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Sec. 2. The first election for Senators and Representatives, shall commence on the third Thursday of September next, and continue for that and the two succeeding days; and the next election shall be held on the first Monday in August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty; and forever after, elections shall be held once in two years, on the first Monday of August, in each and every county, at such places therein as may be provided by law.
Sec. 3. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-one years, who shall not be a citizen of the United States, and an inhabitant of this State : who shall not have resided within the limits of the county or district in which he shall be chosen, twelve months next preceding his election, if such county or district shall have been so long erected; but if not, then within the limits of the county or counties, district or districts out of which the same shall have been taken, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States or of this State; and who moreover shall not have paid a State or county tax.
Sec. 4. The Senators at their first session herein provided for, shall be divided by lot from their respective counties or districts, as near as can be, into two classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year; and those of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, so that one-half thereof, as near as possible, may be biennially chosen forever thereafter.
Sec. 5. The number of Senators and Representatives shall, at the first session of the General Assembly, holden after the returns herein provided for are made, be fixed by the General Assembly, and apportioned among the several counties or districts to be established by law, according to the number of white inhabitants. The number of Representatives shall not be less than twenty-seven, nor more than thirty-six, until the number of inhabitants within this State shall amount to one hundred thousand; and the number of Senators shall never be less than one-third nor more than one-half of the number of Representatives.
Sec. 6. No person shall be a Senator who has not arrived at the age of twentyfive years, who shall not be a citizen of the United States, and who shall not have resided one year in the county or district in which he shall be chosen immediately preceding his election, if such county or district shall have been so long erected; but if not, then within the limits of the county or counties, district or districts out of which the same shall have been taken; unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States or of this State, and shall not moreover have paid a State or county tax.
Sec. 7. The Senate and House of Representatives, when assembled, shall each choose a speaker and other officers : (the speaker of the Senate excepted:) eac House shall judge of the qualifications and elections of its members, and sit upon its own adjournments. Two-thirds of each House shall constitute a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members.
Sec. 8. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them : the yeas and nays of the members, on any question, shall, at the desire of any two of them, be entered on the journals.
Sec. 9. Any two members of either House, shall have liberty to dissent and protest against any act or resolution which they may think injurious to the public, or to any individual, and have the reasons of their dissent entered on the journals.
Sec. 10. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior; and with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member, but not a second time for the same cause.
Sec. 11. When vacancies happen in either House, the Governor, or the person exercising the powers of Governor, shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
Sec. 12. Senators and Representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to, and returning from the same, and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.
Sec. 13. Each House may punish by imprisonment during its session, any person not a member, who shall be guilty of disrespect to the House, by any disorderly or contemptuous behavior in their presence; provided such imprisonment shall not at any one time exceed twenty-four hours.
Sec. 14. The doors of each House, and of committees of the whole, shall be kept open, except in such cases as in the opinion of the House, require secrecy. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Sec. 15. Bills may originate in either House, but may be altered, amended, or rejected by the other.
Sec. 16. Every bill shall be read on three different days in each House, unless in case of urgency, three-fourths of the House where such bill is so depending shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule; and every bill having passed both Houses shall be signed by the Speakers of the respective Houses.
Sec. 17. The style of the laws of this State shall be, “Be it enacted by the people of the State of Ilinois, represented in the General Assembly.
Sec. 18. The General Assembly of this State shall not allow the following officers of government greater or smaller annual salaries than as follows, until the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four: The Governor, one thousand dollars; and the Secretary of State, six hundred dollars.
Sec. 19. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he shall have been elected, be appointed to any civil office under this State, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased during such time.
Sec. 20. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law.
Sec. 21. An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money, shall be attached to, and published with, the laws, at the rising of each session of the General Assembly.
Sec. 22. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching, but a majority of all the members present must concur in an impeachment; all impeachments shall be tried by the Senate; and when sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation, to do justice according to law and evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of all the Senators present.
Sec. 23. The Governor, and all other civil officers under this State, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit or trust under this State. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment according to law.
Sec. 24. The first session of the General Assembly shall commence on the first Monday of October next, and forever after, the General Assembly shall meet on the first Monday in December next ensuing the election of the members thereof, and at no other period, unless as provided by this Constitution.
Sec. 25. No judge of any court of law or equity, Secretary of State, attorney general, attorney for the State, register, clerk of any court of record, sheriff or collector, member of either House of Congress, or person holding any lucrative office under the United States or this State, (provided that appointments in the militia, postmasters or justices of the peace shall not be considered lucrative offices) shall have a seat in the General Assembly: nor shall any person holding any office of honor or profit under the government of the United States, hold any office of honor or profit under the authority of this State.
Sec. 26. Every person who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit shall, before entering upon the duties thereof, take an oath to support the constitution of the United States and of this State, and also an oath of office.
Sec. 27. In all elections, all white male inhabitants above the age of twenty-one years, having resided in the State six months next preceding the election, shall enjoy the right of an elector; but no person shall be entitled to vote except in the county or district in which he shall actually reside at the time of the election.
Sec. 28. All votes shall be given viva voce until altered by the General Assembly.
Sec. 29. Electors shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and in going to and returning from the same.
Sec. 30. The General Assembly shall have full power to exclude from the privilege of electing or being elected any person convicted of bribery, perjury or any other infamous crime. Sec. 31. In the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty, and
year thereafter, an enumeration of all the white inhabitants of the State shall be made in such manner as shall be directed by law.
Sec. 32. All bills for raising a revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, subject, however, to amendment, or rejection as in other cases.
Sec. 2. The first election of Governor shall commence on the third Thursday of September next, and continue for that and the two succeeding days; and the next election shall be held on the first Monday of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two. And forever after, elections for Governor shall be held once in four years, on the first Monday of August. The Governor shall be chosen by the electors of the members of the General Assembly, at the same places and in the same manner that they shall respectively vote for members thereof. The returns for every election of Governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government by the returning officers, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall open and publish them in the presence of a majority of the members of each House of the General Assembly. The person having the highest number of votes shall be Governor; but if two or more be equal and highest in votes, then one of them shall be chosen Governor by joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly. Contested elections shall be determined by both Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.
Sec. 3. The first Governor shall hold his office until the first Monday of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, and until another Governor shall be elected and qualified to office: and forever after, the Governor shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until another Governor shall be elected and qualified; but he shall not be eligible for more than four
any term of eight years. He shall be at least thirty years of age, and have been a citizen of the United States thirty years; two years of which next preceding his election he shall have resided within the limits of this State.
Sec. 4. He shall, from time to time, give the General Assembly information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration sucht measures as he shall deem expedient.
Sec. 5. He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons after conviction, except in cases of impeachment.
Sec. 6. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive a sala ry for his services, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the tern for which he shall have been elected.
Sec. 7. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
Sec. 8. When any officer, the right of whose appointment is, ty this constitution, vested in the General Assembly, or in the Governor and Senate, shall, during the
recess, die, or his office by any means become vacant, the Governor shall have power to fill such vacancy, by granting a commission, which shall expire at the end of the next session of the General Assembly.
Sec. 9. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General Assembly by proclamation, and shall state to them when assembled, the purpose for which they shall have been convened.
Sec. 10. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this State, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States.
Sec. 11. There shall be elected in each and every county in the said State, by those who are qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly, and at the same times and places where the election for such members shall be held, one sheriff and one coroner, whose election shall be subject to such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by law. The said sheriffs and coroners respectively, when elected, shall continue in office two years, be subject to removal and disqualfication, and such other rules and regulations as may be, from time to time prescribed by law.
Sec. 12. In case of disagreement between the two Houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the Governor shall have power to adjourn the General Assembly, to such time as he thinks proper, provided it be not a period beyond the next constitutional meeting of the same.
Sec. 13. A Lieutenant Governor shall be chosen at every election for Governor, in the same manner, continue in office for the same time, and possess the same qualifications. In voting for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as Governor, and whom as Lieutenant Governor,
Sec. 14. He shall by virtue of his oflice be speaker of the Senate, have a right, when in committee of the whole, to debate and vote on all subjects; and whenever the Senate are equally divided, to give the casting vote.
Sec. 15. Whenever the government shall be administered by the Lieutenant Governor, or he shall be unable to attend as speaker of the Senate, the Senators shall elect one of their own members as speaker for that occasion; and if, during the vacancy of the office of Governor, the Lieutenant Governor shall be impeached, removed from office, refuse to qualify, or resign, or die, or be absent from the State, the speaker of the Senate shall in like manner administer the government.
Sec. 16. The Lieutenant Governor, while he acts as speaker of the Senate, shall receive for his services, the same compensation, which shall, for the same period be allowed to the speaker of the House of Representatives and no more; and during the time he administers the government Governor, he shall receive the same compensation which the Governor would have received had he been employed in the duties of his office.
Sec. 17. If the Lieutenant Governor shall be called upon to administer the government, and shall, while in such administration resign, die or be absent from the State during the recess of the General Assembly, it shall be the duty of the Secretary for the time being, to convene the Senate for the purpose of choosing a speaker.
Sec. 18. In case of an impeachment of the Governor, his removal from office, death, refusal to qualify, resignation or absence from the State, the Lieutenant Governor shall exercise all the power and authority appertaining to the office of Governor, until the time pointed out by this constitution for the election of Governor shall arrive, unless the General Assembly shall provide by law for the election of a Governor to fill such vacancy.
Sec. 19. The Governor, for the time being, and the Judges of the Supreme Court or a major part of them, together with the Governor, shall be and are hereby constituted a council to revise all bills about to be passed into laws by the General Assembly; and for that purpose shall assemble themselves from time to time when the General Assembly shall be convened; for which nevertheless they shall not receive any salary or consideration under any pretence whatever; and all bills
which have passed the Senate and House of Representatives shall, before they become laws, be presented to the said council for their revisal and consideration; and if, upon such revisal and consideration, it should appear improper to the said council or a majority of them, that the bill should become a law of this state, they shall return the same, together with their objections thereto in writing to the Senate or House of Representatives (in whichsoever the same shall have originated) who shall enter the objections set down by the Council at large in their minutes, and proceed to re-consider the said bill. But if, after such re-consideration, the said Senate or House of Representatives shall, notwithstanding the said objections, agree to pass the same by a majority of the whole number of members elected, it shall, together with the said objections, be sent to the other branch of the General Assembly, where it shall also be reconsidered; and if approved by a majority of all the members elected, it shall become a law. If any bill shall not be returned within ten days after it shall have been presented, the same shall be a law, unless the General Assembly shall, by their adjournment, render a return of the said bill in ten days impracticable; in which case, the said bill shall be returned on the first day of the meeting of the General Assembly, after the expiration of the said ten days, or be a law.
Sec. 20. The Governor shall noininate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint a Secretary of State, who shall keep a fair register of the official acts of the Governor, and when required, shall lay the same and all papers, minutes and vouchers relative thereto, before either branch of the General Assembly, and shall perform such other duties as shall be assigned him by law.
Sec. 21. The State Treasurer and Public Printer or Printers for the State shall be appointed biennially by the joint vote of both branches of the General Assembly: Provided, That during the recess of the same, the Governor shall have power to fill such vacancies as may happen in either of said offices.
Sec. 22. The Governor shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint all officers whose offices are established by this constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for: Provided however, That inspectors, collectors and their deputies, surveyors of the highways, constables, jailers and such inferior officers whose jurisdiction may be confined within the limits of the county, shall be appointed in such manner as the General Assembly shall prescribe.
Sec. 1. The judicial power of this state shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the General Assembly shall, from time to time, ordain and establish.
Sec. 2. The Supreme Court shall be holden at the Seat of Government, and shall have an appellate jurisdiction only, except in cases relating to the revenue, in cases of mandamus, and in such cases of impeachment as may be required to be tried before it.
Sec. 3. The Supreme Court shall consist in a Chief Justice and three associates any two of whom shall form a quorum. The number of justices may, however, be increased by the General Assembly after the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four.
Sec. 4. The Justices of the Supreme Court and the judges of the inferior courts shall be appointed by joint ballot of both branches of the General Assembly, and commissioned by the Governor, and shall hold their offices during good behavior until the end of the first session of the General Assembly, which shall be begun and held after the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, at which time their commissions shall expire: and until the expiration of which time, the said justices, respectively, shall hold circuit courts in the several counties, in such manner and at such times, and shall have and