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processes frees itself from them; so that if, for example, you freeze impure water charged with bitter salts or acids, it will form a block of clear inodorous ice, not only void of all unpleasant smell, but agreeable to the taste. So the christian conscience, itself put right by the Saviour, cleansed and purified by the Spirit, acts with decided opposition to all that is impure, selfish, and covetous, and continues its action until it delivers the indi. vidual and the church from whatsoever defileth or maketh a lie. Brethren, this is our need-Christ in the conscience. The future of missions to the heathen depends upon the degree in which the church meets this grand necessity. The conviction of personal obligation to convey the gospel to every man must root itself in the heart of each christian. Every one of us must be brought to feel

I must do this. It is my work. I ought to give myself to it to the fullest extent of my ability.” We lack nothing so much as this. Not mechanism-we have the best. Not certainty of victory

the prince of this world is judged. Evil has been defeated by our Brother and Friend in its lord and chief. Not a leader - Christ is with us. Not power—the gospel is God's power to salvation. It is conscience-conscience in giving so that we may do it with system and with grace ; in praying that it may be fervent and full of faith ; in preaching, that our sermons may lead men not to walk by sight, or act at the mere impulse of patriotism, but to stretch out their arms to embrace a ruined world. Oh! for the quick and sensitive conscience of the brave man who would rather die for wayward and offending Israel than the name of God should become a reproach amongst vaunting idolaters; of Elijah, who on the top of Carmel confronted single-handed the confederated and priest-led heathens of his own country; of Jeremiah, who could not rest though weary with forbearing, but spoke out when every word he uttered was as a death-warrant against him; of Paul and his companions, of Luther and Zwingle, of Carey and Fuller, of Bampton and Peggs, of Sutton and Lacey-men who counted not their lives dear unto them, so that they might win souls to Christ! Then, indeed, would the church soon loose herself from the bands of selfishness and indolence, and all Gentiles see her brightness, and all kings her glory.

PROGRESS OF THE WORK AT

BERHAMPORE. TAE Rev. J. Taylor, under date of Sept. 12, writes to the Secretary :

In the Report of last year you will recollect we expressed a hope that a work of grace was manifesting itself in the case of others of our young people and school children; and it is my happiness now to tell you that we have not been disappointed, At our church meeting in June two of our famine orphan girls, and the second daughter of our late brother and native preacher, Juggernath, were received for baptism. In the case of the elder of the famine orphans the grace of God has effected a wonderful change. For months after the children were made over to us she was a sad trial to us, and had constantly to be brought up for reproof and correction ; and more than once she assayed to run away rather than submit to the discipline of the school. Now, however, we have not a more tractable girl. Her school-fellows were quite struck with the change, as much so, indeed, as we were; and when some of them were asked what they thought of Ambe's case, they replied, that they had not a doubt as to her fitness for baptism, they had noticed such a marked change in her.” Srumatti, the younger, is a nice, bright, intelligent girl of about fourteen years of age. The brethren appointed to see her, on reporting to the church, expressed their great delight and surprise at her extensive and clear knowledge of the plan of salvation. This we felt to be most encouraging. Kosturi is a very promising girl also, and will, we trust, prove an ornament to the church. On the 1st of August we had the joy of receiving other three into the church by baptism, and in each case there is somewhat of peculiar interest. Luke, a young man of about eighteen years of age, is a younger branch of a very large family residing at our new village, and the most unsatisfactory of all the families in our nominal community. We therefore felt it matter for special thanksgiving that in this youth” there was found some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel ;" and especially so, because the testimony to the fitness and consistency of Luke borne by the brethren from Padre Pella was highly satisfactory.

Thoma has long been a member of our nominal community at Berhamnore, and

for years has been anything but an orna- way from Benares, passing, as he did, so ment to the village. Indeed I have in many mission stations, and yet finding the desk before me a document contain opportunity to connect himself with none ing his most solemn pledge to“ keep the until he came to Berhampore, is yet to peace" as to his wife (whose life he had us a mystery; but we are fervently threatened to take), on pain of once and hoping--and might go further and say for ever being expelled the village; the believing—that in this event God is desaid document was written about twelve signing great good to this station and months ago. The flood of penitential neighbourhood. It appears that on tears, therefore, which streamed down reaching Berhampore he went to the his cheeks some months ago on being bazaar one evening, and on bis way saw spoken with at the close of the service the new church that has been erected in one Sunday was to us a most cheering the town, and this led him to inquire and grateful sight. The Spirit of God where the missionary lived, &c.; and at was then most powerfully at work with length he found his way to the village, him, and shortly after he came and and after a lengthy conversation with related, in a concise but pointed manner, Thoma and the deacon Daniel, the an experience which, so far as we could brethren brought him to me, and together judge, clearly indicated that he had be we had a further conversation, during come a “new creature in Christ Jesus." which we gathered that his knowledge And since his baptism, I am thankful to of Scripture was most extensive; so much say, his conduct has been such as to con- so that we began to suspect he had been firm the conviction then formed that he a christian, but had from inconsistency is a trne disciple, and that he is endea been expelled, and so ventured to come vouring to “adorn the doctrine of God in amongst us, and we asked him if such his Saviour in all things."

were the case; but he denied it most The third case is that of a young brah- firmly, and added, he had known and min, a native of North Travancore. He talked with many christians, and that he is a most intelligent young man, though had bad a Bible, which he had very caremanifesting no disposition to display his fully read. And when asked how he learning; has a very pleasing address, could have remained in heathenism with and is evidently of most respectable so much light, he answered, “Does not family. He has told us that while Paul say in one of his letters, · Prove all in his native place he had heard and things, and hold fast that which is good ?' read much about christianity, and felt and this is what I have been doing." In his mind favourably inclined thereto, quoting scripture he frequently gave but that fear of consequences prevented chapter and verse. On ascertaining that his ever attempting to embrace it. Still, the name of one of the native preachers being most unhappy in heathenism, and was Aaron, “ Ah!” he said, “that was everything he had attempted, and every the name of Moses' brother;" and of place to which he had gone, having failed another, that his name was Thoma, to give him the rest and peace of mind “ Yes, that was the name of the disciple of which he was in search, he resolved as who put his hand into the Saviour's side." a final trial to visit the far-famed “Kási," But then we were met with another diffi(Benares) or “Dreisya Swarga," i.e., culty. He said that in joining us “he visible heaven ; and accordingly visited wished to devote his whole time to study Benares with several more brahmins of and preaching about the Lord Jesus his native place. Such, however, were Christ.” Our difficulty lay here: some the sufferings he endured by the way, had come out from no higher motive and so thoroughly disgusted was he with than a livelihood; was this the motive the filth, literal and moral, with which he of the young man before us? He was met in this so-called “visible heaven," a brabmin moreover, and brahmins do wherever he turned his face, that he not believe in work. And then the resolved if Hindooism had nothing better question arose as to whence we could than that with which to reward and support him, if, till such time as we could satisfy its disciples, he would from hence test his sincerity, we took him on his cease to be one of them. And from this own conditions? Finally it was resolved time it seems he made up his mind to to tell him that as the scriptures teach, seek for a suitable place and opportunity “He that will not work, neither shall he to embrace Christianity. But how it eat; and that as we had no funds in hand occurred that he should travel all the for such a purpose, we did not see our Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the General Baptist Missionary Society will be thankfully received by T. HILL, Esq., Baker Street, Nottingham, Treasurer; and by the Rev. J. C. PIKE and the Rev. H. WILKINSON, Secretaries, Leicester, from whom also Missionary Boxes, Collecting Books, and Cards may be obtained.

way clear to receive him, unless he would consent to labour for his bread until we should be satisfied as to his sincerity, and also his fitness for the work he desired to do." On hearing this he expressed himself as very sorry; but that he felt he must spend the rest of his days in preaching the gospel, and as we could not receive him for that work he must seek opportunity elsewhere. He then left with the native brethren, and staid with them uptil a very late hour; and when about to take his leave, he said, with much feeling, “ Well, as you will not receive me, do pray with me before I go, that the Lord may keep me steadfast, and that He may guide me to some place where I may be enabled to preach the gospel to my countrymen.” The brethren were much affected at this, and so were the rest of as when we heard of it the next day. It led us to pray and think much of the case, and finally to resolve, trusting in the Lord both as to his sincerity and support, to give him a trial, feeling that if he proved himself worthy he would be made a great bless. ing, as we should most thankfully employ him as a native preacher. Nor have we thus far had reason to regret this step ; for he has not only given satisfactory evidence that he is a Christian, but bids fair to be very useful to a class of men not hitherto reached by us. Though his native language is Malayalan, he is thoroughly acquainted with Tamil; and this being the native language of some of the principal native officials in the Judge's Court and the Government School here, he has obtained access to them, and has, with cheering acceptance, repeatedly preached to them the gospel of the grace of God. Of Telegoo he knows a little, and since he came here has laboured diligently to acquire a more extensive knowledge of it. He has already thrown himself among the Telingas in the town, as opportunity offered, and has endea. voured to preach Christ to them. It is our earnest hope and prayer that the Lord will be pleased to make him a thoroughly efficient Telegoo preacher. For, from a constant increase in the Telegoo population, and the fact that there are at present several interesting cases among this people, it becomes more and more desirable that we should have

Telegoo preachers and Telegoo services as well as Oriya. A very respectable and worthy old gentleman who often comes for half an hour's conversation, and of whose salvation I have great hope, said one day, “ You see, were I to come out and join you, you have no service in Telegoo by which my soul could be helped and blessed ; and of Oriya I know nothing, and not sufficient English to understand a sermon." I say, therefore, I do hope the Lord has sent this young man to supply oor need in this respect.

Up to the present Narayan has displayed both aptitude and disposition for the work. He goes to the bazaar with the brethren, and talks with any he meets who understand either Tamil or

Telegoo. His caste, and education, and respectable connections give him introduction to and influence with a higher class of natives than we ordinarily get access to. There are some six or eight native gentlemen with whom he often meets for conversation and reading the Scriptures; and a fortnight ago I was requested, through our young friend, to send to Madras for several copies of the Bible in Tamil and Telegoo for the use of these baboos, for which they said they would gladly pay. Narayan's efforts have so far succeeded with them as to induce them to consent to hold with him a weekly prayer meeting in the house of one of them, and this day week they held their first meeting.

I should like to specially commend this movement, and the case of our brother Narayan altogether to the earnest and continued prayers of all who are interested in the Lord's work here. I would also beg, in the name of my Lord and Master, that some friend, or friends, or church would support this young man, but without, as far as possible, interfering with their ordinary Subscriptions to the society. I would most gladly communicate with such friends respecting Narayan from time to time, and, if they wished it, send them accounts direct of what he is doing.*

* The sudden removal of dear brother Goadby has been a sad blow. Weakness before, we are as a mission weaker still. How loudly does this event say, "Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might.” May those who have it in their power act upon this regarding Narayan. * A Paper read before the Midland Conference, and printed by request. VOL. LXX.-NEW SERIES, No. 24,

THE

GENERAL BAPTIST MAGAZINE.

DECEMBER, 1868.

NATIONAL EDUCATION.*

BY REV. J. T. GALE.

THERE are two points upon which bristling with statistics—exceedingly we may very fairly congratulate our fierce of aspect-prepared to mainselves in entering on the considera- tain against all comers that everytion of this question : first, that at thing was being done that should or last it has passed out of the region could be done for the education o of statistics; and second, that it is the people - that ignorance was now possible for a body of Noncon- being rapidly chased from the land formists, and even General Baptists, and that within a very brief to discuss the education question period (fixed and announced with without an introductory homily on Cumming-like precision and dogmathe text, If ye bite and devour one tism) none would say to his neighanother, take heed that ye be not con- bour's children, “Know the three sumed one of another. Whatever R's,” for all would know them, “from differences of opinion, either as to the least even unto the greatest." principle or detail, may still exist We have left all that behind, howamong us, these are not, I take it, ever. Statistics might silence the such as to divide us into bitterly gainsayers of a past generation, but hostile bands. If we differ, we agree they did not educate the people ; to differ; but we also agree that no nor did they convince all minds that differences shall prevent our com- voluntaryism was equal to the gibining in an earnest and persevering gantic task of leading the children attempt to reach a practical and of Britain out of the land of mental satisfactory solution of the greatest bondage and darkness into the prosocial problem of the age in which mised land of light and liberty. we live.

And now the question comes before Time was, too, when merely to us, not simply for consideration have hinted the necessity of a and the passing of resolutions therethoroughly national system of edu- upon, but for practical solution and cation would have brought forth immediate action. It is felt and certain well-known champions of confessed on all hands that to obtain pure and simple voluntaryism- for ourselves as a people the intrinsic

and inyaluable advantages of educa- the intolerable evils of a scheme of tion, to bring ourselves abreast of National Education worked by a our American cousins and our State-paid priesthood in the interests cousins-German in culture, if not in of a State-made and State-supported cuteness, in solid attainment if not in church, we are bound to stand formetaphysical depth,—to prevent the ward and boldly declare that in the crime which has its roots in igno-, settlement of this question perfect rance, and last, though not least, respect shall be shown for the great to give our new political masters principles of civil and religious that knowledge of their letters which equality. a certain high authority says they Now if we were about to begin at must be persuaded to get—we must, the beginning, if the ground were without further delay, set ourselves clear and we were required to devise to work to devise and establish some a scheme of national education scheme by the operation of which framed in the liberal spirit of the these varied but most essential age, and adapted fully to meet the objects shall be attained.

requirements of the country, I for If it be asked, What concern have one should be prepared to say that we, as the representatives of a cer- the plan to be insisted upon would tain and not uninfluential section be-a national system of elementary of the Christian church, in this mat education capable of reaching and ter? it will, I trust, be enough to including all classes of the commureply, that though we have a citizen- nity; a system under the control of ship in heaven, we have also a citi- a responsible minister sitting in the zenship on earth; and our duty, as House of Commons, establishing and Christians, includes all that belongs maintaining schools by local rating, to the duty of citizens. As Non- under local management — placed, conformists, moreover, we are bound however, under official inspection to make our voices heard and our and examination. But a beginning influence felt' in the consideration has been made. By voluntaryism and final determination of this ques- alone, or by voluntaryism supple-. tion. We may stand aloof alto- mented by parliamentary grants, gether if we please, acting upon the something has already been atfatal misapprehension that the State tempted, and something not inconhas no more right to provide for and siderable has been accomplished. , control the secular education of the Thirty-five years ago, the Governcommunity, than it has to provide ment assumed the responsibility of for and control the religious educa- proposing an annual grant of public tion of the community. But with money in aid of private endeavours or without us, it is as certain as any to provide primary education for the thing future can be spoken of as people. Although in the fifteen certain, that the new Parliament years preceding 1833 the proportion will take legislative action in this of day scholars to the whole populaquestion; and it is absolutely cer- tion had risen from one in 17.25 to tain that the state clergy and their one in 11.27, it was then felt that supporters will move their heaven the time had come when the power and their earth (the aristocracy and and resources of the State should the mobocracy) to make the new come to the aid of private zeal and national system a narrowly, bigotedly benevolence in coping with the giant đenominational system, that, namely, eyil of popular ignorance., Accordwhich is commonly known as the ingly, in that year a sum of £20,000 Church School system. In order to was voted by Parliament, the ad-, protect ourselves, therefore, from ministration of which was confided

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