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the Intcrnational Court of Justice. This is substantially the same provision as is contained in the treatics unanimously approved by the Senate in 1967 (Slavery) and in 1968 (Refugees). The former was approved by this Association. For a reference to earlier trcaties containing a similar provision see hearings on the Refugee treaty (Senate, Executive Report no. 14, p. 11, 90th Congress, 2d Session, September 30, 1968).

Conclusion This Committee concludes that there exist no constitutional objectives to ratification of the Genocide Convention. It recognizes no justifiable policy reasons for not ratifying. It decms ratification to be in the national interest and urges adoption by the American Bar Association of the resolution recommended by this report.

Submitted as of November 8, 1969

Nicholas de B. Katzenbach, Chairman
Bruno V. Bitker
S. William Green

Rita E. Hauser
Philip H. Lewis

B.K. Roberts

John R. Wilkins

John Carey

ABA Observer to the U.N.: (Concurs)

(Genocide Convention, hearing, Committee on Foreign

Relations, U.S. Senate, 92-1, March 10, 1971, pp. 196-207.)

American Bar Association

Section of Individual Rights and Responsibilities

RECOMMENDATION

THAT THE UNITED STATES RATIFY

THE CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION AND

PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF

GENOCIDE

REPORT BY THE SECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

AND RESPONSIBILITIES

CAUTIONARY NOTE Only the RESOLUTION presented herein, when approved by the House of Delegates, becomes official policy of the American Bar Association. This is listed under the hcading RECOMMENDATION. Comments and supporting data listed under the sub-heading REPORT are not approved by the House in it vouing and represent only the views of the Section or Committee submitting them.

"For centuries, the advance of civilization has been measured by the progress made in securing human rights. The struggles that divide the world today center on questions of human rights. It is America's role and responsibility, as the brightest beacon of freedom, so to conduct itself as to provide an example that will truly light the world."

RICHARD M. NIXON

RECOMMENDATION

The Section of Individual Rights and Responsibilities recommends that the House of Delegates of the American Bar Association approve and adopt the following resolution:

"WHEREAS, in the field of human rights the United States of America has exercised significant leadership;

"WHEREAS, the Charter of the United Nations, in the drafting of which the United States played a major role, pledges all Members 'to take joint and separate action in cooperation with the Organization for the achievement of

universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion;' and

"WHEREAS, it is in the national interest of the United States to encourage and promote universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

"Now THEREFORE, BE IT

"RESOLVED that the American Bar Association favors the ratification by the United States of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide."

PREFATORY NOTE

The foregoing Recommendation was adopted by the Section of Individual Rights and Responsibilities of the American Bar Association at its mid-year meeting in Dallas, Texas on August 13, 1969. The following Report was adopted by the Council of the Section on October 17, 1969. The Report was drafted by the Section's Committee on International Aspects of Individual Rights and Responsibilities. The members of that Committee are:

Rita E. HAUSER, Committee Chairman
FRANK NEWMAN, Vice Chairman
ROBERT L. KENDALL, JR., Secretary
MORRIS B. ABRAM
BRUNO V. BITKER
THOMAS BUERGENTHAL
JOHN CAREY
CLYDE FERGUSON
RICHARD N. GARDNER
ANDREAS F. LOWENFELD
EDWARD D. MOLDOVER
FRANCIS T. P. PLIMPTON
ROBERT ROSENSTOCK
WHITNEY NORTH SEYMOUR
JOHN MINOR WISDOM

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