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ever, is not the fault of the white people. It was never the intention of Him who gave the earth to the children of men, that a whole continent should be perpetually held by a few scattered hunters, but that a denser population should draw support from its soil. We had a right, therefore, to enter upon this uncultivated wilderness, with due respect to the previous claims of its inhabitants. We had a right to enter it by purchase, and to bring it into a state to support hundreds of millions of the worshippers of God. But in mercy to the poor hunter, whose deer have fled or fallen, we ought to take him to our fields and teach him to cultivate the ground.
“ This, I say, must be done soon, or it will be for ever too late. The poor hunter will have sunk into the grave of his fathers, and left the chase and the field to you. The tide of population is setting so rapidly to the west, (wave after wave sweeping further and further upon the shore,) that in a few short years there will not be a hunting ground left this side of the Pacific. Calculation on this subject will surprise you, while it discloses the sublime prospects of this rising empire. For 60 years before the last census, the population of the United States (exclusive of purchased territories,) doubled once in twenty-two years and a half. Let it continue to increase in the same ratio for 148 years longer, and it will amount to 926 millions, 160 millions more than are now supposed to be on the globe. This result is obtained, as any one may see, by only doubling the amount of the last census seven times. I well know that the ratio of increase must be diminished, whenever the population becomes so crowded as to render the air less pure or the means of support less easy. But what should lessen it while an extensive wilderness remains to receive the surplus of our population, does not appear. What therefore should lessen it until all the hunting grounds of the Indian are destroyed, we are unable to see. And if the same ratio of increase is to continue until the wilderness is generally reduced, the hunting grounds will all be taken up before our children leave the stage. Sixty years, in this proportion, would add 50 millions to our present population, and swell our number to 60 millions. And with the spirit of emigration and enterprise which characterizes our people, 60 millions would probably extend the border of cultivation to the Pacific. Six times our present number could scarcely fail to do this. Should nothing unforeseen check our progress, our grandchildren will make grave yards on the shores of the western ocean. The very generation therefore seems to have come, in which the Indians must be brought to cultivate the soil or be exterminated.
“ Had we nothing in view but the temporal relief of the heathen, this would be a mighty object. Accustomed as we are to the enjoyments of civilized life, and surrounded with scenes of prosperity as far as the eye can reach, we cannot realize the wretched state of the savage-destitute of the useful arts, even of that which relieves the tortures of disease, destitute of every thing which bears the name of convenience, destitute of the social order and security which are bottomed on wholesome laws, of the hallowed delights of domestic lite, of the enjoyments of refined intercourse and friendship, of the lights of science; depending for subsistence on the uncertain issues of the chase, often half famished, exposed to wintery storms, to lawless violence, to ferocious assaults, to pilfering cupidity; slowed in a wretched hovel, immured in smoke, unsheltered from the rain, bedded in filth; the slave of the most polluting and furious passions, agitated by the phantoms of a gloomy superstition, ignorant of God, of all the solace of
the Christian hope, and perhaps besmearing the altars of devils with human blood. What a vast amount of human happiness would be produced, even in the present life, by only introducing into a single tribe the benigo influence of Christianity and civilization, for the benefit of them, and their children, and their children's children to the latest posterity.
“ But when we contemplate those heathen as immortal, the subject swells into a magnitude beyond the ranges of imagination. Every one of them will be an angel or a devil millions of ages after the funeral of this world. Each of them will experience happiness more than all heaven have yet enjoyed, or misery more than all hell have yet endured. To think of the perdition of one pagan soul, is enough to awaken the deepest sympathy of the whole human race. But to contemplate the ruin of the hundreds of millions now on the earth, whose numbers are to be renewed once in twenty or thirty years, what heart can fail to dissolve in grief and vehemently to cry out for help to God and man? The fashion of this world is passing away, the sign of the Son of man will appear in heaven, and you and all the heathen nations will be before his bar. Then, I ask you whether it will not appear of more importance to have converted a single pagan, than to have amassed the treasures of the Indies. I behold one of those heathen brought along in chains to receive his doom, and looking down to an eternal lake of fire. «Ah me!' says he, and am
born to this ?' He casts an eye of anguish on those who once composed the American Church, and raises his piercing lamentations : • How could you see me perish? Why did you not sell your estates to send the gospel to me? Ah! you never felt the pains of damnation. Indeed, my brethren, when we contemplate that scene, we know not where to stop. When we have given a few hundred dollars, we look over the immense pagan waste, and then again to the judgment, and ask, Why should I not give as many more?”—pp. 20-23.
“We have slept too long over this immensely important subject. The millions who are gone cannot be redeemed: those who are now on their way cannot be stopt : the many who must die before we can reach the fields of the missions, must die as they are, because we delayed so long. But by the bowels of Christ let no more time be lost.”—p. 24..
Sayings written about 200 years ago by the Rev. T. Adams.
1st.-As pride is the highest sin, so it shall have the lowest fall; the proud scorn to be like men, and therefore make themselves like devils.
2nd.-As pride is the first step downward to hell, so humility is the first step upward to glory.
3rd.-Pride not only lifts men up above others, but above themselves, so that it is no wonder, that they should not know their neighbours, who have forgotten themselves.
4h.-Pride is like a cloth taken from a leper; it is stiff indeed, but only stiff with corruption.
5th.-Pride is odious in all, but intolerable in Christians.
6th.-Pride lifts a man up above himself, it is humility that. throws a man out of himself, and lays him at the feet of his Maker.
7th.--It is the misery of greatness to be lawless, how many VOL. VII.
had been good if they had never been great ; all the soot in the house is to be found in the chimney.*
8th.-- Hypocrisy in any matter is bad, but in religion it is abominable; there is no such a devil as he that looks like an angel.
9th. -Evil speaking discovers an evil heart, the same as the striking of the clapper doth a broken bell.
10th.-Presumption is like the fool's firework, which goes up. with a blaze, but comes down with a stink.
111h.--Cato said, “ that was a pitiful commonwealth when a trout was dearer than an ox:" so we may say, that is a lamenta ble state where a fiddler and dancer is better maintained than a preacher.
Illustrations of the Scripture from Hindoo Manners and Customs.
Mark xiv. 14. “ Where is the guest-chamber.” Respectable householders have a roon which they call the stranger's room, and which is especially sei apart to the use of guests.
Mark xiv. 20. “It is one of the twelve, that. dippeth with me in the dish." In the cast, persons never eat together from one dish, except where a strong at:achment subsists betwixt two or more persons of the same caste : in such a case, one person sometimes invites another to come and sit by him, and eat from the same dish. It is highly probable, that the same custom existed among the Jews, and that the sacred historian mentions this notice of our Lord's - It is one of the twelve, that dipped with me in the dish,” to mark more strongly the perfidy of the character of Judas,
Luke x. 7." Go not from house to housc.” It will be a great offence among the Hindoos, if a guest, after being made welcome at a house, were to leave it, and go to another.
Luke xviii. 15." They brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them." When a spiritual guide or gooroo visits a disciple, the latter takes his child to him for his blessing; placing the infant before the gooroo, and forcing its head down to his feet, the parent solicits his blessing, which he gives in some such words as these :-“ Live long ;"? " Be learned ;” or,
“ Be rich."
From the Missionary Register. The Anniversaries of the various benevolent societies, which are held in the metropolis in the month of May, increase both in
* We suppose alluding to the chimney being the highest part of the house.
# For an account oi' the Anniversary of the British and Foreign Bible Society, see No. V. of this volume, p. 132.
number and in efficiency. The truly Christian spirit, which we have noticed in former years, continues to gather strength ; and, we trust, that as the years revolve, we shall be called to witness a steady increase of enlightened piety, and of charity unfeigned.
The Annual meeting of the societies which fall within the scope of our work, took place in the following order :-Wesleyan Missionary Society, Monday, Mav 1; Church Missionary Society, Tuesday, May 2; British and Foreign Bible Society, Wednesday, May 3; Prayer-Book and Homily Society, Thursday, May 4 ; Jews' Society, Friday, May 5; Hibernian Society, Saturday, May 6; Naval and Military Bible Society, Tuesday, May 9; Religious Tract Society, Thursday, May 11 (early); London Missionary Society, on the same day; African Institution, Wednesday, May 17.
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Preparatory to the annual meeting of the society, the annual meeting of the Auxiliary for the London District was held on Wednesday evening, April 26th, at Queen-street Chapel. Sir Richard Oitley, late chief justice of Grenada, but now appointed a judge at Ceylon, was in the chair. Sir Richard opened the meeting by an address of some length, and replete with remarks in favour of missions, to which his past experience, and his future destination gave peculiar weight. He was followed by several other gentlemen.
Sermons were preached for the society, on this occasion, by the Rev. W. Ward, Baptist missionary of Serampore, on Thursday evening; by Dr. Clarke, on Friday morning; and by the Rev. Jabez Bunting, on Friday evening; and on Sunday, April the 30th, the usual annual collections were made, after sermons on the subject, in all the chapels of the Wesleyan Methodists in the London circuits.
The annual meeting of the society, took place on Monday, May the 1st, at the City-Road Chapel; Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M. P. in the chair. The Chairman, in opening the meeting, communicated some important facts, on high authority in India, in proof that Hindoo superstitions are giving way.
The Report was then read by the Rev. Richard Watson, one of the Secretaries.
Sir Richard Outley, in addressing the meeting, referred to the accounts lately made public respecting the kingdom of Ashantee, in refutation of those who represented heathen superstitions as harmless and inoffensive. Of this people it is said, that, on the death of the King's mother, not less than 2000 criminals and 1000 innocent persons were sacrificed. A regular correspondence is supposed to be kept up with the invisible world, by dispatching one victim after another, to carry messages to any deceased relative: when the King wishes to send such a message, be delivers it to a slave, and then kills him, under the notion that he will carry the message to the deceased ; and if the King happens to have forgot any part of the message, he will send for another slave, and after committing to him the rest of the mes sage, will dispatch him with the same inhuman indifference for the dark places of the earth are, indeed, full of the habitations of cruelty!
The Rev. Richard Reece, of Leeds, gave a striking testimony to the power of religion, in maintaining loyalty and peace in dangerous times. Though the members of the society at Leeds and in the neighbourhood are upward of 4000, many of whom had been in great difficulties through the present distresses, and were surrounded by the infectious doctrines of infidelity and sedition, yet not one of them had committed his character as a Christian and an Englishman--not one of them had been seduced from the faith and hope of the gospel; but they had maintained a Christian spirit, in the midst of much obloquy and detraction from the disaffected and disloyal.
The two Christian Cingalese took leave of the society on this occasion ; and have since embarked on board the Tanjore, with Sir Richard Ottley, and several missionaries.
The meeting continued upwards of six hours ; but such was the variety of information communicated, that the interest of the large assembly was kept up to the close.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Twentieth Inniversary. The annual sermon was preached at St. Bride's Church, Fleetstreet, on Monday evening, the 1st of May, by the Rev. Benjamin W. Mathias, M. A. from Mal. i. 11.
At 12 o'clock on Tuesday, May the 21, the chair was taken at the annual meeting, at Freemasons' Hall, by the President, Lord Gambier.
In opening the meeting, the noblc President adverted with much Christian feeling, to the deplorable condition of the human race, scarcely an eighth part of which had yet received the light of the gospel. He rejoiced, however, that we live in glorious days; for, within the last ten or fifteen years, greater exertions had been made, by means of Bible and Missionary Institutions, to extend the boundaries of Christ's kingdom, than had perhaps been before made for as many centuries.
The Report presented an outline only of the proceedings of the year, the details being unavoidably reserved for the press.
It appeared from this document, that the receipts of the iwentieth year had exceeded those of the nineteenth by 2,0001., and had amounted to 30,0001. and the expenditure to 31,0001. The Bristol Association had contributed 1,7551. 75. 4d.; and the