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tempt is almost useless ; but after great heats, when the weather gets cool, you will be sure to have good sport. The hooks, No. 11, or 12.
The Gudgeon. The gudgeon is a fish that affords the young angler an amazing deal of diversion ; being one that bites very free, and when struck is never lost, because he is a leather-mouthed fish. They spawn three or four times in the summer, and their feeding is like the barbel's, in the streams and on gravel, slighting all manner of flies. Their baits are chiefly wasps, gentles, and cads, but the small redworm is best. When you angle for them, be provided with a gudgeon-rake, with which rake the ground every ten minutes, which gathers them together. A single-haired line is best, with a quill, or cork float, according to the rapidity of the stream ; your hook, No. 8 or 9, and your bait on the ground. You may angle for him with a running line, by hand, without a float.
The author “ On Angling in the River Trent,” gives us a new method of catching them: he first desires us,
never to continue in the water long, “ though he has been in it for six hours together;" he then observes, with his usual circumspection, " that the best way of catching them, is by going into " the water, and stirring up the sand and gravel.” This, surely, may be properly termed gudgeonhunting more than gudgeon- fishing : Perhaps they are of a different species in the Trent than in the Thames, &c. &c. !!
The Pope, or Ruff. This fish, with a double name, is small, and rarely grows bigger than a gudgeon ; in shape very like the perch, but is better food, being in the taste as pleasant as any fish whatever. His haunts are in the decpest running parts of a gravelly river, the exact bottom whereof, having found by plumbing, bait your hooks with small red-worms, or brandlings; for you may angle with two or three, and have excellent sport. He bites very greedily, and as they swim in shoals, you may catch twenty. or thirty at one standing, in a cool, gloomy, day. Always bait the ground with earth, and use the same tackle às for the gudgeon. The River Yare in Norfolk, is almost peculiar for plenty of ruffs. Hook, No. 9.
The Bleak, or Bley. The bleak, on account of its eagerness to catch flies, is called by some the river swallow, and by others the fresh-water sprat, because of its resemblance to the sea-sprat. He bites very eagerly at all sorts of worms, flies, pastes, and sheep's blood.
fish for him with six or seven small hooks at a time. He is an excellent fish to ini. tiate a young angler in fly-fishing, by his whipping for thein in a hot summer's evening, with small artificial black gnat. Your tackte must be fine and neatly formed. He is a capital bait for the pike. Hook, No. 13.
The Minnow, or Pirk. The minnow, though one of the smallest fishes, is as excellent a one to eat as any of the most famed. They are generally found in March and April, and remain till the cold weather compels them to retire to their winter-quarters. He is of
a greenish, or wavy sky color, his belly very white, his back blackish ; and is a most excellent bait for any of the fish of prey : namely, the pike, trout, perch, &c. His baits are small red-worms, wasps, cads, &c.
you can catch enough of them, they make an excellent tansy, their heads and tails being cut off; and fried in eggs, with a sauce made of butter, sugar, and verjuice. The smallest of hooks.
The Loach, or Loche. This fish is very small, but eats very well, and is nourishing food for sick persons. He is found in clear, swift brooks and rivulets, and his food is gravel. He is bearded like the barbel, and freckled with black and white spots. You may take him with a sinall red-worm, at ground; he delights to be near the gravel, therefore is hardly ever seen on the
top of the water. The smallest of hooks.
The Bull-head, or Miller's-thumb. This fish, on account of its ugliness, is in some places called the fresh-water devil; he has a broad head and a large mouth, no teeth, but his lips are like a file, with which he nibbles at the bait. They spawn in April, and are full of spawn most of the summer.
Their haunts in summer are chiefly in holes, or amongst stones in clear-water; but in winter they lie in the mud like the eel. The worst of anglers may take this fish; for if
look above the water in a hot day, you may see him sunning himself on a flat stone, put your hook upon it, baited with a small red-worm, and he will take it directly. The taste of this fish is very good. Hook, No. 13
The Sticklebach, Sharpling, or Banstickle.
This fish, with three names, as he is called by in different counties, is a small prickly fish, and not worth the angler's notice, in regard to himself, but that he is an excellent bait for the trout, who will take it sooner than the minnow. His prickles must be broke off, and baited according to the directions given for baiting the minnow, under the description of the trout.
N.B. The tackle, baits, &c. for this fish, and the foregoing ones, must be the same, and very fine.
There are three fishes which omitted in the first edition, and what anglers in general seldom meet with, because they are local, and peculiar to certain waters; but as they are held in high estimation where they are taken, I shall describe them as well I can for the reader's information.
Albula Sulmoni similis - The Guinniad.
The guinniad, according to Camden and others, is peculiar to Pemble-Mere in Cheshire. « The river Dee, (says this author) which runs by Chester, springs in Merionethshire, and it runs towards Chester; it passes through the said Pemble-Mere, which is a large water, and it is observed, that though the river Dee abounds with Salmon, and Pemble-Mere with Guinniad, yet there are never any Salmons caught in the Mere, nor any Guinniads in the River."
Umbra Minor Gesn-The Red Charr, or
Welch Torgoch. The red charr is a fish whose make is longer and more slender than that of a trout, for one of about eight inches long was no more than an inch and a half broad. The back is of a greenish olive, spotted with white. The belly, about the breadth of half an inch, is painted with red, in some of a more lively, in others of a paler color, and in some, especially the female, it is quite white. The scales are small, and the lateral lines straight. The mouth is wide, the jaws pretty equal, except the lower, which is a little sharper and more protuberant than the upper. The lower
of the fins are of a vermilion dye. The gills are quadruple, and it has teeth both in the jaws and on the tongue ; in the upper jaw. there is a double row of them. The swimming-bladder is like that of a trout; the liver is not divided into lobes ; the gall-bladder is large ; the heart triangular; the spleen small and blackish ; and the eggs of the spawn large and round. The flesh is more soft and tender than that of a trout, and when boiled can scarcely be allowed to be red. It is in the highest esteem where known, and in Wales is accounted the chief dish at the tables of people of fashion.
The chief place in England where this fish is taken, is Winander-Mere : but in Wales they are to be had in five different places, viz. Llamberris, Llin-Umber, Festiniog, and Beltus, in Caernarvonshire, and near Casageddor, in Merionthshire. In this last county they are smaller than in the former, and are taken in October; but