across the trail, is a big, square stone buildThat same process which has been wit- ing, where on ration days he-or more nessed among the Dakotas, or Sioux, ought likely his squaw-trudges and gets his raw to have been carried on in every Indian beef, his beans and coffee, and then trudges tribe. It is an occasion for deep and poig- back to his far-off log hut or tepee. There nant regret that in the case of so many a wood-pile, a few rusty, dilapidated impletribes precious years have been lost in the ments, and a few forlorn acres of corn field, pursuit of such a fantasy as teaching these in a hollow surrounded by bare and lonely poor savages English, and insisting that hills, make up his environment. In the they should learn everything else, even the winter it is worse-one great, bleak stretch way to heaven, through English. The of stillness and death. Now, an Indian may not be very intellectual, but after all plainly among the Omahas. This tribe aphe is a man, and even a dog would die of pears to have been a favorite source of suplonesomeness in such a lite. One great ply with these exhibitors. A very large trouble is that the Indian has nothing in proportion of the young men of the Omathe world to talk about, or even to think has—the larger part of them, our missionabout. Any one can see that, although it aries say-have at some time or other been would not be a remedy, it would be a won
connected with travelling shows. Several derful alleviation of his lonesome life if he companies, numbering twelve or fifteen each, had something to read. It would take the
will sometimes be drawn off from the reserplace of the wild songs and stories with vation in a single season. Mr. Barnum has which the camp was once beguiled, and,
had not a few of them connected with his religiously, it would supplement the visits exhibitions. It is very much to his credit of the missionary, who lives perhaps five or that he and his agents have shown an anxfifteen miles away, and has a whole tribe on
iety to guard the Indians, while under their his hands. The Indian's boys and girls care, from demoralizing influences. Such come home from the mission school. Now,
influences could not be wholly kept from even if he cannot read himself, the children, them; but the fact that no exhibitions were provided there is some Indian book or paper given on Sunday, and that the Indians came at hand, can read to the old people, and
back reporting that they had been advised whoever thinks that the father and mother and helped to go to church, indicates a will not listen, and will not listen with degree of conscientiousness on the part of pride, simply does not know the Indian. Mr. Barnum's agents which has not always As a preventative of his attendance on all been attributed to them. The Indians were sorts of wild gatherings, to look on scalp with some care protected from temptation dances and listen to savage laments over the
and absolutely prohibited from all drinking good old days of barbarism, mingled with
and profanity. fierce hopes of their return, few things
There are other showmen, however, who would be better than to teach the Indian to
have manifested no such scruples. Sunday read his own simple tongue; to give him a
exhibitions, wherever they could be held, little stock of new ideas; to put into his
have been common, and the Indians have hands those wonderful Bible stories and
returned to the reservations, after a tour of Christian parables whose charm has been some months, addicted to profanity and felt by us all and by uncounted thousands drinking and thoroughly versed in the lowof the rudest tribes in other lands; to give
est forms of wickedness; in fact, corrupted him also a little newspaper, which shall fur- through and through. A company who visnish him something to think about, and
ited Paris came back less demoralized than make him feel in some small degree, at
many who have made the tour of America least, the throb and movement of the world. under unscrupulous managers. It is an We are not so foolish as to suppose that a
illustration of the thoughtlessness—for it is little printer's ink is going to save the In
sometimes more thoughtlessness than any. dians, but it can certainly be made to help thing else—with which the Indians are them--that is, unless it be wasted in trying treated, that on any public holiday the little to lead them to heaven round about through
towns in the vicinity of the reservations will all the dark and unfathomable deeps of the
coax companies of Indians to visit them and English spelling book, to be followed by the give all sorts of exhibitions—feasts, races, dictionary.
dances. On a recent Fourth of July four
towns on a reservation line were holding THE CIRCUS AND THE INDIAN.
such exhibitions as a part of the regular “ Buffalo Bill" and the numerous show- attractions of the day, gotten up by repmen of his order have had a marked influ. utable citizens. The effect on the Indians ence on the Indians. One sees this very is very much what might be expected on a lot of boys drawn off for days together women are sheltered and taught the truths of from their homes to figure in a circus and Christianity, and thought the sight better than make people gape by all sorts of grotesque any other they had seen on the coast. It is to and blood-curdling performances, and then be hoped that they will testify concerning this turned loose, no one responsible for them, institution and all the work for saving Chinese with their pockets full of silver, to spend it men and women, at all the centres of influence in saloons and in general vagrancy, drag- from which they came. It is a shame that ging themselves home at last penniless and Christian visitors to San Francisco will pay a very likely polluted, to infect dozens of
detective to conduct them through Chinatown, others with the same thriftless nonsense. and believe what he and others like him may Two or three missionaries on a reservation
say of the Chinese, and take no pains to learn trying to elevate the Indians are no match
what the real friends of these people have to for a cordon of towns engaged in spoiling say about them and what they are doing for them. Meantime the country is wondering their salvation. why missions to the Indians seem to amount
But all this is aside from the main object of to so little.
my writing. It is well known that there are THE CHINESE ON THE PACIFIC COAST.
men and women here who say the Chinese
must leave the country. Hoodlums say it. REV. J. D. WELLS, D.D.,
And there are some politicians who say itPresident of the Board of Foreign Missions, who is now visiting the Pacific Coast.
hoping thus to win their way to office and its The Chinese question has many sides. First
emoluments. But none of these represent the
real sentiment of the coast. The Restriction thoughts and impressions regarding it are not likely to be fixed ones. A wise brother who
Act is not the outcome of a sentiment like this. has been on the coast several years cautions CHINESE LABORERS A NECESSITY. me not to be over-confident in writing on the The ministers and others whom I have seen subject, and I thank him for his counsel. The do not believe in unrestricted immigration. more I see and hear, the more I know there is They think it would be unwise and dangerous to be learned before one can be sure of writing to throw the Golden Gate wide open to the wisely. And when I say this, I make no refer- teeming millions of China. But, on the other ence to seeing the depths where Satan's seat is band, they do not believe in driving out those in China-town. I have no desire to look into that are here. They are needed as laborers on those depths. I can find corresponding depths railroads and farms, in mines and orchards in any of our great cities of the East-a demon
and vineyards and laundries and homes. Alism as appalling and disgusting among peoples ready complaints are coming from orchardists of other nations as among those from the land and others that they are in danger of losing of Sinim. The first chapter of Romans will the fruits of the season because there are not suffice as inspired testimony on the whole sub- laborers enough to gather them. No more reject. It is to be regretted that so many who liable helpers can be found. They are indusvisit the Pacific coast see only the dark side trious, quick to learn, patient, quiet, trustof our imported paganism, and nothing, or al- worthy. Wonderful are the burdens they bear. most nothing, of the blessed work done and Men who are small of stature carry baskets of doing for the saving of those whom God has
vegetables, suspended on long poles, weighing sent to our shores.
from two to four hundred pounds, and supply
families in and out of the large cities. They THE MISSION HOME.
are often insulted and grievously wronged, but I am glad to report that many young men of the Christian associations attending the
endure the wrong and persist in the work. convention in San Francisco visited the “Mis
ADVOCATING EXPULSION. sion Home,” under the care of Miss M. Cul- The readers of THE CHURCH AT HOME AND bertson, in which about forty young Chinese ABROAD do not need to be told that very ab
surd and sometimes contradictory reasons are DIFFICULTIES AND DISCOURAGEMENTS.
A family of wealth was about to vacate their hinder the speaking of many a true and loving