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ed with his own money, and among other things had refused to acknowledge his exclusive right to the regent-diamond, although he had redeemed it with four (?) millions of his own private property (?) from the Jews in Berlin, to whom the French government had pawned it. He begged Koller would communicate these grievances to his own and the Russian emperor, in order that they might be relieved, and he might have justice done him. On the evening of this day we signed two notes to the governor of Elba, requesting him, in compliance with the order of his government, to deliver up the island to the emperor Napoleon, together with all the artillery and ammunition then upon it.
Early on the morning of the 28th he was to have depart. ed, and had ordered his equipage to be shipped; he pretended, however, to be indisposed, and did not quit his chamber till about nine o'clock in the evening, after baving previously requested to speak with Schuwaloff and me. As the general was already driven forwards towards the harbour, he took leave of me alone; thanked me again for the personal services I had rendered him, but did not commission me with any message for the king, General Schuwaloff went on board the frigate after the emperor was there, and of him he begged “ de presenter ses hommages a l'empereur Alexandre."* The Austrian hussars attended him with all military honours to the harbour St. Raphor, where fourteen years before he had landed on his return from Egypt. On board the frigate he was received with a discharge of four and twenty pieces of cannon. In two hours the frigate got under weigh. General Koller, colonel Campbell, count Klamm, and general Koller's adjutant, attended the emperor to the island of Elba. His own suite consisted of generals Bertrand and Drouet, the Polish major Germanofsky, two Fourriers du Palais, one officer payeur, Mons. Pyrrhus, one physician, Mon. Fourreau, two se. cretaries, one maitre d'hotel, one valet de chambre, two cooks, and six servants. General Bertrand was much affected. General Drouet evinced more firmness and stability. The emperor had wished to present him with 100,000 francs, but he declined it, with the assurance that if he accepted the money he could not attend him, since his conduct would then be considered as having originated solely in selfishness. General Schuwaloff and I left Frejus the same night, the former directly for Paris, and I by way of Toulon and Marseilles.
To present the homage of his respects to the emperor Alexander.
SUPPLEMENT. General Koller and colonel Campbell, who had been conmissioned to attend Napoleon to the island, obtained hence frequent opportunities of becoming more intimately acquainted with this extraordinary man. During the five days they passed at sea (contrary winds, storms, and calms, having rendered it impossible to sail quicker,) Napoleon was constantly in good humour, of singular condescension and courtesy, and impatient of reaching the place of his destination. Both the commissaries, captain Usher, count Klamm, and lieutenant Smith (of the Undaunted) were daily invited to his table; but his confidence was exclusively given to general Koller.To him he expressed his regret of what had occurred on his road.
Quant a vous, mon cher general, je me suis montre cul-nud; mais dites-moi franchement si vous ne croyez pas aussi que toutes ces scenes scandaleuses ont ete sourdement excite par le gouvernement Français."* Koller assured him, that on the contrary, he was convinced the government never would have allowed itself a conduct so opposite to the intentions of the allied powers. The emperor's apprehensions, as to his reception still continued; and on the 4th of May, as the island came in sight, general Drouet, count Klamm, and lieutenant Smith, were despatched on shore. The mer acted as commissary of Napoleon: the two latter bore a summons, signed by us, to the French commandant, to deliver up, in compliance with the order of his government, to the emperor Napoleon as his property, and pro tempore to general Drouet as his agent, the island and the fort, together with all the arms, artillery, and warlike stores, upon it. These deputies found the inhabitants of Elba in a state of complete anarchy. In Porto Ferrajo waved the white, in Porto Lungano the tri-coloured dag, and in other parts of the island the people wished to maintain their independence. As soon, however, as the intelligence had spread itself of Buonaparte's arrival, and the treasures he had brought with him, the several factions quickly united into a common acknowledgment of their ruler. The French officers delivered up to general Drouet the island, the fort, and the military stores, amongst which were three hundred and twenty-five pieces of cannon, chiefly brass. The new imperial standard being planted on the watch-tower of Porto Ferrajo, count Klamm and lieutenant Smith returned to the Undaunied, to bring the emperor the joyful tidings. Cap
* As to you, my dear general, I have exposed myself without disguise; but tell me frankly whether you do not believe that all these scandalous scenes have been secretly excited by the French government?
tain Usher had already saluted the fort of Porto Ferrajo with the customary discharge of cannon, and received its salute in return, which Napoleon again believed to be given in honour of himself. As general Drouet had now taken possession of the fort, he ordered a hundred pieces of cannon to be discharged on the emperor's landing; and the municipality wel. comed bim with a suitable oration. In reply, Napoleon assured them, that “the mildness of the climate, and the gentle manners of the inhabitants of the island, had induced him to select this alone of all his extensive possessions, in the hope they would know how to estimate the distinction, and constantly to love him as obedient children, whilst he should ever conduct himself towards them as a provident father and sove. reign.'
.” An orchestra, consisting of three violins and two violoncellos, which had accompanied the deputation, now burst upon this tender prince; who, under a canopy, decorated with old scarlet and new gilt paper, held his solemn entry into his residence. He was carried to the house of govern. ment, which, in the hurry of the moment, had been prepared for his reception. The hall, destined for a ball-room for public occasions, and whose walls were decorated with small glass chandeliers, had in haste been provided with an imperial throne, covered with scarlet and gold paper. The musicians, who had attended him hither, now ascended the gallery with all possible speed, and sounded forth such furious tones of joy, that the prince, quite overpowered, requested to be led to his dwelling apartments, in order to tranquillize his emotions. These were so miserably arranged, that he immediately held a council with general Koller upon the best means of bringing over the furniture of his sister Eliza from Lucca and Piombino. General Koller wrote to the officer of the grand duke of Tuscany on the subject, who immediately transported them to Porto Ferrajo in a number of small craft. It was this which gave rise to the report that Napoleon had confiscated a ship laden with the effects of his brother-in-law prince Borghese, under the pretext that it was the dower of his sister Paulina.
Immediately after his arrival the emperor inspected the fortifications, and was so well pleased, both with their present condition and their susceptibility of some few improvements, , that he declared he could and would engage to defend himself here against every possible attack.
General Koller remained ten days in Elba, daily gaining upon the confidence of Napoleon, who undertook nothing without asking his advice. Amongst other things, he once dis
closed to him, " that within four-and-twenty hours he should have from three to four thousand men at his disposal: for he had issued a proclamation to the French garrison then quitting the island, stating that he would take into pay all those officers and soldiers who felt willing to serve him, and he had just heard the concourse was so great, that already some thousands had given in their names. Koller openly censured this measure, since, by such a proceeding, suspicions would be entertained of his peaceable intentions.
"Qu'est ce que ça me fait?" rejoined Napoleon: “ J'ai examine les fortifications, et je defie qu'on puisse m'attaquer ici avec le moindre succes.'
General Koller replied, this he did not doubt; but he feared the French government would gladly seize on such a pretext for not paying him the promised pension.
“Croyezvous?" interrupted the emperor hastily—“Diable! cela ne m'arrangeroit pas du tout-mais que faire a present?"| Koller proposed that a more explicit interpretation should be published, stating, that only those soldiers were intended who were natives of the island. This advice was instantly followed with the most obliging thanks.
The emperor had for some time been accustomed to listen to Koller with patience, when he openly told him he was in the wrong. During the two first days of our journey the general had repeatedly said to him, " Votre majeste a tört.”'i Napoleon at length vehemently exclaimed, “ Vous me dites toujours que j'ai tort, et continuellement que j'ai tort; parlez vous donc aussi comme cela a votre empereur?'' Koller assured him, that on the contrary his master would take it extremely ill if all his servants did not freely speak their opinions. Napoleon, in a milder tone, returned, ** En ce cas votre maitre est bien mieux servi que je ne l'ai jamais ete.”
Napoleon occupied himself with restless activity. Sometimes he visited by water the small and uninhabited islands adjacent, amongst which Pinoso is particularly distinguished for its luxuriant vegetation, romantic forin, and the wild horses which are found upon
it. At others he rode over every spot in the island which was accessible on horseback. General Koller was constantly his attendant; to him he communi
* What's that to me? I have examined the fortifications, and I defy any one to attack me here with the least success.
+ Do you beliere so? the devil! that would not suit me at all: but what should be done at present?
# Your majesty is in the wrong.
§ You are always telling me that I am in the wrong-continually in the wrong: do you speak thus to your emperor?
In that case your mas:er is better served than I have ever been.
tated all his projects for embellishing Porto Ferrajo, building a new palace, establishing public institutions, &c. All his plans were formed on an extensive scale; and in order to gain the affections of the Elbese, he presented them, on the second day of his arrival, with 60,000 francs, for the purpose of making a new road. This road had been long projected, but from scarcity of money had never been executed. This money, which he had brought with him in gold, he previously changed into silver at Leghorn, that his wealth might be more apparent, as his own people bore it through the streets from the palace to the municipality. This artifice completely answered his wishes. Nothing was now spoken of but his Cræsus treasures and his boundless liberality.
Previous to his arrival, the tunny-fishery had been farmed to a rich Genoese, who on this account possessed a house in Porto Ferrajo, but which unhappily stood in the way of Napoleon's plan for embellishing the town.
Without any ceremony he ordered the house io be razed, and even without promising the proprietor the smallest indemnification. On the contrary, after the latter had made a most furious clamour upon the injustice and hardship practised against him, the emperor gave notice (although the contract of the Genoese had not yet expired) that he would dispose of the fishery to the highest bidder, and that 20,000 francs more than the former rent had already been offered him. The unfortunate Genoese now ran in the greatest consternation to the emperor, and begged he might be allowed the refusal. He would willingly pay whatsoever the emperor considered reasonable, and nothing more should be said of the house which had been destroyed. Napoleon now suffered himself to be moved, remitted something of the extra 20,000 francs, which had been required, and the Genocse returned home lauding the imperial munificence to the skies.