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the fact, that every one who was in the habit of using ardent spirits, was involved to an extent beyond his ability to pay; and, with a satisfaction equal to his former surprise, he learned the additional fact, that those who made no use of spirits, were in easy circumstances, and their children well provided for at school. Nor did a difference of wages, from seventy-five cents to ten shillings per day, make any perceptible change in the situation of the former class of workinen.
“With this picture before him, Mr. Allaire was at once induced to prohibit the use of ardent spirits altogether, in his shops, during working hours. But one person left his employ in consequence of this restriction ; and this man had borrowed of Mr. Allaire, while in his service, upwards of $300 to pay grocerybills. In conclusion of his letter, Mr. Allaire observes : I have great reason to be pleased with the happy effects of this regulation. I find my interest better served; and that those who, from excessive drinking, had becoine of but little worth to me, and in many instances, of less to their families, have now become able and steady; earn more money; and their families as well as themselves, have expressed, in a language not to be misunderstood, the many comforts and the domestic happiness, which they enjoy in consequence,'
“ This single experiment speaks volumes; and the Managers take this occasion to congratulate the community, on the bold and successful stand taken by this gentleman, to abolish altogether, the use of ardent spirits from large manufactories. It is by prompt measures, persevered in, that evil habits are corrected, and not by tampering and partial restrictions.
“In many counties of this state, and in Pennsylvania, strong inducements have been held out for abolishing the use of ardent spirits. The agricultural societies have offered premiums to the farmers who would secure the greatest crops of grain and hay, without the use of spirituous liquors: and in many instances, not a drop of ardent spirits has been used by the husbandmen, on very extensive farms, during the whole summer months. This fact may also serve to correct the general erroneous impression before stated on this subject. This great evil and its remedies were fully considered in the last Annual Report, to which the Managers refer the public.*
“It is with feelings of regret, that the Managers are constrained to inform the society, that their application to the legislature during its last winter session, for the enactment of a law calculated to diminish the evils of intemperance, did not succeed. Under the deep conviction that legislative aid is necessary to suppress these evils, the Managers intend to renew their petition
* See Correspondence between Mr. Colden and Mr. Haines, published in the Ape pendix to tbe last Annual Report.
the present session. It is utterly impossible to encounter the extensive and destructive use of ardent spirits, without the cooperation of the public guardians. Let us speak, then, until we shall be heard- let us act, until triumph crown our efforts !"
“Il. Ignorance.- The Managers are gratified in being able to say, that much has been done, during the past year, in the city of New-York, to enlighten the minds, and to fix the habits of youth, in the lower walks of life. Every ornament of our metropolis ; every embellishment that proceeds from the combination of taste, art, and munificence, inspires feelings-less grateful and satisfactory, than that grand spectacle which is displayed in the united exertions of every Christian denomination, and of different classes of individuals, to spread the glorious lights of knowledge among the poor and destitute--stripping vice of her blandishments--and raising the mind to the contemplation of the great truths of Christianity.
“ The Managers are not enabled to state the exact number of children, who have received public and private instruction in this city, during the past year. The number taught in the schools aided by the state fund, may be reckoned at five thousand.
" The following is the result of an official return, up to November, 1820.- In the New York Free School, the number of scholars was 2145; in the Female Association, 664 ; in the African School, 490; St. Patrick's Cathedral, 359; St. Peter's Church, 356: the Methodist Episcopal Church, 305; the Economical School, 125; the Episcopal Church School, 124; the Orphan Asylum, 129; in the Reformed Dutch Church, 124; in the Scotch Presbyterian Church, 28 ; in the Roman Catholic Benevolent Society, 28; in the German Lutheran Church, 24; St. Michael's Church, 13; First Presbyterian Church, 9; in Sherath Israel, 7. The amount expended during the past year, in the education of the above pupils, is $14,759 41.1- The present number of pupils in the Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, is 52: and in the Clarkson Association School, for the benefit of adult coloured females, is 55. In the private schools of three teachers, who belong to the Society of Teachers, the average number of attendants may be stated at 1500. It is much to be lamented, that the managers are not able to present to the public a full statement of all the children who are placed under private tuition. The list here furnished includes about six thousand six hundred.
“The managers would congratulate the public on the success which has attended the Sunday Schools in this city. Those in connexion with the New-York Sunday School Union Society, the
Since this Report was printed, this subject has again been brought before the Common Council, but they refused to unite with the Board in an application to the legislature for the passage of a restrictive law. 7 The probable amount expended in the use of ardent spirits, $1,893,011.
Female Union Society, and the Episcopal Union Society, amounting in the whole to the number of eighty, are attended by about 6500 pupils. About 1000 superintendents and teachers are engaged in conducting these seminaries. Since their first establishment in 1816, many thousands of children have been under their supervision, received the benefits which they confer, who are not now attached to them. In the school united to St. George's Church, there are 500 scholars. Since its foundation, 500 different teachers have been engaged, and” about 5000 ( children have been instructed.
“During the last year, the Apprentice's Library has been founded in this city. It contains upwards of 5000 volumes, and is rapidly increasing. Eight hundred different apprentices have already opened accounts with the librarian, and the list of subscribers is augmented weekly. The blessings that will flow from this laudable association ; the tendency it will have to enlarge and exalt the mind; the ambition which it will inspire, and the future respectability which it will impart, require no illustration.
“Great and salutary changes have been effected, since our last Annual Report, in the foundation of churches, and in the communication of religious instruction, in the most obscure and profligate parts of this metropolis. The church for seamen, opened in Roosevelt-street, has been well attended. The new church at Corlaer's-Hook has produced visible changes in its vicinity. In the new church in Market-street, and in the Mission House in Bancker-street, strong proofs have been exhibited of the mild and cheering tendency of the gospel of peace.t. The extent to which Bibles have been distributed, is calculated to inspire feelings equally grateful and animating, although it is the opinion of the Managers, that much more might and should have been done, in this sphere of exertion.
* The number of accounts now opened is upwards of 1000.
† " The new church at Corlaer's-Hook” is the Seventh Presbyterian Church, under the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. Baldwin. To these may be added two Episcopal Churches recently organized; one at Corlaer's-Hook, and the other at Greenwich Village, under the care of the Rev. Messrs. Aydelott and Upfold. The Spring-street Church, also, has lately settled the Rev. Mr. Cox, from whose faithful labours much good may be expected to be done.
The whole nuinber of places of public religious worship in the city and county of New-York, is 71-as follows, viz: Episcopal, 15; Dutch Reformed, 9; Associate Re. formed, 5; Presbyterian, 8, (and 2 not yet united to the Presbytery of New-York ;) Methodist, 9; Baptist, 7, Friends, (or Quakers) 3; Independents, 3; Congregational, (or Unitarian) 1; Unitas Fratrem, (or Moravian) 1; German Lutheran, 1; Universalist, 1; Roman Catholic, 2; Mariner's, 1; Mission House, 1; New Jerusalem, 1; Jews Synagogue, 1. To these it may be added, that the State Prison, Penitentiary, Almshouse, Bridewell, and Debtor's Prison, are all furnished with chapels, in which the gospel is regularly and faithfully preached.
of these places of public worship, it is believed that five only are vacant. There are 63 ministers who have independent or associate charges-and between 8 and 12 residing in the city without parochial charges, most of whom are engaged as Profes. sors in Columbia College, or as teachers. This number does not include the le Methodist preachers.
" But in presenting this picture, enlivened as it is by the glow ing features of zeal, benevolence and perseverance, a deep ex. pression of regret cannot be suppressed, that there is still a vast mass of ignorant population in this city. The theatre of action is still wide, and the incitements to new and increasing efforts, are perpetually before our eyes. No expedients should be neglected to raise fresh and more powerful combinations, to carry forward the grand work of reform, that grows out of moral and religious instruction, and to spread knowledge throughout all the ranks of society. Here is the watch-tower of our strength-here is a wall of defence that never fails, unless its sentinels slumber on their posts."
(To be concluded.)
NEW-YORK SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION SOCIETY.. The Twentieth Quarterly Meeting was held in the Methodist Church in John-street, on Thursday evening the 28th of January. At 7 o'clock, Col. VARICK, President of the society, took the chair. Prayer was offered by the Rev. Mr. Spicer, and in pursuance of a rule of the society, the Constitution was read by the President. The number of schools under the care of this society is thirty-eight, but owing to the severity of the weather, many of the superintendents and teachers were prevented from attending, and only 19 reports were presented and read.
Since the last quarterly meeting there has been considerable increase in the number of pupils, and the schools generally are in a prosperous condition. The number of passages of Scripture brought forward by the scholars, to prove the questions propounded to them by the Visiting Committee, have been almost innumerable, and exceedingly appropriate. This part of the ex. ercises cannot be too highly commended, nor too much attended to. We consider it much more useful than committing to memory long lessons of Scripture, which the time of the teacher will barely allow him to hear recited, and the pupil will be dismissed without any catechetical instruction. Unless the pupil be questioned, and examined closely on what he commits, he may, indeed, repeat whole chapters without the book, and gain the premiums for such exercises, and attain to a high place in the school, but the other powers of his mind will not be exercised, and therefore not improved ; and in a short time he will be unable to recollect scarcely a single passage which before he repeated so fluently. We conceive a great injury may thus be done to the pupil, while the memory only is called into action, and the other faculties of the mind remain dormant.
We would by no means dissuade from the practice in our schools of committing the Holy Scriptures to memory, our only object is to guard it within proper limits, that it may“ be done to edifying."
After the reading of the reports, Divie Bethune, and James
Eastburn, Esqrs. addressed the meeting. We have not room to notice the excellent and appropriate observations made by these gentlemen, and must conclude this article with a few short extracts from some of the reports.
School No. XXII. Altached to the Mission Church in Banckerstreet.-While some of our number appear to profit but little from the instructions they receive, we are pleased to observe in others a visible improvement, both in behaviour and in attention to their studies. The Testament class is divided into two sections, and consists of 17 boys. During the quarter this class has commitled to memory 6047 verses of Scripture.
A small library has been collected for the benefit of this and the female school attached to the same church; the effects of which we trust will prove beneficial.
On a review of the past, we feel that we have not laboured entirely in vain. It is our duty to sow the seed, but we must look to the Lord of the harvest for the former and the latter rain : He alone can give complete success to our efforts.
We acknowledge our obligations to those gentlemen of the Visiting Committee on whoin the duty of visiting this school the past quarter has devolved.* We think their influence is sensibly felt both by teachers and scholars; and if our united efforts are accompanied with a feeling sense of our dependence on God, and with a spirit of earnest prayer for the out-pouring of His Spirit on our schools, we may confidently hope that many of these children will have abundant reason to bless God that they have enjoyed the privilege of attending a sabbath school.
School No. xxill.-Baptist Church in Vandam-street.-We lament to record the following extract from our school journal : 6 December 18.-The usual exercises of the school were remit. ted this afternoon, and the time occupied in prayer and an address from the superintendent, in consequence of the sudden death of a learner, in each school. We irust that this dispensation of a wise Providence will work together for our good; making us, one and all, more diligent in the performance of our whole duty."
The youth who, as stated in our last report, was the first fruils of the labours in this department of the Sunday school, has since joined us as a teacher, and gives the most satisfactory and pleasing proofs of a change of heart.
Our school is conducted by two superintendents, a secretary, and 14 teachers, all regular in their attendance. The average of attendance is 136 for the last quarter, and we have had at times, during that period, 158 present. There are about four or five on the sick lisi, including iwo lads under the care of the Eye Infirmary. * Expressions similar to this we are happy to find in almost every report. | Referring to both the male and female schools,