Cirrus

Capa
David K. Lynch, Kenneth Sassen, Graeme Stephens, David O'C. Starr
Oxford University Press, 2002 - 480 páginas
Cirrus clouds are high, thin, tropospheric clouds composed predominately of ice. In the last ten years, considerable work has shown that cirrus is widespread--more common than previously believed--and has a significant impact on climate and global change. As the next generation weather satellites are being designed, the impact of cirrus on remote sensing and the global energy budget must be recognized and accommodated. This book, the first to be devoted entirely to cirrus clouds, captures the state of knowledge of cirrus and serves as a practical handbook as well. Each chapter is based on an invited review talk presented at Cirrus, a meeting hosted by the Optical Society of America and co-sponsored by the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. All aspects of cirrus clouds are covered, an approach that reaches into diverse fields. Topics include: the definition of cirrus, cirrus climatologies, nucleation, evolution and dissipation, mixed-phase thermodynamics, crystallinity, orientation mechanisms, dynamics, scattering, radiative transfer, in situ sampling, processes that produce or influence cirrus (and vice versa), contrails, and the influence of cirrus on climate.
 

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Conteúdo

History and Definition
3
A Modern Perspective
11
3 Ice Crystals in Cirrus
41
Microphysical Properties
78
5 Laboratory Studies of Cirrus Cloud Processes
102
A Satellite Perspective
136
7 Satellite Remote Sensing of Cirrus
147
8 Groundbased Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds
168
Light Scatting and Spectral Information
265
14 On Cirrus Modeling for General Circulation and Climate Models
297
15 GCM Simulations of Cirrus for Climate Studies
310
Progress Problems and Prospects
327
A Review of Observational Results
346
Concepts and Models
375
A Mesoscale Modeling Perspective
397
20 Cirrus Climate and Global Change
433

9 MolecularBackscatter Lidar Profiling of the VolumeScattering Coefficient in Cirrus
197
10 Structural and Optical Properties of Cirrus from LIRADtype Observations
211
11 Contrail Cirrus
231
12 Subvisual Cirrus
256
The Future
449
Chapter 2 Plates Cirrus Case Studies
457
Index
469
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Sobre o autor (2002)

Kenneth Sassen is at University of Utah.

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