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Wherein thou art less happy being fear’d,
Than they in fearing.

Henry V. A. 4, S. 1.

C H A L L E N G E.
I never in

niy

life
Did hear a challenge urg'd more modestly,
Unless a brother should a brother dare
To gentle exercise and proof of arms.

Henry IV. P. 1, A. 5. S. 2.

C Η Α R Ι Τ Υ.

O father abbot,
An old man broken with the storms of state,
Is come to lay his weary bones among ye;
Give him a little earth for charity!

Henry VIII. A. 4, S. 2,
You speak not like yourself; who ever yet
Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects
Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom
O’er-topping woman's power.
I have no spleen against you ; nor injustice
For your, or any.

Henry VIII. A. 2, S. 4. He hath a tear for pity, and a hand, Open as day for melting charity; Yet notwithstanding, being incens’d he's flint : As humorous as winter,' and as sudden

I

humorous as winter.] That is, changeable as the weather of a winter's day.

Johnson, A winter's day has generally too decided a character to admit Dr. Johnfon's interpretation without fome licence : a licence, however, which our author has perhaps taken.

MALONE. The meaning of the word “humorous,” in this place, has not been properly explained. It does not here fignify changeable, but on the contrary fixed, obftinate. A humorous man, may mean a man wedded to his opinion; or whose opinions or notions are rigid and fevere. When we now say, he will have bis humour, we mean, he is an obftinate man,

A. B.

As

As flaws congealed in the spring of day.

Henry IV. P. 2, A. 4, S. 4.

From low farms, * Poor pelting villages, iheep-cotes and mills, Sometime with lunatic bans, sometime with prayers, Inforce their charity.

Lear, A. 2. S. 3.

CH A R M.
Your charm so strongly works ’em,

i Poor pelting villages.] Pelting is used by Shakespeare in the sense of beggarly: I suppose from pelt, a skin. WARBURTON.

Pelting is, I believe, only an accidental depravation of petty: Skakespeare uses it in the Midsummer Night's Dream, of small brooks.

Johnson. Beaumont and Fletcher often use the word in the same sense as Shakespeare. So in King and no King:

“This pelting, prating peace is good for nothing." Spanish Curate,

56 To learn the pelting law.” Midsummer Night's Dream, “ Every pelting river." Measure for Measure, Every pelting petty officer." Troilus and Cressida, “ We have had pelting wars since

you

refus'd

66 The Grecian cause." From the first of the two last instances, it appears not to be a corruption of petty, which is used the next word to it, but seems to be the same as paltry; and if it comes from pelt, a skin, as Dr. Warburton says, the poets have furnished villages, peace, law, rivers, officers of justice and war, out of one wardrobe.

STEEVENS. « Pelting" should in this place be “ palting," which signifies paltry, trifling : “ Pelting" is fuming, fretful. Pelting and palting, or paltring, are frequently confounded and mistaken for each other. But I will endeavour to fhew, from the above quoted paf. fages, the different fignifications of the words.

“ This pelting, prating peace.” It should be palting, meaning, this trifling, prating peace, &c.

“ To learn the pelting law.”. Here too it should be palting, or paltring: To palter, is sometimes to Mift, to dodge. The propriety of the epithet, therefore, when appiied to law, is easily seen.

“Every pelting river." Palting, ii e. paltry. “Every pelting petty officer, i. e. noisy, turbulent. “ We have had pelting wars," &c. i. e. fuming, angry wars. &e.

A. B. That

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That if you now beheld them, your affections
Would become tender. Tempeft, A. 5, S. 1.

All the charms
Of Sycorax, toads, beetles, bats, light on you !

Tempest, A. 1, S. 2.
The charm diffolves apace;
And as the morning steals upon the night,
Melting the darkness, so their rising senses
Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle
Their clearer reason.

Tempest, A. 5, S. 1.
My high charms work,
And thefe, mine enemies, are all knit up
In their distractions,

Tempeft, A. 3, S. 3.
I pray you all, tell me what they deserve,
That do conspire my death with devilish plots
Of damned witchcraft; and that have prevailid
Upon my body with their hellish charms?

Richard III. A. 3, S. 4.

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CH A S T IT Y.
He hath bought a pair of caft lips of Diana : a
nun of winter's lifterhood kisses not more religiously;
the
very ice of chastity is in them.

As you like it, A. 3, S. 4.
She's not forward, but modest as the dove;
She is not hot, but temperate as the morn;
For patience she will prove a second Griffel ;
And Roman Lucrece for her chastity.

Taming of the Shrew, A. 2, S. 1.
My chastity's the jewel of our house,
Bequeathed down from many ancestors ;
Which were the greatest obloquy i' the world
In me to lose. All's well that ends well, A. 4, S. 2.
Out on thy seeming! I will write against it :

You

You seem to me as Dian in her orb;
As chaste as is the bud ere it be blown.

Much ado about nothing, A. 4, S. 1,

O ill-starr'd wench! Pale as thy smock! when we shall meet at compt, This look of thine will hurl my soul from heaven, And fiends will snatch at it. Cold, cold, my girl, Even like thy chastity. Othello, A. 5, S. 2.

CHILD, CHILDREN. He hath play'd on this prologue, like a child on a recorder; a found, but not in government.

Midsummer Night's Dream, A. 5, S. 1. It is a gallant child; one that, indeed, physicks the subject, makes old hearts fresh; they, that went on crutches ere he was born, desire yet their life to fee him a man.

Winter's Tale, A. I, S. 1. He makes a July's day short as December; And, with his varying childness, cures in me Thoughts that would

thick my blood.

Winter's Tale, A. I, S. 2, If ever he have child, abortive be it, Prodigious, and untimely brought to light, Whose ugly and unnatural aspect May fright the hopeful mother at the view ; And that be heir to his unhappiness!

Richard III. A. I, S. 2. You have no children, butchers! if you had, The thought of them would have stirr'd up remorse; But, if you ever chance to have a child, Look in his youth to have him so cut off, As, deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young prince, .

Henry VI. P.

3,

S.

5. Some say, that ravens foster forlorn children, The whilst their own birds famish in their nefts : O, be to me, though thy hard heart say no,

Nothing

A. 52

Nothing fo kind, but something pitiful!

Titus, A. 2, S. 3. By being feldom seen, I could not ftir, But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at: That men could tell their children, This is he; Cthers would say, where? which is Bolingbroke?

Henry IV. P.1, A. 3, S. 2. And as our vineyards, fallows, meads, and hedges, Defective in their natures, grow to wildness; Even so our houses, and ourselves, and children, Have lost, or do not learn, for want of time, The sciences that should become our country.

Henry V. A. 5, S. 2. Bring me a father, that so lov'd his child, Whofe joy of her is overwhelm'd like mine, And bid him speak of patience. Much ado about nothing, A. 5, S. 1.

Gloster's shew Beguiles him, as the mournful crocodile With sorrow snares relenting passengers ; Or as the fnake, rolld on a flowering bank, With shining checker'd flough, doth sting a child, That, for the beauty, thinks it excellent.

Henry VI. P. 2, A.

3,

S. Offer'd by a child to an old man; which is wit-old".

Love's Labour Loft, A. 5, S. 1.

1.

С н о ІС Е.

- If there were a sympathy in choice, War, death, or sickness did lay siege to it; Making it moinentary as a sound, Swift as a shadow, short as any dream.

Midsummer Night's Dreain, A. 1, S. 1.

1

Offer'd by a child to an old man, which is wit-old.] . An equivoque. " Wit-old” inay mean, either old in wit, or according to the sound, wittol, a contented cuckold.

A. B. CLOUD.

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