Abbildungen der Seite

the coin belonging to others, with the bank that lends out its own specie for in. terest; or to degrade the banks which give their notes or credits for more coin although not for more real property, than they possess, to the level of those asociations which issue their notes without possessing where with or ever intending to redeem them. Yet this writer, without making such discri. minations, denounces the whole banking system in mass, along with the system of national funding and governmental patronage which it occasions, as being the combined foes of the public weifare. He arraigns and tries the three supposed conspirators, paper currency, patronage and funding all together and endeavours to fix upon each all the alledged misdemeanors of both the other culprits. This mode of proceeding displays the talent of a zealous and artful accuser and gives full scope for the exercise of popular declamation; but it is unsuitable for a philosophical inquirer whose duty it is rather to discriminate between things apparently similar or congenial, than to confound those between which marked distinctions exist --In the course of the work, however, Mr. Taylor gives, as the title page announces, seperate investigations of funding and banking. Many of his observations on the former are strong, and most of them are very specious. But here too, as in the inquiry on banking, his conclusions are unphilosophically generalized. He decides against the expediency of the funding system without having any regard to the condition of a state, whether it be advancing, stationary or retrograde; whether it be deficient or abounding in surplus capital; whether the rate of interest in it be high or low; whether its credit and position be such as to enable it to borrow from foreigners on advantageous terms, whether in fine ils agriculture, mauafactures or commerce be or be not susceptible of extensive improvements. But whatever may be Mr. Taylor's errors as a political economist, his style is clear, forcible, and animated. His work should be ariswered by some able advocate of the monied interest. It is quite foolish to talk, as some do, of despising such attacks: less powerful ones have sometimes shaken interests as firmly established as those of the stock. holders of the United States; and that too in countries where the debtor part of the community (the large majority of course) were not invested by law with the supreme power of the state.

Daniel Rapine, of Washington City, D C. has published, in the form of a pamphlet, an Essay on Naturalization and Allegiance. It is attributed to John Francis Dumoulin, esq. a gentleman of the bar of that city. The author maintains strenuously, and we think satisfactorily, the right of expatriation. The disquisition displays great zeal in the cause of freedom, and considerable legal and historical learning,

Fielding Lucas, of Baltimore, has published No. 1 of “Sketches of American Orators. By Anonymous.” Whoever this author may be, he is possessed of respectable talents. We have perused his sketches with great pleasure. They sould be rendered much more interesting, if there were annexed to the oratorical character of each speaker, for the purpose of illustrating it, some well-chosen extract from his most eloquent speech.

The same bookseller has also published "Letters from Virginia. Translated from the French."-Notwithstanding the authority of the title page, it is more thau probable that these letters are the original productions of an Ameri. can writer. They relate principally to the religion, morals, manners, and lite. rature of the people of the state of Virginia; and are written in an unaffected, familiar, and pleasing style.

Mr. John Conrad has published a book entitled “Some information concerning Gas Lights. By Thomas Cooper, esq.” With six plates of the various machinery hitherto employed in producing the gas, whether on a large scale for cities, or in a small way for manufactories, theatres, or private houses.--So little has been done in this country on the subject here treated of, that the work must necessarily consist of European information; and it appears in fact to contain every thing requisite to enable the reader to understand the subject thoroughly, and to judge of the utility of substituting carburetted lıydrogen for oil or tallow, for the purpose of producing light.

Judge Cooper has given remarks on the various kinds of apparatus heretofore employed, and a plate exhibiting an improved apparatus of his own, which seems to combine the good properties, and avoid the defects of those which had been in use before. However convenient pitch or rosin may be, as a substanee employed to furnish the gas, he is of opinion, that for the lighting of cities we mast resort to bituminous coal. The evidence before the committee of the British house of commons, reprinted in this work, contains much collateral useful information, particularly on the use of the coke, or charcoal of coal.

On the whole, we venture to recommend this book as a plain, perspicuous, and satisfactory treatise on a very curious and important subject of inquiry.

J. E. Hall, esq. editor of the Law Journal, has prepared for the press a new “ Treatise on the Law of Evidence. By S. Phillips, esq. of the Middle Temple. The first American, from the second London edition." With copious references to American cases. To which will be added an appendix, containing an essay on the theory of presumptive proof. This work is expected to appear in the course of a few weeks.

The Raciad. A poem so called, describing the amusements of horse racing, has been lately published in a Charleston, S. C. newspaper. From the extracts we have seen from this work, it appears to possess great poetical spirit, and to merit publication in a more permanent form.

T and J. Swords, of New York, announce their intention of publishing a new periodical jourual, to be entitled “The Christian Register, and Literary and Theological Magazine and Review.” It is to comprise matter selected chiefly from the best and most recent European publications, together with original essays—moral and literary-reviews, notices of useful works, relations of remarkable facts, biography, necrology, and other interesting articles. It is to be published in quarterly numbers, of about 250 pages each, similar to those of the Quarterly Review. The price to subscribers will be one dollar and a quarter per number, or two dollars and a half for two numbers, payable on delivery.

Judge Cooper, we understand, means to give a course of chemical lectures in Carlisle during the summer, and a course of chemistry and mineralogy in Philadelphia from October to April next.

FOREIGN LITERATURE. Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk, republished from the Edinburgh edition by M.

Thomas. Under this very singular and quaint title, we are presented with the relec. tions and observations made by a writer of good abilities, and apparently well. informed, in the course of a tour from the Netherlands to Paris, soon after the last capture of that city by the allies, on the military affairs, the politics, the morals and manners of the French pation. He describes at length, and in a very lively, interesting manner, the particulars of the battle of Waterloo. Great credit is given to marshal Grouchy, as well for his successful attack on the Prus. sians, under the command of Tauenzein, upon the Dyle, as for his masterly retreat with his division to Paris, after the defeat and destruction of Bonaparte's army.

“ The bridge at Wavre,” says this author, “particularly, was repeatedly lost and gained before the rench were able to make their footing good beyond it At length a French colonel snatched the eagle of his regiment, and rushing forward crossed the bridge and struck it into the ground on the other side. His corps followed with the unanimous shout of Vive l'Empereur! and although the gallant officer who thus led them on was himself slain on the spot, his followers succeeded in carrying the village. That of Bielge at the same time fell into their hands, and Grouchy anxiously expected from his emperor orders to improve his success. But no such orders arrived; the sound of the cannon in that direction slackened, and at length died away; and it was next morning before Grouchy heard the portentous news that awaited him, announcing the fate of Napoleon and his army." p. 196. And afterwards,“ The only division of the French army which remained entire after the rout of Waterloo, was that of Grouchy and Vandamme, which, by a retreat that did these generals the highest honour, was not only conduct ed unbroken under the walls of Paris, but gained some accession of strength from the wrecks of the main army." p. 343.

Alluding to some late attempts in France to restore the superstitious observances of the dark and degraded ages, he makes the following judicious remarks: “ We must learn to look with better hope upon the more conscientious efforts for re-establishing the altar, which have been made by the king. Yet we cannot but fear, that the order of the necessary reformation has been, to a certain extent at least, the rererse of what would really have attained the important purposes designed by the sover eign. The rites, forms, and ceremonies of a church, all its external observances, derive, from the public sense of religion itself, the respect which is paid to them. It is true, that as the shell of a nut will subsist long after the kernel is decayed, so regard for ceremonies and forms may often remain when trne devotion is no more, and when ignorant zeal has transferred her bliod attachment from the essence of religion to its mere forms. But if that zeal is quenched, and that attachment is eradicated, and the whole system is destroyed both in show and in substance, it is not by again enforcing the formal observances which med have learned to contemn and make jest of, that the vivifying principle of religion will be rekindled. Indeed, far from supposing that the foundation of the altar should be laid upon the ritual of the Romish church, with all the revived superstitions of the twelfth century, it would be more prudent to aban. don to oblivion, a part at least of what is shocking to common sense and reason; which, although a most christian king might have found himself under some dif. ficulty of abrogating, when it was yet in formal observance, he certainly cannot be called upon to renew, when it has fallen into desuetude. The catholics of this age are not excluded from the lights which it has afforded; and the attempt to re. establish processions, in which the officiating persons hardly know their places, tales of miraculous images, masses for the souls of state criminals, and all the mummery of barbarous ages, is far from meeting the enlarged ideas which the best and most learned of them have expressed ” p. 97.

These letters are announced in the British journals as the production of Walter Scott. The writer of them, though a zealous and loyal Brition of the tory sect, does not utter those infamous calumnies, nor indulge in the unmanly exultation, with which so many of the late English tourists to France have disgraced themselves and their works.


W. W. Woodward, of Philadelphia, has published, in four octavo volumes, Ridgely's Body of Divinity, price eleven dollars, enlarged; with valuable notes, original and selected, by the reverend Dr. James P. Wilson, of Philadelphia.

Also, the royal octavo Bible, with all Scott's marginal references and introductions to the books and chapters—about 1200 pages; price from five to nine dollars, in one or two volumes.

And an edition of the pocket Bible just out of press.

He has also in press, vol. 1st. soon to be printed, reverend Dr. John Gill's Commentary on the Old Testament. Also, Scott's Family Bible, in three quarto volumes, to be published without marginal references on a new plan the notes to follow immediately after the text in order. Price, in boards, S18 75 cents, bound, $21.

Armstrong and Burr, of Boston, propose publishing Pratt's Life of Cecil, in one neat volume, at about one dollar bound.

Also, Buchanan's Jubilee Sermons, in one volume, at fifty cents,

A. Finley, Philadelphia, will publish on the 10th of May, inst. “ A dissertation on Terms of Communion, with a particular view to the case of the Baptists and Pædobaptists. By Robert Hall, M. A.” author of a sermos “ on Modern Infidelity," " The Work of the Holy Spirit,” ko.&o.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Engrared for the Analiti. Meqeu Pirtleshed by Hl. Th.23 Entered scanting to Ad of cours de 20 * 1848

« ZurückWeiter »