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almost quite another color, being of a paler and more livid yellow ; and green and ribbed with black quite down his body; with black shining wings, diaphanous and very tender : it comes in, and is taken after the Green-drake, and when made artificially, as directed in part the 2d, for the month of May, kills fish very well. The following curious account of it from Bowlker, cannot fail to amuse the reader.
“ I happened to walk by the river-side, at that "" season of the year, when the May-flies (he
means the grey sort) which are a species of the " Libella, come up out of the water, where they “ lie in their husks for a considerable time, at the “ bottom or sides of the river, near the likeness “ of the Nymph of the small common Libella, but “ when it is mature, it splits open its case, and “ then, with great agility, up springs the new “ little animal, with a slender body, four black“ ish veined transparent wings, with four black "' spots on the upper wings, and the under wings “ much smaller than the upper ones, with three “ long hairs in its tail. The husks which are " left behind, float innumerable on the water. “ It seemed to me a species of Ephemeron; and I
imagined it was the same insect described by “ Goedart and Swammerdam, but a few days con“ vinced me to the contrary; for I soon found “ them to be of a longer duration than theirs. ! The first business of this creature, after he is "disengaged from the water, is flying about to “ find out a proper place to fix on, as trees, bushes, “ &c. to wait for another surprizing change, “ which is effected in a few days. The first hint “ I received of this wonderful operation, was seeing the Exuvice hanging on a hedge : I then
“s collected a great many, and put them into “ boxes, and by strictly observing them, I could “ tell when they were ready to put off their husks,
though but so lately put on. I had the plea
sure to shew my friends one that I held in my « hand all the while it performed this great work. “ It is surprising to see how easily the back part ".. of the Ay split open, and produced the new “ birth; which I could not perceive partakes of
ány thing from its parent, but leaves head, body,
wings, legs, and even its three-haired tail, be( hind on the case. After it has reposed itself a “ while, it flies with great briskness to seek its
In the new fly a remarkable difference “ is seen in their sexes, which I could not so “ easily perceive in their first state, the male and “ feniale being then much of a size; but now the “ male was much the smallest, and the hairs in “his tail much the longest. I was very careful
to see if I could find them engendering, but all " that I could discover, was, that the males sepa“ rated, and kept under cover of the trees, reinote " from the river ; hither the females resorted, and “ mixed with them in their fight, great numbers "' together, with a very brisk inotion of darting
or striking at one another when they met, with great vigor, just as house-flies will do in a sunny-room : this they continued to do for
many hours, and this seemed to be their way " of coition ; which must be quick and soon per“ formed, as they are of so short a duration. « When the females were impregnated, they left ự the company of the males, and sought the river, " and kept constantly playing up and down on " the water. It was very plainly seen, that every “ time they darted down, they ejected a cluster of
“ eggs, which seemed a pale, blueish speck, like
small drop of milk, as they descended on the “ water; then, by the help of their tail they
spring up again, and descend again, and thus “ continue till they have exhausted their stock of
eggs, and spent their strength, being so weak " that they can rise no more, but fall a prey to " the fish; but by much the greater number pe. “ rish on the waters, which are covered with " them : this is the end of the females : but the " males never resort to the rivers, as I could per“ ceive, but after they have done their office, " drop down, languish and die under the trees and ** bushes. I observed that the females were most " numerous, which was very necessary, consi“ dering the many enemies they have, during
the short time of their appearance, for both « birds and fish are very fond of them, and no “ doubt under the water they are food for small « aquatic insects. What is further remarkable in “ this surprising creature is, that in a life of a 66 few days it eats nothing, seems to have no ap
paratus for that purpose, but brings up with it « out of the water, sufficient support to enable it “ to shed its skin, and to perform the principal end “ of life with great vivacity. The particular “ time when I observed them very numerous and
sportive, was on the 26th of May, at six o'clock “ in the evening. It was a sight very surprising “ and entertaining, to see the rivers teeming with " innumerable, pretty, nimble, flying, insects, " and almost every thing near covered with them. " When I looked up into the air it was full of " them, as high as I could discern, and being so “ thick, and always in motion, they made almost “ such an appearance as when one looks
“ sees the snow coming down : and yet this won“ derful appearance, in three or four days after “ the last of May, totally disappeared.”
Hawthorn-fly, Found on every hawthorn bush when the leaves
It is used for dibbing, in some rivers for trouts.
Great Moth, Found when there is a little breeze in summer evenings, in gardens; has a great head, not unlike an owl, whitish wings, and yellowish body. The chub takes this exceedingly well.
Black-Bee, or Humble Bee, Found in clay walls, and is an excellent bait for the chub. Some cut off his legs and upper wings.
N. B. The reader will find the peculiar method of dibbing for chub, under the description of that fish.
Rules and Hints to be observed in Angling.
Ist. Every brother angler should be possessed of a great deal of patience and resignation, and not be cast down with bad luck, or be elated with good ; for the same success cannot always attend him.
2d. Never angle in glaring colors, for they are the easiest to be discerned by the fishes, always turn out early in the morning, for that is the best
time of the day ; keep your tackle always neat, and let your baits be in the highest perfection.
3d. When you angle, shelter yourself as much as possible from the sight of the fishes, for they are timorous and easily frighted ; and when you angle for trout, you never need make above one or two trials for him in the same place, for he will in that time either take the bait or let it alone.
4th. When the nights prove dark, cloudy or windy, you will the next day have but little sport in respect to catching large fishes, especially trouts ; for in those nights they range about and devour small fishes; but if the nights are bright, and the moon and stars are out, and the days following should be overcast, dark, and gloomy, you may depend on having good sport ; for fishes are then as timorous as in sun-shiny days, and never stir from their holds : therefore, having abstained from food all night, they are hungry and cager, and being encouraged by the darkness and gloominess of the day, to range about, they then bite boldly and eagerly:
5th. If you wish to know what ground baitfishes like best, the first you take open his stomach, and there you will find what he fed on last, and bait accordingly.
6th. If before you go out to angle, you should imagine, by the looks of the weather, that it will prove showery, or thunder, always take three or four night lines out with you, and whilst you angle for other fish, lay them in according to your judgment; baited with well-scoured lob-worms, and you may depend on catching large eels, trout, &c.
7th. The best way to bait your hook, for this kind of fishing, or for worm-fishing in general,