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is used to indicate the settlers on the soil when all Besides these churches of our Board in south the country south of here was owned by the Mex- eastern Colorado, there is just one school mainioan government. When the tract of territory was tained by the Board. Miss Barlow is its efficient ceded to the United States government, the dwell- teacher, and her school is a model of success. ers of the land became, by an act of Congress, cit- There should be established at least one Presbyteizens of the United States; hence, to indicate their rian school in each of these counties. nationality if not their language, they were called This is a brief outline of what is being done by Mexicans. There seem to prevail in some quarters the church among the Spanish-speaking people of erroneous ideas of the Mexican people. They are southeastern Colorado. on the whole a highly-civilized race, and make very useful citizens. They have their own tradi

for the future are full of encouragement. The tions and race-peculiarities. They are not given people are becoming more and more enlightenod, to living apart, as American farmers do, but live

and in that ratio are throwing in their influence in crowded villages, forming centres of population.

with that type of Protestantism in which we glory. These villages, or “plazas” as they are called, are

The Bible is in their hands and in their own lanvery numerous in the southeastern counties of the

guage, and with the perusal of it comes the light state, and form fully one half of the entire pop

of conviction. “The entrance of thy word giveth ulation.

light.” Mexican Presbyterianism in southeastern

Colorado is very hopeful, and needs only more is Spanish, and is very musical as they speak it.

godly and faithful laborers to bring it up into line. An effort is being made by the government in the schools to have them learn to speak the English language ; but they do not readily take to the idiom

SPANISH WORK IN NEW MEXICO. of the country, and hence receive little or no benefit from the public schools.


Over twenty years ago the ladies of the

Presbyterian Church commenced their noble Fere established by our church some years ago in

work of giving the gospel of Christ to the southeastern Colorado, and to-day there are several

Spanish-speaking people of New Mexico. quite important Mexican churches. Mexican Presbyterianism in the state is largely represented in

They have steadily prosecuted the work the churches of Ciniceno, Conejos and Antonita

, larged it that at present the gospel is

from its commencement, and have so enConejos county, and in Huerfano and Las Animas counties by the churches of Huerfano Canon and

preached and mission schools are estabTrinidad. The churches in Conejos county, where

lished in all the more important towns and the mission was first established, are comparatively

centres of Mexican and American enterstrong, and, we think, on the way to be self-sup

The ladies have wisely laid the

prise. porting. Rev. E. McLean is the energetic mis

foundation for a high plane of Christian sionary in that county, and is bringing the churches

life and character by giving the children a

Christian education in the mission schools. under his charge well up to the line of American Presbyterianism. In the other two counties, where

Their efforts are abundantly crowned with the work is not quite as far advanced—the work in

success in the conversion of many souls, these counties having been undertaken much later although the real harvest of their labors is -the Rev. J. B. Cameron is the missionary. The

not yet entered upon. field is a very large one, and will eventually be

Closely connected with this evangelical divided. It is only five years since the first Amer

and educational work comes the enlightenican church was established in this part of the ing and leavening power of the printingstate, and it has sent out one colony, which last

press. By the press the word of God literyear was organized into the Huerfano church. It ally has “free course," and becomes access

ible to the masses. will soon become the mother church of other two

It furnishes the silent which will be organized into churches in the near

messenger which finds its way into the future

hands of those who dare not enter where


the gospel is preached, and often is the have thus opened this door of evangelical means used by the Spirit of God to take work for the Mexicans, a work which is the scales from the eyes of those long steadily advancing toward the fulfilling of blinded by a religion of traditional super- its mission of sowing broadcast among them stitions.

the seed of God's eternal truth. The Presbytery of Santa Fé, a presbytery Up to date there have been printed and which is almost entirely taken up in the mailed to ministers and teachers in the Spanish work, has zealously guarded all Spanish field at home and abroad some these interests, and has stood out on the 1,769,000 octavo pages of evangelical Spanfore-front of civilization in the whole armor ish tracts selected from the best sermons, of Christ, contending for a pure Christian etc., and carefully translated into good orthodox religion and worship, in opposition Spanish. The demands of the Spanish work to the degrading superstitions of a church would require at least 2,000,000 pages of long since a stranger to pure Christianity. tracts yearly.

It soon became evident to the members As in all new undertakings, there has of presbytery that very many of the Mex necessarily been a comparatively large outican people were willing and anxious to lay in starting a printing office. While know the truth as it is in Christ, but were several things are yet needed, yet the office deterred from correspondence with Protest- is at present capable of doing a good tract ants and from attending Protestant meetings work. It consists of one large and one small either through superstitious fear or fear of jobber, paper-cutter, hand wire-stitcher, over the priest. At the same time, the insatiable eight hundred pounds of type, together with desire of the Mexican people for reading necessary office material. made plain the duty of reaching them with The great incentive for the continuance the gospel by means of tracts and other and enlargement of the work, apart from printed matter.

God's evident favor, is its universal approval The presbytery has attempted several by all the workers using the tracts. There times to occupy this fruitful field of evan- is not a single exception to the words of gelical work, its last effort being the “Free commendation and encouragement received Spanish Tract Work.”

from all parts of the field. God is blessing The undertaking of the Spanish tract the work and those engaged in it. work was the outgrowth of the leadings of The Presbytery of Santa Fé has made God's providence rather than any concerted “The Free Spanish Tract Work” a part of plan either of presbytery or of any of its its regular evangelical work, reviews the members. The work began in 1883 with a books and accounts at its annual meeting, little card press and some government type and appoints a committee to look after its furnished for school purposes. The tench- interests. It is also approved by the Synod ing of an Indian day-school confined the of Colorado. teacher to his home with mornings and The writer will furnish reports or any parevenings to a great extent unoccupied. ticular information wanted, send tracts to After doing what he could for the Indian those who will see that they are judiciously work, he turned his attention during these distributed, and receive and receipt for funds spare hours to the Spanish work. Very for the carrying on of the work. little was done the first

very soon

As this enterprise is part of the work of the crying need for something like the Span- the Home Board, and as the Woman's Exish tract work became so evident that out- ecutive Committee are especially interested side help was asked from a few private in the Mexican mission work, any funds friends. The responses were so prompt that sent for the tract work through them will God seemed to say, “Go on with the work; be promptly forwarded to their destination by the tracts have their mission."

the treasurer, Mrs. M. E. Boyd, 280 BroadThe direct leadings of God's providence way, New York city. .



meets there in a school-house a tributary to the REV. ROBERT WATT.

Madison congregation, and thus strengthen the My strength will not allow me to hold the three church. We organized a Sabbath-school there, to churches after the close of the present engagement.

be conducted as a mission of this church. This charge requires me to preach three times At Munson, or Warner, the new name of the every Sabbath, driving about twenty miles through place, the next railroad station north of here, ten all kinds of weather. There is work enough on miles away, there has been a new start made by the field for two men, and they ought to be here those who have recently moved into the comdow. Oxford is a place of importance; machine munity, in the direction of a church organization. shops of the B. and M. R. R. will most likely be

I have been there twice and have preached with located here. The Methodists and Baptists have acceptance to the large congregations that assemble men here all the time; so ought we. Then Or

in Warner's new hall. In accordance with their leans and Harmony are enough for any one man. earnest desires, I shall continue to preach there I will have to give these two places about the once in two weeks. The prospects are good for a whole of my time now, as they both have com- church organization of twenty or twenty-five memmenced to build ; and they think I ought to be on

bers in a few months. the ground constantly to see the work put through. Thus you will see that instead of having one So I do hope another man will be sent here right regular preaching place in Madison county, I now away, as these are all good points, and the church have four established, with another to be added in cannot afford to give them up. There are no more a few months. With an organization effected at hopeful fields for churches in the West than these. Warner's, on the railroad, two other preaching In my way of looking at things, it would be better stations may be united with it, constituting an expolicy to maintain the churches we have planted cellent field for a good man, and the other station in good locations than to spend effort and means in

united with this church, the field will produce, if organizing frontierchurches which will not be pro- I am not greatly mistaken, three more Presbyvided for. But I am always willing to do what is terian churches in a few years. I have written thought best.

Brother Sexton, our superintendent, asking him

to come and see what has been accomplished. MADISON, NEB.

During the coming year, upon which I have just

entered, I shall continue to preach on Sabbath The past quarter, ending July 1, has been a very afternoons at these various points, giving the prefbusy one. In April I began the spring campaign erence and the greater attention to Warner's, as in earnest. Reaching out in various directions, I being the most important of all the stations aside have held religious services at four different points from this. on Sabbath afternoons, besides keeping up both There has been the usual degree of spiritual morning and evening services here every Sabbath. interest manifested by the congregation of this At Iowa Valley, twelve miles due west of Madison, church during the quarter. The attendance upon there are a few Presbyterians and a very interest- religious services has been on the increase. The ing class of people united together in holding serv- prayer-meetings and Sabbath-school have been ices conducted by a United Brethren minister. As maintained with considerable interest. We have he intends to relinquish the field, it is desired that added two excellent men to the eldership of this an effort be made to effect a Presbyterian organ- ehurch, making five elders now ordained and inization. I have preached to them once a month. stalled. At Maple Grove, nine miles northwest from here, A special effort is being made to make this I have preached three times to a large and appre- church self-supporting for the coming year. What ciative audience. At Plainview, five miles from the result will be I cannot now predict, but if I can here, I have preached several times. There is a possibly crowd them up to it, you may be assured good prospect of making the congregation that it will be done.






There we had interesting services-the first held in their new house of worship.

Here our regular services are held with good At this end of the line it seems impossible for a

indications in the main. At our prayer-meetings pastor's family to make things come out right at

we have more than the usual attendance of young the end of the year on $525. You may tell this

people. Nearly all our young people—those of all over the church at home and abroad."

our own families—are in the church. The words of Dr. Timothy Hill have seemed strikingly appropriate to me and my work here. He said, “For twenty years I have been coming

CROOKSTON, MINN. and going at all seasons, day and night,” etc. For more than twenty years “I have been coming and We have just lost two of our best helpers by regoing” thus all over this country, in all seasons of moval from the city. On the other hand, we last the year and almost all states of weather. Within Sabbath received into the church one of our lead. that time I have taken several extended trips, ing merchants upon confession, also a farmer and among them to both seaboards of our continent, wife, baptizing their three children, and received and in all that time and all this work God has

by letter the wife of an elder. wonderfully preserved my health and strength. We are moving to build a manse.

It is not yet When I think now of some parts of it I almost assured. If we succeed, it must be by considerable shudder. In January, 1886, Dr. Wishard and I outside aid and a heavy contribution from the passuddenly closed a meeting in Edmonton, he going tor; but such a possession would greatly strengthen to take the train for home, and I mounted my our work, as I now pay $225 rent. horse in a snow-storm that grew to be one of the Crookston has had a gradual growth without the most terrific ever known in this country, though I usual western inflation; her business standing and reached home, twenty-five miles distant, before it traffic superior. But a light crop last year with reached its height. Forty-eight hours afterward low prices, and the new railroad to Red Lake Falls the mercury was down to 28o. And yet in all this

cutting off some eastern territory, has given this time—twenty-three years—I have never been un- city the worst depression she has ever experienced. able by bodily indisposition to fill my engage- There are, however, substantial encouragements ments.

in the near future. Legislative permission was At the meeting of Presbytery in April I asked granted last winter to the city to vote bonds to aid to be released from my charge. My purpose was to build railroads. They proposed to vote $50,000 to remove to some other community,--somewhere to start work to connect with a line competing with in the west or northwest, -and seek a new work. the Manitoba. Mr. Hill, president of the ManBut Presbytery declined granting my request, as I itoba, says to the city, “Crookston is the natural had no call to any special field, and I have de- point for the shops on our line to Duluth. Vote cided to abide for the present. The discourage- those bonds to the Brainerd and Northwestern, ments are not greater than are to be met in many which is a part of our line now constructing to other places. These are the removal of our young Duluth, and we will make Crookston the end of and energetic men to other regions, so that we the division, bring in the Moorhead and Northern gain but little strength; sometimes we lose more there, and will also give back to Crookston her than we gain. Then there is the poverty of our bonds." people and the meagre pastoral support. But we That company owns a section of land on the send out good, stanch material for efficient work north side of this city, at the intersection of their in almost all directions. I have now some hope Winnipeg and St. Paul line with their Duluth and that we may furnish a candidate for the ministry. Pacific line. This last runs through Grand Forks We have now a mission teacher among the In- and Devil's Lake, and will reach Helena this seadians—my own daughter; so that “the day of son. They are also building eastward from here, small things" is not to be despised.

but their main effort this season is to get to Helena. At Presbytery I captured Brother Dawson, of While they cannot do any building at Crookston Harrodsburg, as help in a meeting of a week's du- this season, the bonds will be voted this month, the ration at Burksville, in Brother McMillan's ab- railroad assured of co-operation, and the status of

more encouragements to seek statehood now than we have ever had in our past history." May the God of truth and righteousness, in his mercy, prevent such a dreadful catastrophe as statehood to Utah !

this city so established by a written guarantee from the railroad company as to invite in capital and new people.

I had a visit yesterday from Adriance, of Red Lake Falls. That field suffered by long waiting for a laborer, and we thereby lost a point on Maple Lake which we wanted to connect with that. Adriance, however, is gathering up the work, and we now rejoice in having nearly all our fields well shepherded.





March 10 was a day of excitement at Hyrum. The first arrest of a polygamist was made here. About this time a polygamist came to my study. He said he had great confidence in me. He asked my advice as to what was best for him to do now, as the marshals have been searching his house for him. I advised him to put away his second wife, care for her, give her the right to marry another and obey the law. I sent him to Brother Gillespie for further consultation. On his return he went to the authorities at Logan, came home to Hyrum and put away his second wife, and is now at peace concerning that matter. Two or three weeks after this he came to see me. He said he wanted to return me his hearty thanks, in person, for the help I had thus rendered him. He used to be one of the ablest missionaries of the Mormon Church. He is a Dane. He comes to church sometimes. The Lord have mercy on him!

The 19th of June, 1887, is, in God's providence, the day fixed for organization at Hyrum City.



There are many encouragements in connection with our work in Sevier Valley. Yet the discouragements are not wanting. Richfield is the most important town in the entire county. It is twice as large as any other town in the valley, and is the centre around which all the others cluster and upon which they are in a measure dependent. It is also the county seat. And yet, as you know, we have no chapel here, but are compelled to hold our services in a little room 15 by 16 feet in size. How much we need a chapel no one can know till they have seen our present arrangements or have had experience in the same line. A nice chapel would be a great incentive to attract the people to where God's word is preached, and it would be a great relief to your missionaries here. And Richfield is deserving of one, a good one.

We have one of the best and most central city lots in all this beautiful little town, and why should we not have a neat, suitable and comfortable chapel on it? The Methodists have been here but two years, yet they have already a nice little chapel of about two thousand dollars cost. I would that the work of building might be begun while I am here to help!

The Mormons are, at this time, in great glee over the prospect they have of gaining statehood for Utah. Apostle Lorenzo Snow said here a few days since, in a public meeting, “ Before the fiftieth Congress shall have finished its session, Utah will be a free and sovereign state.” And delegates from each precinct of the territory are to-day in session in Salt Lake City, drafting a “Constitution for the State of Utah,” which will be presented to the next Congress. Oh that this great free nation would for once arise and in clear, unambiguous language inform this deluded people that statehood to Utah is impossible while she is controlled by a "hierarchy"! The Mormons say, “We have

During the past three months I have

been attending to the work as usual between Steele and Sterling, and preaching regularly at three other points outside these places where we have some members and where churches will be organized by us or others in the future if circumstances are favorable.

The people have been very much discouraged in this part of the territory about their crops, which have been severely injured both by drought and the gophers. They were afraid until lately that the crop was going to be an entire failure, as it was last year, but happily the rain came in time to save part of it. This will encourage the majority of the settlers to hold their claims and try their fortunes in Dakota for another year. If the weather is favorable during the remainder of the season, a good many of the farmers are likely to have about half a crop and some of them more,

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