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8. Potatoes, that infinitely useful root, which forms almost an indispensable part of our daily meal, and in some countries often the entire meal of the poor man, were introduced into Europe by Sir Walter Raleigh, on his return from one of his voyages to America. A writer of celebrity remarks, that in justice to that great man, the potato deserved to have been called a Raleigh.

9. Carpets are now an article of considerable importance; yet, in the year 1580, the floors of the first mansions in England were only strewed with common rushes. Coaches were first introduced into that kingdom from Holland in 1564, when, says a writer of that day, the sight of one put both man and horse into amazement.

10. Cards are now the most general although often abused means of amusement, and are used in almost every civilized country by both prince and peasant; yet it is not many centuries since they were invented in France for the entertainment of the court. Hats were not worn by men until about the year 1400; previous to that time they wore hoods and cloth caps.

11. We are so accustomed to the conveniences of modern dwellings, that we should find it difficult to live in houses without chimneys or windows; but glass was not used in private houses until the year 1180, and chimneys were not known in the

year 1200. 12. Pins are very common, and extremely cheap, although they pass through the hands of twenty workmen before they are ready for sale. They were invented in 1543, before which time the ladies used small skewers. sumption of this little article is now prodigious, and in England alone, several thousand persons are employed in the pin manufactories.

13. Sugar has long been used, but the consumption of this article is far greater now than it has been at any former period. The consumption of ardent spirits, which has so rapidly increased during the last century, for the extent of its influence on the character of mankind, has no parallel in the catalogue of luxuries. Other luxuries are innocent, or only affect the property of those who use them; but the introduction of ardent spirits, like the blast of the desert, has tainted or destroyed the health, morals, and consequently the happiness of millions.

The con

14. Commerce, since the fifteenth century, has rapidly spread these luxuries over the world, and the rulers of the nations have contrived to collect an immense revenue from them. They were chiefly brought to America from England, and the attempt of the mother country to impose a duty on tea imported into her colonies, without their consent, involved a principle, which produced that spirited resistance to her usurpations called the war of independence.

THE HOTTENTOT AND THE LION.

N elderly Hottentot, in the service of a Christian, near the upper part of Sunday river, on the Cambdebo side, perceived a lion following him at a great distance for two hours together. Thence he naturally concluded, that the lion only waited for the approach of darkness, in order to make him a prey; and in the mean time, could not expect any other than to serve for this fierce animal's supper, inasmuch as he had no other weapon of defence than a stick, and he knew that he could not get home before it was dark.

2. But as he was well acquainted with the nature of the lion, and the manner of its seizing upon its prey, and at the same time had leisure to cuminate on the ways and means in which it was most likely that his existence would be terminated, he at length hit on a method of saving his life.

3. For this purpose, instead of making the best of his way home, he looked out for a precipice; and, setting himself down on the edge of it, found to his great joy, that the lion likewise made a halt, and kept at the same distance as before.

4. As soon as it grew dark, the Hottentot, sliding a little forwards, let himself down below the upper edge of the precipice, upon some projecting part or cleft of the rock, where he could just keep himself from falling. But in order to cheat the lion still more, he set his hat and cloak on the stick, inaking with it a gentle motion just over his head, a little way from the edge of the precipice.

5. This crafty expedient had the desired success. He did not stay long in that situation, before the lion came creer

8. Potatoes, that infinitely useful root, which forms almost an indispensable part of our daily meal, and in some countries often the entire meal of the poor man, were introduced into Europe by Sir Walter Raleigh, on his return from one of his voyages to America. A writer of celebrity remarks, that in justice to that great man, the potato deserved to have been called a Raleigh.

9. Carpets are now an article of considerable importance; yet, in the year 1580, the floors of the first mansions in England were only strewed with common rushes. Coaches were first introduced into that kingdom from Holland in 1564, when, says a writer of that day, the sight of one put both man and horse into amazement.

10. Cards are now the most general although often abused means of amusement, and are used in almost every civilized country by both prince and peasant; yet it is not many centuries since they were invented in France for the entertainment of the court. Hats were not worn by men until about the year 1400; previous to that time they wore hoods and cloth caps.

11. We are so accustomed to the conveniences of modern dwellings, that we should find it difficult to live in houses without chimneys or windows; but glass was not used in private houses until the year 1180, and chimneys were not known in the year 1200.

12. Pins are very common, and extremely cheap, although they pass through the hands of twenty workmen before they are ready for sale. They were invented in 1543, before which time the ladies used small skewers. The consumption of this little article is now prodigious, and in England alone, several thousand persons are employed in the pin manufactories.

13. Sugar has long been used, but the consumption of this article is far greater now than it has been at any former period. The consumption of ardent spirits, which has so rapidly increased during the last century, for the extent of its influence on the character of mankind, has no parallel in the catalogue of luxuries. Other luxuries are innocent, or only affect the property of those who use them; but the introduction of ardent spirits, like the blast of the desert, has tainted or destroyed the health, morals, and consequently the happiness of millions.

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ing softly towards him like a cat; and, mistaking the skin coat for the Hottentot himself, took his leap with such exact. ness and precision, as to fall headlong down the precipice, and was dashed in pieces.

SCENE BETWEEN GUSTAVUS VASA AND CRISTIERN.

Crist. Tell me, Gustavus, tell me why is this,
That, as a stream diverted from the banks
Of smooth obedience, thou hast drawn those men
Upon a dry unchannell’d enterprise,
To turn their inundation ? Are the lives
Of my misguided people held so light,
That thus thou’dst push them on the keen revuke
Of guarded majesty; where justice waits
All awful and resistless, to assert
Th'impervious rights, the sanctitude of kings,
And blast rebellion ?

Gust. Justice, sanctitude,
And rights ! O, patience! Rights! what rights, thou tyrant?
Yes, if perdition be the rule of power,
If wrongs give right, O then, supreme in mischief,
Thou wert the lord, the monarch of the world!
Too narrow for thy claim. But if thou think?st
That crowns are vilely propertied like coin,
To be the means, the specialty of lust,
And sensual attribution; if thou think'st
That empire is of titled birth or blood;
That nature, in the proud behalf of one,
Shalt disenfranchise all her lordly race,
And bow her general issue to the yoke
Of private domination; then, thou proud one,
Here know me for thy king. Howe'er, be told,
Not claim hereditary, not the trust
Of frank election,
Not ev’n the high anointing hand of Heaven,
Can authorize oppression, give a law
For lawless pow'r, wed faith to violation,

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