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opened to them, there was no getting rid of them. The Apple-tree began to complain. He had as yet not seen any, thing of the Christmas cheer, nobody having come for the Mistletoe; and at last he tried to rid himself of his un pleasant visitors. One night when there was a heavy gale he improved upon the occasion by shaking himself violently; but the only result was, that all his fruit blossoms fell off, and one of the best branches, hitherto free from the Mistletoes, broke off. What was worse, the Mistletoes perceived the Apple-tree's anger, and laughed right out at hinn. He found they were getting the better of him, and consuming all he had. Ruin was staring him in the face; first one branch, then another, began to wither : and wherever there was an unhealthy part it was sure to be taken possession of by bis unscrupulous and voracious visitors. At last, finding all his struggles to free himself and to restore to his frame the original vigour hopeless, he began to sink fast, and ere long died. He was cut down by the farmer and thrown into the cart; and as his funeral was passing along, the Apple-tree who had been proof against the solicitations of the Mistletoe, uttered a deep sigh, and murmured to himself, “There goes another victim to flattery !" The Mistletoe had again to look out for a home; but as all the apple-trees of that part of the country were now aware that his only aim was to live upon others, and lead an idle, useless life, all his applications met with a refusal. So he made up his mind to go abroad; but, being without resources of his own, he found the long journey too much for him, and ultimately perished miserably on the road.

even the heathen were not excluded (1 Cor. xiv. 24, 25). It would indeed be passing strange if the Christian church were the one voluntary society which had no right to accept or reject candidates for membership. As no rules for excluding the unworthy are laid down in the New Testament, each church must frame rules for itself. It is, therefore, beside the mark to say the practices generally observed are not sanctioned by Scripture. The same may be said of our colleges and Sunday schools. The one question is, whether our customs seeure the end designed, and secure it in the best way. When the matter assumes this form, it is evident that no categorical assertion can be made. What is suitable for one age and place may be unsuitable for another, and different regulations may all be equally good. It is, however, clear that, other things being equal, the simplest rules and tests are the best. Now, if a church is satisfied of the good repute of a candidate, and takes care that he learns what Christ requires of His followers, I think it has taken every necessary precaution, and that all further responsibility rests with the candidate himself. Let it also be an understood thing that all our members are bound, if they can, to engage in Christian work, and certainly the churches will present very few attractions to the worldly and insincere. A distinction between communicants and church-members would be a pernicious absurdity. We may not choose what duties to fulfil and what to forego. We are as much bound to unite with the church as to receive the Lord's Supper, and the requisite qualifications are identical.

THE CHURCHES OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.-I regard it as certain that the churches of the New Testament, 80 far as they correspond with their ideal, consisted of spiritual men who had a living faith in Christ, and again that each church formed a definite society, having its members duly registered or otherwise distinguished from the world. This is implied when St. Paul directs the excommunication of an offender, and when we find that the church was not co-extensive with the congregation of hearers, from which

PREACHING.-Look at the preacher if you want him to preach at you. The same sermon is often dull to a sleepy-head and helpful to an attentive listener, and the difference is one of reception. Oliver Wendell Holmes, picturing a lecture audience, talks of « faces without a ray of sympathy or movement of expression. They are what kill the lecturer. These negative faces, with their vacuous eyes and stony lineaments, pump and suck the warm soul out of him." And how many such people we find in every Sunday congregation!

Missionary Observer.


Cuttack, Sept. 24, 1868. I SPENT the first Lord's-day in this month at Piplee, and felt that it was a solemn and interesting day. I preached in the morning from 1 Peter v. 4, and exhorted the church bereaved of its be loved pastor to meditate on the tender, loving care of the “Chief Shepherd." The congregation for some time before our dear brother's death was much too large for the chapel, which was built eighteen years ago, and regularly met in the Girls' School-room, which is large and commodious. When they all rose to sing, after reading the first hymn, I felt that it was quite an inspiring, as well as touching sight. The Lord's Supper was administered in the afternoon, and we felt it good thus to renew our pledge in life and death to be the Lord's.

It is gratifying to state, that at the church meeting held the day before, eleven were proposed for baptism, and others were mentioned that appeared concerned about the salvation of their souls. With some of these I conversed, and felt much encouragement and hope. These pleasing and hopeful appearances render the removal of our dear brother the more mysterious and painful; but we must gird ourselves afresh, and cry to God for help in carrying on the work in which he nobly fell. I need hardly say that our widowed sister, Mrs. Goadby, and our estimable friend, Miss Packer, will do all that it is possible for them to do; but Piplee requires the services of a devoted and faithful Missionary brother as well. It is an inviting and an important sphere of labour. The district contains half-a-million of souls. The native Christian community is happily increasing. The number of famine orphans on 31st March last was 380. None of our stations have been in the same length of time so fruitful as Piplee, and in none of our districts is there apparently so decided an impression made on the heathen as in this. Sball we cry in vain for help, burdened as we are with weighty responsibilities, while

still hoping in God. Will there be no response from a heart filled with love to Jesus, and with love to souls—“Here am I, send me?” The Society will not, I am sure, be unjust or ungenerous to any of its old servants detained at home by personal or family affliction; but I am confident that if the Mission is to go on satisfactority, there must be an infusion of young blood into it.

I am writing on Sept. 24th, and cannot forget that it is twenty-four years to-day since I reached Berhampore, Ganjam, and entered on the work. Mrs. Buckley has been engaged in it for three years longer. It is a day to write with a full heart and with devoutest thankfulness, Ebenezer; and it is also a fitting time to say that we are not tired of the work, but that, as years pass away, we love it more and more, and hope to die in it. Our gracious Master has given us, according to His promise, the “hundred-fold in this life;" and the recompense beyond the grave-not of merit, but of grace-will not be withheld. But we are all most anxious to hear of a revived Missionary feeling among the friends at home, and to be assured that they mean to be faithful to us and to the responsibilities they have incurred in seeking the evangelization of Orissa.


THE PLAIN OF RUDINGY. BY THE LATE REV. J. 0. GOADBY. Rudingy is a valley, or rather extensive plain, lying to the north of the Chilka lake, and between it and Puoree. It is low and flat, like the fens of Lincolnshire, and the waters of the Chilka lake are kept back by long embankments. This valley is studded with villages, which are built on mounds, mostly natural elevations, the houses of which are in addition well raised, the floors being generally from five to six feet above the ground. During the floods of the rainy season of 1866, owing to the vast amount of water flowing down the Mabanuddy, a branch of which empties itself into the Chilka, the waters of the

lake rose nine feet above the sea-level. “All who lived there are dead, the house This information I had from the Govern- is empty, you can go in and see.” We ment officer, who narrowly escaped with went. The cow-house was large enough his life, while clearing an outlet in the to contain twenty cows; through this we old channel by which the lake commu- passed into the court or square, round nicates with the sea. He contemplated which the other buildings were erected. effecting an opening of about 300 yards In the centre stood the household god. broad, when suddenly, without any pre In the various rooms were cooking utenvious warning, through the waters per- sils, fire-places, &c., but no living creacolating underneath the sand, a whole ture. On opening the door of the mass gave way, forming an outlet of up- granary, not a grain of paddy was to be wards of a thousand yards broad, through seen. This house contained forty souls, which the waters rushed with terrific for in native families of good caste, when force, sweeping the boat in which he was the children marry they do not leave standing through it into the sea, where the paternal roof, but accommodation is the torrent met the surf, and formed a made for them, so that whole branches huge wall of water, out of which it of the same family occupy different porseems almost a miracle that he succeeded tions of the same building. The head of in extricating himself. As a natural the family fell from small pox, and subresult of this vast accumulation of water sequently the whole, with but one ex. in the lake, the embankments gave way, ception, a child of six years, died off by and flooded the whole of the flat plain of disease and famine. The villagers said Rudingy and its adjacent valleys. Thus that for weeks nothing but the sound of each village was cut off from communi weeping and mourning came from this cation with the others, each becoming a enclosure. We preached in front of the small island. There seemed to have next house, and our congregation was been but few boats in the vicinity, for composed of the whole village, viz.-ten in ordinary rainy seasons, communica- men, eight women, and six children. tion was kept up by walking along the An old woman-anice-looking old dame, embankments, or wading through the who sat in the doorway, listened very shallow water of the rice-fields. Thus attentively; she told us that in that isolated from each other by ten or twelve house but five remained out of two-andfeet of water, help was not forthcoming. thirty. As we were going, she said, The villagers were in possession of no very touchingly, “ A blessing be on you, signal code by which their distress could for you have indeed told us good news be made known to their neighbours, and to-day." even bad communication been possible, Though during my tour through the all being involved in the same calamity, Bonamalipore district, marks of the self-preservation was their first thought. famine were everywhere visible in ruined Even those who had rice buried it, and bouses, forsaken villages, uncultivated professed to have none, lest violent hands fields, and beaps of bones bleaching in should be laid on their store; and a bar- the sun, I did not so vividly realise the rowing tale was told me of suffering awful nature of such a calanıity, with its from hunger and thirst. So hundreds harrowing details, as during our stay in died of starvation, and their bodies being Rudingy. Famine, pestilence, and death, thrown into the water, famine was seemed to be concentrated in this valley, quickly followed by disease and pesti as in one focus. Its villages were lence. In nearly every village we almost depopulated, the people appeared visited, half the houses were in ruins, bending under the recollection of the sometimes the whole of one side of a calamity that had overtaken themstreet. One, Badabennakunda, which every tongue was ready to tell its tale of before the famine and flood had con sorrow and bereavement, and many a tained 110 houses, and was thickly time ere we could begin to preach had populated, at the time we were there we to give ear to their vivid descriptions had only five houses inhabited. The of scenes their eyes had witnesssd, and ruins were a sad sad sight to behold never could forget during those desoWhen passing one large and substantial lating months. house, which had belonged to the prip- Our reception by the people was all cipal man of the village, on my asking a we could wish, and as we could point bystander who lived there, he replied to ruined temples, and remind them of instances they themselves had related of my feet on the pedals of the great ingods and goddesses being stolen for the strumentality and touch the silent keys, sake of the trumpery orpaments upon to get out the whole music. them, and could appeal to their own I am agent, then, of the Bible Society, acknowledgment of the fruitlessness of as it spreads out over the world. The all their observances in averting the missionaries of this one Board have put dire calamity through which they had the treasures of the Bible into the tongues passed, they appeared to have po ground spoken by half the human race. I am for opposition. An unusual seriousness agent, too, of the Tract Society, as it marked their demeanour, their spirits walks across the sea, sprinkling the naseemed subdued, and it was apparent tions with the leaves of life. I am agent, that to many the tale of love and mercy, also, of a Church Building Society, that which was the burden of our message, has dotted the lands with rude sanctufell soothingly upon their ears. We aries. I act for an Education Society, were everywhere welcomed, and should that carries light to the darker places of our lives be spared until another cold earth. We are helping the young men season, we hope to be able to visit more there; we are putting them through fully this interesting district.

their course; and have more such in training than all the Theological Seminaries of our order in the land.

I work, too, for what is a Home MisA SPEECH ON FOREIGN

sionary Society, abroad. This one Board MISSIONS,

of Missions bas two native pastors and Concluding with a Specimen of Spiritual preachers to one that is sent to its misArithmetic-delivered at the General

sions from our own churches. And best Conference of the American Board for

of all, those far-off churches, just planted, Foreign Missions, Maine.

are sending the gospel to places still

more distant. The seed is becoming a I was in an assembly not long since, tree-a moral banyan in the East. The awaiting the service. I was early there, centres seek to evangelize their surbut soon the organ commenced. It roundings; and those fresh Christian began on a single note, very sweet and impulses do not stop there, but reach tender. Soon another note was heard, out the hand over mountain ridges and in perfect concord; and then another, broad seas, to feed the hungry and to and another, all in exact harmony; till save the lost. at length, all the range of keys was in So I come on last, to take what these use, and the grand resources of the in brethren leave, to touch keys they bave strument were waked.

to pass over, and bring out the grandeur So now, with a grander instrumen of the Christian benevolences. But we tality in the kingdom of Christ. There all alike call for money, and a great deal was first the voice of the brother who of it; not yours, brethren, but the Lord's, told us of the Papist—what he is, and in your keeping ; not for our societies, what he needs. Then came the plea for but for the poor and the neglected ! the sailors, a class that act as the nerves The fundamental rules of religio n are of the nations, in their intercommunica- these-addition, subtraction, multiplication; then another-for the Bible, and tion, division. “Add to your faith the millions that are without it; still virtue, and to virtue knowledge, and to another for the Tract cause, that gives knowledge temperance," etc. And then, to the neglected so much good reading; “put off all these, anger, wrath, malice," and then the good word for the Freed and the like. You notice subtraction men, so helpless and wretched, as well comes after addition. We don't put off as for the destitute that cover the great till we take on, or in, and thus we come wastes of the west and north. But we to multiply and abound in all good things, now have, last of all, to crown all-the to the glory of Christ. Then follows the whole world. There is no clasbing or test rule of division,—the distribution, jarring here. These things are in harmony, the titbing, the scattering abroad of the as the various notes and swells of the good things of God. Tbis last is the great organ. My plea does not displace proof rule of the others; and if well the pleas of these brethren, but expands wrought, shows our work in the Lord to them and complements them. I but put be right, and not in vain.

SPAIN, A FREE COUNTRY. and although their powers were weak

ened through the influence of the ConSPAIN, A FREE Countky! This is the

fessional, and their meagre knowledge of fact of deepest interest for the close of

Truth, yet they had strength enough to eighteen hundred and sixty-eight. That

burst their bonds like Samson ; to debeautiful land, with its noble mountains,

mand a purer government; and then to mines of precious metals, extensive vine

proclaim in the capital, Long live reliyards, and richly cultivated fields, is

gious liberty and free education !". now FREE! The Christian Missionary

The change which bas come over the may now travel over most of its pro

nation has taken Europe by surprise ; it vinces, and receive a welcome from their

bas foiled the intrigues of Rome; and interesting inhabitants. Twelve months

has rejoiced the representatives of pure ago the world would scarcely have be

evangelical Christianity. Now there is lieved such an announcement. Perhaps

hope for Spain. If the affirmation of no country on earth, with such a bright

our own beloved Queen was a truth, intelligent population, was so thoroughly

that " the Bible made England a great enslaved by priestcraft and anti-Christian

nation," then what effect is it likely to error. The stronghold of Papacy was

exert upon the newly-liberated Spain, here. Its most absurd idolatries were

which has so long been desiring to poshere practised by the duped and deluded

sess the same boon? To what an exmillions. Not that there was any de

tent the Word of God has been introficiency of mental power in the Spaniards,

duced into that country it is impossible but Satan himself seemed to have con

to say ; but this we do know, that in one cocted his schemes so cleverly as almost

city, at least, the Scriptures were read to have excluded the pure light of Scrip

by thousands; that their perusal had ture truth from the country. It was a

been so much blessed, that above twenty crime against the nation's laws to intro

small Christian Churches were privately duce the Bible into Spain. But the

organized; and that multitudes of people Bible did enter for all that. Gibraltar

in that city were only waiting for a was a British citadel, and the Spaniards

favourable opportunity publicly to prowould cross over to our territory, and

fess their attachment to Protestant Chrisin this town make themselves possessors

tianity. In one locality they ventured of the proscribed book. Spanish traders

to meet in numbers as high as forty, and would come to England, and, in the Port

even dared to sing hymns, without inof London, the City Missionaries would

terference. But the recent attempt of supply them with the Word of God in

the priesthood to crush out this work of their own tongue. In fact, as time went

the Lord, which we reported not long on, it was found almost as impossible to

since, though it led to the dispersion, shut out the Bible from Spain as it

and temporary inconvenience of the would be to turn back an advancing

Christians, led them also to prayer. We

Christi tide. Christians had been praying for

believe in the omnipotence of prayer ; Spain, and prayer has power. It touches

not of saying prayers as a clever parrot the world's springs. The most unlikely'

might say them, but souls in sympathy instruments may be used. Men with

with God may draw forth the exertion political tendencies, be they right or

of His Almightiness, and then the barwrong, may be led willingly, or un

riers of ages can be made to crumble in willingly, to accomplish the purposes of

the dust in an incredible short period of Him who will overturn, overturn, over

time. Now see what an Omnipotent turn, till He shall come whose right it is

Friend has permitted to be done! Woe to reign.

to the opposers of God's work, when The shackles which bound the Spanish their persecutors drive His people to nation were being rivetted more closely their knees. If only the friends of the by the Ultramontane party ; the Con- Most High can get into communion with cordat with the Papacy rendered them Him about their position, there is no still more galling; whilst the hollow pre- knowing how He may plead for them by tensions of a corrupt and corrupting terrible things in righteousness. priesthood became daily more apparent. The Christians of Spain, though occaThe people writhed under the yoke. sionally imprisoned in consequence of They could endure it no longer. They their confession of Christ, have conhad minds capable of intelligent thought, tinued, quietly and cautiously, to evan

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