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blowing, and then fill it with the rose-water. Then in another charger have the proportion of a stag made of coarse paste, with a broad arrow in the side of him, and his body filled up
with claret wine. In another charger at the end of the stag have the proportion of a castle with battlements, percullices, gates, and draw-bridges, made of pasteboard, the guns of kickses, and covered with coarse paste as the former; place it at a distance from the ship to fire at each other. The stag being placed betwixt them with egg-shells full of sweet water (as before) placed in salt. At each side of the charger, wherein is the stag, place a pie made of coarse paste, in one of which let there be some live frogs, in the other live birds; make these pies of coarse paste, filled with bran, and yellowed over with saffron or yolks of eggs, gild them over in spots, as also the stag, the ship, and castle; bake them, and place them with gilt bay-leaves on the turrets and tunnels of the castle and pies; being baked, make a hole in the bottom of your pies, take out the bran, put in your frogs and birds, and close up the holes with the same coarse paste; then cut the lids neatly up, to be taken off by the tunnels; being all placed in order upon the table, before you fire the trains of powder, order it so that some of the ladies may be persuaded to pluck the arrow out of the stag, then will the claret wine follow as blood running out of a wound. This being done with admiration to the beholders, after some short pause, fire the train of the castle, that the pieces all of one side may go off; then fire the trains of one side of the ship, as in a battle; next turn the chargers, and by degrees fire the trains of each other side, as before. This done, to sweeten the stink of the powder, let the ladies take the egg-shells full of sweet waters, and throw them at each other. "All dangers being seemingly over, by this time you may suppose they will desire to see what is in the pies; where listing first the lid off one pic, out skips some frogs, which make the ladies to skip and shreek; next after the other pie, whence comes out the birds; who, by a natural instinct, flying at the light, will put out the candles, so that what with the flying birds, and skipping frogs, the one above, the other beneath, will cause much delight and pleasure to the whole company: at length the candles are lighted, and a banquet brought in, the music sounds, and every one with much delight and content rehearses their actions in the former passages. These were formerly the delights of the nobility, before good housc-keeping had left England, and the sword really acted that which was only counterfeited in such honest and laudable exercises as these." VOL. VII.
INVOCATION TO HOPE.
Leave not so soon a victim of thy power;
And weary watchings lengthen out Night's hour.
To fill the infant mind with pure delight,
Deck'd in translucent robes etherial bright.
Were gathering fast to veil thee from my view
Thy timid shade in trembling terror few.
And heavenly mien, in modest garb array'd,
But Fancy at her touch retir’d, dismay'd.
And spreads its lustre to the rising day;
The morning glory shrinks and dies away.
Shed on this darken'd hour thy gladd’ning ray;
Of him who stole my simple beart away.
And though 'gainst reason say “he loves thee still;"
And this warm heart like him with rapture fill.
Lines supposed to have been addressed by the Earl of R. to his late wife, a few
months after their separation.
DOMESTIC SCIENCE AND LITERATURE.
An Address to the Literary and Philosophical Society of South Carolina;' by Stephen Elliott, president of the society, &o. 4to. Charleston, pp. 20.- This address was delivered at the first formal meeting of a Literary and Philosophical society, recently instituted in the city of Charleston: and from the good scientific taste displayed in this their first publication, we are induced to augur well of the future labours of the society. The plan of the discourse is simple and inartificial; the style manly and unaffected. Mr. Elliott introduces his subject by a few prefatory remarks, in the course of which he briefly points out the proper uses and objects of literary and scientific associations. “ Their uses," says he,
are important and diversified. Not designed to form theories, to es. tablish or support particular systems either in science or in art, it has been their more humble province to collect the scattered and fading rays of philosophic light, to record detached and isolated facts, to encourage the pursuit and investigation of truth, to give to science popularity, to draw the human mind from the trivial and often unworthy inquiries of momentary interest or passion; and to afford the friends and cultivators of literature and philosophy some point of union and concert. It is not now easy to determine how much these associations have aided the improvement of civilized society, or added by their labours and researches to the mass of buman knowledge. Their task has been to collect the stone, the mortar, and the block with which the future architect may rear his edifice; and like the workmen of the quarry, although their individual labours may be unnoticed or hidden in the finished structure, yet have they essentially contributed to its solidity and magnificence."
He then proceeds to sketch out, as it were, a general map of the present state of human knowledge in these various walks of science to which the several classes of the society had been assigned, comprehending not only (to use Mr. E.'s happy distinction) " those severer sciences which promote the improvement and power of society," but also those literary accomplishments " which improve and adorn the individual.” This is done in a natural and unaffected manner, wholly free from that clumsy and pompous pedantry which so frequently disfigure compositions of this nature. Nothing is more easy than to get up a display of universal knowledge for such an occasion from encyclopædias, abridg. ments, reviews, and all those convenient repositories of second-hand, thread-bare science, which the benevolence of the present age has so copiously provided for the assistance of literary paupers. Mr. Elliott, however, appears to have despised this poor and useless parade, and to have drawn immediately from the stores of his own mind. In many of the departments of science on which he touches, he asserts nothing more profound than a general acquaintance with their objects, uses, and character; while in others, especially natural history and its auxiliary branches, he lingers with a tender affection, and seems embarrassed with the multitude of facts and observations which crowd upon his mind, comparatively too minute to be much insisted upon in so general a review, and yet too important to be wholly passed over.
“ The study of natural history, says he, has been for many years the occupation of my leisure moments; it is a merited tribute to say that it has lighten. ed for me many a heavy, and smoothed many a rugged hour; that beguiled by its charms, I have found no road rough or difficult, no journey tedious, no country desolate or barren. In solitude never solitary, in a desert never without employment, I have found it a relief from the languor of idleness, the pressure of business, and even the unavoidable calamities of life.”
The following note while it shows that Mr. E. has not been a mere closet naturalist, contain so much useful information in so short a compass, that we cannot refrain from extracting it.
“ It has always appeared to me that we did not sufficiently value this (Carolina) as a fruit-bearing country. Our climate not only allows us to raise a very great variety of fruit, but those in particular which grow in the mellow ham.
mock lands of our sea islands, possess a very high and exquisite flavour. There is certainiy a predominance of moisture in the latter part of our summer, and our orchards should be so arranged as to counteract this defect. Most of our fruit trees should be planted on the brow, or declivity of a hill, or in a dry porous soil. Grapes should be trained to a considerable height from the ground, to avoid the steam and moisture which generally succeed our heavy rains in summer. I have known every grape in an arbour, which hung within three feet of the ground, to perish; when those which were elevated seven or eight feet, came generally to maturity. It is idle in us to follow the practice of a country totally dissimilar in climate. Most of the fruits of warm climales succeed with us, the orange, the pomegranate, the fig, and I believe most of the tropical fruits could, with a very slight shelter, be raised without the aid of artificial heat of the valuable fruit of the temperate climates nearly all prosper. The peer succeeds admirably, but many of its finest varieties, have not yet been introduced. With the apple we have been less successful, though some good apples have lately been cultivated. But the insect which depredates on our peaches, plumbs, &c. threatens to destroy our finest and most valuable fruit. It is small, and the egg from which it hatches, is deposited under the skin of the fruit at all stages of its growth. It appears to prefer the smooth-skinned fruit, the nectarine and plumb to the peach I have known the fruit of a nectarine tree totally destroyed, before they had attained the size of a nutmeg.
“I have endeavoured to raise this insect, several times, from its caterpillar state, but without success. I know not, therefore, to what genus it belongs. I have referred it to the curculio from the information of others. Sometimes I have suspected it to be the larva of a dipterous insect 'It appears to pass its chrysalis state in the earth. Hence, paved yards, which afford it no shelter, are favourable situations for peach trees. Hence, too, the access of bogs to peach orchards is advantageous, as they eat the unripe fruit as it drops, and devour the insects. Hence, too, poultry are serviceable, because, although they cannot de. stroy the insects in the fruit, they scratch up and eat the chrysalides. Smoke appears unfriendly to these insects, and very fine peaches are consequenily raised in the central parts of Charleston, while, in the outskirts of the city, they are almost totally destroyed. Whether this insect was native or imported, is uncertain, and is now immaterial; it is progressing slowly, but gradually through our country. An old and very respectable inhabitant of Beaufort, told me, she remembered when this insect was only known around Charleston, and the fruit at Beaufort, and in that neighbourhood, were entirely exempt from it. This was pro: bably fitty or sixty years ago. The late Joseph Turner, collector of the part of Brunswick, Georgia, told ine, about four years ago, though I suspect incorrectly, that it was not then known on St. Simons: the instividual who should discover an effectual and easy remedy against the depredations of this insect, would merit a very high reward.
Another insect, very distinct from this, and much larger (the larva of a Linnæan splins) has, by ignorance, been sometimes confounded with it. This caterpillar lives on the root of the peach tree, devouring the liber or inner bark. J: injures the tree itself, and shoriens its existence, but does not affect the fruit. Most of the quack remedies against the peach insect, such as opening the roots of the tree in winter, applying to them tar, lime, marsb mud, &c. are directed in fact against this insect, which is not the offending one. So necessary is knowledge, in every pursuit. Yet this caterpillar ought certainly to be destroyed, as it affects the health and duration of the tree."
Dobson has published A Treatise on ike Art of Dyeing Silk, Cotton, and IVool: with practical remarks, calculations, and processes on the subject of callien priniing. By Thomas Cooper, Esq. late professor of chemistry in the College of Carlisle - This work contains what has so long been wanted, not theoretical disquisitions which are sparingly introduced, but the actual processes of the German, Freneh, and English dye-houses; and we understand that it has the reputation both an.ong our chemists and practical dyers of being the best book on the subject now extant. This might have been expected, considering that the author is not only an able chenist, but has been practically conversant with the occupa. tions of which he treats. In the present state of our infant manufactures the work may be considered as a valuable acquisiyon to the public.
Brooke's General Gazetteer Improved. By J. Bain of Baltimore. -Compilations of this kind are very useful, but they require frequent revision. The small size of this volume does not allow it to be as complete as we could wish. The names of several important places are wholly omitted. Among these are Natehitoches (in Louisiana,) Sant Antonio and Nagogiloches in the interior provip. ces between Louisiaua and Mexico; Matanzas and Trinidad, both considerable seaport towns in the island of Cuba, much frequented by American vessels. In describing that noble island, the editor commits a singular mistake. Its produce he says, is “ sugar-canes, ginger, cassia, wild cinnamon, and very good tobacco, called by the Spaniurds cigarros." What the Spaniards call cigarro is exactly what we term segar, and is as often composed, as the lovers of Mundungus well know, of very bad, as of very good tobacco. We recommend the publishers to provide themselves with Alcedo's Geographical Dictionary, an English translation of which has been lately published in London. It will enable them to correct the next edition of their work in what relates to Spanish America: a country, the knowledge of which becomes more and more interesting to the citizens of the United States.
Mr. Cooper has in the press, a T'reatise on Gas Lights; a subject to which the general attention is now attracted, and which deserves a full and impartial consideration. The mind of the British public is now satisfied as to the economy and beauty of this mode of lighting streets and houses, and we hope it will ere long be adopted among ourselves.
Proposals have been issued for publishing in this city, in monthly numbers of sixteen pages each, a work to be entitled, The Evangelical Repository: the price to subscribers will be three dollars per annum. Each number is to contain a se. lected or original biography of some illustrious Christian, together with miscellaneous articles, such as literary and religious essays, reports of religious, moral and literary sucieties, and acts of ecclesiastical bodies. Sectarian controversies are to be carefully excluded. This publication is recommended by several eminent divines.
The legislature of South Carolina at their late session, appropriated fire thousand dollars a year for three years, to defray the expenses of making an accurate survey and good map of the state.
Proposals have been issued for publishing by subscription, a work on the Botany of South Carolina and Georgia. By Stephen Elliott.—This work will include all such plants as the author has seen himself, and also those which have been described by botanists on whose authority he can rely It will contain oc. casionally observations on the medical and economical uses of the plants described, their popular names, where they can be ascertained, and some notices of the insects which they support and by which they are destroyed.
To render it more extensively useful, and to facilitate as far as possible the study of this interesting science, the generic and specific characters will be given in Latin and English, and the annotations in the English language.
The present work will only contain the Phenogamic plants of South Caroli. na and Georgia. The Cryptogamic will be reserved for a future publication. This work will be published in numbers, which will not exceed ten. The first number will be published in the month of May or June next, and the subsequent numbers at intervals of two months. The price to subscribers will be a dollar each number. The whole will form two volumes 8vo. of about three hundred pages each
From the opinion of a learned correspondent, on whose judgment we can rely, we have no doubt that this will be the most copious and valuable Southern Flora we have yet had, and that it will be executed in a manner calculated to reflect honour on the scientifio character of the nation.