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first procuring the assent of their teachers to this measure. The most valiant man among them laid the matter before us, with this expression—"that to all of them their heart gave the same advice.” We, however, advised them not to lay violent hands on any man, for in that case we should assuredly forfeit our lives. After a' captivity of four days, at the intercession of the national assistants, the savages allowed the missionaries more liberty, but now required them to encourage the believing Indians to get themselves ready for their decampment. They did so, with the best success, and the whole body broke up. But never before had the Indians left a spot with so much regret as this, since they were compelled to forsake the three comparatively beautiful towns of Gnadenhûtten, Palem, and Schönbrunn, together with a great part of their effects. Upwards of 200 head of cattle, and more than 400 hogs, they had already lost at an earlier date. Their external loss only, according to a moderate calculation, amounted to more than $12,000. But the total stop put to the instruction of their youth, grieved them more than any thing else. Their books and documents were burnt. With that they saw nothing but misery and danger before them. However the Lord was with them. They felt this—and this kept their cou
(To be continued.)
MAGDALEN KLEFF. The Diary of the United Brethren's Mission at Gnadenthal, (South Afri
ca,) furnishes the following interesting account of a Christian Hottentot woman, It suggests some useful hints to children, who are too much disposed to throw off parental authority, “ before they are out of their 'teens." On the 24th of May, 1819, Magdalen Kleff
, a very aged Hottentot woman departed this life. She had had 24 children, most of whom have gone before her into eternity. She was the last person here, so far as we know, who knew our late venerable father George Schmidt. She had been one of his scholars; and sometimes spoke, with tears in her eyes, of the last meeting he held with the children, and the fervent prayer with which he concluded his farewell discourse. She afterward removed into another part of the country : but, on hearing that some brethren were come again and had settled at Bavianskloof, she said to her children, "To that place we will go; for these are certainly the same sort of people as George Schmidt was.
You shall go to school to them." Thus she arrived here with all her children ; and it was soon perceived, that the seed sown in her heart half á century before, had not perished. At the consecration of our new church, in 1800, she, with six other adults, was baptized ; and, in 1803, became a communicant.
We can testify, that it was her earnest wish to live unto tve Lord, and walk worthy of the gospel. Her whole demeanor was exemplary; and, by a certain upright, decided, and resolute manner, which was natural to her, and made her differ from the Hottentots in general, she acquired great esteem with all, whether superiors or inferiors. She retained, however, from long habit, certain Hottentot manners and ideas : for instance, she thought that no age screened a child from parental authority and discipline: if she had reason to find fault with and resent her children's conduct, though they were upward of 50 years old, she would not only scold, but would make them submit to personal chastisement. One could not help smiling, to see this aged, infirm person, hobbling along, scarcely able to support herself on her trembling knees by means of a crutch, dealing out her seeble blows on the backs of her unresisting grey-headed children, who took it all in good part, since she considered it a discharge of parental duty. In the latter part of her life, she seldom could leave her bed; but she cleaved unto and rejoiced in the Lord, without wavering. Her end was very gentle, and the ceasing of her breath hardly perceptible.
CHARACTER OF MRS. HANNAH MORE.
To the Editor of the Christian Herald. Mrs. Hannah More is so well known from her works, and so highly respected in this country, that the character I now send you of her, must be amusing to your readers ; whilst the closing sentence of the letter which gives it, cannot fail of awakening a lively sensibility, and of imparting solemn instruction.
A SUBSCRIBER. u Some of her friends," says the “Biographia Dramatica, " (edit. 1812,) " called her exquisite humanity, her hobby horse and to such of them as were wits, it furnished a new species of raillery. It is in this humour, which is a mixture of praise and of blame, that the late Lord Orford, in a letter to herself, gives the following sketch of her character:
" It is very provoking," says his Lordship, “ that people must be always hanging or drowning themselves, or going mad; that you, forsooth, mistress, may have the diversion of exercising your pity, and good nature, and charity, and intercession, and all that bead-roll of virtues that make you so troublesome and amiable, when you might be ten times more agreeable, by writing things that would not cost one above half-a-crown at a time.
“ You are an absolute walking hospital, and travel about into lone and bye places, with your doors open to house stray-casualties. I wish, at least, that you would have some children yourself, that you might not be plaguing one for all the pretty brats that are starving and friendless. I suppose it was some such
goody, two or three thousand years ago, that suggested the idea of an Alma Mater suckling the 365 bantlings of the Countess of Hainault.-Well, as your newly adopted pensioners have two babes, I insist on your accepting two guineas for them, instead of one, at present; that is, when you shall be present. If you cannot circumscribe your own charities, you shall not stint mine, madam, who can afford it much better, and who must be dunned for alms, and do not scramble over hedges and ditches in searching for opportunities of flinging away my money on good works. I employ mine better at auctions, and in buying pictures and baubles, and hoarding curiosities, that, in truth, I cannot keep long, but that will last forever in my catalogue, and make me immortal. Alas! will they cover a multitude of sins ?-Adieu! I cannot jest after that sentence."
REVIEW. Dr. Miller's Sermon on the Difficulties and Temptations which altend the Preaching of the Gospel in great Cities.
(Concluded from page 560.) In our last number we followed the reverend author through the three first obstacles, to the faithful and successful preaching of the gospel in great cities.
"A fourth obstacle to the success of gospel ministers in populous cities, is the tendency of particular circumstances, in such places, to harden the heart."--p. 22.
Of these two only are mentioned, viz.-“ Familiarity with death, and the frequency and publicity of gross vices.” On these our author justly remarks that
“ Few things have a greater tendency to impress and soften the leart, than Death, and the various attendants on the close of our earthly pilgrimage. The coffin, the shroud, the funeral procession, and the open grave, all tend to inspire deep reflection and seriousness, in every man who has not become obdurate as a brute. Nay, the most abandoned profligate, and even the atheist, are compelled to be thoughtful while they stand over the house appointed for all living. Such, in fact, is the impression made, on the minds of most persons, by a death and a funeral, in those places in which occurrences of this kind are comparatively rare. But probably every one who has had an opportunity of making the observation, has remarked, that in large cities, where deaths and funerals, and sometimes large numbers of them, occur every day, they, in a great measure, cease to make the impression which is proper and desirable. The scene is familiar. The mind becomes, in this respect, hardened. And that whole train of motives which the gospel preacher is wont to draw from the consideration of death and eternity, and which ought to be among the most awfully powerful, make, for the most part, but little impression.
“ The same general remarks may be applied to gross vices. In the retirement of the country, where such vices seldom occur, and when they do occur, are in a great measure concealed from public view, they are
regarded with a kind of instinctive horror. But in great cities, where they occur every day, and sometimes every hour, and frequently court the public eye, they are, insensibly, regarded with less and less horror. And it will be well if the minds of many, who once thought themselves beyond the reach of such an effect, are not gradually poisoned by the contagious example. It will be well if practices once considered as unquestionably and highly criminal, be not, by and by, so familiar to the mind, as to appear scarcely criminal at all, and as hardly a proper object of ecclesiastical discipline.
“Now, it cannot be questioned, that whatever hardens the heartwhatever renders death and eternity less impressive, and sinful practice, of whatever kind, less abhorrent to the soul, forms a real obstacle to the success of the ambassador of Christ. It can scarcely, I think, be doubted, that this was one of the difficulties which the apostle contemplated in the prospect of preaching the gospel at Rome. There, he knew, that many of those practices which he must denounce as unchristian, were not only loved, but sanctioned by public opinion, and by general habit. But in spite of this, and of every other obstacle, he declared himself ready to go forward, ready to put his reputation, and even his life in jeopardy, to plead the cause of his master against all opposition.”—pp. 22, 23, 24.
We have quoted the observations on this head entire, though we beg leave to dissent in part. Is there, we ask, a greater fa. miliarity with death in the city than in the country and particularly in this city, which has been the principal theatre of the reverend author's experience and observation.
In the case of the minister himself these may be, in that of the people we apprehend it is widely different, and the danger of the city seems to us rather to be in this that there is less familiarity with death and sorrow in the city than in the country.
In the city, indeed, we see, and perhaps bear a part more frequently in the passing funeral. But in all this there is little familiarity with death, and more particularly in the unchristian manner in which funerals are too often celebrated here. We meet to walk to the grave and drop a fellow-being into it, but we hear no lesson, and mingle in no devotion.-But without noticing more particularly the custom here alluded to, our circumstances in a city confine our intimate knowledge of the circumstances of sorrow and death to a very limited number of families, while in the country those circumstances press upon the mind of a whole town, or at least upon an entire congregation, and death, even in ordinary cases, comes nearer to every man's mind, because all those circumstances are known. In the city, there may be familiarity with funerals, but not with sick-beds, and deathbeds, and sorrow, which are among the grand means of preparing the mind for the influence of divine truth, and of which a country minister has a much greater opportunity to avail himself than a minister in the city.
To the last obstacle to the success of gospel ministers in populous cities, noticed in the sermon before us, we would invite
the serious and candid attention of our readers, and especially those who have the charge of families, which they are commanded "to train up in the way they should
6 In great cities there is created a sort of morbid appetite for variety, and for an excessive quantity, as well as delicacy of public preaching. There is such an easy access to every sort of talent and manner, that it cannot fail of being extremely difficult for any one man to keep together, and to satisfy a large congregation. If he hope to do it, he must not only preach the pure gospel, with diligence and with power; but he must also labour, as far as is lawful, to give his people that variety and richness of matter, which
may be adapted to the various tastes of those who attend on his ministry. He must labour, as our Lord expresses it, like a good householder, to bring forth out of his treasure things new and old. He must, as the apostle, in writing to Timothy, exhorts—He must give attention to reading, as well as to exhortation: he must meditate upon these things, and give himself wholly to them, that luis profiting may appear unto all.
“ But that love of variety, which is peculiarly strong in the inhabitants of great cities, and which a city pastor must make peculiar exertions to consult, and, as far as is proper, to satisfy, is not the whole of his difficulty. There is also a tendency in large towns, where public exercises of religion abound, and where some churches, of one denomination or another, are almost always open; there is a tendency among many professors of religion, otherwise exemplary, by far too much to neglect the duties of the closet, and of the family, and to be almost perpetually engaged in attending on public services. I am a warm friend, not only to a punctual attendance on the stated service of the house of God on the sabbath, but also to an attendance on prayer meetings, and other similar exercises, as Providence may afford an opportunity, in the course of the week. The person who has it in his power to attend such meetings, but has no taste for it, and seldom or never appears at them, gives too much reason to fear that if he have real religion at all, it is at a very low ebb in his soul. Nay, I have no doubt that, where the principle of piety is in a lively and growing state, such meetings will be regarded as a feast, and there will be a desire to enjoy them as often as is consistent with the other duties of the Christian life. But this desire may be, and often has been, indulged to excess; especially by parents and heads of families. Many hasten from church to church, and from one social meeting to another, until every hour on the sabbath, and every evening in the week, are employed in public services. In fact, they seem to think that they serve God acceptably just in proportion to the number of public exercises on which they can attend. This religious dissipation-for it really appears to me to deserve no better name-is productive of multiplied evils. It interferes, almost entirely, with that calm self-examination, and self-converse, which are so essential to a life of growing piety. It abridges, or prevents, in a most fatal degree, that faithful instruction of children and servants, which is indispensable to training up a family in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. And it tends to surcharge the mind with an amount of spiritual provision, which is never properly digested, or likely to be advantageously applied. The consequence is, that the young and rising generation, in such families, are never prepared by adequate training at home to hear the gospel with