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pit from which the immortal Franke had so often proclaimed the gład tidings of salvation through a crucified Redeemer: I chose i Cor. xiii. 13. for my text. Several of the professors, clergymen, and students, afierwards came, expressing their determina. tion to do all for the Bible society they could. One of the pious sludents has devoted himself to the missionary work, and will shortly proceed to London, where he has obtained a promise from the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge to be employed in their East India missions.
AUSTRALASIA. EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM NEW SOUTH WALES. It is truly pleasing to receive from all parts of the world, concurrent test
timonies that a spirit of inquiry is beginning to manifest itself amongst the Jewish people on the most important of all subjects. The following letter is from a quarter from which such tidings would not be expected.
Sydney, Feb. 26, 1820. Rev. Sir--A number of Jews now reside in this town; about 30 of whom have lately agreed to meet together once or twice each week to have their own prayers and the Scriptures read to them. Their only acknowledged Levite, Joseph Marcus, whom I have known for some years, is an intelligent, peaceable, and well disposed man. He has devoted much time to the study of the Scriptures in Hebrew and in English, ånd is favourable to the Christian doctrines. I think half a dozen copies of the New Testament in Hebrew, and two or three Old Testaments, (i. e. the Hebrew Bible,) might be of service to some of them. I leave it entirely to the discretion of your Committee, what besides may be thought suitable to be handed to this people. Who can tell if God will be gracious to them in this land of their captivity and bondage for sin. Deut. iv. 31.
I have had much candid, pious, and edifying conversation with Marcus. He now voluntarily, as his bodily infirmities permit him, attends our church, and expresses his approbation of our mode of worship. ' He says all his former prejudices are quite removed. He has frequently asked me to read to him, and pray with him, that he might have the faith of Abraham, to the salvation of his immortal soul. The books of the prophets have been our meditation for several months.
All the Jews are most respectful in their conduct towards me, and I feel it my duty to serve them, in the fear and cause of God, as “ Beloved for the fathers' sakes." Gratitude, indeed, constrains; for we know that “Salvation is of the Jews."
I beg to congratulate the society on its continued support and increasing influence; hoping that it will go on and prosper, till tall Israel shall be saved." I
am, yours, &c.
WILLIAN COWPER. Assistant Chaplain, New South Wales.
THIRD AND FOURTH MISSIONARY STATIONS. We have the pleasure to announce to the public, that the UNITED Foreign Missionary Society, while employed in preparing to send out a second mission family to the pagans in our western borders, have added a third and fourth to their number of missionary stations.
Some months ago a proposition was made to the Board, on the part of the New York Missionary Society, (the oldest Missionary Society in the United States,) to convey to us their property, and their missionary stations at the Indian villages of Tuscarora and Seneca, on the Western frontier of this State. The proposition was accepted by the Board at the meeting in November ; and the Rev. Mr. Knox, Mr. Lewis, Domestic Secretary, and Mr. Wilson, Treasurer, were appointed a Committee, with full powers to arrange all matters that might require the attention of the Board, and particularly to appoint Commissioners to proceed to the two stations, in conjunction with Commissioners from the New York Missionary Society, for the purpose of adjusting the transfer with the Tuscarora and Seneca tribes, and of procuring the information necessary to enable the Managers to conduct the mission with efficiency and discretion.
Two Commissioners, the Rev. Mr. Rowan, President of the New-York Missionary Society, and the Rev. Mr. STRONG, Recording Secretary of the United Foreign Missionary Society, were appointed. Furnished with a certificate of their appointment, and a letter of instructions, they commenced their journey on the 24th of November. On their return, they presented to the Committee, and through them to the Board, a detailed and interesting report of their proceedings. This report has since been approved, and the union or transfer ratified by both societies; and we are happy to add, that the New-York Missionary Society has instructed its Board of Directors so to alter its constitution as to render it auxiliary to the United Foreign Missionary Society.
With these explanatory remarks, we now introduce to our readers the letter of instructions given to the Commissioners, accoinpanied with their report.
Letter of Instructions. By virtue of the authority vested in us by the Board of Managers of the United Foreign Missionary Society, we, the undersigned, do hereby appoint the Rev. Stephen N. Rowan, and the Rev. P. N. Strong, as Commissioners to visit the Tuscarora and Seneca Nations of Indians, in behalf of the United Foreign Missionary Society, for the purpose mentioned in the following Instructions:
First,--It is expected, that, on your arrival at the Tuscarora village, you will ascertain whether the resident missionary, and the Indians, are willing to be placed, so far as relates to missionary purposes under the care of this society ;-whether it be espedient that the missionary be removed from the farm to the centre of the Indian village ;- whether an additional male or female teacher, or teachers, are required ;--what is the state of the farm as to buildings, fences, soil, cultivation, &c. and whether, under the management of one or more farmers, it is capable of affording provisions sufficient for the missionary establishment in that place ;-and, generally, what measures it will be expedient for the Board of Managers to pursue, in relation to the mission among the Tuscarora Indians.
Secondly. On your arrival among the Seneca nation, you will ascertain whether the present teacher and chatechist, and the Indians are willing to be placed, so far as relates to missionary purposes, under the care of this society ;--whether the Indians are willing and prepared to receive preachers of the gospel ;whether it would be practicable and expedient for the Board to form among the Senecas a full missionary establishment agreeably to the General Principles, a copy of which will be attached to this document;- what will be the best spot for the location of such an establishment, and whether the Indians are willing to appropriate a sufficient portion of land for the use of a mission family ;-what is the state of the buildings now belonging to the New-York Missionary Society; and, if they are not in the best place for the mission, whether, they could probably be disposed of to advantage.
Thirdly.--If facts and circumstances will justify it, you will en. ter into a covenant with the Chiefs of each of the two nations; remembering, however, not to bind the Board of Managers beyond their ability to perform, nor to pledge them as to the number of missionaries, teachers, mechanics, and farmers to be sent out. The Board will doubtless do every thing in their power for the best interest of the mission, but the details must be left to their discretion.
Fourthly.--All your information, as to various points of inquiry, will be reduced to writing at the time you receive it. The number of Indians in each nation, and the number and character of the professors of religion among the Tuscaroras, will form, in addition to others already mentioned, distinct topics of inquiry.
Fifthly. You will take the best measures for obtaining donacions, and organizing Auxiliary Societies through the whole ex. tent of your route. (Signed)
JOHN Knox, Chairman of the Com.
SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF PAUPERISM IN THE CITY OF
Fourth Annual Report. The wisdom, zeal, and perseverance, with which the Managers of this institution have discharged those arduous labours which their plans of reform impose, have at last drawn from an unwilling public the meed of praise justly due. They seek only the public weal. Their aim is to strike at the root of evil, and eradicate the very seed. Their aim is to prevent pauperism, and not nourish its growth by encouraging indolence and improvidence. « Their cause is the cause of religion, virtue, industry, self-respect, and the cause of posterity."
We shall now present a few extracts from the Report, and invite an attentive perusal.
“To investigate, correct, and prevent moral evils in this metropolis, this institution was established. It therefore becomes a duty to speak with freedom; and the Managers now proceed to call the aitention of the society, to those sources of pauperism, which attracted notice during the last year. They may be classed under the following heads, viz:
“ Intemperance, Ignorance, Criminal Prosecutions, Condition of Prisons, Gambling Houses, Pardons, Lotteries, Want of Cleanliness, Emigration, Idleness and Want of Employment.
“1. Intemperance. During the last year, the evils of intemperance have not diminished. Judging from the relative number of licenses granted in each of the three last years, there has been a great increase in the consumption of ardent spirits within the year just ended. By the most accurate computation, there are 1680 licences for retailing ardent spirits, in actual force, in the city of New-York; making an average of one tippling-house to every fourteen houses in this metropolis. And by adopting the mode of calculation used by the Managers for the year 1819, to ascertain the sum annually expended in New York, in the consumption of spirituous liquors, we arrive at the frightful result, that, in 1820, the sum of $1,893,011 was squandered in the use of this single article! And this, too, principally among that portion of our population who are destitute of any permanent means of support, depending upon manual labour for their daily bread.
“ Although from this statement, the desolating tide of intemperance seems to have been expanding during the past year, in ' spite of the efforts of this institution, seconded as they have been by some of our constituted authorities, to resist its progress ; yet the Managers are happy to state, that they have ascertained some facts on this subject, interesting to the public; and most clearly showing that, in this metropolis, the connexion between the evil under consideration, and the commission of a great portion of the minor offences which occupy our civil and criminal courts, is so Vol. VII.
close and intimate, that in proportion as the use of ardent spirits extends, crimes multiply, and vice versa. The records of the Court of Sessions show, that, as the number of licenses has been augmented, assaults and batteries have multiplied; and when the former has been diminished, the latter have decreased. The whole number of complaints for assaults and batteries, during the last year, was 1061. During the first six months of that year, the number was 409; in the last six months 652. Here it is to be observed, that about 180 new licenses were granted in the early part of those last six months, in the absence of the mayor.
« The relation of cause and effect is here so apparent, that there can be no mistake. The Managers, therefore, declare it as their belief, that the multiplication of licenses promotes intemperate drinking among the poorer classes, and that the growing use of ardent spirits, swells the catalogue of criminal offences. And by recurring to the official statement of complaints and in: dictments which have been presented to the Court of Sessions, since the first of January 1820, it appears that shortly after the granting of the 180 additional licenses, there was a great accumulation of offences within the cognizance of that court. On the whole, therefore, the Managers have no hesitation in saying, that, by reducing the number of licenses, most of the dangerous and shameful effects of intemperance would gradually subside ; thousands of property would be saved to individuals and to the state; the character of the city would be elevated; our criminal courts find less to do; our jails, bride well, penitentiary and state prisons, be less burdened; our poor houses would become less numerous; all our various infirmaries would not long remain the abodes of so much want, suffering, despair, and madness. In short, human nature would not so frequently appear in that most deplorable and terrific attitude, without hope, and without God in the world.
“It is important to notice in this place, another interesting fact, which has fallen under the observation of the Managers, and one that may serve to correct a very erroneous, though a very common opinion. It has long been imagined that the labouring classes could not sustain themselves under the weight of their daily employments, and especially in founderies and large manufacturing establishments, where they are much exposed to heat, and breathe a confined atmosphere, without the regular use of ardent spirits. The results of an important experiment made during the last season, by Mr. James P. Allaire, and by him conmunicated to the Board, establish the fallacy of this opinion.
“Mr. Allaire is the proprietor of a large foundry at Corlaer'sHook. During the last season he employed upwards of 60 workmen, more than 30 of whom were men of families. In the course of the summer, he was informed that many of them were in debt; and on investigating their concerns, with surprise he ascertained