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according act of Congress admiralty admitted American appears apply authority Bank belligerent belonging British carried cause character Circuit citizens civil claim commerce committed common considered constitution consuls contract convention debts decided decision discussion district doctrine duties edition effect election enemy enemy's England English equally established Europe exclusive executive exercise existence extend federal force foreign France give given grant held hostile House important instance interests judges judgment judicial jurisdiction justice land law of nations legislative legislature Letter limited March maritime means nature necessary neutral object observed offence officers opinion original party passed peace persons port practice President principle privileges prize protection provision punishment question reason regulations respect rule Senate ship sovereign statute suit Supreme Court territory tion trade treaty Union United Vattel vessel vote Wheaton York
Seite 314 - All claims founded upon the Constitution of the United States or any law of Congress, except for pensions, or upon any regulation of an Executive Department, or upon any contract, express or implied, with the Government of the United States...
Seite 488 - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Seite 326 - Of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, saving to suitors in all cases the right of a common-law remedy where the common law is competent to give it, and to claimants the rights and remedies under the workmen's compensation law of any State.60 Fourth.
Seite 459 - The sovereignty of a State extends to everything which exists by its own authority or is introduced by its permission ; b*ut does it extend to those means which are employed by Congress to carry into execution powers conferred on that body by the people of the United States ? We think it demonstrable that it does not.
Seite 320 - Poulson, the editor of a daily paper, to show cause why an attachment should not issue against him for...
Seite 488 - To what purpose are powers limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may at any time be passed by those intended to be restrained ? The distinction between a government with limited and unlimited powers is abolished, if those limits do not confine the persons on whom they are imposed, and if acts prohibited and acts allowed, are of equal obligation.
Seite 645 - ... 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law have directed.
Seite 42 - ... provided, that this shall only be done upon such evidence of criminality as, according to the laws of the place where the fugitive or person so charged shall be found, would justify his apprehension and commitment for trial, if the crime or offence had there been committed...
Seite 318 - States authorizes the supreme court " to issue writs of mandamus, in cases warranted by the principles and usages of law, to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under the authority of the United States.
Seite 416 - State sovereignty would only exist in three cases; where the Constitution in express terms granted an exclusive authority to the Union; where it granted in one instance an authority to the Union and in another prohibited the States from exercising the like authority; and where it granted an authority to the Union, to which a similar authority in the States would be absolutely and totally contradictory and repugnant.