The Structure of Brazilian Development

Capa
Neuma Aguiar
Transaction Publishers, 1 de jan de 1979 - 258 páginas
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Having experienced a period of crisis, the young scholars included in this anthology provide evidence that critical periods can be favorable to the flourishing of the social sciences and that crises in society and the polity may provide new incentives for the profession. The authors have used the most critical period of Brazil's change from a liberal to an authoritarian government to further their training in Europe and the United States, returning to their country to shed new light on past and current events. They have adapted their training to a non-liberal environment and combined local research with a universalistic orientation in their analyses of Brazilian social structure.

This book investigates the roles of the peasantry in Brazilian society, past and present. It describes the pact established between traditional rural elites and the central government, which favored the previous populistic style of urban politics but left unaltered the rural social structure. In addition to analyzing the political trade-offs between the traditional elite and the central government, the authors focus on the class structure within which peasant leagues emerged. The country's political development is analyzed through a bi-polar political structure wherein populist and authoritarian regimes alternate in power.

Other aspects of the military government's impact are discussed through the use of public policy models aimed at analyzing the output of both liberal and authoritarian regimes. Continuity between the current administration and previous authoritarian governments is shown as well as new developments, such as changes in municipal taxation, which allow for the emergence of new technical elites. The increase in authoritarian legislation is discussed within this analytical framework, as is the expansion of entrepreneurial activities.

This book brings together the analytical result of recent research by a distinguished group of young Brazilian social scientists. It is ... the first book written in English about Brazil by Brazilians and, as such, represents an extremely important contribution to the literature ... An up-to-date selected bibliography on* social science research in Brazil from 1960-77 is an essential reference point for all future undertakings. Shepard Forman, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan.

 

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Conteúdo

A Contradictory Land
1
A Contradictory Man
5
Before Spain
21
II
23
III
24
IV
27
V
29
VI
30
XXIX
141
XXX
144
XXXI
145
Two Years of Despair
147
XXXII
148
XXXIII
154
Francos New State
171
XXXIV
172

VII
32
VIII
34
Emergence of Spain
35
IX
36
X
41
XI
43
XII
44
XIII
61
XIV
70
XV
75
XVI
103
XX
110
XXI
111
XXII
114
XXIII
119
XXIV
131
XXVII
138
XXVIII
139
XXXV
173
XXXVI
175
XXXVII
179
XXXVIII
181
XXXIX
185
XL
188
XLI
192
XLII
196
XLIII
203
Obsession with the Future
207
XLIV
215
XLV
222
XLVI
227
XLVII
253
XLVIII
259
XLIX
261
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