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EXERCISEB.

The nerves -are dispersed The eye i- fis, in fact, but over the whole body, connect all a small camera obscura. parts together.

The man breaks order, Those are unjust seek breaks the golden chain to enrich themselves at the ex. binds men together in peace. pense of others.

Consumption is the disease The air has once een

carries off a fifth of the respired, becomes poisonous. persons born in Britain. is well known, that the

is the life of a sinner first balloon was exhibited by a but an anticipated hell! man ignorant of

he was A

has received differreally effecting.

ent names; as-gravitation, comust be inferred that hesion, capillary, and chymical water is resolvable into hydro- attraction. gen and oxygen.

The heart is the great acting Thet-proof-spirit, means power, by means of the spirit light enough for oil to sink blood circulates. in it.

Brutus killed Cæsar, hFof the planets : Venus, who had been his friend and Jupiter, Mars, and Saturn, ap- benefactor, pear remarkably large and brilliant. He left a name, at

the world grew pale, To point a moral, or adorn a tale.

RULE 11.

(3) When a relative refers to each of two antecedents of different persons, it may agree in person with either.*

I. The Nominative case of the relative is generally next the verb. The possessive and objective cases of the relative have, generally, a nominative between them and the verb.

* As often as the relative is repeated in the same sentence, it is always made to agree in person with the antecedent to which it at first referred.

F

(4) II. A noun and a pronoun are not used as nominatives to the same verb, unless the noun be highly emphatical.

III. When persons, things, or cireumstances, are contrasted, the first, or first mentioned, are referred to by the words that, those, or former ; the last, by this, these, or latter.

EXAMPLES.

Thou art a man who has always He is a bad man on whom admired the simplicity of the neither shame por religion has works of nature.

any influence. Thou art a person who hast made the sciences thy peculiar mighty.

II. The Lord, He is Al. study.

Humility, that is the exalted I. This is the man who in virtue. structed me.

The proud pharisee, he who The muscles are fleshy sub- despised the humble publican. stances, which act as elastic

III. If the oxide of gold and springs.

the yellow oxide of tungsten be Persons are called short

exposed to the light of the sun, sighted whose eyes are too con- that becomes a deeper colour, this

loses weight and becomes blue.

vex.

EXERCISES.

Thou art a boy pos- The elephant and ostrich are sesses talents, yet -cultivates found in the bright regions of them but little.

the sun : the

is the largest I am he have shared of land animals; the of thy bounty, but who been the feathered tribe. ungrateful for the favour.

Electricity is in our hands The tongue of envy withers thunder- in the hands all it touches.

of nature.

Who has seen the orbs of light

- glitter in the heavens at night,
But asks, at -

almighty will
The planets move, the stars are still?
By - doth sun, and moon, and sky,
Pass, as a panorama, by ?

RULE 12.

(1) The pronoun that, after adjectives in the superlative degree, and after the adjective same, is preferred to who or which, whether the antecedent be a person or a thing.

I. That, in preference to who or which, is applied to little children.*

(2) That is used when the antecedent is composed of persons and things.

II. Which, when used interrogatively, or with a collective noun, is applied to persons.

III. Which is used when reference is made only to the name of a person.

(3) IV. It, in the nominative case, may be applied to persons or things, whether in the first, second, or third

person, or in the singular or plural number. V. The antecedent to which, may be sometimes a part of a sentence.

EXAMPLES

Venerable Bede was one of tance from the equator that the the greatest men that England polar circles are from the poles. ever produced.

Some foolishly imagine they The most remarkable manifes- raise their own honour in the tation of centrifugal force that we same proportion that they depress know, is observed in the effects that of others. produced by the rotation of the

I. This is the infant that was earth upon its axis.

left to perish by its unnatural The Roman aqueducts were

parents. the most magnificent examples of These are Chinese children water-works that ever existed.

that were saved by the Fathers The tropics are the same dis- l of the Mission.

* It is not improper to apply who to little children. Who and that are both applied to children in approved translations of the Bible. See Mat. 11. 16, APOC. XII. 5, &c.

Is this the ship and are these Judas, which is now another the sailors that were supposed to term of reproach for traitors. have been lost?

IV. It is I ; fear not. II. Which of the boys got the It was you who did it. premium?

It is they who constantly an. The committee which met onnoy us. yesterday decided the question. V. He was honourably ac

III. He was the enemy of quitted, which I am glad to hear. Nero, which is another name for cruelty.

EXERCISES.

was

ever

na

The transformation of cater- work of art pillars into butterflies is one of formed. the most remarkable phenome- These are the men, and these nature displays.

the acts,

shed a lustre on A bee hive is one of the most the country. interesting sights - can be The accusations were false witnessed.

and unfounded,

every one The structure of the smallest believed. animal is infinitely more admi- Comets form part of the solar rable than the most beautiful system,

every astro

nomer now knows. His be the chariot shall please him most of all the plunder of the vanquished host; His the fair steeds all the rest excel, And his the glory to have served so well,

RULE 13.

ADJECTIVES AND ARTICLES.

(4) Every adjective refers to a noun expressed or understood.

I. Numeral adjectives agree in number with the nouns to which they are joined.

II. Adjectives are often improperly used as adverbs.

III. The adjective often refers to a part of a sentence put substantively.

IV. Compound words are sometimes used as adjectives.

EXAMPLES

In the whole universe there They live agreeably to what is not the smallest particle in a reason and religion prescribe. constant and entire state of rest. III. It is strange that persons

The highest of all temporal should be persecuted on account blessings are peace and union.

of religion. I. The city of Mexico stands It is wonderful that comets in the centre of a vast and beau- viewed through a telescope aptiful plain, seven thousand feet pear full of spots and inequali(not foot) above the level of the ties.

IV. He endured unheard-of II. He lived conformably (not torments. conformable) to the rules of pru- The aspen, or plane-tree leaf, dence.

is shaken by the slightest breeze.

sea.

EXERCISES.

The ankle-joint is a perfect probably, as large as our sun hinge, of g-strength. and the eleven primary planets The m-

· point in Christian of the solar system. perfection is the humiliation of

moon revolves round the the heart.

earth; four revolve round The moon has no clouds, nor Jupiter; seven round Saturn;

other indication of an at- and six round the Georgium mosphere.

Sidus.
fixed star (Sirius) is, He is five f-t in height.

Vast as a pine on Norway's storm-be- shore,
By lightning blasted, was the lance he bore;
High mounted on a coal-bl- steed he rode,
And the bridge shook beneath the mighty load.

RULE 14.

(1) The adjectives each, every, either, neither, agree with nouns in the singular number; but whenever u numeral intervenes, they qualify plural nouns.

I. Most, few, several, both, agree with plural nouns.

II. None is used alone, or may refer to nouns of either number.

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