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this board, and to make such constitution and documents conform to the purposes of the above resolutions in case the invitations authorized thereby be accepted by one or more of the institutions of the New England States or by the New England Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools.

As a result of the invitations issued under these resolutions three New England institutions, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mount Holyoke College, and Wellesley College, became members of the board. Most of the other New England institutions to which invitations were addressed replied that they were desirous of awaiting the outcome of certain conferences which had been proposed and which, it was thought, might lead to joint action on the part of those institutions. The membership of the board was enlarged further by the accession of the four following institutions in the Middle States: Bucknell University, Colgate University, Syracuse University, and the University of Rochester.

At the annual meeting of the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland held at Syracuse University, Syracuse, November 30, 1901, the following persons were chosen as representatives of the secondary schools upon the board for the year ending November 30, 1902: Julius Sachs of New York; Wilson Farrand of Newark, N. J.; Simon J. McPherson of Lawrenceville, N. J.; James L. Patterson of Philadelphia, Pa; and James G. Croswell of New York.

In addition to the publications mentioned in Publications the First Annual Report of the Secretary the

following publications have been issued to date:

EXAMINATION QUESTIONS OF 1901,

JULY 24, 1901 This volume was published for the board by Ginn & Company of Boston, and copies may be obtained thru any bookseller for sixty cents each. It contains all the question papers of 1901, together with the names of the examiners who framed the question papers in each subject and of the readers who read the answer-books in each subject. It contains also a brief description of the organization and plan of the board. FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SECRETARY, OCTOBER I, 1901

This report published in the EDUCATIONAL REVIEW for October, 1901, was also printed separately for free distribution among those interested in

the work of the board. It contains a complete report of the operations of the board during the first year of its existence and is accompanied by statistical tables giving in detail the more important results of the examinations.

DOCUMENT No. 7,

DECEMBER 10, 1901 List of subjects in which examinations are offered, time-schedule of the examinations to be held June 16–21, 1902, and instructions to candidates proposing to enter the examinations.

DOCUMENT NO. 8,

JANUARY 10, 1902 The constitution of the board, the list of subjects in which examinations are offered, detailed definitions of the requirements in each subject, the names of the examiners appointed to frame the questions for use at the examinations of 1902, the time-schedule of the examinations to be held June 16–21, 1902, and instructions to candidates proposing to enter the examinations. A copy of this document will be sent to any address upon receipt of ten cents in postage stamps. DOCUMENT NO. 9,

MAY 1, 1902 Instructions to supervisors in charge of examinations. DOCUMENT NO. 10,

MAY 26, 1902 List of places at which arrangements were made for the examinations held June 16–21, 1902.

The work of the secretary's office during the Administration past year divided itself naturally into three

parts: (1) internal correspondence, consisting of the correspondence with examiners in reference to the framing of the questions to be used and with supervisors in regard to the arrangements for the conduct of the examinations to be held at various points; (2) external correspondence, consisting of the correspondence with candidates proposing to enter the examinations and their teachers in regard to the requirements and other details upon which information was desired; (3) the preparation of the various blank forms required in the administration of the examinations and of the several publications already enumerated. The secretary was.authorized to emphasize the impersonal character of the examinations by the assignment of examination numbers to the candidates. The introduction of this system required the use of a number of new blanks and some modifications in

the style of answer-book. A new form of application for examination was devised with a detachable second sheet to be transmitted by the secretary to the college concerned. A form of notification for transmission to supervisors, a teacher's certificate for use in connection with laboratory notebooks, and other blanks were also prepared.

The institutions interested in the work of the board continued to give it their hearty support. Cornell University, Vassar College, and the Woman's College of Baltimore discontinued their separate examinations hitherto held in June, and candidates wishing to be examined for admission to these institutions were requested to take the examinations of the board. The number of institutions doing away altogether with separate examinations in June thus becomes six; Barnard College, Columbia College, and New York University having taken similar action the preceding year. Other institutions, among which were the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mount Holyoke College, and Wellesley College, gave notice to their correspondents that they would no longer hold separate examinations at a distance.

The work of the board has continued to gain favor with institutions which have not as yet actively identified themselves with it. It will be remembered by those who read the First Annual Report of the Secretary that Bowdoin College was one of the very few institutions which a year ago declined to recognize the examinations as a satisfactory substitute for their own separate examinations. It was a source of gratification to the secretary to receive under date of December 7, 1901, a letter from President Hyde of Bowdoin College of which the following is an extract:

Our Faculty have voted to accept your examinations as the equivalent of our own in corresponding subjects. We have voted, however, in view of the fact that our examinations are already announced in our catalog for the present year, and that the course things may take in New England is still uncertain, to postpone for a year a definite answer to your kind invitation to join the College Entrance Examination Board.

The action of Bowdoin College puts Harvard in the position of being, so far as the secretary knows, the only college

or university in the United States which declines to accept the examinations. In this connection, however, it will perhaps be of interest to describe the conditions under which the examinations held by the board have been accepted by Yale University. While the Sheffield Scientific School has this year recognized the examinations of the board as a perfectly satisfactory substitute for its own separate examinations and has accepted the results of the examinations without any question whatsoever, the faculty of Yale College (the academic department of Yale University) has accepted the results of the board's examinations only after the answer-books of the candidates concerned have been re-read and re-rated by representatives of the college faculty. It is obvious, however, that the careful plan of work adopted by the board makes it impossible that any rating assigned by the board to an answer-book should be materially altered when the book is re-read at Yale College.

The College of Physicians and Surgeons, (the medical department of Columbia University), should also be mentioned. This institution, which last year had a first-year class of 270 students, has determined in future to require all intending students who are not college graduates to qualify for admission by means of the examinations held by the board.

It may be of interest to mention here also that during the past year arrangements were made whereby the Pulitzer competitive scholarships for graduates of the public high schools of New York are to be awarded upon the basis of the board's examinations. At the recent examinations ten prize scholarships, each tenable for four years and of the annual value of $250, were awarded to young men desirous of obtaining a college education. Ten such scholarships are to be awarded every year. The advantages which are offered by the examinations of the board for administering the award of competitive scholarships will probably secure general recognition within a very short period.

In making arrangements for the proper supervision of the examinations, which was occasionally attended with some

difficulty, material assistance was received by the board from a large number of colleges and universities, including several institutions which have not yet become members of the board. Generous offers of assistance, including not only accommodations for the examinations but also their supervision, were received from Brown University, the Ohio State University, the University of Chicago, the Tulane University of Louisiana, and the University of California, as well as from almost every institution belonging to the board.

The administration of the examinations was embarrassed to some extent thru the fact that a considerable number of candidates neglected to file their applications for examination until after the date prescribed by the rules. It happened, fortunately, that sufficient provision had been made in advance for

every emergency thus created, but in a number of instances the escape from serious confusion was a narrow one. In the opinion of the secretary it would be wise in the future for the board to receive delinquent applications, if at all, only upon the payment by the candidate concerned of double the usual examination fee.

By vote of the board at the meeting of New Examination Subjects

November

9, 1901, botany, geography, Span

ish, and drawing were added to the list of subjects in which examinations are held, in order to meet the needs of the colleges accepting the examinations. The definition of the requirement in botany is based on the report of the Committee on Botany of the Science Department of the National Educational Association, as modified by a committee of the Society for Plant Morphology and Physiology. The definition of the requirement in geography is based on the report of the Committee on Physical Geography of the Science Department of the National Educational Association. The definition of the requirement in Spanish was drawn up under the direction of the executive committee of the board to follow the form and spirit of the recommendations made for French and German by the Committee of Twelve of the Modern Language Association. The definition of the requirement in drawing is based upon the entrance requirements

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