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35. Betonica officinalis. D.—“ Wood betony. Betonica officinalis."
It is impossible to ascertain what American plant (if any) inay
have been used under this name.
36. Rhododendron chrysanthum. D._“Yellow flowered rhododendron. Rhododendron chrysanthus.” "
It happens that this "yellow-flowered rhododendron” is found in Siberia, instead of Canada and Nova Scotia, where Mr. Henry has placed it; but there is a rhododendron maximum, with rose-coloured flowers, in the northern states, which he may have seen or heard of.
Having at last ended this catalogue of exotic plants, we come now to those that are exclusively
II. Indigenous. 1. Prinos verticillatus.“ Alder, black. Alnus nigrus."
This alnus nigrus, of which a cut stands exhibited, is the prinus verticillatus of Lin. and is in no respect allied to the genus alnus, along with which it is here ludicrously associated.
Alexander, or wild parsley. Petroselinum." This ought perhaps to have been arranged under our former division, with the letter D, as the synonims and description give evidence of its having been taken from some ancient herbal or materia medica, which we cannot refer to. The name Alexanders, has been applied to one or more species of smyrnium, but the engraving comes nearer to angelica.
3. Convolvulus panduratus.—“ Bind weed, greater; or, man in the ground. Convolvulus panduratus, major.”
The convolvulus panduratus must be the plant intended. but the engraving is most unequivocally taken from Woodville, and corresponds exactly with the convolvulus scammonia.
- Black snake-root. Radix Anapodophyllon nigrus."
We shall not attempt to conjecture what this may be, having nothing but the rude representation of a leaf to guide us.
The scientific name is truly original. Mr. Henry must have forgotten his promise to avoid technical terms.
" Bowmon's root, or Indian physic. Americana ipecacuanha.”
The engraving of this Americana ipecacuanha, is an exact representation of the true ipecacuanha, copied from Woodville. The plant affording this valuable drug, not being botanically known, the engraving was taken from an imperfect specimen which had been sent to sir Joseph Banks, from Brazil. The principal American substitute for ipecacuanha, is afforded by the bark of the root of the spiraea trifoliata, well known by the name of “ Indian physic.” Larger doses are required of this than of the imported kind. This fact being stated by Mr. Henry, we are induced to think, that whatever plant he may employ, he has taken an account of the medical qualities of the spiraea trifoliata from the “ New American Dispensatory,” or some other American publication.Thus, along with an engraving of the imported ipecacuanha, we have the medical qualities of the spiraea trifoliata treated of, while his description evidently refers to some plant totally distinct from either. The flowers of the imported ipecacuanha, he can know nothing about, and in his description, he speaks of a perennial plant* with small blue flowers, whereas, the sp. trifoliata is annual, and the flowers white.
6. Lysimachia quadrifolia.—“Crosswort. Cruccata.”
There can be little doubt but that this plant, which Mr. Henry has converted into a new genus, cruccata, is the Lysimachia quadrifolia. 7.
“ Devil's bit. Veratrum luteum." Mr. Henry, it seems, has excluded one veratrum luteum, which, he informs us, “ is quite different from that mentioned in the New American Dispensatory,” to introduce another of more importance to the world! It happens rather unluckily, that his veratrum luteum has blue flowers! What his new V.
* The root of the spiraca trifoliata is perennial.
luteum may be, we cannot positively tell, but rather suspect from the figure he has given of it, that it must be the Scabiosa arvensis, an European plant, known there by the name of 66 Devil's bit!”
Dragon's claw, or fever root. Amaranthus."
Of this nothing certain can be known, either from the engraving or description. It is not surely an amaranthus!
9. Ulmus aspera?—“Elm sweet; or slippery elm. Ulmus dulcis.
This may be the ulmus aspera of Muhlenberg.
10. Laurus benzoin?—“Fever bush, or wild alspice. Dumus febris."
There can be little doubt but that this is the laurus benzoin, or “ spice-wood," of Pennsylvania.
11. Cistus canadensis?Z“ Frostwort. Systis canadensis.”
We believe the plant here spoken of is really the cistus canadensis, although the description and engraving are extremely imperfect.
12. Triosteum angustifolium?_“ Gentian. Gentiana Americana."
13. Polytrichum yuccafolium?_“Hog-weed, or hog-bed. ambrosia."
This really appears to be a moss, the yuccæfolium of Mx. that Henry has dignified with the name of ambrosia! 14.
“ Ice plant. Erystallinum.” Here is another new discovery, of which nothing certain can be known. We should almost suspect that this erystallinum exists no where but in the imagiriation of Mr. Henry, as qualities are ascribed to it which it appears impossible any plant should possess.
15. Apocynum cannabinum?—“ Indian hemp. Spirea trifoliata.”
Mr. Henry is determined not to lose the name of spiraea trifoliata, which he must have often seen, and has accordingly given as a new one with simple leaves! This we think as great
a curiosity as the root of the convolvulus panduratus, “ sent to a physician in New York!"
16. Chenopodium anthelminticum?—Jerusalem oak. Botry's fruticosa Americana." 17.
6 Life root.
Rad vitea." Of rad vitea, we must remain in the dark, until we hear of it from better authority. 18.
“Lungwort. Lichen." The engraving is copied from Woodville, where it is given to delineate the pulmonaria officinalis, an European plant. After presenting us with this phanerogamous plant, which tates no where but in the earth, Mr. Henry describes it as a lichen, (a cryptogamous parasite,) found growing on the bark of white oak trees in the United States.
19. Adianthum pedatum?—“ Maiden-hair. Adianthum.”
This may be the adiantum pedatum, which is common in the middle and northern states. 20.
May-weed, or wild chamomile. Cortusa fætida.”
It is possible that this may be the anthemis cotula. If so, it ought to have been arranged under the preceding division, as it is a native of Europe as well as of America. 21.
“ Milk, or silk weed. Vinutoxicum." This plant, to which the borrowed name of vinutoxicum is given, may be apocynum.
22. Quercus. “ Oak, black. Quercus nigrus.".
It is most likely the quercus tinctoria is the real object of Mr. Henry's investigation. The engraving comes nearer the European quercus robur, than either the Q. nigra, Q. tinctoria, or any other American oak.
23. Cunila pulegioides!—“ Penny-royal. Puligium.”
As the cunila pulegioides is known by the name of “penny-royal” in the middle states, it may be the plant which is here rudely represented.
24. Satyrium repens.—“Rattle-snake violet. Satyrium repens."
It appears very probable that this is the satyriam repens of Mx. Neottia pubescens of Muhlenberg. 25.
“ Rattle-snake plantain. Plantago boiciningo."
As this new species of plantago is struck off upon the same plate with the plantago major, we cannot possibly distinguish it from that plant; but when we are told that it has but one small white flower, we know it must be something very different.
26. Monarda didyma.—“ Rose balm. Melissa rosarum." 27. Salix
" Rose willow. Salix rubra rosalis." What species of willow this may be, we can not determine.
23. Aralia racemosa.—“Spikenard. Nardus Americanus."
29. Erigeron heterophyllum?—“Scabious. Scabiosa arvensis."
We suppose this must be the erigeron heterophyllum of Muhlenberg. It is known in Pennsylvania by the name of scabious.
30. Asarum canadense." Swamp asara bacca.”
This differs from the asarum Europæum, principally in having mucronate leaves. 31.
“Sweet cicely. Myrrbis." We have no means of ascertaining what this myrrbis may be.
32. Cassia marilandica.- Senna. Senna Americana."
33. Actaea racemosa? -" Squaw-root, or white queen meadow. Asclipias purpurascens."
This can hardly be any other than the common “ black snake-root,” actaea racemosa of Lin. decked out with a borrowed name. 34. Ilex vomitoria (Aiton.)—“South-sea tea, or yaupon."
Cassena (Muhl.)--Cassena ilex vomitoria. 35.
Striped bloodwort. Lapathum sanguineum rubrum."
Of this bloody red plant, nothing certain can be inferred, either from the engraving or description.