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no matter how degraded they were nor how in that condition, nothing can stop it. It is unworthy, even if they smote him and spat in gaining friends everywhere. North and South his face while he was in the very act of paying Christians are laying it on their hearts and their ransom. Again, your committee, to guard consciences. May the day be near at hand against the possible contagiousness of the indif- when every Christian shall be a contributor to ference, impatience or despair of those who re- it, when not only the whole Presbytery of gard this work as hopeless or unnecessary, Pittsburgh, but the whole Presbyterian Church, wishes to emphasize a factor that ought to and not only they, but the whole Christian enter into all estimates of its progress, and Church in the United States, shall be faiththat is, it is a peculiar work. Two hundred fully pushing onward this work which God has and fifty years of bondage have left the freed- entrusted to their care.

a poor, ignorant, immoral, unthrifty, broken-spirited people, with a religion made up of a mixture of emotion and superstition,

Rev. D. A. Gibbs writes from the low dashed with a little hospitality and general country near Charleston : good will, still retaining beneath all this

Here in the jungles and amid the ricewreckage the undercurrent of true manhood

swamps of South Carolina, I sit to pen you a and soul-longing for something better, which few lines. I have gone the rounds of this part no amount of oppression can entirely check. of the work. The wants of my people are Looked at from the cold standpoint of statistics, great. Not preaching; they have about enough the work indeed seems to move slowly; but

of that, if only it could be of a different sort. taking into consideration this peculiar factor Teaching, teaching, is what is needed here. I of previous condition, it seems by no means so inquired about the common free schools of the hopeless nor the progress so slow. Elevating county. Was told they had a little one some races that have been free and living under the time last fall. The children are growing up in best influences for centuries is a vastly different

ignorance, poverty and shame. Oh, sir, what thing from uplifting those who have been en- an amount of work needs to be done! So much slaved by men and devils and under the most has been done, so much been given, and yet, soul-destroying influences for centuries. Chris- sir, the work has only been begun. I never, tian teachers are agreed with the old heathen until now visiting this lower country, knew the philosophers that “the descent to hell is easy,"

real condition of my people. Dear brother that it is like going over Niagara, while the

Payne, I've wept to-day as I never wept beascent to heaven is hard and slow; and yet im- fore. Alexander wept because there was no patience and short-sightedness would lead some more domain for him to destroy. I weep beto drop this work and leave the freedmen to

cause, like poor Mordecai at the king's gate, I “wrestle with the problem alone.” Because cannot bear to see the destruction of my peothey cannot stem the current faster than they ple. This is the most healthy point on the were dragged down by it, and have not been

work. The other two churches are located able in less than one generation to overcome right in the mouth of death, so far as a deadly the degrading influences of many generations, fever is concerned. and because they have not been able in twenty

Since this was written this brother has years to overtake and keep pace with those whose ancestors have been free from time im

been compelled to leave even this “healthy" memorial, there are a few, and, thank God, point, because smitten by the fever.

But only a few, who would utterly forsake them, the people are compelled to remain, although But the problem cannot be got rid of by drop- dying physically and spiritually. ping it. It is, like all other questions of right and wrong, irrepressible, and the only way to get rid of its annoyance is to go at its solution FROM NORTH CAROLINA. with might and main, by doing the work indi

A faithful elder, who teaches a parochial cated by the leadings of an all-wise Providence. Thank God, the church as a whole is right on

school part of the year, writes from Polthis subject, and the good work goes on and

locksville, N. C.: will go on under bis direction and control to a I am so glad to know that you are well glorious completion, for somehow or other it is pleased with my undertaking. I have a great wound up with God's one comprehensive attri- struggle to keep the few members together, and bute of righteousness; and when a work gets I have found it hard work defraying the ex. penses of our ministers when they visit us. other for the girls. The mothers' is conducted Sometimes I had to borrow the money. [The on this plan: We meet once a week and sew minister ,drives out from Newbern, fourteen on work we prepare, or on work sent to us miles; and all this poor congregation is ex- ready prepared, knitting and sewing. pected to pay for his services is his horse I allow the women six cents an hour for hire.-H. N. P.)

work. A price is set upon the articles made, The people would do something for them- and when they have earned sufficient they take selves, but they are not able. Times are very for pay an article of which we have furnished hard; yes, harder than I can describe. The the material. In this way we can make them people are numerous, and work is scarce. The feel that they are helping themselves. We last chopping that I could get to do, I was paid can also draw in those we could not otherwise thirty cents in money and the rest in honey. reach. We always have reading, singing, talkI am above no honest employment, and do all ing and praying. I am surprised at the numthat I can, but I have not seen one week of ber who attend and the interest they manifest. perfect health this year.

Every third meeting we work for those who I hope you will come some Sunday and cannot come, and who are destitute. preach for us. When may I expect you? We The girls' society is something the same. have had preaching two times this year. [The If they need help, we give it; if not, we give Newbern church has been vacant since March to those who do; and we teach them to sew 1, and has just secured a new minister.-H. N. and to knit. The girls are now piecing a quilt P.).

at each third meeting, to send to some school My Sabbath-school is increasing in numbers, needing aid. I thought of the school in the and also in interest. I hope you will favor Indian Territory. I want to teach them to our summer school, as there are so many chil- help others in need, that they may partake of dren here that do not attend school during the missionary spirit while young. winter on account of not having proper clothing. The white people here have promised help, and the county officers favor it. I had

HOW YOU MAY USE YOUR REcontracted such a debt that when I received

LIGIOUS PAPERS. my money from the Board I had to pay most of it out. I have a small patch of very nice

A young lady at Pottstown, Pa., is in the cotton, and a very nice garden. Do not think

habit of sending the Presbyterian and Faith that a man as poor as I am is above honest labor. I was in great need when I wrote to

and Works, after reading them, to one of our and I have pressing needs now.

I colored catechists, and the following letter wish that I could see you. Will you come,

from him to her shows how he appreciates dear brother? I am almost discouraged some- them and may suggest to others to do liketimes. Please pray for me.

wise. Do not throw your religious papers Yours sincerely,

away after reading them, but send them D. W. MURRELL.

regularly to some of our colored missionaries, who will be very thankful for them. We

will give the names to any who desire to OUR MISSIONARY SCHOOLS. Ingleside Seminary, one of our youngest

It is with pleasure I seat myself to write you. but most promising schools, is at Amelia

I received your kind and welcome letter. Glad Court-House, Va. It receives pupils of indeed to hear from you. I am pleased to say both sexes, but the boarding department is to you that I receive the Presbyterian every for girls only. A beautiful Christian home week from you, and you have no idea the life is there taught and exemplified, the in- pleasure it gives me to read that good paper. fluence of which reaches into the homes of

To be without it is almost like losing one out the people.

of the family. I do not see how I could get Miss A. C. Carpenter, of Erie, Pa., the

along without it. It tells me all about the

church I so dearly love. It makes my soul efficient principal of the school, writes:

happy when I read of so many souls being We have organized two new societies—one a

received into the Church of God. I trust that mothers' missionary and sewing society, the God will bless you and give you heaven for

do so.

your reward. Any good reading you send to tion is evidently a serious duty incumbent on me will be acceptable. I would have written us, and which we mean to discharge to the you before now, but I lost your address and best of our judgment and abilities. was thinking to write to the House of Publica- To instruct, to advise, to qualify those who tion to return my thanks. After I have read it have been restored to freedom for the exercise I always give it to some one who can read, and and enjoyment of civil liberty; to promote in you have no idea of the good it has done my them habits of industry; to furnish them with church. I hope to write you again soon. I employment suited to their age, sex, talents, ask your prayers on my work. I will write and other circumstances; and to procure their you of my work next time.

children an education calculated for their future situation in life,—these are the great outlines

of the annexed plan, which we have adopted, DR. FRANKLIN ON EDUCATING and which we conceive will essentially promote FREEDMEN.

the public good and the happiness of these our

hitherto too much neglected fellow creatures. Early in the first session of the first Congress under our present Constitution, held

When Dr. Franklin issued this address in New York in 1789, the question of do- (1789), there were 697,897 slaves in the mestic slavery came up on a resolution to

country, and comparatively few freedmen, impose an impost-tax on every slave brought though he doubtless hoped, through the into the country. The discussion on this efforts made for emancipation at that time, subject was very warm and excited; and

that there would be many more during his while these Congressional debates were fresh day. If, however, it was essential to the in the minds of the people, the venerable public good” to qualify the few who were Dr. Benjamin Franklin, as president of the

in the country then “for the exercise and Pennsylvania Society for promoting the Ab- enjoyment of civil liberty,” what is demandolition of Slavery and the Relief of Free

ed for the public good now that there are Negroes, in an address to the public said:

seven millions of them invested with the

rights of citizenship, and among them over a The unhappy man who has long been treated

million of voters? If it was important to as a brute animal too frequently sinks beneath the common standard of the human species.

procure for the children of the few freed. The galling chains that bind his body do also

men of Franklin's day “an education calfetter his intellectual faculties, and impair the

culated for their future situation in life," social affections of his heart. Accustomed to what is the importance now of procuring an move like a mere machine, by the will of a education for over two millions of them, master, reflection is suspended; he has not the most of whom have no school privileges power of choice; and reason and conscience

whatever ? have but little influence over his conduct,

The Board of Missions for Freedmen is because he is chiefly governed by the passion endeavoring to carry out essentially the of fear. He is poor and friendless ; perhaps worn out by extreme labor and disease. Under plan set forth in the address from which we such circumstances, freedom may often prove

quote, the concluding words of which are a misfortune to himself and prejudicial to especially applicable to its circumstances at society.

this time, and which we cordially adopt: Dr. Franklin felt then the danger of de- A plan so extensive cannot be carried into graded illiteracy in the country, and hence

execution without considerable pecuniary rehe goes on in his address to say:

sources beyond the present ordinary funds of

the society. We hope much from the generosAttention to emancipated black people, it is ity of enlightened and benevolent freemen, therefore to be hoped, will become a branch of and will gratefully receive any donations or our national police; but as far as we contribute subscriptions for this purpose which may be to promote this emancipation, so far that atten- made to our treasurer.


The responses to the recommendation of a united and universal effort by the Sunthe General Assembly to hold simultaneous day-schools in response to the Assembly's meetings during the second week of Novem- recommendation for a Christmas offering of ber in the interest of foreign missions are $75,000. If there be not time to obtain the most gratifying. In many of the presby- jugs and barrels, waive all that and make teries the churches, as we go to press, are

the effort without them. It is no more than just upon the eve of this movement. In just and fair that those schools which are some of the churches missionary services be taking hold so nobly shall be supported by gan on the first Sabbath of November, and every other school, that the phalanx shall during this the first week, meetings are be solid and complete. Thus a keynote will being held here and there with great interest, be struck in the Christmas offering of this particularly in the Presbytery of Philadel- centennial year which shall be worthy of a phia North. During the second week of following by the children and the youth November the whole Synod of New Jersey through all the new century of our church will take up the work. Through the efforts history. of a very efficient committee, seventy centres It is an inspiring thought that we are now have been selected in that synod for union sounding the bugle note for the three genermeetings, and the committee have hope that ations who will live and die ere another services of some kind may be held in every Centennial shall come. church in the synod during the week. Here The churches during the month of Noand there in different parts of the church vember are praying specially for foreign both in the East and in the West there is a missions. What in particular are they askhearty response to this movement. Plans ing? If they are seeking for a great enare being laid for special missionary services largement of the work, a great increase of to be held in some of the leading churches gifts, a broader and deeper consecration of of New York and Brooklyn and Philadel- the means God has placed in their power, phia. These will be held mainly in De will it not be wise to rise up and immedicember and January. Will not other large ately begin to answer those petitions by accities follow this example, and during the tually doing the things for which prayer is same months arrange plans for either union offered ? Sabbath-school children are keen services or special presentations of the subject observers, and are always quick and responof foreign missions in the different pulpits ? sive in undertaking what their leaders ad

A great foreign missionary work has been vise. Only let the word go forth and the undertaken for this centennial year of the $75,000 will be raised. And if the children church and semi-centennial of the Board. thus begin the work the million will come. If the effort to raise a million dollars is to be successful, as it certainly may be and ought to be, it can only be by a united ef- Mr. William Duncan, to whose remarkfort, well organized at every point, and

able work among the degraded savages of breathed upon and inspired and vitalized Metlakahtla, in British Columbia, frequent by the Spirit of God in answer to prayer.

reference has been made in our columns, has Such a baptism is the object of the simulta- solved the difficulties of his situation by neous meetings.

actually removing his colony over the lines

into Alaska. Let it be remembered that December is Without stopping to discuss the merits of the proper month, the very best month, for his controversy with the Church Missionary Society and the Dominion Government, it is the name of influential men of different reenough to say that when he appeared in ligious bodies, but should be under their the United States a year ago with his peti- positive control. Above all, it should not tion to our Government and to the churches add another to the various calls for church for encouragement and aid in his enterprise, collections. Its very raison d'etre lies in the few regarded the scheme as at all feasible. fact that the demands of the missionary The expense involved in transporting a work are greater than the churches as such thousand Indians seemed an insurmountable can meet or will be likely to meet. barrier. The loss involved in forsaking a One great evil of the times is the tendency settlement which had been furnished with to divide and divert the collections of the all the appliances of civilization in schools churches from those great enterprises which and churches, saw-mills, canning factories, they have taken under their own responsible blacksmith shops, flour-mills, etc., was direction. To support the medical missionenough to stagger the faith and the purpose aries when fully prepared is all that they of any but the most intrepid.

can undertake. But the simple fact now is that Mr. Dun- But there are many persons outside of the can and his colony are in Alaska. By what churches, and some perhaps within their means this has been accomplished we can- membership, who are not greatly interested not say. We hope that wisdom will be in the spiritual aspects of missions, but are given to this remarkable leader, and that thorough believers in their medical work. whatever errors there may have been in his Upon the support of such individual friends ecclesiastical theories may be corrected as a should a medical missionary society rely. result of experience and severe trial. Above And doubtless, if its methods were transall, may the time be distant when the rush of parently commendable and its resources American enterprise shall elbow this Indian were known to be undiminished by expenscolony out of its possessions, as has been ive collecting agencies, it would win favor done in so many instances under that Amer- and support, and become eminently useful. ican flag to whose protection the exiles have

F. F. ELLINWOOD. fled.

New York, November 8, 1887,

The acknowledged demand for a great The success of Rev. A. P. Happer, D.D., enlargement of medical work in foreign mis- in obtaining endowments for a missionary sion fields is giving rise to the establishment college in Canton, China, has been quite of numerous medical missionary training. remarkable. After securing something over schools in various parts of the country. The $100,000 he has sailed for Canton, to make danger is that there will be too many, and arrangements for the opening of the instituthat the organizations under which they will tion in February next. The board of trusproceed will be crude and irresponsible. tees, of which Rev. Robert R. Booth, D.D.,

If something like the Edinburgh Medical is chairman, have very properly chosen Dr. Missionary Society could be reproduced in Happer as president of the college. It is this country, it would in our opinion be expected that two missionaries now on the very desirable. It should be raised as far field will be chosen as professors, and that as possible above all one-man management from the first the institution will take a high and all suspicion of place-seeking and per- position. sonal aggrandizement. It should be unde- Dr. Happer is encouraged to believe that nominational. It should not claim to repre- the Chinese Sabbath-schools in this country, sent the missionary boards, as probably no which now number over three thousand one of them would invest it with any such pupils, will select a goodly number of their authority.

brightest and most devoted youth, and send It should not be carried onward merely in them to the Canton college and there sup

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