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to building funds or permanent endowments, FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT OF against loss by possible failure or disaster, and

THIS BOARD. also exercises a very careful scrutiny over the affairs and management of all the institutions

The General Assembly's Standing Comwhich receive its aid. The general policy pur

mittee, in its report above printed, earnestly sued has been judicious, the funds have been bespeaks for this fourth report of the Board discreetly expended and debt carefully avoided. an attentive reading. Of course we hope

We respectfully recommend the adoption of that it may get it. Every reader will see, the following resolutions :

by the minuteness and fullness of the infor1. That this General Assembly hereby gives mation given, that the Board believes in the thanks to God for his blessing on this work in the past, and earnestly prays for his guidance, persuasiveness of its facts. If any man bas direction and continued blessing in the future.

at heart the cause of Christ and of our 2. That we cordially recognize and commend

country, and yet thinks little of this work, the wisdom, fidelity and ability exhibited by the we are sure that he does not understand it. Board and its officers in the management of Will not the readers of THE CHURCH send its affairs during the past year.

for the report? Address the Board's office, 3. That the Assembly advises and urgently 22 McCormick Block, Chicago, Ill. calls upon all the churches to take up yearly We here make a few extracts. The socollections for this Board, and to place the same at its disposal by paying them promptly the footings of two pages that are filled with

companying showing of "joint totals" gives into its treasury.

4. We earnestly commend to liberal givers tabulated statistics concerning all the colthe wisdom of making generous and prompt leges and academies which the Board has donations to the property or funds of special aided during the last year. institutions which they shall find to be well An accompanying map gives the location placed and promising.

of all the institutions, their names fairly 5. That the first century of fully-organized dotting the newer part of our country. The American Presbyterianism, which closes with

tables and the map, viewed together, will the year, has so signalized the importance and power of the educational arm of the church's

seem to others, as they have seemed to the work as to exalt the agency of this Board as

Standing Committee, to set forth results one of the very first elements of the church's which, at so early a stage, are wonderful" hope and courage for the centuries which may and demand “thanks to God.” follow.

TOTALS OF TWO YEARS COMPARED. 6. That the following persons be elected members of the Board, viz. : Ministers—The

It will be interesting to make direct comparRev. John Hall, D.D., the Rev. S. J. Niccolls,

ison between the totals of this year's tables and D.D., the Rev. J. H. Worcester, Jr., D.D., the

of last year's. Last year's total of property Rev. W. H. Roberts, D.D., and the Rev. John

was $902,280; this year's is $1,030,460. The F. Kendall, D.D., the latter to fill the vacancy

property reported as having been added in a caused by the resignation of the Rev. R. F.

twelvemonth was, last year, $76,656 ; this year Sample, D.D. Laymen—John S. McDonald,

it is $80,542. Last year's total of students was W. O. Hughart, Henry W. Johnson, Dexter A.

2281; this year's is 2950. Last year, 767 stuKnowlton.

dents were studying the classics; this year, Respectfully submitted.

1014. Last year reported 846 church members John K. Ewing, Chairman.

among the students; this year, 1259, The May 24, 1887.

next comparison is very noticeable: last year's JOINT TOTALS.

Increase of Total of Aid Total Total in Total of In Sys- Credible Having Property, Property from given to end of Stu- Classical Church tematic Conver- the Mid1886. April 30, 1886, of 1886-7. dents, Study. Mem- Bible sions, istry in to April 20,'87.

bers, Study. 1886-7. view,

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reports gave the total in “systematic Bible nation will suffer terribly for that neglect. The study" as 1127; this year's returns more than census of 1880, as sifted by Dr. Dorchester, double that number—2267. The conversions made a fearful showing of the minute percentwhich are believed to have occurred this year age of the evangelical Christian element then are 209, against 143 of last year; and the re- present in these regions, ranging down from turns of students having the ministry in view about five per cent. in California to less than show some increase—139 in place of 130. the sixth part of one per cent. in Arizona and

New Mexico.
Any wise and good man who thus studies

THE PLAIN SOLUTION. the meaning and drift of the figures that have But there is a most hopeful side of this vast been given will see that by means of this problem, and the experience of this Board has Board our church has already made an impres- inade it suddenly manifest. Migrating Pression on the history of the West, which, like byterians are found to carry with them both a the early results at Cambridge, New Haven zeal for Christian schools and the thrift by and Princeton, may be expected to last as long which zeal is effectual. Thus far every dollar as the soil. One can, by a stretch of fancy, of school help that the church has pushed forconceive of the possibility of distributing ward into the new regions has evoked about again to the several donors the money that has ten dollars of local property in which to begin been put into the colleges and academies at the school work. There is no reason for exDeer Lodge, Emporia, Longmont, Geneseo, pecting that local zeal to fail. It has develCorning, Wichita and the other new points oped, as if by established law, over the widest upon which the Board has entered, and so of distances. This interest in their children is blotting out these vigorous contributions toward one of the first flowers with which the advance the Christian education of the West. Any ing church makes the desert bloom. Upon patriot and believer would as soon think of

that spreading zeal the church can safely cutting off his right hand as of putting it to count, if she will only allow the zeal to count such a task.

upon the church. If the heart and the memOf the total of thirty-five institutions receiv

bers will consent to do together the work of ing aid, twenty-five lie west of the meridian of

one body, it can be well done and with ease. St. Paul. Of these twenty-five, all but fivenamely, Park and Sedalia, in Missouri, High

CONDITIONS OF SUCCESS. land, in Kansas, Salt Lake, in Utah, and

The report presents three, which cannot Albany, in Oregon-bave been opened since the

be brought into this brief statement. Will General Assembly established this Board, and

not the reader please examine them as they all of them in dependence upon the Board's

stand in the report? assistance. The map thus exhibits and locates the substantial beginnings of a great work. VASTNESS OF THE PROBLEM.

TO SOME ONE WHOM THE LORD But it reveals the need of a remaining work

HAS ENTRUSTED WITH MONEY." of proportions so large that at first view they An article with the foregoing heading seem to discourage endeavor. Montana, Utah,

was printed in the second number of this Oregon and New Mexico have one Presbyte

magazine. It asked help for a worthy but rian school apiece. In Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, California and Arizona we have not a

struggling college. A gentleman saw it, single school, though from California some

and made request for fuller information. approaches have been made to the Board.

This was given. The result is his gift of Into all these regions population is pouring the amount that will end the struggle, and with great rapidity. That American Chris- introduce a band of devoted teachers into tians ought to arrange for raising up from

what they have never yet known-lightwithin all these populations their own Chris

hearted work. They never doubted the tian leadership stands for an axiom in a church like ours. Unless, at fitting centres

promise of their field. Now they have a through all these immense spaces, there shall

chance to till it. The college is at Galesbe, at no remote day, schools that shall mould

ville, Wisconsin. The gift is $4000. The young souls to the best pattern of Christian giver wishes his name kept out of print. learning and purpose, the Christian part of the This Board so gets a share with this munif

icent donor in what Job counted an excel- ditional sum of five hundred dollars is already lent thing—“the blessing of him that was promised under similar conditions. Both offers ready to perish.”

are from the West.

May we not suggest the opportunity thus SUMNER AND ELLENSBURGH, WASH. presented, during the centennial year on which INGTON TERRITORY.

we are now entering, in connection with one or It is with heartfelt gratitude to almighty

other of these academies, for sacredly embalmGod that we record in answer to appeals al- ing the memory of some dear departed relative, ready made in behalf of the academies of Sum- child or friend, whose name shall thus be perner and Ellensburgh in Washington Territory, petuated in an ever-living, ever-enlarging monuthe needs of which were presented in the May ment, more enduring than brass ? number of this magazine, and endorsed in June This might be done by some persons of even by Rev. H. D. Ganse, D.D., Corresponding limited means, by simply providing the amount Secretary of the Board of Aid for Colleges and necessary for the finishing and furnishing of a Academies, that a friend of the former has re- room or hall in one of the buildings, which sponded with an offer of two thousand dollars,

should receive the name proposed by the donor, "provided sufficient can be raised to put the to be suitably designated and preserved as a academy on a successful basis."

memorial of the same. This means the raising of twenty thousand Aid may also be extended by donations of dollars, of which this is the one-tenth. That suitable apparatus, of musical instruments, amount would place the institution on a firm such as piano and organ, or a bell, all of which foundation, enabling it to pay off its debt, are needed, and can be accepted as part of the finish the building, and fully equip it with all amount required. needed furniture and apparatus.

The importance of speedy action, nou, is not The offer comes from one who knows and only presented in the articles referred to, but understands fully the importance of this acad- is in effect emphasized on page 233 of the emy being preserved and sustained. Can there March number, in the letter of Rev. George P. not be found nine individuals to respond with Hays, D.D., than whom no one is more thorlike amount, or a number with lesser sums of oughly acquainted with the educational needs one thousand or five hundred dollars each, or of the West, and the present emergencies. even less ? since there is nothing in the pro

Now is the time, now the day for the preserposal to prevent the amount required from be- vation of these academies. A little delay, and ing made up by smaller contributions. An ad- they will be irrevocably lost. G. F. W.

THE CONSTRAINING MOTIVE. for Christ.” And for Christ's sake he did When a teacher was wanted by Dr. Mason, go.Spirit of Missions. of Burmah, for the warlike Bghais, he asked In a recent proclamation, the queen of his boatman, Shapon, if he would go, and Madagascar has expressed the hope that reminded him that, instead of the fifteen "the righteousness that results from acceptrupees a month which he now received, he ance of the gospel may abound more and could have only four rupees a month as a more in my kingdom."-Spirit of Missions. teacher. After praying over the matter, he came back, and Dr. Mason said, “Well, Ex-governor Murray, of Utah, is said to Shapon, what is your decision? Can you have declared that “if it were not for the go to the Bghais for four rupees a month po schools and churches which the missionaries Shapon answered, “No, teacher, I could not to Utah have established, the law could never go for four rupees a month, but I can do it be enforced as it is now."-Spirit of Missions.


THE ACTION OF THE GENERAL at the publishing-house at Philadelphia on the ASSEMBLY.

third Tuesday in June, 1887, and when such The General Assembly of 1886 appointed organization shall have been effected, the mema special committee to consider the whole bership of the Board as at present constituted

shall terminate. For the purpose of effecting work of the Board of Publication, with a

such organization, a majority of the members view to the promotion of its efficiency. This elect shall constitute a quorum. committee gave most careful and conscien- Fourth. The annual collection taken up in tious attention to the duty assigned it, the churches for the benefit of this Board shall and its report was adopted, with but slight hereafter be known as the collection for Sab

bath-school work, and be so designated in the modifications, by the Assembly at Omaha.

minutes of the Assembly. This action changes the name of the Board,

Fifth. The Sabbath-school and colportage reduces the number of its members by one

work shall be consolidated in one department, half, consolidates the missionary and Sab- subject to the supervision and control of an bath-school work, and provides for the or- officer who shall be designated the “Superinganization of all the interests of the Board tendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary in three departments, under superintendents, Work.” The editorial work of the Board shall the whole work being under one secretary,

be organized in another department under the who shall have general supervisory control.

supervisory control and care of an officer who The following are the resolutions as

shall be designated as the “ Editorial Superin

tendent." The general business interest shall adopted:

be organized into a business department, which First. The Presbyterian Board of Publication shall be under the supervisory control of an shall hereafter be designated and known as the officer who shall be designated the “Business "Presbyterian Board of Publication and Sab- Superintendent." All these officers shall be bath-school Work," and shall consist of twenty- appointed by and their duties defined by the four members, of whom twelve shall be minis- Board, as may be directed in the by-laws. ters and twelve ruling elders.

Sixth. Standing committees shall be apSecond. No one shall serve as a member of pointed or elected by the Board, to be known the said Board who is an executive officer or as the “Sabbath-school and Missionary Comemploye of said Board, or a member of any mittee,” the “ Editorial Committee," and the other benevolent board of the church, and no “Business Committee,” which shall bave charge more than one ruling elder from the same con- of their respective departments under such gregation shall serve on said Board at the same rules and regulations as the Board may by bytime.

law establish; provided that the Board shall Third. This General Assembly shall elect as have power to appoint any other committees members of the “ Board of Publication and which shall be deemed necessary for the proper Sabbath-school Work” four ministers and four conduct of its business. ruling elders who shall serve for one year, four Seventh. The present executive officers shall ministers and four ruling elders who shall serve be continued in the following positions, to wit: for two years, four ministers and four ruling

as Secretary; Rev. James A. elders who shall serve for three years from the Worden, D.D., Superintendent of Sabbaththird Tuesday of June, 1887, and each succeed- school and Missionary Work; Rev. J. R. ing General Assembly shall elect four ministers Miller, D.D., as Editorial Superintendent, and and four ruling elders to serve for three years John A. Black, Esq., as Business Superintendthereafter. In case this recommendation is ent, until their successors are appointed by the adopted by the General Assembly, we recom- Board, each in charge of his own department mend that the Standing Committee on Public subject to such rules and regulations, with such cation be directed to nominate members of the powers, as the Board may from time to time Board herein provided for. Members of the prescribe by by-laws, in harmony with the Board thus elected shall meet for organization general principles herein laid down.

Eighth. The Board shall elect a Secretary of WORDS FROM THE FIELD. the Board, who shall be its chief executive offi

It is earnestly hoped that the people of cer and shall have general supervisory control

the churches will so contribute for the misof all the officers herein named, subject to an appeal to the Board itself.

sionary and Sabbath-school work of the Ninth. All by-laws of the Board now in

Board of Publication that it may be greatly force, not in conflict with the principles herein enlarged and extended. Nearly every new laid down, are hereby continued in force until Sabbath-school organized will become a altered, amended or repealed by the Board. church in a little time, and thus a permaAll such as conflict with the principles herein nent centre of religious influence. Besides, stated are repealed.

it must be remembered that our missionaries Tenth. The Board is directed to organize its

carry with them Bibles and other good work in accordance with the plans herein set forth, on the third Tuesday of June, 1887, or as

books, which are sold or given away where soon thereafter as possible, and to report their they will do much good. No other agency action to the next General Assembly.

will accomplish more, with the small outlay Eleventh. This General Assembly directs the required, than this missionary and Sabbathconsolidation of the presbyterial and synodical school department. committees of Publication and Sabbath-school

We give as usual several extracts of letwork, to the end that this work, which has here

ters from the field. A missionary in Michtofore been under the supervision of two com

igan writes : mittees, shall be committed to the care of one,

As time rolls on the need of our work beand earnestly enjoins that in the appointment of such committees care be taken to secure

comes greater. There are ten times as many members who will actively enter into and push

families in the West needing this colportage as this great work.

there were ten years ago. In 1884 the census Twelfth. That the standing orders of the

gave a population of half a million in the General Assembly be so amended as to provide twenty-five counties in which I have been that the public meeting held on the second day laboring, and I see now that there are forty of the Assembly's meeting shall be in the inter

thousand settled north of the Saginaw valley. ests of the “Presbyterian Board of Publication

I spent the last week and a Sabbath in the and Sabbath-school Work.”

northwestern corner of Gladwin county, two

hundred miles from here. Five years ago I The Board had already elected a secre- walked eighteen miles through the woods withtary in the place left vacant by the death out seeing a house, and organized a Sabbathof Dr. Dulles. The blank, therefore, in the

school here. There are thirty families, and seventh resolution is filled by the name of

among them noble, earnest Christians. They the Rev. Elijah R. Craven, D.D., who it is

bave kept up their Sabbath-school organiza

tion, and are now about to organize a church, earnestly hoped will accept the position.

While there I found a family that had suffered Thus reorganized, the Board asks for the

the loss of their property by fire. They had confidence and co-operation of the whole neither Bible, Testament nor anything else to church in the great work to which it now read, so I had a good opportunity to place in addresses itself anew. Its aim will be to their hands a copy of the holy Scriptures. give to each of its departments the greatest The next letter shows the need and the possible efficiency. Progress is the watch- opportunity for work in far-away Oregon: word. No past, however good, should be Oregon, although as large as New York and accepted as the ideal for the future. In all Pennsylvania, contains only two hundred lines the work must be better done here- thousand inhabitants. Our towns of one thouafter than ever it has been done before. sand inhabitants can be counted on one's The better support the church at large gives

fingers. I have canvassed the towns and so to the Board, the better service in all ways

much of the country as I can reach on foot. I will the Board be able to render.

have been living in hopes that during the sumThe

mer months the Board could allow me to unAssembly has asked for $100,000 for this

dertake a work which I ought to do. I refer work this centennial year; will the church

to the work among the farming population and give what is asked ?

the stockmen. Whatever may be the reasons,

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