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79 De Garmo, Charles. School reform : a reply to Prof. Münsterberg. (Educ. rev. Feb. 21:118-31.)

Devotes several paragraphs to “ Election," but is mainly a discussion of the profese

sional training of teachers. 80 Hollis, A. P. The present status of practice teaching in state normal schools. (Ped. sem. Dec. 8:495-509.)

Statistics from seventy-two schools showing the like and unlike methods in practice

teaching in various subjects. 81 Hughes, E. P. Training of teachers. (In Roberts. Educ. in the nineteenth century. Macmillan, $1. 171-92.)

In England only and since 1828. 82 Laurie, S. S. Training of teachers and methods of instruction ;

selected papers. 304 p. 0. Clay, 6/. 83 Payne, W. H. The education of teachers. 272 p. O. B. F. Johnson pub. co., Richmond, Va., $1.50.

The author thinks a teacher should be liberally educated rather than trained, that he

should be first of all a scholar, and that even his strictly professional training should
be of the liberal type. The book is a series of eight articles, which seem to have
been given originally as Lectures and not very carefully edited for publication as a
book, and in which che author's notions appear as to what constitutes the proper
education for teachers. The chapter on a theory of education values is especially
sound.

1

371.2 School organization: The superintendent 84 Thompson, A. I. Superintendent from the primary teacher's point of

view. (Forum. Mar. 31 : 47-55.) 85 Woodward, C. M. When and why pupils leave school: how to pro

mote attendance in the higher grades. (In U. S.-Education,

Comm’r of. Report, 1899-1900. 2 : 1364-74.)
86 Young, E. F. Isolation in the school. in p. D. Univ. of Chicago,
.50 (Contributions to educ. 1.)

Discusses the question of school organization in the light of recent psychological and
ethical thought, treating the school as an institution. Entire unity in purpose and
administrative work between teachers and supervisors.

371.23 Vacations 87 Public playgrounds and vacation schools. (In U. S.-Education,

Comm'r of. Report, 1899-1900. 1 : 895-904.)

371.25 Classes, Grades

88 Shearer, W. J. Greater flexibility in high school work. (School rev. Mar.-Apr. 9:137-49 ; 232–42.)

Advocates greater freedom in selection of subjects and courses and greater elasticity in

classifying pupils.

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89 Clapp, H. L. Examinations. (Educ. Mar. 21 : 387-97.)

A defense of examinations. 90 Hadley, A. T. Use and control of examinations. (Educ. rev. Mar. 21 : 286-300.)

For college entrance. Also in N. E. A. Proc., p. 240-50, and in the author's

Education of the American citizen, P. 191-209.

371.3 Methods of instruction

See also No. 82. 91 Greenwood, J. M. Principles of education practically applied. Ed. 2. 199 p. D. Appleton, $1. (Internat. educ. ser. v. 50.)

The first edition of 1887 has been changed in many details, enlarged by seven pages,

and modernized somewhat in the chapters on method. 92 Murphy, D. C. Turning points in teaching; or, Law-making and law

breaking in the schoolroom. 144 p. S. Flanagan, .50 93 White, E. E. The art of teaching. 321 p. D. Amer. book co., $1.

“This veteran author is here at his best, and we can give the volume hearty commen

dation. Altho we deem many of his methods antiquated and mechanical, there is everywhere such seriousness of purpose, such familiarity with the inner work of classrooms, and such a sincere desire to utilize what is new while giving up nothing

of the old that the work is sure to stimulate and instruct every reader.” Ped. sem. Also reviewed at length, and not altogether favorably, in Educ rev. for Mar., 1902.

371.42 Manual training 94 Council of supervisors of the manual arts. Year book of first annual meeting. 80 p. D. New Haven.

Prints several good articles on the teaching of manual training. 95 King, J. A. Mechanical training as part of higher education. (Jour.

of ped. Jan. 13 : 258-69.) 96 Rouillion, Louis. The economics of hand work in elementary and secondary schools. (Teachers coll. rec. Nov. 2 : 323–86.)

" The purpose of this paper is to put in brief and concise form such information

regarding the cost of installing and maintaining manual training as part of a school

curriculum as may be of interest and help to superintendents facing this problem." For further material consult the Manual training magazine pub, monthly by the Uni

versity of Chicago ; the N. E. A. Proc. Dep't. of Superintendence, p. 250-75 and p. 646-82, for papers read in the Manual training Dep't.

371.5 Government : Discipline 97 Truant schools. (In U. S.-Education, Comm'r of. Report, 18991900. 1:85–219.)

Relates the evolution of these schools and considers their present status, giving the

truant law of each state. The systems for dealing with truancy in Mass., Conn., and New York are fully compared and analyzed. There is a brief account of similar schools in Gt. Britain.

371.6 School buildings, furniture and apparatus 98 Blodgett, J. H. Defects of elementary text-books. (Educ. rev. Jan.

2 : 64-81.) 99 Wheelwright, E. M. School architecture. 350 p. 0. Rogers & Manson (Bost.), $5.

Not unduly technical. Contains a mass of information, well illustrated.

371.64 School libraries ; libraries and schools 100 Crunden, F. M. The school and the library; the value of literature in early education. (In N. E. A. Proc. p. 108–18.)

Not how school and library may co-operate, but why they should do so.
See also papers by Melvil Dewey, J. H. Canfield, and others on libraries and edu-
cation printed in the N. E. A. Proc., p. 830-67: also 'the number of Public
libraries for Feb., 1901, which is the school number.

371.7 School hygiene 101 Easton, E. T. The public schools and eyesight. (Educ. Feb. 21 :

323-34.) 102 Hope, E. W., and Browne, E. A. Manual of school hygiene. 207 p. D. Macmillan, $1.

Some practical precepts relating to the hygiene of schools are concisely stated. The

chapters on Exercise and health in the second part are especially sound. The book will not compare in usefulness for American teachers with Mr. Shaw's volume men

tioned below. " The only especially notable portion of the book is the extensive, thoro, and satis.

factory chapter on the eye." Educ. rev., (Lond.) 103 Howe, E. M. School ventilation. (In Association of collegiate alumnæ. Publications. Feb. p. 64-71.)

Speaks wholly of how universally bad it is, with some reasons why this is so and of the

great importance of having it good. 104 Johnson, G. E. Condition of the teeth of children in public schools.

(Ped. sem. Mar. 8:45-58.) 105 Seashore, C. E. Suggestions for tests on school children. (Educ. rev. June. 22 : 69–82.)

Describes methods and apparatus for testing fatigue, sight, hearing, physical meas

urements, etc., worked out in the laboratory of Iowa state university. 106 Shaw, E. R. School hygiene. 260 p. 0. Macmillan, $1. (Teachers' professional library.)

Condensed, accurate statement of the conditions which surround most school children,

with suggested measures for the protection and promotion of their physical and mental health. The facts here collected and clearly stated have before been widely scattered. Some of the chapters, notably those on Handwriting and Sight, are largely new, scientific and of much value. Kotelmann and Newholme, which have been the only manuals of any consequence in this subject, are entirely supplanted for American schools by this book, since the monograph by Mr. Morrison on Education in the U. S. concerned itself entirely with the school building.

371.73 Physical training ; Gymnastics, Athletics.

107 American association for the advancement of physical education.

Proceedings of the 12th annual convention. (Amer. phys. educ. rev. June. 6: 107-97.)

Eight good, brief papers are printed, which cover various topics in athletics and

anthropometry. 108 Bates, Arlo. The negative side of modern athletics. (Forum May. 31 : 287-97.)

Written to defend "the conviction that athletics in education is to-day the most seri

ous obstacle to the advancement of intellectual growth." 109 Dowding, A. J. C. Games in preparatory schools. (In Great BritainBoard of education. Special reports on educ. subjects. 6: 343-71.)

In English boys' schools. 110 Kemp, J. F. History of faculty regulation of athletics at Columbia. (Col. univ. quar. Dec. 4:33-40.)

Continued in later numbers. u Leonard, F. E. Physical training in the schools of Stockholm. (Amer. phys. educ. rev. Mar.

6:1-13.)

112 Wickham, C. T. Health and physical training in preparatory schools.

(In Great Britain-Board of education. Special reports on educ. subjects. 6: 327-42.)

This is of course from the English point of view and concerns dormitory life,

371.8 Student life

113 Briggs, L. B. R. College honor, (In his School, college, and character. Houghton, $1. p. 65-90.)

Also in Atlantic, Oct. 114 Fallows, A. K. Working one's way through college. (Century, June.

62 : 163–77.) 115 Ridgway, E. J. College fraternities. (Munsey, Feb. 24 : 729-42.) 116 Sheldon, H. D. Student life and customs. 366 p. D. Appleton, $1.50. (Internat. educ. ser. v. 51.)

Collects much widely scattered material into a very useful and interesting book.

First two hundred pages are historical before 1870, and chap. five deals with Fraternities, athletics, student government, and societies. The bibliography is extensive and well done.

371.9 Education of special classes

117 Henderson, C. R. Social arrangements for the education of defectives.

(In his Introd. to the study of the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes. Ed. 2. Heath, $1.50. p. 169-82.)

See also the N. E. A. Proc., p. 868-89 ; current files of American annals of the deaf,

Washington, D. C.; Association review, Mt. Airy, Phil.; the publications of the
Volta bureau, Washington, D. C.

371.94 Negro education

See also No. 375.6. 118 Barringer, P. B. Negro education in the south. (Educ. rev. Mar. 21 : 233-43.)

Treats the political menace of the race problem and offers as solution negro franchise

based upon a property qualification, then education. 119 Miller, Kelly. The negro and education. (Forum. Feb. 30 : 693

705.)

372 ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

All material on child-study has been omitted. For this see yearly bibliography com

piled by Mr. L. N. Wilson of Clark university. A general Bibliography of child-study was compiled by L. I. Rhoades, Pedagogical

library, Philadelphia, and pub. in 1901. It is an octavo pamphlet of 128 pages in one

alphabet of authors. 120 Collar, George, and Crook, C. W. School management and methods

of instruction with especial reference to elementary schools. 336 p. D. Macmillan, $1.

Brief, helpful treatment of the usual elementary school topics from the English

point of view. “Though primarily intended for elementary teachers, much of its contents will be

found helpful to those who teach in secondary schools. The chapter on the teacbing of languages ... is particularly valuable." Educ. rev. (Lond.)

121 Fitch, Joshua. Primary education. (In Roberts. Educ. in the nineteenth century. Macmillan, $1. p. 34-58.)

Has to do entirely with England and largely with public education. 122 Lee, Joseph. Playground education. (Educ, rev. Dec. 22 : 449–71.) 123 Lilley, H. M. The second school year. 224 p. D. Bardeen, $1.

A manual of what should form, in plan and matter, the work of the whole

results for character as well as information are carefully kept in mind. 124 Ward, Agnes. Some aspects of theory and practice in infant educa

tion. (In Roberts. Educ. in the nineteenth cent. Macmillan, $1. p. 15–33.)

Describes some of the oddities of method and juvenile literature which passed for

infant education in England early in the century.

year. The

372.2 Kindergarten 125 Boies, H. M. Kindergartens and orphanage training. (In his Science of penology. Putnam, $3.50. p. 392-415.)

The civic importance of careful infant-nurture and that of mother-training are

discussed as the two chief concerns of the kindergarten. 126 Hansen, George. What is a kindergarten ? 80 p. S. D. P. Elder,

San Francisco, .75 127 Smith, N. A. The message of Froebel. 120 p. D. Milton Bradley, .50

For additional kindergarten material, too unimportant to be given here, see the files of

the Kindergarten magazine and Kindergarten review, and the N. E. A. Proc. p.

501-39.

PUBLIC;

373 SECONDARY EDUCATION OTHER THAN

PRIVATE SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES

128 Jackman, W. S. Notes on foreign schools. (Educ. rev. Mar. 21 : 217-32 ; June, 22 : 50-68.)

Describes the life at Dr. Lietz' Deutsches Landerziehungsheim, Dr. Reddie's Abbots

holme, the Bedales school near Brighton, and the École des Roches of Edmond Demolins, and various less famous schools in England, France, and Germany.

373.42 England 129 Aronstein, Ph. The development of English secondary schools for

boys. (In U. S.-Education, Comm'r of. Report, 1899–1900. I: 45-84.)

Relates the forigin, in the fourteenth century, the growth, influence, and relation to

the public of the great English public schools like Eton, Rugby, and Harrow. 130 Great Britain-Board of education. Preparatory schools for boys;

their place in English secondary education. 531 p. 0. Eyre & Spottiswoode, 2/3.

This valuable book is volume 6 of the Special reports on educational subjects edited

by Mr. M. E. Sadler. The schools described, of which there are about four hun-
dred in England, are what would be called private boarding schools in the United
States. They prepare only for the great English Public schools and the Royal

Navy, and do not keep boys beyond the age of fourteen.
The volume comprises forty papers, mostly by head-masters. About half are con-

cerned with details of the curriculum and methods in special branches, while the
other and most interesting half treat of the broader significance and work of the
schools. The papers are honest recognitions of both failure and success, and nearly
all excellently done.

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